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Full text of "Corean Words and Phrases: Being a Handbook and Pocket Dictionary for Visitors to Corea"

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SiU of 
Mrs. William Shockley 




COREAN 
WORDS AND PHRASES 



BEING A 
HANDBOOK AND POCKET DICTIONARY 

FOR VISITORS 
TO COREA AND NEW ARRIVALS 
IN THE COUNTRY 



COMPILED BY 

JOHN W. HODGE 



SECOND EDITION 



SEOUL: 

THE SEOUL PRE;SS— HODGE & CO. 

1902 

r- 

\ 

\ 



PL ^^7 

He 

/f 07. 



PREFACE. 

The present litds Phrase Book is offered to its purdiaaevs 
without apology. Should it fall into the hands of a student of the 
language, he will recognise that it is not intended to provide a 
text book for a scientific study of the language. It has been 
written for people who, having no time or inclination to make 
a systematic study of Corean, yet find a need for a slight ac- 
quaintance with the language in dealing with their attendants amd 
others with whom they are brought in contact. 

The book was originally compiled in spare moments rather 
as an amusement than as a serious undertaking. The first im- 
pression was soon sold out while the demand for the volume 
continued. 

A friend, who was studying the language, offered to add certain 
words and phrases to the. original book, hoping in this way to 
aid his own labours and add to the usefulness of the book. 
Should the book ever be used by students at the very commence- 
ment of their studies, it may perhaps help them by suggesting 
a small vocabulary that will provide a foundation for their future 
labours. In conclusion we would express a hope that such 
phrases as have been selected may help casual visitors and others 
confronted by the many perplexities of a stranger in a strange 
land. While for the rest, if the commencement of study in an 
exceptionally difticult language is in any way lightened for a 
future linguist, our attempt wiU not have entirely fiuled . 

In conclusion we wish particularly to thank those of our 
friends who so generously placed at the compiler's disposal their 
iit>:c books from which he was able to extract some very useful 
words and phrases now added to the original collection of this 
work. Lastly we have to tender our heartiest thanks to the 
Managers of the Methodist Publishing House for allowing us &e 
free use of their Ernmoua Type, a kindness which, on our part, 
has been greatly appreciated. 

THE SEOUL PRESS, 

HODGE & CO. 

Seoul: July, 1902. 



k 



Hints and Suggestions to the Reader as to the rig^ht 

use of the Book. 

I. — The words, though divided into syllables by an hyphen thas 
(^Sick-tone mahn-ee chew-getta^ etc.), should not be pronounced too 
slowly, nor should such syllables be made to sound as if they repre- 
sented so many separate and distinct words. Each coiubiDation <^ 
syllables should be uttered more or less as one word. For inst.iiice, 
O-nal mool-coggee chom sah-onerah should be spoken as if writtea 
thus — Onal mookoggee chom sahonsrah — not as if they were printed 

with a long interval between the syllables thus — O nal mool. ... 

coggie chom sah onerah. The hypens are i nserted in the text in 

order to ensure a better pronunciation of each syllable. 

2. — In many instances some of the Ernmoun sounds are 
aspirated (See under Euphonic Changes on another pjige). Such 
sounds are indicated in the body of the work — w*-en thought 
desirable — by the insertion of an apostiophe before the aspirated 
letters, e.g 'ch^ '^, 7, and '/ and in one or too cases a t h;4,s been 
inserted' with the apostroplie before the ch thus — Cchee^ whiLt the 
double / often mark the aspirated */ thus — Ppal-lay^ etc. 



3 — ^^Kad-jam-voaK^ or ^^Kad-jaw-onerah" which occurs so very 
frequently in the text is not altogether a faithful rendering of 

the Corean sound of the Emmoun characters t)* ^ <^ or 7f* /^ S^ 
^ ^ > though it seems almost impossible to invent a better one. 
The accent must not come on •'/ow," but this syllable should be 
considembly modified in tone and pronounced softly, and the em- 
phasis laid on the first syllable. 

4. — Before attempting to speak to a native first of all remember 
that there really exist three kinds, or forms, of speech — (i) the 
extremely pohU^ (2) the polite^ and (3) low form. The former should 
always be used when addressing the upper classes — or when speak- 
ing to one^s equals or superiors, but is never used when speaking 
to one^s inferiors or to people of low standing — neitlier is it used 
when talking to boys or one's own servants. The third, or lew 
form^xs used when speaking to boys, servants, or to one's inferiors, 
nnd should never be used when conversing with a Corean Yan(^-baJi 
(£entlem€Ut)—\X. would undoubtedly offend his dignity ! The degree 
©f politeness or impoliteness of a Corean sentence depends entirely 
on the termination of the verb which (as in the case of Latin) al- 
ways comes at the end of a sentence. If the verb of a sentence 
ended in la it belongs to the low form — so also if it ends in 
so or ee-c it marks the second or polite form. Verbs terminating 
in st9 or simnitah belong to the first, or very polite form. In 
compaiiiig the following classified list of some of the common 
verbal terminations with the sentences given in the body of the 
work the reader will soon be able to ascertain for himself which 
sentences 3X^ polite and which belong to the low form. The syllables 
in black type mark the verbal terminations : — 

Very polite Polite Low form 

Chal hah-sio Chil hah-o Chal hay-erah ; rah or ra 

Iss-simnitah Is-so It-iah or ta 

Ham-nitah Moro-kesso or gesso Moo-un-yah 

Chew- getta 

Mo-lah 



The Corean Alphabet. 



Voiueis^ 




Consonants^ 


Dipthongs. 


Cj. ah 




7k 


61^ ai 


Ct yah 




1— ^ 


*| ai 


O] o 




C t 


O^l ay 


CC| yo 




^ j r inUial 


0^1 ya or yea 


S^o or 


aw 


U m 


^ eui 


^ yo fir yaw 


ti p 


^|- 0^ or wah 


•S- ou 




^ s mUM 
^ 1 t;Jiwi 


ij| way 


•^you 




J mute miHal 
1 nz final 


^1 oi or wee 


C fii 




7: ch 


i^ waw 


O] ee 




^ *ch aspirafed 


^1 way 


O a or 


ah 


^ k .. 


S^ oui or wee 






S 't 


•^1 youee 






H P .. 





-* h 



.T3dAiiuA r<A:i;icO i-aiT 



v-'^'i'V 



The Gorean Alphabet* 



The .Corean Alphabet, as printed on the preceding page» 
is very simple in itself and can easily be learnt in three or 
four days — it is also easy to combine the letters and make syl— 
Jables, and to combine the syllables and make words, but then some 
tiifficulty may arise with regard to the proper pronunciation 
of certain sylla.bles because of the different euphonic changes. 

But before dealing directly with a list of these euphon- 
ic changes it should be noted that the transliteration of sounds 
printed opposite each consonant, vowel, and dipthong on the' 
preceding page, is rherely approximate. A great many of the Corean 
£rnm0un sounds are quite incapable of being accurately written in 
English letters. ^.^. — ^No English character will satisfactorily repreU 
sent the Ernmoun character^which varies from 3 or ii to er 

Such also is the case with^ which has a very slight eu sound 

before the ^| <?<?. Again, take 5J ^^e sound of which can 

by no possibility be expressed in Jlnglish letters but is nearly ' 
^/, with the two sounds running closely into one another, and ■ 
sometimes becomes almost wee, 

' ^ ■ ' 

'.*The remarks given iri these 'few pages concerning the Alpliabefc ' 
and its euphonic changes are inserted for tae special benefii of those, 
readers who intend later to rt\idy Corean and are as yet unacquainted, 
^irith, the Alphabet itseji, but- such remarks will ^ot. necessarily.; concern, '. 
«tny other reader nor interfeife with the ordinary use of the work aa at ' 
Phrase liook. 



iu The Corean Alphabet. 

EUPHONIC CHANGES. 

It must be remembered that the Corean language is writtert 
and printed in syllables — a word being composed of one, two 
three or more syllables, and usually, when printed in books, 
the words are not spaced but run one into the other — so that 
it is difficult to tell where one word ends and another begins. 
When, therefore, the word initial or final occurs in the list 
of euphonic changes given below it refers not to the begin- 
ning or end of a word — but of a syllable. 

The sound of the characters will be found to be very 
much as follows: — 

J used as an initial and final — always k^ except — 

'7 final before Til or L. becomes ng. 

^ in the middle of a word frequently becomes g 

\^ used as an initial and final — always «, except — 

V* initial followed by the vowels ^ ^ ^, t, etc, is almost 

mute. 
\_^ followed or preceded by ij becomes /. 

'C used as an initial only — always /, except — 

when followed by | , ^ , 4) or y^ it become ch. 

2 used as an initial — always r, except — 
in a few Chinese words it becomes «, as in §| ^ Nai-ily 
but when 2 "^^^ ^^ ^ ^^^^ — generally /. 

U used as an initial and final — always m^ except — 

XI final before ^ is sometimes ng, 

Ij used as an initial and final— always p^ except — 

y final followed by O or "^ becomes m, and some" 
times, as an initial, becomes almost 3. 
(\ used as an initial — always mute, being prefixed to every vowet 



The Corean Alphabet. iii, 

in the absence of a vocalised consonant, but when 
^ used as a final — always ng, 
1^ used as an initial— ^always s, but when 
J^ used as a final — always /, except — 
2^ preceding another^ — always s, as in ^-^1 Massee. 
1^ before O or "*— is generally n. 
JZ u :ed as an initial only — always c/i, as in church, but in the 

middle of a word it is nearly always^ as in*Jr ^j OJ* E|* 

JHa-jee Mahra. 
Aspirated Consonants. — ^ , c:j , 3£ , & and, y^ are fire 

aspirated consonants, viz : h, 'i, '/, 7, and V// respectively. 

Each of these sounds should be uttered with a sharp out-going 

of the breath. The breath should he gathered and allowed to 

explode clearly and forcibly. 
Reduplicated Consonants. — The following consonants are 

reduplicated, viz\ "J ^ ^ > HI > ^ and j^ — and their 

sounds are approximately as follows : — 

/r/ initial or medial — always^. 

)^ n tt 11 b. 



V> 



it It i» ss or 2» 



^^ » 11 11 ^. 

O^ 11 11 !• J, 



In case the reader is about to begin to study the language* 
and wishes to make use of the contents of this Phrase Book with 
the help of a native teacher, perhaps a few suggestions will not be 
amiss. 



IV.iII 



THFcwsfei^ ^m^^i''^ 



i. lAxrnW wntfe tH6"Alp^il3e't properly firstand try to g^ 
hold of the right pronunciation of each character. Make the teachf*. 
er constantly repeat each particular sound in your Hearing, an^^ 
endeavour to imitate them. Some of the vower and dipthong'^ 
sounds, as well as the aspirated and reduplicated consonants c^^]i\^ 
only be perfectly acquired after a hard and constant practice. 

ii. Then look at the Ernmoun characters printed after eacb \ 
word or sentence in the body of the work and see how syllables, 
are formed. 

iii. Having got thus far, pick out certain short sentences* ' 
from the pages of this Phrase Book and learn, not only howlc» 
write them correctly in Ernmoun characters, but how to pronounce 
a particular syllable when it occurs in different parts of a wordJ 
The phonetic spelling given in the text will assist you to do the 
latter — ^the principal aid must of course come frbm the Corean " 
teacher. 

iv. No attention should be paid to the system of translitera- 
tion adopted in these pages. It will help one to prokounce a given 
word or syllable, but cannot possibly aid a person to spell ^r/iw^z/jn 
words accurately, or write a proper Ernmoun sentence. 

V. Study carefully the construction and forihation of some 
of the simple sentences printed in Ernmoun throughout the follow- 
ing pages, and you will sob'n be able to construct and write short 
sentences in native script on your own account. 

vi. This Book may be useful to beginners in learning the 
language, but it is chiefly meant to be used as a '^* Pocket Dictionary 
and Phrase Book' for visitors and others. ■ - 



Corean Words and Phrases. 



Abbot Choo-jang seimg, ^ ^ -§• 

Abscess Chong-ghce ' r Poosirruni, ^7] ; ^ A ^ 

The Corea 118 do not seem to be able to distinguiBli between AbscenH,. 
Boil or Cancer, 

Absent, To be Upso ^rUptah, ^ 4^ or ^ cL (Literal mean- 
ing — "To te wanting" or "No have got"). He, or she is not in, 
Ahnee keisitah, c]- tj 7^] >^J c|. (polite). // is not here. Yaw-ghee 

upso, ^ ^ ^ 4l ^tis not there, Chaw-ghee upso X4 ^ ^ 4l- 

Accident Ou-yunn, J&.6:J 

Accidentally . Ou-yunny, J3l 6:} 6] . He mt t with an accident, 

Ou-yunny manhasso, JJ-^i 6] ^ ^4^. We, or they, met quite 

accidentally, Ou-yunny mannasso, S^tx\ 6] ^ ^ >^ . 

(The word On-yu^ivy used by itself, without any context, would not be 
properly understood). 

Accompany, To Cat-'chee kah-o or Ham-ghee kah-o j^ ^1 

Tf- Jg^ ; 'f'S^ 7f A- ^^'l ^^ C^' toi' ether, Cat-'chee kapsitah, j^ 

Accounts, To do H way-gay hah-o, i) >*| "8"^ Have you 
done the Accounts f Hway-gay-hesso ? ^ >fl "^^ ^ 4l . 

Ache, Pain Ap-'poo-tah, <^ -^"O^ or<^r^^fy Irs^s are achinq^, 
Tahree ap-'poo-tah, t|. e| ^ ^ cj- . Are yot:r legs aching? 
Tahree ap-'poon-yah ? ^^^J^tf: {WiGvaWy, "Are you tired f) 
My head aches badly. Murrey mopsee ap'poo-tah, tH ^I -S->A) ^ 
jj^cj- . Dees your head ache ? Murrey ap'poon-yah ^ it4 Sf ^ 



a ADU. 

" — . -.^ 

Aiult, An Err-oon. ^^z- Pleu-roon, 6^-^. 

Advance, Li Ap-'liJoro. ^_2.S.- ^' <^'^^ ''''^ ''* advance^ 
Ap-hoo-ro kah-o, ^^j£.7}-jL- ^'^^'^ ^^ T^^'^A Mon-jaw 
kai^i^era, ^ ;^:( 7I. 7! s|. . / ilk /I fay you a little money in 
advance. Tone meeree c'loni chew-getta, ^ n| e| ^ 2^ 7i{ c|. 
I cannot pay yon any mone' in advance y Tone niec-ree choul- 
soo-uplah, ^- «| ^ -f^-^*- ^ ^. 

Advantageous You-ejk hah-o, -ft-^"?"^. If you do so it 
will be advajttai^eous, Currock-gay ham-yen maiou you-eek hah- 
KCtta :X«H ^1 -ST .3 ?| ^^0} ^5( Cj. 

Afraid To be Moo-suptah, J^4j cj-. Dont be a/raid, Moo- 
sav.'-woh nialira, ^-/J^^J vV ^ /<?/// ^/m///, Maiou moo-supso, 
^1 ^ Ip -<J _A //<■' is afraui, Kcu sahram-cc maiou moo-saw- 
woh hah-o, jx A}- f 6) ^| ^ ^ A^ ^-] -g" ^ h he afraid? Moo- 
sav,-woh hah-nan-yah ? -^ /4 7^] '^ V M= Are ycu afraid f 
Mo(>-sa-.N'-.)on-yah? J^ /J JS* tfc , There is nothing to ie afraid 
of,, Moo-sav.-vvoh hal-got upso, ^/^^^ ?* ^ ^ 4l. * 

After Hob-ay, ^ <A . After he, or she, has gone, Keu sahram 
kahn hoo-ay, .TL A j- g ;jj :^ <^] /, he, or she, w'll come after 
tiffin, Lhum-sim miiggun hoo-ay o-getso, ^ ^y^-^r^^l-fi-Sl 
A. / 'ii'Ill come after I haje had fod.V^.-^ rxwM^gnn hoo-ay o- 

Afternoon . O-hoo-ay, or Nat-hoo-ay, J>. ^ 6^] or *V ^ Ott 
This afternoon, O-nal o-hoo, ^ ^ Jl,^. Tomorrow afternoon, 
Naa-il o-hoo, V] ^ J^?-. Yesterday after7ioon, Od-juck-'kay 




AFT. 3 

-ohoo, 6\ ^ ><| 9^ Co/fif' iotnorrow afiernoon, Naa-il o-hoo' 

^ly onerah, Vr| g JL ?• ^] iL ^ ^F ^^^^•'•' '^^"^^'^Y >9j«7 come 

/omorroiv afig-noon, Naa-il o-hoo-ay o-jcc-mahra, >| |Ji:^6^| 

o Xl ^p e|. . / will come this ofternoojt, 0-nal o-hoo-ay o-getso, 

^^i^^jiL5l4l- I wi'l -o this afternoon, O-nal o-hoo- 

^ly kali-j^'ctso, i ^ JC :^ <^1 7 j- 5] 4l . 

Afterwards Hoo-ay-nan; P>hoo-ay, r>rTah-com-ay, I^^] fe ; 

Again: Tahscc ^;r 'Ta.., cLxj; /£, /, r;r //f, will come 
^igain, Tahsee o-ree-ee-tah, ^1^1 ^ 2| cL , Doni come m^ain, 
Tahsec o-jce-mahra, ^ >^| ^ X( n[- Sf . IXm't do it a^ai*t, 
Tahscc hah-jec mahra, t± >^j -§• ;q| uV z\ . Do it attain, Tahsee 
haycrah, cL /T -^ oJ a[. . Say it again, Mai tahseo hayerah, ^ 
t:^- >A] "5" Cd E|. . Jjook again y Tahsee puariah, cj. ;^| Ij o|- gj. . 
II he:: will yoif, he or they, come againt Onjay 'taw o-getso? <A 
^<fl ^ i 2l 4l • i^e^fer do such a thtng again, Tahsce-naii kur- 
ran-ill hah-jec mahra, ^ Xj fe .3t. -§• ^J ?" ^1 ^\ ^\ - ^^ ^^^^ 
and come again, Pou-tay 'ta.v o-sio (poi^lc) JjL ^[ ^ 9 A ^ ^ 

Age. HoNORiFfc: — Yunn-say; Yunn-ghee: Yunn-'chcc; ^ 
/4j; l^ ^; ^ "T^I . What is your age? Yunn-say-gah uhnah- 

■sio ? 1^ /C^l 7J. ^ ^f- >^I 5L- L^^^' forms :— Nah-hee ; Sail, y\ r| ; 
-g ; What is your oge? Nah-hee ulmah-o, »4- "^l ^ pi' 9 . 

<T() children) — Myel: sail mug run-nan-yah? ^^^^*1 V*^. 
Persons of the same age, Tong gap, ^ Tj- . Of nearly the same 

4ige, Cha-tchcc toiig-gap, 7+ x] -^ ^ . 



4 AGO. 

Ago. Chun-ay, ^ 6^] . Aw-ray, J^ e|{ . E-chunnay, 6) ;g 
6^1 . Akkah (a Utile while ago^ ^V ^f • ^ ^^^S ^^^^^^ ^^^^* ^ w- 
ray <?r Chunnay, Jg^^SJ) ^'' >^^1. ^'^'^' ^^ol seen you for a long 
time, Aw-ray mote poasso, J^ 21} ^^5^41. Who came a 
little while ago? Akkah noo-gah wattun-yah ? oV M-^7f- ^ ^ 
tb . Several days ago, Soo-ill chun-ay, -4** S >3 ^1 . 

Agree, To Sang-hap-haho, >J^'5'^. 
Alarmed, To be Nol-lapso, ^^ ^, 

Alike, To be Catso, ^ ^ Han-gah-jee, -^j- 7J. x| '^^ Pang- 
pool-haho, 9J'-^'§'i. -^''^ ^^^^y ^^^^ alike? Cat-jee-an han- 
yah? J^X]^'§'^s. They are alike, Catso, J^4x. Make- 
fhem all alike, Moto han mo-yang-euro man-turraw-rah, JZ. JE. "^ 

All Tab, cj. Moto, JZ. j£ Tommaw-jee, i J2L ?^ Air 
men. Mo-tun sahram, SL^/^^ All things. Mo-tun gut or- 
Mo-tun mool-gun, SL^yJi ^^ JZ.-g. •§• >^ Are all here? Tab 
yaw-ghee in-nan-yah ? cj- dj ^ 6) "u tj: They are all good^ 
Tab cho-so, tL J^ 4x They are all bad {it is all together bad)^ 
Tab cho-'chanso, tj. ^ 7c| ^ 4l Bring all. Tab kadjaw- 

onerab, t:)- 7f- X4 A ^ ^f Don't bring all, Tab kadjaw-o-jee- 
mabra, ^ tJ- Xl ^ ^1 ''F ^f I have {he has) brought all, Td\\ 
kadjaw-wasso, cJ-tJ-;^^^! All^nished, Tshhes^o, cJ.'S^ 

All right rjust so) Oll-'cbee, ^%] Curraw-'chee. JX e| 7: J 
011-so, -^41. 



ALM. 5 

■» ■ — ■ ■ ■ ~~— 

. Almanack Tal-)uck, g^ Chaing-ycck, r^j ^ . 

Almost Cudgin or Kiuljin, tI >S[ ^^ ^^ almost done, Cudgirt 
tab tway-yusso, t] ;{[ ^ 5{ ^J >S^ Is it almcst finished ? Cudgia 
tab tway-yut-nan-yah ? T^^^SJ^VM^. 

Alone Hon-jah, :g.rX I am {or he is) goimi alone , Hon- 
jahkaho, ^r Hon-jah kantah, :g.7X^ t± Come. alone, Hon- 
jah o-sio, %7\^/\^ {polite). Do it yourself {alont^, Woxv- 
jah hayerah, :^^(-'5*^2|- You go alone, Hon-jah kaggera, 
^ ^f* 7f tI ^f- I^l il alone, Koom-an-too-erah, JX ^ -^ ^ ^ 

Already Pol-saw, ^ /i He has {they have) gone already, 
Pol-saw kasso, ^ /4 ^ ^ H^ ^^^^ {they have) come already, 
Pol -saw wahso, ^ M^^ 

Also, (and) Hah-go, -gr j?. Taw, y^ Gwah, jif. and 
Wah, S|. You and he go together, Keu sahram hah-go, naw 

hah-go, cat-'chee kaggera, z3la\ %'^ jL\^^ S.X^'^A^^ 

This is good and that is good also, E-giit taw cho-'kaw, chaw gut 
<aw cho-so, 6\ 7j Jr. J5. jL /^ 7^ i i 4^. ^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ 
book are different, E-'chaik gwah chaw *chaik-cc tah-roo-o, 6| ^ 

•^/C4^^^4^5^ F<^;// and I Tx^ill go together, Nay-gah 

naw wah cat-'chee kah-getta, M) 7f- H S). J^ t;] 7|- 5l ^ 

Altogether Moto, i j£ Tah, cj. or Tommaw-jee, iJZ. 
X] How many are there altogether? Mcto ulman-yah? 5. Jg. 
^ nj- lJi They are altogether lad, Tommaw-jee cho-'chanso^ 

or Tommaw-jee tah cho-'chantah, ^ 5. 7;] xj- ^ r,] ^ tL 

3 AJiways Hang-sang, "^ /^ It was always so, or Was it 
always so? Hang-sang kurrusso, -J ^JX ^ ^ 



i 



^ AvAA* 



V 



Amah, An You-rr aw, ^ JJ, Ca// //ig aj/tdAyY ou-tci3.w pool* 
lerah, -n-i-^i4 ^ IV/tere is the anLih? You -maw odday 
in-Tian yah ?-n"JZ.^'i|$lV^= ^^'^ amah is sick, You-maw* 
gah pyung nasso, -jJ-JL 7f' ^ ^- j^i Go and find the amah^ 
Kah-saw, you-maw 'chadjaw oncrah, or Kah-saw you-n>aw 'chad- 
jaw po-arrah. y\ Aj ^i r.} X^ ^ <H ^\ 

America Me-gook, n| ^ American Legation, Me-gook 
kongsa-gwan, n| -sf-g- /^ ^ The American Minister, Me- 
gook kongsa, nj-af" -§•>*» Where is the American Legation f 
Me-gook kongsa-gawn odday isso? •'|'^f'■g•>^Jg^6]^|6l>^ 
Take this to the American Legation, E-gaw Me-gook kongsa- 
gawn-ay kadjaw-kaho, 6) jj tf| "^-g- /^ ^ <>(| 7f•X^ 7f-iL 

Among Choong-ay, -§-6^] Choong-gan, -g-;^ or 

(iah-own-day, 7[- ^ ^| 

Ample To be Nung-nok haho, vj i4 -gr 9 

Anchor Tat, c^ Anchor rope, Tat choul, cU ^ Ancfior 

^//Xv.v.'Tat-gahjce, cj. 7J. j^ 7o iow^r the anchor. Tat chewtah» 

cj. ^ d- To ii'e'gh anchor. Tat kam-tah, ct >>• x± Now 

lower the anchor, Chikum tat chew-erah, X] -^ 5^ ^ <>1 Bf Nov^ 

wefgh anchor, Chikum tat kamerah, X] ^ 5^ >^ ^ B|. . 

And See Also. , 

Angry, To be Poun-haho, -^ "§" ^ Naw-haho, }x»^ S^ ^^ 
^ung-nai-:ah, >f| M] cj. /';;/ very ongry, Nay-gah maiou poun- 
haho, i^ 7J- ^1 "9- -^'Cr ^ Don t get angry Sung-nai-jee mahra» 
or Navv-ya.v-v.oh hah-jee mahra, >^ M| X| nj- B|. ; i: «>^ 4^ *§• X| 



Am: J 

Aniirials Cheum-seung, ^ j^ or Cheuni-sain:^^, ^ /^\ 

Ankle Pal-mawk, ^ -2- Tve sprained my ankle, Nay-gah 
Pal-mawk-cul chup-jil-lesso, v)|7}.^^-^^;gl^4l. 

Annoying, to be rCway-rupso, ilj -^ J^ // is most annoying, 
Kway-ronc-ill-ce-o, ill ^ ^ 6) 9^ . 

Annually Hai-matta, f ) a[. cL or Yun-yunny, iS 1^ zr] . 

Another Tahran, cL s Another mzn, Tahran sahram, 
'-j- ^ >^}- ^ Another thin<i\ Tahran gut, ^ ^ ^ Another, 
4Vie more, Hannah 'taw, *§• t|. ^ Brlm^ another, Hannah 'taw 
kadjaw-onerah, '^4-^7{-;?=jii4 2[. 

Answer, To Tay-tap haho cr Tai-tap haho, 'rl ^ "S" J:. 
Answer me, Tai-tap hayerah, cj cV-^'obI e|. An answer (to 
n ?fiessai^e) Tap-jang, ^ ^ ^s there an answer? Tap-jang 
in-nan-yah? {lew) 1 here is an answer, Tap-jang isso, ^^$1 

/<N There is no answer, Tap-jang upso, y* ^ <y ^ Brin^ 
<in answer, Tap-jang kadjaw-onerah, ci- rv 7J- x^ i V:f ^\ ff(ive 
you brought an answer? Tap-jang kadjav. vv,ih-nan-yah ? ^53* 

y\7A 51 ^ H^ ^^^ answer has arrived, Tap-jang wahso, cj. ^ 

■^•> - '■ 

Ar.ts Kame-ee, ^) ^t 6| 

Anxiety Cock-jung or Kauk-jung, >J ^ Vum-yaw, \^ uj 
'§" -2- Do7it be anxious, Cock-jung mahra or Cock-jung mahsio 
•^polite), ^ ^ w[- e[. Yum-yaw mahra, ^ ^ oj- e[. There is 
^710 anxiety, Cock-jung upso, ^ ^J ^ ^ Are you very anxious? 
Cock-jung mahnce in-nanyah? ^* ^J ^ "CJ $[ V ^^ fam very 



8 ANY. 

»i ■ ■ . 

anxious^ Nay-gah cock-jung mahnee isso, vtt 7f- ^ ^ ^ r) $1 4^^ 

Why are you anxious? Whay cock-jung mahnee in-nanyah >■ 

*l'-f'3"i*l$lvH= 

Any Ahmo or Ahmo-nah, c]-i: o|-iv|. Any inan^ 
Ahmo sahram, <^S./\% -'^^^y ifi^^g^ Ahmo gut, oj-iijt 
A7ty thing will do, Ahmo gussinah see-getso, o|-^ 7J>^I 4- >Vl 

Appearance Maw-yang, ^ A The appearance is gcod^ 
Maw-yang myo-haho, J2L ^ S.'§"^. 

Appetite Sing-yum, B^ ^ Kco-mee, ^ n| Eep-mat, <>j oU 
t7r Sick-sung, JQ^ /| 'lo hare no appetite, Kou-me upso, ^ n| 
>J ^ or Sing-yum upso,.^ ^ ^ ^. 

Apple ' Neung-gum, ^ ^ Buy some apples, Neung-gunv 
chom sah-onerah, -5- -g- ^ aJ- ^ l4 ^|- Ddnt luy any more- 
apples, Neung-gum taw sah-jee-mahra, -fe- -3- ^ >^}- ^ ^P ^F • 

Apron Hang-jew-'cheemah, -frl^^IfTL Put on a cleatr 
apron, Chung-han hang-jew-'cheemah eep-erah, ^J "^ "S) -x" ^t 
nj- ^ 64 a|. Where is your apron? Naw hang-jew-'cheemah 
odday in-nanyah ? u^ "^ -^ x) nf- 6] c[ 6j u t[: The apron is very- 
dirty, Hang-jew-'cheemah maiou turruptah, *j ^ t;] o[- ^j ^ c| 

Arm, The 'Pal, :§■ My {or his) arm is paijiful, 'Parr^r 
mopsi ap'-heutah, ^^\^'/\<^ ^^ Don t tend your arm^ 
put it out straight, 'Pal-eul gcoppir-ridg)'-ma]gaw, pahro^ 
• 'pyurrah,. ^ -§.^ ^ Hj ;^1 «^ JI tif S. ^ 4 . 



Arrive, To Ee-rah-awe, ^'^ jjt #rTah-t?ih-rpo-a¥Jfe, ^Vf 
When wiii he, ihe, or it, arrvue f On-jay e^-raw-gctso t 
^X!||Vl^^4x '^' •^^'^» ^^ '^' ^f^'^^d just now, Ak-'kah 
wahso. 0V>yl>^>Sl. 

Article, See Thing. 

Ashamed, To be Poot-gurrupso, jf'JL^ >^ or Moo-an-hah 
Jf. 6j -^^ ArrCtycu ashamed ? Yum-*chee um-nanyah ? v4 <^l 
<H V M= If aving failed to keep my prmnise I am ashamed, 
Pai-yak hah-nee, maiou mop-an haho, lU^-^ij ^|jft.J^6l*^ 

Ashes ChayorChai, ;$| Ash fian {stove), Ch2i\-pa.n, -55)^ 
Ash tray {tobacco), Chai-tawry, ;^| c^ e] 

Ascites Tan-pok, ^ ^ or Kaw-tchang, jg^ jg. 

Ask, To Tallah-o, ^ 4- J2^ {to de?nand) Moo-raw-po-arrah^ 
^Q|^c]-Sf {to inquire). J *ve something, to, ask you, Moo- 
raw-pawl mal isso, ^ ^<^ ^ 51 ^ ^^ ^^ ^*' ^^^ raoo- 
raiv-po-arrah, 7(-^^31o]-^ 

Assassin, An Sarrin-han sahram, >^^ J>^f 5 Who is the 
assassin f Sarrin-han sahram-ee noo-goon-yah ? Ji ^"iff V^- S '^ 

Aunt Kaw-maw. :^3^{fiatemat), E-maw, 6|i {maternal). 
Autumn Gah-ool, 7I. .^ 

Away Go Ossahkaggera.7J.7fel. Kah-sio. 7}. >^| j^ (^^/r/^) 
G;^ VL'may guickly, Ossah kaggera. <>| ;^ 7|. 7^ Ef. or BaHee 
k^ggera.. >^>j 7f»-7}-^ . He,,she, or it, has gone away, Odd^ 



lb AWN. 

kasso, ^ 't| ijj; ^ ^^^ away from here, Nah-ah kaggera, 
vLoV-Tf-T)^ Z^^«V^(:7tf«/«j/, Oddaykah-jee-mahra, 6|^|7L 
-^ v\ ^\ or Nah-kah-jee masslo, *|- 7f X] n)- >%j ^ {polite). 

Awning T'chai-il, iJJ ^ Put up the awning, T'chai-il 
churrah, ^^^1^^\ 

Awl, An Song-gut or Song-caught, ^^ 

Axe, An Tawk-ghee, ^ j| Where is the axe f awk-ghee 
odday in-nanyah? -^ :x| 6j '^J $1 V H= 



Baby Ag-ghee, o|- 7] 

Back, The Teung or Toong, -g. Toong-awree, -§-^el 
or Twee, ^ The small of the back, Haw-ree, ^ el I fell 
down and hurt my back, Nay-gah durraw-jusso toong-eul 
tat-chusso, v)| 7f- A^ «i ^ 4i-g- ^^^±, 
-.To come back, To-rah onerah, i H|. ^J^ uJ e}. He or sht 
has not couie back yet, Adjick to-rah o-jee-ahnee hesso, pt J^ ip 
EL ^ ;;] oj- tj -5- ^ ^ Dont come back again, To-rah o-jee 
m^hra, S.^\ 3^'^ ^\ ^ To fall backwards. Chat bah-jee-tah, 

Bad Cho-'chantah or cho-channa, Jg. t:) ^ cj. A bad person 
{man or woman), Cho-'channan sahram-ee-o, 5. tc) ^ fe >a|. § 
^1 A ^ ^^^ thing, Cho-'channan gussio, Ja. t:] ^ fe :5} X) J^ 
That is very bad, Maiou cho'chanso, ^|-^i7:|^4i You, 
have or he has, done badly, Chal-mote-hesso, :g- J^ "gr ^ >^ 
Why have you done badly f Whay chal-mote-hah-nan-yah? 



BAG. xz 

Jfij ;g- ^ •§• ^ 1- t{: TAis man having done badly scold him 
severely, Ee-sahram-un ill chal-mote-hessin-ee goo-chee-churrah, 

Bag, A Sum, J^ A Leather bag, Pee-gap, ^ 7^ A small 
Jiand bag, Soo-tay, ^ c| A paper bag, or port folio, Chee-gap, 

7^7^ How many ba^s of have you brought? Myet sum 

kadjaw-wahn-nan-yah ? ^ >^ 7f-X'f ^ V *-t . 

Baggage Chim, ^ or Paw-chim, ^;g Where is my 
^CLg,i; ^ge ? Nah chim odday in-nan-yah ? Mld^'?|5JV + 
JJave you {or he) brought all my baggage f Nah chim tah 
Jcadjiiw-wahn-nan-yah ? \^A ^ 7f- /C^ 51 V ^s . 

BaU, To 'Pou-tah, ^ c|- {to dip out). Bail the water outr 
Mooltah -pou-tah, ^t:j.^ c|- logo bail for a person, Paw-in 
haho, 1^^ ^ '$' ^ The person who goes bail for another, Paw 

Bake, To 'Chee-tah >«) c|- 

Ball, Kong, -g. {e.g. Cricket ball). 

Bandage, A Tong-in gussel, -^ ^ 7^ ^ . 

Bank, The Eun-hang-saw, -g^ "^ ^ Japanese Bank, lU-bon 
«un-hang-saw, ^^J^%^ Take this to the Bank, Eun- 
hang-saw-ay kadjaw-kaggera, -£; «| :4i <:>1] ?} 7i\ ?} ?] 2f- IVhere 
as thfi Japanese Bank ? lU-bon eun-hang-saw odday in-nan-yah 

Parber Murrey gack-nan sahram, n-j sj ^pjr ^/\^ Barber 
jshop. Murrey gack-nan chip, uj E[ ^vj- Jr ^ Where is the 



la HAR. 

Ba* bet^s shop f Murrey gack-nan c*rip oidday in>^nan-^yah ? o|= ill' 

Barley Paw-ree, V gj 

Basin, A Chew-pal ^g- Sabbal, ^g. ^r/«^ <j ^«j/«^ 
Sabbal kadjaw-onerah, A\^7[MS^^^^ ^^^^ this basin ^ 
away, Ee-sabbc.1 kadjaw-kaggera. ^| A)- ^ 7f> ;^ 7f- 7| ef.. 

Basket T'chai-tong-owri, 1^^S^^{a hen basket). 
Pah-goo-nee, H}.^6| Chong-too-rag-ki, ^jc ^| ^| {a- 
sinatl basket), Kwang-ou-ree, jg.jjLa| Pan-nal-jil currit, ^y 
^- ^ «:3. ^ {ii sewing basket). 

Bath-tub. Maw-yock-tong, -^ ^ ^ Bring some bath water-^ 
Maw-y ock-mool chom kadjaw-onerah, -^--^-g-^Tf-^^Oul BL 
Ewpty the bath, Maw-yock-mool kadjaW-kaggera, ^St-^^i^ 

Bathe, to Maw-y ock-haho, SL^-^ ^ 

Be, To Isso, 61 ^ Ittah, 6j cj. {Alii^ays occuring at the- 
end of Sentences). 
Be careful, Chosim hayerah, fg. 'Jj *§" Cd E|. 

Beans Khong nah-mool, .2. U. ^ 

Bear, A Koam ^rCawm, JBL 

Beat, To Dah-ree-o, /cj. 2{ ^ {to chastise). Deul-tah, /d 
t:|. {as a carpet). Beat hhn, or it, Dale-lee-rah.AJ-.^^ 2(^ 
Beat the carpet, Charry durraw-rah, r.f. ef e| «J Bf. To beaf^ 
tap, or thump {as the knocking out of a pibe) Tock-'tock-'chee-o 



BED. 13 

Bed Pyung-sang, Sg >^ Ma^ the &j(i, Pyung-sang 

yea-bc-haycrah, 5g >^ ^| «| '?' ^ ^ ^^^ ^^^^^ ^<^ ^^ ^^^» 

•or ] must go to bed, Caught noo-aw-chah-o, jjr -^ 6| Xj. y ^ 
A flower bed. Ghaut-pat, ^ 5^ 

Bedroom Chah-nan-pang, tX Jr ^ 'Chim-pang, jA tfj* 

-or Chim-sil, ;H 4) W'i^^^ ///^ bedroom floor, Chah-nan pang 
jnahrou kuUah-chil-hayerah, 7>|. Jr ^ n|. ^ :^ i=|| >g -^ Cb| E|. 

Bee, A Gool-pearl, >^^ 

Beef Saw-caw-ghee, or Saw-coggee, ^JL^I ^^^f ^^^ 
^oggee-moul, jL^I-S* ^^y ^^^^^ ^^^/» Saw-caw-ghee chom 
sah-onerah, ^jL;p\ <§>>^|- i ul ^ ^^^^ beef is not fresht 
Ee-saw-coggee sang-han gussen ah-nee-rah, 0| >^ JL 7! >^ ^ 7j 
J^<^ U Sj. How much beef have you bought I Saw-caw-ghee 
jTiyet keun sah-wasso? >SijL7|^-^>^^4i ^ow much a 
Jfoundis this beef? Ee saw-caw-ghee han keunkaps-ee ulman-yah 

Beer Beer is practically unknown to the Coreans, consequently 
^here is no proper word in the Corean vocabulary which one can 
use in reference to ''Bottled Beer,'' Coreans in foreign employ 
often know it under the name oi^'Beer-jew^ 

Before, Formerly Keu-chunnay, JX^O^j Mon-jaw, -g.;^ 

^r Chun-ay, ^ 6|| Why did you not come before f Whay 
chun-ay ahn-ee wahn-nan-yah ^^ ^ >H ^] ^V M ^ V H^ -^ ^^ 
seen it before ^ Keu-chunnay poasso, .:x;g^^| jj^^l -^ Before^ 
in font, App-hoo-ro, ^^S. Go on in front ; go first ^^ 
App-hoo-ro kah-o, ^^StFJL <?^ Mon-jaw kaggera, ^^ 



14 BEG. 

V , ^ 

Beggar, A Pea-rung-bang-ee, U) ^ ^ 6] 

Begin, To See-jack-haho, A^^i^^S, Lei ^^ b^gin^ 
See-jack-hapsitah, {polite) /^ ^]: -^ x| cj. Begin at once, 
Chickum see-jack-hayerah, ;q] -g- >^] x|: -gr Ct| Ef. Perhaps they 
have not begun yet. Amah adjick-un see-jack ahn-ee hesso^ 

Behaviour Haing-sil, "ft] >^ or Pawp, ^ What behaviour^ 
Moo-sam pawp? ^.^^A 

Behind Twee- ay, ^ ^] ^rTwee-ro, y\^ Place this 
behind, Ee-gut twee-ay no-erah, 6) "7-1 -/I ^] )£:. 64 Ef 
Behindhand, To be Noot-jusso, J^^ >^ 

Believe, To Mit-so, oj ^ Don t you believe it? Mit-teul-sou 
umnan-yah ? ^I-^^^V^^ ^ don't believe you, you are lying- 
Lurjet mal-ee-o, 7i 5 ^ ^) -2- 

Bell Pang-oul, ^^ Chong, ^ Ring the bell, (dinner 

^«?//), Pang-oul heun-turra-rah, ^-^-J^jc^sf The Great 

Bell, Seoul, Een-gyung, 61 y^ 

Bellows Poul-mob, ^ ^. 

Below, Beneath Mit-hay or Meet-tay, Jj f ] 

Bend, To Goo-poo-ry-o, ijlJdLeJ_^ Bend it, Goo-poo-« 
r}'aw-rah. 4jl^ ^^ b|. Dont bend it, Goopir-idg>-inahra. ^t 
■^ Sj Xl of. Ef. If you bend it it will be useless, Keu gussi- 
goopir-im-yen mote seii-getso. rLTjJ^if ^5| ^ ^^. 5l4v 

Why did you {or he) bend if? Whay keu giissel goopir-ryaw-nan- 
yah? 4i|)jx:5J^41-^^LJ: Bend your arm, 'Pal goo-poo- 
r>'aw-rah. ^4j1^h^e|. 



V 



BES. 15 

Best, The Sip-sang cho-so, /J-^JL^i ^r Chai-eel choso^ 
g js A Do the best you can, Chal hah-yaw choo-erah,. 
x[- -g: 6l ^ 6f Sf. Go and choose the best you can see, Kah 
poassaw, chai-eel cho-hun gussi-raw go-lah onerah, 7j-^^V 'M 
©IsJ5.^^AS."§'^-i^^^ ^^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^ Ee-gussie 
chai-eel cho-hun gussin-yah ? ^) IjJ >^I ©I |I i :|. "5} >^) «^ 

Better, To be Chom nassaw, ^ ^ ^ or Taw choso, G^ j[^ 
yjv It is better than it was before, Ee-gussie chun-giit paw-tum 
nasso, 6]^;g:^^^^_4^ Are you better? Chom nasso? 
^^^ This is better than that, Ee-gussie chaw gut paw-tum 

nasso. <^\yX>\:^7}i:^t'k^ 

Between Choong-gan-ay, •§'-;^ C>^] ^r Sah-e-ay, >^J. 6) 6^] 

Bicycle, A Chah-hang-ga'w, J^; "^ t] Where is my bicycle? 
Nah chah-hang-gaw odday in-nan-yah? vfl J^; *[ 7^ 6] c| 6| u. 

Big 'Keu-o or Qu-o, z^^ This is too large, Ee-gut nommah 
*keu-o, C] :^^Jji^^^ A very big one, Adjew keun gut^ 

Bird, A Saa or Ca*, /.] 

Birthday Saing-il, A^ 01 Royal birthday, Tahn-eel, cj ^ 
The Emperors birthday, {on VII moon, 2^ day) Hwang-jay 
•tahn-eel, jg- ©[ fj ^ 

Bitter Sseu-awe, ^^ The taste is very bitter, Massie 
maiou sseu-o, aj>q ^|-f ^^ 




1 6 BLA. 

Black Kawm-oon-pit or Com-mon-pit, >d -^ )B Shoe^ 
Blacking, Shin tack-nan mawk, >{I ^ fe 6} ' 

Blame, To Tchack-mang-haio, ^ ^ '^i T^obe blameU^s^ 
Hom-mool upso, ^ -§■ ^ ^ 

Blanket Eep-poul, %| -^ {Native). Tahm-eep-poul, '^ vl ^ 

Bleed, To 'Pee-nah-tah, il| v). c|. 

Blindman, A Chang-nim or Tan-soo, >§• y or ^ ^ 

Blister, A Mool-<haw-ringgy, '§-;q| ^ 6| To blister^ 

Poo-ra-*kee-tah, J^ ^ ^] cj. 

Blockhead, A Mote sang-ghin-nom, ^ -^ ;rt "S^ 
Blood 'Pee, g\ 

Blotting paper Mock mout-tun sou-jee,^ -^^^X] 

Blow, To Poo-awe, ^SL ^ -^^ /^^ the wind blows / 
Pahram-ee mahnee poun-tah, )l|- § o| ^ "C] -j^^ 
Blue (^colour) 'Poo-run pit, a ^ ^ 

Blunder, To Sil-soo-haho, ^I^'^JJ. I have, or he kas^ 
made a blunder, Sil-soo-hesso, 4)^'^^^ Dotit make a 
blunder, Hawk sil-soo hal-lah, -£ ^I ^ 'S^ 4* 

Boat, A Pa*t7rPai, \j| When will the boat got Pai on-jay 
kah-getso? ^) ^^llyj'jl^ What is the boat fare f Sun-gah 
ulmahn-yah? >fl Tf- ^ "}• *+ ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ /<?a2/^ to-day f 

Pai-gah o-nal yaw-ghee oong-tang too-raw-o-getso > !j) 7f- JL ^ 
*44-^^^^-i.5l^ ^ J^///«^ boat^ Tot-tan-pai, ^ ^ \j| 
A steam boat, Hwah-roon-sun, S|. ^ -^ 

*Pa pronounced like 2>a in paper. 



BOI. 17 

, Boil, A See Abscess. 

Boil, To Geullee-o or Geul-lee-tah, AL s| ^ or Sal-mah 
^^^]. Boiling water, Gul-ltn mool, AL^-f- Bring soine 
toiling watjr, Gul-linmool chom kadjaw-onerah, /2.2]-g-^7|- 
^J^\J E[. Is there any boiling water? Gul-lin mool in-nan-yah? 
Al^ e[ -g- 51 V ^-1= ^^^^ J^w<? <g^^, Tal-gal chom sal-mah, ^ ^ 
^^uj. Don't boil the eggs too long, Tal-gal chang-kam 
sal-mah, ^^^>^^tn). 

Bones Byaw, /ftjj 

Book, A 'Chaik or 'Chak, %\ Bring me that book, Keu 
'chak kadjaw-onerah, zimi^yVj^^x^ S|. Open the book, 

Chack 'pyurrah, ^ 514 2|- Shut the book, *C\i2ic\iiup--p^Y2ih, i^ 
^ Stj ^1* What book is this f Ee-gaw moo-sam 'chack-ee-o ? 
6| TjJ ^ ^ ^ 6) _£, Not this bock. Ee-'chack mal-gaw, 6) M 
^ JL Count these books and see how many there are, Ee-'chack 
myet gwan in-gah sai-yaw poarrah, ^) ^ ^ ^ ^ 7f> >^| 6^ ^C]- 
eL How fnany volumes of this book are there? Ee-'chack-un 
han kil-ee myet gwon-ee-o ? 6| ^ ^ '5* :g 6| t^ -j^ 6) <f 

Boots Shin, >JJ Clean my boots, Nah shin chickum tackerah, 
v|| >{J x| •3' ^ 7^ ^ ^f%K a^'^t these boots cleaned? Ee-shin 
whay ahn tack-gaw-nan-yah ? ^) >Jl ft] ^ ^ 5l V ^= Clean the 
guest" s boots (or shoes) and bring them, Sonnim shin chal tack- 
gaw onerah. ^y^I^^JLA^^I- Bring my boots, Nah 
shin kadjaw-onerah, v|| >{J 7l.;;^^ul B[. Where are my boots? 
Nah sin odday in-nan-yah ? Ml>Jl^^I$IVM= 



^ 



x8 BOR. 

Born, To be Nah-tah, vj.t:|- ^r Soun-san-haho, A»>^-er ^ 

Bothi (two) Toul or Tool, -^ Both this and that, Ee-gut 
hah-gaw taw keu-gut, 6) l^'tj" JLfitJX^ Both you and I^ 
Ou-ree-too-ree, J^e|^e{ 

Bother, To Kway-rop-gay-haho, il|-^>l| -^ jj^ Don't bother^ 
me, Kway-rop-gay hah-jee-mahra, il| -f- H| -gr X] op E[. 

Bottle, A You-ree pyung, ^ s) \}J An empty bottle, Peen— 
pyung, ^^J 

B^wl, A Sabbal or Sah-pal, >;|. ^ A brass bowl, Nought— 
currit, ^:x.% 

Box, A Qway, ^| Ee-qway yaw-ghee-saw 1* adjaw-kaggera, 
6] -^1 Ct| 3| >^ 7f.;^:J 7J. 7^ E[. Bring that box here, Keu-qway 
yaw-ghee kadjaw-onerah, jx^jCcj 3|7}-;^^ul «f Put it in the 
box, Qway saw-gay neu-erah, ^| ^ o^m ^ b[. The box has 
no lid, Qway too-kong uptah, f^l-^--^ ^ ^ '^^^^ ^^^ ^^"^ 
arrived, Qway chickum wasso, ^ X] •3' ^ 4i Have yo2€ 
brought the box ? Qway kadjaw-wahn-nan-yah ? ^l 7L ^ ^|. "I- Ur 
The box has not arrived, Qway adjick ahnee wasso, ^| cV ^ cV 

Boy, A Ah-hee or Ah-hay, o|- J] A small boy, Urrin 
ah-hee, ^ ?l cV J) Fetch that boy here, Keu ah-hee yaw-ghee 
puUa-onerah, JX o]- ^ -^ ul ^ ul B|- Who is that boy ? Keu 
ah-hee noo-goon-yah ? jx c]- J] -^T'?* ^ 

Brain, The Kol-murree, -^ tf4 ^ He has (or you have no 
brains, Kahn umnan sahram-ee-o, -^ ^ fe >^}- ^ ^1 ^ (literal 
meaning, "You have no liver!") 



BRA. X9 

Brass Choo-sock, ^ /^ A brass dish, Nought currit» 

Brazen-faced, To be Yum-'chee uptah, ^ 7^1 ^ tif. 

Bread Dock, /^ Bread crumbs. Dock poosir-ragg), ^-3^ 
^ 3j 7] Is there any more bread? Dock taw in-nan-yah? 
/^ xsj 6»| 1- tk Bring some mere bread, Dock chom taw kad- 
jaw-onerah, -^^xsl 7^;C^i^ ^|- ^^^ bread is bad, Ee- 
dock massie cho-'chantah, ^) ^ 5t X) JBL 7:| ^ "Cj- . 

Breadth Kwang, Jj. What is the breadth of it ? Kwang-ee 
myet jahn-yah ? ^ 6) |^ ^f ^^ . 

Break, To *Ga-'chee-tah, >^ ^ j t:}. To crack, Daw-jee-tah, 

Si Xl^ '^o break in two, Poo-raw-jee-tah, J^9|X} t^ 
♦Ga should be pronounced like ga in game. 

Breakfast Ah-'cham pap, o]- ^ ^ or Cho-pan, 2. ^ 
Have you had your breakfast? Ah-'cham pap tab muggusso? 
^V -§ tf ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ '^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^rm>^<'?i/ jW, Ah-'cham pap 
adjik mote muggusso, ^V ^ ^^V'^'^^ ^ ^ Get your 
breakfast and come quickly, Ah-'cham pap ollun muk-gaw onerah. 

Breast, The Kassam, 7^^ 

Breath Soum, ^ or Mok-soom, -2-«g- To breathe, 

Soom-swee-tah, •$• ^ ^ To be out of breath, Soom jah-tah, 

Bridle, A Mal-koul-ley, § "J Ml Bridie the horse at once, 
Chickum mal-koul-ley see wah-rah, X] -g- § "J Ml /A] il ^f 



y 



Bring, To Kadjaw-onerah, 7f-;^iuJ ^|- Kadjaw.-onerah, 
7|.;Ci4 Kadjaw-osio, (^^///<?) 7f-;C^i><Ii Brine: some 
^vaicr, Mool chom kadjaw-onerah, "l* •§• Tf- ;C( i ^ ^ Bring' 
some matches, Song-yang chom kadjaw-onerah, >^^-^7f>/Q{ 
j^ 1^ B[. Bring it back, To- raw kadjaw-onerah, 5lS*7\MSL 
\A bL ^r/;/^ j^/;/^ ;«<?r«?, Taw kadjaw-onerah, c^7f-^_2.ul ^ 
Dont bring any more. Taw kadjee-o-jec-mahra, xsj 7j.;^ j»^ xf 

o}.ef 

Broom, A Pee, j^| 72? sweep with a broom, Pee-ro sirrorah. 

Brother Tong-saing, ^ -^ An elder brother, Hyung-nim, 
^l \A A younger brother, Aho-o, cl- ^ . 

Bruised, To be 'Pee jee-tah, ji] x] tif . 

Brush Pee o* Pwee, jrf| (sweeping brush). Sawl, ^ Clothes 
brush, Oui<hl-sin-nan sawl, -^J^J^^ Hairbrush, Murrey 
sin-nan sav.l, tl] ^j ^fe "<^ A garden brush, Ssahry-pee, 

Brushwood Eep nah-moo, or Im-nahmou, ^ '4- ^ ^'^ Syup 

Bucket, A Mool-'tong ^^or Too-ray-pak, Jp- ^| «l , 

Buckwheat Maw-mil, JL ^ 

Buddha Poot-'chaw, J^ j^ The room in which the statue 
of Buddha is placed, Pawp-tang, ^ ^ Dishes used in 
the service of Buddha, Pool-ghee, 2L d\ Buddhist writings ^ 
Pool-gyung, -^^ Where is ttie room containing the statue of 
Buddha ? Pawp-tang odday isso, ^ ^ ^ '5| 5J 4x 



BUG. ai 

____^ — ■« « ■ ■ » 

Bugs Peen-tay or Pin-tay, d[ ^| 

Build, To Ssah-tah, )^'0^ ^r Chit-tah, Jj cj- To build a 
wall, Tahm ssah-o, ^^d-^ To build a house, Chip chee-o, 

Bull, A Saw, 4v ^r Hwang-saw, S-^ 
Burn, To Ttah-tah, e c|- 

Busy, To be Pat-poo-awe, Jl -^ JJ, or Poon-jew-haho, ^ 
^"^ ^ Tin very busy now, come agaift, Nah-nan chickum 

maiou pat-poo-nee, it-tah-gah onerah, ^feX]'^^|-^5t'ft'M 
•6| cL 7I. Jj^ vJ E[. Being very busy I {or he) can't go, Maiou 
pat-poo-nee, kal-soo-uptah, ^JjJl^^v| ^-4*-^ ^ 

Butter Saw-kirrum, Z^. y\ g 

Butter does not And a place on the Corean food table and is in con^ 
sequeuce practically an unknown thing to the Coi'cans, thus the words 
iSaw-liirruw.) which simply mean Cckj'« oii" may not always be recognis 
ed by tl'.om. 

Butter-fly Nab-bwee, vf J^I 

Button, A Tan-'choo r|. ^. (ordinary buttons). 

Nativ.3 o^Ticials and persons of high rank usually wear, behind the ears, 
a distii'Ctivo badge in the shape of a button which denotes their rank or 
80ei«.l standing. There aro . irious kinds of these buttons, the chief of 
which >irc tea plain jade, lijo carved jade, the plain gold, and the ornamen* 
ted gold button. The plain jade button is the most important of all and 
is worn by the Emperor and officials of the Ist rank. The next is the 
plain gel 1 button wovn by officials of the 2nd rank; then comes the 
ornamented gold button also worn by officials of the 2nd rank, whilst the 
carved j^xie butt )n is worn by officials of the 3rd rank. Wearers of tho 
plain jade paid plain gold buttons are addressed as "Tai-gam"^the others 
as "Fuwiif-^ow." 



BUT. 

.1 _L.J._ IL J J. Jll ■ ' ' 



Buy, To Sah-o, /L ^ Buy i/, Sah-o, AtJL Sah*Blo» 
>tf. >^1 _^ {polite). Buy it and bring it quickly ^ Ollun sah-onerah^ 
9 'fe'^pi ^ ^ Don't buy it, Sah-jee-mahra, >^ X] nf- Bf When 
did you {or he) buy it? On-jay sah-uahso? ^ f^ >*}• 5t 4l Buy 
so?ne more, Chom taw sah-onerah, ^ cj >J. ^ ul gf 

Bye-and-bye Chokum it-tah-gah, •^-§-$1^^ 

O 

Cabbage *Pai-choo, \J| ^ 

*Fai pronounced like pa in paper. 

Cabinet, A large Chang, 7^ Small cabinet, Moon-gap, -g^J- 

Small cabinet, about 75 inc high, with several tiny drawers, 
Charry-rsang, ^ 2| /y* Red lacquered box with brass fittings. 

Pull-gun nong, ^^J^ A tall bookstand with shelves, 'Tack 

j ah, £{• 7L There are several other cabinets and boxes known by 

the following names. — Pan-tah-jee, ^ ^ Xl Too-jee, -5. xl 

Lhec-jang, 7\y^ Hwah-roo-jang, Sl-^>^ 

Cabinet Maker, A Saw-mok-jang-ee, ^ -^ >^ ^) 

Cake Sat-tang-dock, /Al-^^ 

Calendar See Almanack. 

Calf, A Song-ah-jec, -^C}-;;] rr Saw-yah-jee, /&6^%{ 

Calico Ya ng-mok, A 45- 

Call :a person). To Pulla-wah, -^u| 5f Pulla-onerah, ^ 
^1-2.^ ^F Pulla-osio, -^Uf JL>^l-2. {polite). Co and call a 
c^oolie. Sack-goon hanna pulla-onerah, ^•T-'S'vl-AiJ^l^^ 




CAM, H 

Camel Yak-tai,. tf;^] 

Candle, A TchaW, ^ or Yook-t*chaw, ^ ^ L/g^At a 
candle, Tchaw-poul care-rah, ^-S-^^^F ^^^ the candle out 
Tchaw-pool gurrah, ^.-^>$4 ^f- 

Cane, walking stick, A Chip-hang-ee, ^ '^ 6) or Mak-tay^ 
Ej* «|J Where is my stick? Nah chip-hang-ee odday in-nan-yah> 

Cannot Mote-haho, Jj^'^Jg;. or Hal-soo-upso, % -fy- ^ A 
/ cannot say, Mal-hal-soo-upso, ^ ^ -^* ^ 4l ^ cannot do it> 
Hal-soo-upso, ^-4*'^4i ' I cannot i^o, Kal-soo-upso ^^^ 
^ It cannot be done, Mote-haho, ^"S"^ J^^ cannot say, 
Mal-mote-haho, ^^"S"^ ^ cannot give, Chool-soo-upso, 
'S'-T** ^ 4l ^ ^^^^ot sleep, Chal-£oo-upso, ^^-4*-^^ ^ 

cannot understand, Al-soo- upso, ^^ <A ^ 

Cap, (or Hat) Kat, y^ ,Buy me a native hat. Chosen kat 
hanna sah-onerah, ^S^d^"?" ^->^f-2.^ 4 

Capital, The Saw-ool, >^^ Th^ English capital would te 
Ycmng-gook saw-ool, ^^ ^-^ etc., etc. 

Caixls' (visifing) Myung-'chup cr Mj ung-tchup, 'Jj ^ or 
Myting-ham, iQ "§• 1 have, cr he has, no cord, Myung-ham 
yaw-ghee upso, "^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 4i <?r M) ung-hsm ah nee l<adjaw- 
wahso, ig -^ o^- vj 7^.;;^ ^ /^ (This last sentence nr.ay also tc 
used as an interrogative — ''I/ave yotf, or has he Irought a cardT') 
Give me your card, Myung-han* chco-sio, ^ "8--^Aj^ {polite). 



24 CAR. 

Care, Please take Chosim-haho, 2. ''iJ '^'-fi- Chosim-hahsio, 
S ^ '$' >^I -4. (polite). Chosim hayerah, S ^^ *§" ^ ^ (Jow). 
Take care of this, Ee-gut dial poarrah, ^)^^^o]-B|. You 
must be more careful^ Chom taw chosim hab-yaw-yah seu-getso 

Carelessly, To act Ham-poo-ro, "Jj^^ Don' t do it carelessly 
Ham-poo-ro hah-jee-mahra, "J-^S,'?"^! "j" ^ -^ careless 
fellow, Chosim um-nan sahram, 2. ^J ^ fe -^f § 

Carpenter Mok-soo, -21^ Fetch a Korean carpenter. Chosen 
mok-soo hanna poiilla-onerah, 5.>^-^^'5^'^--^UIJ2^ul Bf. 
Call a Chinese carpejtter, Cliong-^^o6k mok-soo hanna poulla— 
onerah. -f-^^^f ^ "I'M -2. ^1 ^l" 

Carpet (foreign) Tam-charrie, ^ ^ ^ J^eat the carpet^ 
Tam-chari ie daw-row-r^Ji, ^ 7^ e[ c-| a| e[. Roll the carpet up^ 
Tani-charric marra-rah, «j- 7^ b| o ej. e|. 

Carrier Ske Coolie. 
Carrots Hong-tang- moe, -i ^-^-f• 
Ca^^y Away, To Kadjaw-kaho, t^/C^tJ"^ Kadjaw-kahsio, 

i^A7\A^ (/^o/Z/^-). Kadjaw-kaggera, 7j.;^7f.7|e[. {low). 

To carry a load on the back, Chil-maw chee-tah >^ wj X] ^ 

Cart, A Soo-ray, J^'^ A bullock cart, Saw-soo-ray, y^^^ 

Cash See Money. 

Castor Oil Plant 'Peemah-jah nah-moo, iZ] ^I' >^ ^ <^ 

Cat, A Kway-ang-ee, iZ) ^ 6) 




Catch, Seize, To Chapso, ^^ or Chabhah, ^ c\ To 

catch hold of a thing firmly, Chabba-tang-ghee-o. ^ c]- ^ 7] ^ 

N. B — The word chapso is also uf ed as a polite term in reference to 
eating and smoking, e.g. "Take your food," '*Chinrjce chapso." "Please 
have a smoke," "Tambay chom chapso,'' etc., etc., 

Cease, To Goot-'chee-tah, 5^7:|t:f Stop zt, leave off, 

Koom-an-too-erah, jx «J -Y" ^ ^^ ^^Asserah, 6L/Je[. The 
rain has ceased, Pee-gah cheekum-goot-jusso, H) 7j-X]'3*5^S 

Ceiling, The Pan-jah, ^ :^ Paper ceiling, Tchun-jang 

Celery Me-nany, n| vL ^ Buy some celery, Me-narry chom 
Bah-onerah, o{ ^f e| ^/\ A ^ ^ 
Cemetery Pook-maiig-san, 4^R{->{^ 
Cemipede, A Chin-nay, ;^ cf\ 
Century, A Paing-yunn, ^ i^ Two centuries, Ee-paing-yunn 

Certificate Moon-saw, -J -Aj A certificate of rank given 
by the Govemfnent, Kyo-jee, jQ, x| 

Chain, A' Sasseul, <?r Sah-sul, >(L w0i 72? chain up a thing 
Sasseul-lo may-erah, /^ ^S ^I ^ ^ 

Chair, A *Kyo-wh€e, jg^^ A small native carrying chair 
Kah-mah, ^x^ A sedan chair, *Paw-kyo, ^jQl Chair coolies 
Kyo-goon-g6on, iixt^ 

*Kio, pronounced like fcyo in 'toTeyo. 



\ 



^ CHA. 

Chamber (room) Pang, ^ Bed chamber, Chah-nan pang^ 
^ fe ?f /««^r chamber, or woman s quarters, An-pang, ct ^V 
Chamber commode, Yaw-kang ^r Yoe-kang, ^y^ 

Change, Exchange, To Pat-go-awe, J^ -2- -fi. ^^ Pyun-tong- 
]iaho, ^-§-"6"JL Change this, Ee-gaw pat-go-awe, ^) ^ ^ 

Chapel, A Sung-tchun, jt^ ^ Hoi-tang, ^ ^ ^r Yea-bay-tang» 

Charcoal Soot, ^ The fire having gone out be quick and 
light a charcoal fire, Pool-ee tah gaw-juss-soo-nee soot pool oUuix 
'pee-yerrah, ^6] t:|->9|^^v^ :^-^^-c i^ ^ ^ ^^^^ y^^ 
bought any charcoal? Soot chom sah-wat-nan-yah ? ^^>a.^ 

Charge, To /I'tTw much do you charge? Kapsee ulmah-o? 
'^^ >^1 ^ '^F -2. ^ charge, command, Poon-poo-haho, -#••¥- "^ 
<f To give authority, Poo-tack-haho, ^^'^ ^ Charge ct 
Affaires, T2iy-rtt^or\gS2i, cjej^^ 

Cheap, To be Ssah-o, 4;].^ or Pissah-chanso, ti) ^ X] ^ ^ 
77t!s is very cheap, Ee-gaw maiou pissah-chanso, ^) !^ ^I -^ Hi 

Cheat, To Sock-chee-tah, ^ x] cj- Dont cheat, Sock-chee— 
iiialira, ^ j\ a)- ^\ 

Cheerful, To be Git-paw-haho, ^J if| -^ ^ 

Cheese Not well known amongst the natives. Sometimes the 
English word itself is employed. Siw-chut-mai-choo, ^^ '''1^!'^ 
i> a term given in their vocabulary but is nol much used. 



CHE. 97. 

Chemulpo In-chun or Een-chun, ^ ^ / am going to 
Chemulpo, Nah-nan In-chun kah-getso, v|- vT ^ ^j gHl ^t 7ft ^ 
How fans Chemulpo from here? In-chun yaw-ghee-saw myet 
nee ? ^^^^/4|^^ /V^ cnmefrom Chemulpo, Nah-nan 
In-chun-saw wahso, v|. ^ ^ ^^ 'M ^ ^ 

Cherry Ang-taw, W JSE. ^ 

Chess Pah-tok, \J|--^ C//^55-/^^^n/, Pah-tok-'pan, tif-^JPl 

Chest, The Kassam, tJ- >§ or Houng-tang, % ^ 

Chestnuts Pam, tfj- 

Chicken Pyung-ahree, ^ c]- ^ 

Chillies Kaw-t'cho, JL :^ or Kaw-t'chaw. 

- 

China, The' Empire of Chong-gook, -^-^ or Tai-gook, tj| -af* 

The Chinese Emperor, Chong-gook hwang-jay, •§• "^f" jB- lHj Pam 

^oing to China, Nah-nan Chong-gook-ay kah-getso, 4-fe'§"5f» 

O^l 7J. 5! ^ Fve come from China, Nali-nan Chong-gook-saw 

wahso, v}.;^^^/*^^^ 

Chinese Legation Chong-gook-kongsa-gwan, •§"'^-8'X»A 
Where is the Chinese Legation f Chong-gook-kongsa-gwan odday 
in-nan-yah? •§"3f"-g'>^?l^ ^J $IV*+ ^^^^ Chinese Ministir 
Chong-gook kongsa, •f"5f'-g•>^ 

Choke, To Soom-mak-tah, 'g- Sj* t:}- 

Cholera Kwee-jil, sA^ 




aB" CHO. 

Choose, To Kal-hwee-awe, ^ Sj Jl. Kan-sun-haho, ;jf >Q -^ 
^ or Kaw-reu-tah, jL^ ^ ^o and chcose the best you can s^e^ 
Poassaw, chai-il cho-hun gussel golah-onerah, ^5t^®I ^ Jt. 
;^ >| ^-^ M" JL M ^F Choose the best, Chai-il cho-hun gussel 
go-lah-rah, ^\^Sl%1^ ^-g- tf ef 

Chop, To Jick-tah or Chik-tah, fA cL CJiop some wood*- 
Nah-moo chom jick-erah, v|. ^-^fA 6| ef. 

Cicada, The (^Insect) May-ammy or Maim-ee, ^| ^ 6) 

Cigars Gwon-yun-t'chaw, 7^ ^ ^ 

Cigarettes Gwol-yun-t'chaw, "S^^ ^ 

Circ'e, A Tong-go-raimy, -^ JL ^ "I 

Clean, To be Chung-haho, ^ "§" ^ ,To polish, Tack-erah» 
^ t] Bf. To wash the floor, KuUa-chil hayerah, ^ Ml ^ ^ ^ 
«j. 72? wash a thing clean, Sisserah, ;5} -^ ^ Wash your 
bands quite clean, Sonn chal sisserah, -^"^^^^ 

Clear Clear water, Mool malk-saw, ^S^j. To be quite^ 
clear, <7//ir/<?«/, Myung-paik-haho, *i ^ '§' J^ t7r Dawk-daw k-hahoi 
'4Ei5c-g*_^ Clear it away, Chipaw-kadjaw-kaggera, ^ ^ tI- 

Clever, To be Chai-jew isso, >5| 2. $1 4i Yong-haho, or 
Min-'chup-haho, o]^ ^ "5* JJ. A clever person, Min-chup -haai 
sahram, o^ ^ "S >^}* ^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^ (^^ ^) ^ ^^O' clever perso?^ 
Chai-jew mah-nee in-nan sahram-ee-o, ^| 3£ ^ *) $} fe >4- ^ 

Cloak, A Too-roo-maggie, J5-^ a|- ;^| 



CLO 29 

Clock, A Cha-myimg-jong, ^^^^ or Shig-gay, A) 7^| 
Wind up the clock, Shig-gay yoll-say-ro lurravv-rah, a| 7^| ^ 4^1 
S. S. ^ ^F ^^^^ clock has stopped, Sh>g-gay chook-gusso, >^| 7^| 
^^&. (Meaning literally — "the clock is dead"). T/w clock 
Jias just struck, Shig-gay koom-pang 'chut- so ^ >^1 ^1 o" tf S ^ 

Closet r^/^rr^i-^'A Twee-kan ^r Twee-ghan, ^ ;jj 

Clothes Ought, ^ Clean clothes, Bhan-ought, or Ppan-ought 
^^ Dirty clothes, Ppal-lan-ought, >*g^^ Wet clothes, 
Chaw-jin-ought, ^-^^ Dry you f wet clothes, Chaw-jin-ossul 
mal-yerah, ;^^^'^^ ^^ ^|- -'^ compute outfit of native 

clothes is termed *'H2Ln-i:er]," -^ ^ Aames 0/ the different gar^ 
vients etc, Too-roo-inaggie, Jp-^oJ-CJ (Long coat); Chuk- 
sam, ^-^ (Summer jacket); Chog-goo-ree, ^-^S} (winter 
jacket) ; Kaw-whee, JJ. ^| (Summer trousers) ; Pah-jee, sUl 71 
/winter trousers) ; Haing-chun, *I lA (Cotton leggings); Paw-sun, 
X ^ (Padded socks). 

Clouds Koo-ram, -^ § ^^ ^^ ^^ i^f^y* Hoo-ree-av. e, ^ ej <f 

Coal Sock-tan, >^ c^ Coal dust, Sock-tan kom-tang, /d^ c^ 
;^ >J Bring some coal. Sock-tan chom kadjav.-onerah, >^ ^ 
^t\'J^A i ^ ^ IViere is no coal. Sock-tan upso, /j ^ ^ ><s, 
J^ut some more coal on the fire. Sock-tan chom taw noo-crah 

Coast, The Pah-tah-gah, ))|. cL 7I. The coast being rugged is 
vt'ry dangerous^ Pah-tah-gah hum-hah-nee maiou wee-tay-haho. 



30 COA 

Coat yi su?/iJ//('r c'(?(i/,Chuk-ssim, M J^ Hynfer-coat, Chog— ^ 
j(0()-ry, Xi -^ ^1 Put your jacket on, Chuk-sam ecp-crah, ^ ^ 

^ ^ '=^ 

Cobwebs (jaw-iiic-joul, ^Jj^j^ Look at those coinuebs^, 
< law -mc-joul dial poarrah, 7^ -^j "§• ^ Jio|- S|- 

Cock, A Soo-tack ^>A-Soo-taik, y^^ 
Cod-Fish Min-awe, u] 6| 

Cofiee Ka-pee-chah, ( The JCnif/is/t word is in use, coffee is un-^ 
ktunvn to the Coreafts). 

Cold, To be 'Chipso, ^4^ Ntno cold the 7jeather is ! Nallee 

maiou chiptah, ^ ^) ^j -^ ^ ^ 

Colour Pit or Peet, (For the names of different colours see under 
separate heads). / do not like this colour, Ee-pit 'chal-seul-hwce 
yavv-hah-o, 6) ^J § ^ "C) "5" ^ 

Colt, A Mang-ah-jee, nj. c]- X] or Mai-jee, ii]| X| 

Comb, A Pit, ^| Comb your hair. Murrey j)issahra, iH S| ti| 

Come, To Come here, E-dee onerah or E-dee-wah, 6| e| ^ 

v| H|. K-dee-osio, 6) E] J2.>^I i (polite). Come back, To-raw- 

onerah, jE. S. A ^ ^F Come in, Tew-raw-wah ^ Bl Sj. When 

7i'ill you {or he) come again ? On-jay taw o-j^etso .'* ^ 7H) &^ >^ 

/^ When did you (or he) come? On-jay wahso.'^ ^^^^ 

Why hai'c you come? Whay whan-nan-yah .-^ 4^1 -^V V *t Come 

Aioain presently, It-tah-gah taw wah, $1 cj- 7}- ^ SJ. Please don't 

come again, Tassie o-jee niahra, t:)- A) ^7^ a|. E|. {lo7i^, Tassie 

o-jce malisio, "CJ- X] Jl. X] af- /\ ^ (polite). 



COM 31 

Commence, To .S'^v BE(;rN. 

Complete, To be Tah-hcsso cL -^ ^ >5;^ Koo-bee-hah-o J^ 
W) -8" Jji^ ^'^ Tah-twee-yusso, tlj- 5) ^ 4i 

Concern Sang-j^wan >^^ Does it cone nil yon ? Naw sang*- 
i^wan in-nan-yah? vJ /^Pl ^1 fe 4= ^^ ^^^^'^^ "^^^ concern me^ 
^^ah-nan sang-gwan upso, 4* fe ^^ "?l ti ^ ^^ *^^^^'^ not concern 
you, Naw sang- gawn upso, d >g^ J jL <t] 4^ 

Conduct Eel ^ IV/iat do yon think of such conduct? K.00^ 
Jrawn ee-dee kong-oui sang-gak-ee uttaw -hao ? .2L ^ ^ ^ -§* ^ 
-^ tJ-O^] ^ ^ "?* JL ^^hat is 7 'cry dad conduct, Kew eel chal 
^lote helta ^5«- |J ^ ^ ■§" 5J cL 

Conquer, To E-ghee-tah 6) ^ cL 77/^ Japanese conquered 
4he Chinese, Eel-lx)n-ee Chong-gook-oul ee-kee-usso ^-^O] ^ 
^'^ 6j ^ 6j ^ D^ you win your law suit? Kong-ee took— 
lionghesso? -g«6| •S-^'^* ^ ^ ^^^^^ he win his law suit? Keu 
^ahrani song-sah hessavv e-ghee-esso? ^lJ^ g^^y^'^Cd A|6j 

Consul, A Yung-sa or Kong-sa ^ J^ Consulate, Yung-sa 
ikwan or Kong-sa kwan ^/^ ^ 

N. B.— See under separate heads for senteuces to be used in reference to 
^.'oiiKulates of different nationalities. 

Contagious, To be Chun-yum hah-o >^^'S"JL This ill- 
mess is contagious, you must be very careful, E-pyung-ec chun- 
yum hah-nee tay-tanny chosim hayerah c| ^^ ^) >S ^ "5^ H *? ^ 



32 CON 

Contract, A Taw-goop j£-3- 7o i^hw a lonfnxcf, Taw-goo{^ 
chew-tahi^;^cj. 

Contradict, To Kurro-chi-an-ta-hah-o ,3. Bl t^I of cL ^ <f 

Contradictory, To be Sang-ban-hah-o >}f ft "$• Jl. 

Cook, A Cock-sang ^. /^ {A word of Japixnesc origni), or- 
Sook-soo ^^ 

Cool, To be See-w cn-hah-o /} ^ "§" c|. It is I'Cfy cool wea-- 

tlier, lU-ghce-gah may-o sun-sun hah-o oj j| 7L q[ A /J >tj -g- ^ 

This water is too hot, make it cool, E mod nom-mo taw-00-nee 
chom sikherah 6) -f- uj JL c^ ^ v{ ^^ "Sj ^\ 

Coolie, workman Maw-goon JZ. ^ ^r Ecl-goon ^ -^ ^^^^S^ — 
coolie, Chiggy-goon y^ 7^] ^ Chim-goon '^^ or Sack-gooa 
£r g- Go and call a coolie. Sack-goon hanna pulla-wah ^« ^ 
^Vl ^ Where is the coolie% Sack-goon odday in-nan-yah ?- 
4* ?" ^ ^I $1 fe 4^ ^^^^ ^f^^V/t'v are working tuell to-day, Ma\v~ 
goon-ec o-nal eel chal hanta JZ.^6jJt^ e^^^ Ca^l' 
coolies who will work well. Eel chal hannaii niav.-goon-o-raw 
pulla-wah 01 ^-^rfeJZ.^ 0.5,^1^ ^ 

Ccpper Kow-rec -^^j ^^TongJE. 

Cord Nawk-goon 2c. ^ Hemp cord, Sani-naw ^^ ^l^lftg» 
Sam-shil ^^ Bring some fine cord, Kali-nan sani-naw kad— 
jaw-wah "^^^^T^T^A ^^Ky ^ome thick cord, Kulk-oun. 
sam-shil chom sah-onerah, "J-^ q^^^/AJ- J^uj H|. 

Cork Mak-gay Hj* ^| ^^^^^^'^'^^'^t', Pyungmak-gay bomb-nan. 
Kot -.g S|- §} <f fe ^ 




COR. 33 

. . ; ; ^^ : ■* 

Com, Grain Kock-sick ^A Indian com, Ock-soo-soo 

-^^^ 

Corner Inside comer ^ Koo-sock ^ ^ Outside comer, Maw- 
long-e JZ. ^6] Comer of a table, etc., Maw j£. 

Correct (It isso> Awl-chee of OU-chee ^^ Yes, you are 
right, Curraw-chee ;3L 0l 9d (low). 

Cotton Shil J^ Raw cotton,^z.vra\ J^ 

Cough Kee-fchim y^ ^ Have you a cout^hf Kee-t'chim 
***^"0. ;^1 ^ "§■ JL I* your cough better? Kee-t'chim chom na^so ? 

Country All outside the Capital, She-goll ^-g-. A country^ 
Kingdom, Nahra v|. e|. or Gook -5^-. A country man, rustic, 
She-goll-sabram, ^-§->4-^ . Natwe country, Pawn-godk ^'Sf'. 

Courtyard, Compound. Mah- tang gl ^ . 

Cousin, A Sah-t'chun. x* ^ . 

Cover, To. Tupperah ^ ^ 3|. . Cover it over, E-gaw tupperah 
^1 :^ ^ $1 e[. . A cover lid, Took-gong ^ 7^ . The box has no 
^over, Kway-ee took-gong upso -JN) ^|-5^ ^ ^ ^. 

Coward, A Kop-jang-ee t;^ ^ 6] . 

Crack Toom. ^ Look in through the crack in the window, 
<rhang 'toom-oo-raw yoot-po-arrah, jg* ^ ^ g:_ ^ ^o]* ^ . 

Cracked, To be Gay-aw-jee-tah A{| 6| X| c|.. 

Crazy, To be Mit-t'chee-o Ji7:|jl.. A crazy fellow^ 
J^it-t'chin-nom, Ji:^-^. 



34 CRI. 

»^fc-^^ ■■ ■ I ■■ ■ ■---■■■■ , ■ ■ ■ ■^ ■ » ■ I ■ ' 

Cripple An-jin-pang-ee ^ $ ^ o] . 

Crooked Goo-poo-raw-jee-tah ^ ^ ^ x] ^ or Koop-tah 
^cj- A twisted tree, Koo-bawn nah-mou "^-^^JZ.. To be- 
ziZ'Zag, Gauble gauble hah-o -iS-J^^^ 



Cruel, To be Sah-o-napso /|. ^ y* ^ (fierce^ or Ak-towk- 
hah-o 6V^ 



Cry, To. Oul-tah^t^^ Don't we^p, Ool-jee-mahra, ^ Xi| 

Cucutcbsr Whee or 0-ee ^ . 

Cup, A. Chan 7^, A tea cup, Chat-jong ^^. A wine cup^ 
Sool-chan -A. ^ 

Cure, See Heal. 

Curtain, A. Chang ;^ Fix up the curtain, Pang-chang 
•tchaw-rah ?/• ^g* ^ af. . A cotton curtain, or tent, Paw-chang 

Cushion. Pang-sock ^ /4 , An-sock 6j >M Pang-'tchim iy- ^ 

In Coroan honses these are used respcotively on the floor, for ba.ck and' 
arna rests. 

Custom, Rule. Pop or Pawp tij The Custo?ns House, or 
Service, Hai-gwan ^r Hay-gwan f] Sj[ . A chief commissioner of 
Customs, T'chong-say-moosah Ir:. Ai\^ ^ . 

Cut, To. Pee-hee-awe »*) tr] ^ Cut it with a knife, Khal-law 
pee-erah ^}x»^ ^ S|. . Cut the tree down 6^ take it aToay, 
Nah-mou pee-awe kah-jaw-kaggerah 4* -^ tH ^ 7}-x4 ^f H ^F . 
Trim the branches of this tree, E-nah-moii kah-gee chom t'chaw- 
rah 6H.^7f.^^^ef. 




DAI. 3S 



Daily Nal-matta ^ oj- cj- . Do this daily, Nal-matta hayerah 
^ ir[- c}. ^ 6| B|. . Come ^/^j/Tk Nal-matta onerah ^ of- «^ ^ v^ .^ . 

Damp To be Chook-chook-hah-o, ^^"CT i This thing is^ 
damp, put it out in the wind to dry, E-gussie chook-chook-hah- 
nee kaw-'poong shik-yerah c| :^ X| ^^-§- v) 7\^ J^7^^ . 

'the rain has wetted these clothes, d?y them at the fire, E-ought- 
she pee-mah-jussah chook-chook-hanj poo-lee chom mal-yerah 

<>] 4:A\ ttl ^\^^^^^^ ^-&<^# S ^ 4 , ^'•Seup-hah-o 
j§-'§"_^ (usedofroofus or localities^ This room is damp, I'ght 

a fire, E-pang-ee mai-ou seup-hah-nee poul chom pce-erah. or 
tay-yerah. 

Dance, To Qioum-t'chou-tah ^ ^ cL , 

Dangerous, To be Wee-tay hah-o -^ fl "5" Jj.. That is a 
dangerous road^ Keu got wee-tay-han kee-dee-o. .3t 7j ^ ^] ^ ^ 
6]^. That is a dangerous illness, Kc'^^-goi wee-tai-han pyung- 

ee-0 3.^^cl|t^6liL. 

Dark, To be Aue-toupso Cj-Sy^. The night is dark, t-jke a 
lantern, Pahm-ee awe-toon-tai teung kah-jee gaw kassio ^ 6] 6l 

^'^]'%y^A^^A^' ^rKkang-kam hah-o ^V^Vf JL. 
- (Jo be very dark). If is a very dark night, Pahm-cc mai-ou kkang- 
Iram hah-o, ^^^|-^^^'?"JL. 
Dates (fruit) Tai-t*chaw, t^ ^ . 
Daughter. Ttal^rDal ^. Daughter-in-law, Myaw-nah-ree 



^Q DAY. 

Day Nal ^ ^ Eel g . To-day^ 0-nal ^ ^ Day-break^ 
Sai-pyuck /»! ^ . Come to-morrow at day-break, Nai-il sai-pyuck- 
ai onerah ^] ^ >^|^^^^ ^. ^^^-^ ''^ to-morrow atday^ 
J^reak Nai-il sai-pyuck-ay nah-ral gay-erah ^| @ /^ ^ 6f| v^ 9 
Jrt CJ af W^<? will start to-morro-u at'day-b*eak, Nai-il sai-pyuck- 
al kajah t|] @ >^| ^ ^ 7f- ^^ ^',^^ ^^'^ ^' day-break io-morrvm^ 
Nai-il sai-pyuck-ai was$aw eel hayerah ^ e "^I^^^^S 
^ CJ 3). . ^t^^ry doy, Nal-matta ^ I'f- ^ . Th^ day after to^ 
morrow, Moor-ay JL Bl| . Good day to you, P) ung-an-hasio Sg ^ 
•*->^| ^ (/£? an equal)' What is the day of the month to-^y'f 
O-nal myet-chil dee-o ^^^^^IJ^. Th^se last few days^ 
Yaw-say-ee _g^ >^ 6] . One day only, Harro t|-S.. Two day s^ 
E-tuU 6| ^ Every alternate day, Harro kol-law-*com A^^^ ^ 
A All day long, Chong-eel 2^ ^ . Let us meet again, in afettp 
days, Eel-gan daw-man-apsilah ^y^^^L^^ /\^' The day is 
warm, Nah-'ee tawpso, ^ v| ^ ^. The day is cold, Nah-lee 
chipso. ^q *j^. 

Deaf, To be Qwee-muggusso ^).tj|5^^. Are you deaft 
Qwee mugga-nan-yah ^ n-j ^ V 4^ (^^ ^ ^) <^ e-wrong hah-o 
^ ^ "§■ -fi. ^^^y^^ ^^^f ^ E-wrong-cheung isso o| Jg. ^ <(l ^ ^ 
(Note: according to Corean custom it is not polite to put such 
questions). A deaf man, Quee muggan sahram ^xij^>tj..g^ 
A deaf mute Pong-or-dee ^ 6j «| . 

Dear (Expensive). Pea-sah-o or Piece-ah h) ^ J^. This is 
-very dear, E-gaw may-o pea-sah-o c] ^ ^| JL ^^l 4<l- JL- Did you 
think it would be so expensive ? Kurroch-kay pea-sal-cheul arrasso ? 
,3L^^] h| 'S#'^5i^- ^^^^ ^^ "^^^y ^^^^» unless you lower the 



DEk. 37 

Jnice I cdnridthiky it, 'E'^tissi 'niay-b pea-sah-Ticc nack-gah hah- 
jefe ahni hah-niyto tttbte^sah-gessb 0| 5J A| 7) JL i>(| ^ H ^A 

Death (^To be at the point of) Chouk-oul-bon hesso *^ # ^ 
-*• al ^. (This expression is very usually used of one who haa 
passed through great disasters, etc.) 

Debt Peet JJ To pay debts, Peet kaptah jj ^g- tj. ^r Peet 
paught-tah ^ ^ c}. To contract debts, Peet chee-tah ^ i'^ ^ 
Do not contract debts, Peet chee-jee mahra ^ xl X| v)- ^ . ^^y 
^lyvurdiibts, Peettah kap-harrafi ^ c|. 7^^ «}• . 

Deceive, To Sawk-ee-tah ^6|cL. You have deceived me ^ 

Naw nahral gwah-hee Soig-yusso ^4 ^ ^ -^ "^"^Si^' ^^^ 

-try to deceive him, Naw chaw -sahram-oui-ghee saWk-jee-^mahra 

Cf ^ jti^^ S\ >4f -^X] v\ ^\ . Don't try to deceive me, Naw nah- 

jal soig-gee^jee-mahra ^ 4* 2 '^ ^1 ^ ''F ^ • ^^ ^^'^ '^^ 
^ecerved me, E sah-ram-ee nah-ral soig-yusso. 0| >d> S 6) vL J 
^ ^ 4l. -^ deceiver, Can-sah-han sahram -Jjf >*|- "J >+ S . 

Decide, To Chack-jung-hah-o ^ ig *§• J^. Chil-jung hah-o 
^ 'S "?"-£.. ^ ^^^^ decided to go, Nai-gah kah-gee-ral chack- 
jung-hah-yusso "vfl Tf Tf 7) f 5f ^ ^5^ 4i. When have you 
'decided to got Unjay kah-sgee-raw chack-jung hah-yusso ? "^ ifa 
'i^ T] S^ ^ "^"^ 4l . ^ci^nnot decide beforehccHd, Me-dee chil- 
jung hal-soo-upso «| S| ;g ij ?4^<y i. icamotfix the price 
Ufefore hand, Kap-seul me-dee chil-jung hal-soo-upso ^^-^ n) gl 
^^"f-^^i. 5^^ '^^^ a 'final decision, Kyul-mal-lay-tah 



38 DEC. 

Decline, To Shiltah ^ c). / refuse to eat it, Mok-ghee siltaL 
ni ^1 A] zL , He says he refuses to go, Kah-ghee shilta-gaw hah-<x 
^ ^1 ^ eL ji^ *^ . He says he refuses to come, Oigh-ghee silta— 
gaw hapti-dah jL^l^^jJ-^^^- 

Deep, To be Kip-tah 7^ c|. . The water is deep. Moo-dee kip- 
tab. ^ 6) 7l t:)- . Is the water deep ? Moo-dee kip-hoo-nyah ?- 
Moo-dee kip-hoo-nyah ? %<>\7^'ty^ . ^^^ fhe water deep"^ 
Moo-dee kip-tah-nyah ? -f- 6| 7j x^ tj: . 

Deer Sah-sum J^^ i^^^^ musk deer), Naw-raw V ^ {the^ 
fallow deer). 

Delay, To Taw-tay-hah-o. x^ ^I "5"^ ^^ Chee-wan-hah-OK 
X] ^ '^ Sm' Why dotCt you finish your work ? Ee-dee whey taw— ^ 
ta)'n-nan-yah ? ^ 6] i?4| X2j cj 6:| ^ ^V Why do you delay fo 
answer ? Tai-tap whey taw-tay-hayoh-nanyah ? '^I ^ 4^| cf c| "S^ 
Cti ^ 6k . Dont dcLxy, Taw-tay hah-jee mahra. c^ ^| -^ jX 

Delight,ed To be Git-poo-hah-o 5]^"Crj2., or Kit-gupso* 
5I ^ 4l I ^^^^ delighted I0 see you , Pan-kap-so ^ ^ ^. 

Dehrious, To be Hut-savvdee-hah-o ^ 4^^] "8*^. He tuas; 
delirious last night, Kan pahm-ay hut-sawdee mahnee-hesscK 

Demand, To Tallah-o ^^-JJ.. What do you want} Mo-ut 
alt'^h-nan-yah ? -r* $1 ^ 4- V ^= . 



DEP.^ 3Qbv 

^. — ^ -^ 

Depart, To Kah-o tI- J^, Dawe-nah-kah-o /^| U. 7! cL. (on a 
long journey only). He has come and gone, Wattah kasso ^ ^- 
7^ ^. He has gone into the country, See-goll dawe-nasso, ^ A 
/^|t^^. He has gone out. Odd-day kas-susso ^"^ItJ-^jJ^, 
€r Odday-chew-dip .hass-susso 6| ^| ^ ?I "§■ >5j 4^ {honorific^ 
To have departed {deceased) To-rah kass-susso ^ 2f -A^ >S 
{honorific) or Chouk-gusso -^ Jf ^fc, . 

Describe its appearance, Kew maw-yang chom mal-hah-sio- 
,3LJZ.^S^'5'>^|JL- Describe what ' happened at the time 
Kew sai-ee-han eel yea-aggy chom hassio JX >^] 6^] ^ ^ v| oj- 7) 
^-gr^lj^. Describe what you saw, Kew sai-ee kco-gyong han. 

got chom yea-aggy hassio, A >^] <^] -=^ ^ ^f ^ # H ^V ^I '§' >^| 

A. 
Desolate, lonely, To be Chuck-chuk hao, ^^ "5" ^ . 

Destination Hyang-han-gaut, "Qi "J ^ or ^ ^ ^ . 

Detest, To Mee-wah-hah-o, Jfj 4^^ -gr 9 . 

Dew E-sool, 6)-g». 

DiaiKonds Keum-kang-suck, ^7i^, 

Diarrhoea SuU-sah or SoU-sah, JtA J^ . 

Dictionary, A Cha-junn 3^ CSl . The dictionary commonly 
used by Coreans, Oik-pyun -^i(j. A rhyming Corean dictionary^ 
Oon-chack ^ jW . A famous Chinese dictionary compiled in the 
reign of Sung cho,^^2LX\g-\v^^^-Q\i^-)\\TiXi ^J|JSef. / 



, ■ s^. 

'Dli,To Chouck-so-^^. /^^' ir </^«/, Ch'^jck-gusso -^f. JJ ^ 
^To^ahksrtiso (^/fe) Sec also under I>EPARr. Tifkavedted^ 
sitrvuium^ Kool-maw chouck-90 "J i -^ it . (^t^ death, Chong^ 
shm tawb-rock ^^ 2.4(-. 

Differeit, To be Tah-rah-o t:)- S J>^. Cat-chanso J^ X|^^^ 
E-poon-pyul hah-o 6| ^ ^ -^ jj^ These two things are differeni^ 
E-too-gussic, tah-rah-o o] -f- Tj >4 ^ ? JJ^ . or E-loo-gussie 
«at-chanso 0|-t*^XI % ^^^- There is a little difference^ 
Poo-pyul isso -i" ^ 5i ^- ^^^^ " ^^ difference^ Poonpyul upso 
'itH ^4i- ^^'^^^^^ ^^ difference, never mind, Kwang-ghee» 
t'chanso JJl ^ ^ ^ ' ^ came by different roads, Tahran'kil-law 
wasso. ^$?j2ll^ifc.. These two words have different 
meanings, E-too-mah-dee dan loot-she-o c]-j-^o) i^^A} ^,^ 

Difi&cult, To be Urry-upso 6]|^^. It is very difficuH^ 
May-o urry-upso ^| -^ 6| Ig^ ^ This ivord is used 0/ a man in 
lad circutnstances, Urry-or-oon sahram ^ ^ ^ >4- ^ , ontfahmd 
tempered /person, Urry-or-oon er-roon ^ ?^ -^ ^ -^ ; ^ ^ cUs<^ 
used by Coreans as prefatory to leguestim^ a favour as "I have a 
difficult matter to propose but will you lend the sonie moAey." 
Jt is difficult lo go, Kah-ghee urry-upso tI* 7| ^ ^ >5i. <^m 
itifficult to come, 0-ghee urry-upso. ^ 7] ^ ^ ^ V^ w difficult 
io Mt, Mokghee urry^upsMjj gj >|>&j ^^.Itis difficult io^fe^^ 
. Chah-ghee urry-upk) 5^ ^ '^ |^ 4i . ^^ ^ d^cult to give,Okbt^ 
^ee urfy-up40 ^>j 6| ^Sl 4l- ^^^ difituttto say, IVIiU-hah-^ee 
urry-upso ^ ^ )^ ^'^ ±.' 




DIG. 4» 

4 



Dig, To Tah-tah 4^}.. I^ig up the flower border. Gaut-pat 
pah-rah^5t4ef. To dig out. 'Kai-tah ?»|cj.. Dig up the 
weeds. TuU-'kai-rah ^ ?!l ef . Dig up the potatoes. Kam-jah 'kai- 
rah >^r+9»I ef. 

Dinner 7>i^ w/^-^oy w^^/, Chum-sim :^ >y . Late dinner. 
Chun-yuk pap ;^ \^ 4 ^ . Bring in dinner. Pap kad-jaw-wah 

Dip out (as water) Doo-dah j^x}^ or 'Poo-tah ^ cj. 6^/W w^ 

5^w<? water drawn fro?n the well. Oo-mool mool daw-onerah 
jft. Jg. ^ ^ 9 \4 ej. . Dip all the water out. Mool-tah-'paw-rah 

:§. cL 5^ ^f- . Dip the water out and throw it away. Mool-tah 

'paw par-dee-orah -g- 1^ S^) ^ ^ ^ ^F . T)ip the water out &* 

place it in this vessel. Mool tah 'paw, E-keu-reu-sai tam-morah 

Directly Chickeum X]^ She-bang /\ ^ Do it at once 
Chickeum hayerah X] -g- "5" *>^ ^I- ^^ Cheuk-see -^ m\ . He used 
to do his work pro7nptly . E-chawn-ay-nan moo-sam ee-dee-tun-jee 
cheuk-see hah-yusso 6) ^ 6^] fe ^ ^ ^^\^A^'^^^^' 
To go direct to a place. Pah-ro kah-tah tjL^7l.cL. A direct 
^ad. Pahro kan-nan kill tif ^ 7}- fe ^ Is there a direct road ^ 
Pahro kan-nan kill isso ? ti}- ^7j- fe ^ $1 4l • 

Dirty Turrupso t^ ^ >Sl. ^^^ ^/r/^ May-o turrupso ^| Jft»c^ 
^ 4l . Your face is dirty go and wash it. Neh oll-goU turroh- 
ohni kah nat sissorah ^ ^ -^ c] 8| -^ v| 7f ^ ^1 A! Sf- . Ga 



4a 



DI9. 



and w I'ih your hands, Kah so.m sissorah 7!-^^ Aj H|. . Wash 
thispitite and bring it to me, £-chopsee sissor onerah d) ^ XI #ll 

Disappoint, To Sil-mang-hah-o 4^ ^ "^^ The failure of 
thut h'l'iin^'ii hxs been a great disappointment to fne, Keu ee-dee 
or-goo-raAr-juss'\w sil-mang-ee mai-oh twee-usso,3u ^ ^1 ^ ^^ ^ 

Discharge, Dismiss, To Nai-yaw-barry-o vA ^ V) ^ JS» (This 

word is used of things i.e. to throw them away ; also of the dismissal 
of a concubine or disinheritance of a refactory child ; also of a 
man who has deserted his home and gone elsewhere). To dismiss 
a J^rz/a«/, Nai-yaw po-nai-tah vA 6U[^ w)| cj. . Ishalldistnissyou^ 

Nah-nan naw-ral nai-yaw-po-nai-gettah v}.^u| g vtj ^ ^^ 

7d cL . 77? dismiss a day labouref, Paw-nai-tah ^ v^ cj- . Distmss 

that work f nan Keu maw-goon paw-nai-rah JX5L ^^i:| B|. . 

Discuss, To Wee-nawn-hah-o .q^-§"_£^. Let us discuss this 
/;w//^r, Wee-nawn chom hap-see-tah *^.^'^'^>4 ^. 

Disease, sickness Pyung ig . Disease of the skin, Tooter- 
raggie^jc ^6). 

Dish, A Tai-chopsee ^ ^ A| . 

Disheartened, To be Sung-pyuck-upso /^ ^ ^g ^. Mou-siitt* 
haho-^>y-§-i. 

Dishonest, To be Sawk-hee tah ^ -g] d. You are a dishonest 

fellow y Naw-nan bawk -ee-nan sahram ee-tah ul fe ^ *5J fe >^ S 

o] cL. Mou-sin hah-o ^>il'§'i (used rather of persons wh<» 

fail you in any business) An undepen table person, Mou-sin-haa 

sahram -T->il^>^H. 



DIS. 



43 



Dislike, To Shil-yaw-hah-tah ^^-f^-^^-. 

Dispensary, A Yak-ghee 6jt^j Yah-gook ^'^, A room 
cohere drugs are dispensed^ Yak pang 6k iH- 

Distribute, To Nan-hwah-chew-o ^ jL^ ^ . 

Distinguish P6on-gan-hah-o ^ :j^ -^^j;^ tf/' Poon-pyul-hah-<i 
^^'f'i ^^ Poon-'pyaun-hah-o ^^^^. I cannot di^ 
^rnguish between the meanings of these two words, E-too mahl 
too-soon poon-gan hal-soo upso 6| -r* f^^-^-ft*^ ^ •4*' fl 4l» 
// is difficult to distinguish between sea &» shy, Mool-in-jee hah- 
nal-in-je€ poon-gan hah-gee urry-upso -l* ^ ;^] t|- ^ ^ X| ^;J 

Do, To Hah-o -§"_£,. I^o this, Hayerah -§■ d| 2}., uVot to do^ 

Ahrhee hah-o C(- vj -^r^J;^. Don't do it, I lah-jee mahra *$* ;Q] i4 

Ej. . Not to be able to do. Mote hah-o ^ "^ Jj.. Can it be done ? 

Hal-sou-in-nan-yah ? "J ^^ 6j ^ Ofe or Hal-sou-isso ? "J -4^ $1 

><% . // cannot be done, Hal-sou-upso "J-^^^ >fc,. Do itagain^ 

Tassiehao ^>U "^r^. /^£7«7 ^/^ // rt^re/>«, Tassie hah-jee mahra^ 

c|. >q. -^ X] o|* ^ . Do so please, Kurrock-kay hassio JX «| ?|| "^ 

jiX ^. Do it as best you can. Him saw hayerc.h "^ ^ "^ ^ ^ » 

Do as you like by all means, Naw marm tairo ah-mo chaw-rock 

hayerah uf nf* § ^JS^V-S-S-^"?* ^ ^. P^^^y do so, Poo-tay 

kurrock-kay hah-o -^ ^|jx8j ^| "§" J^. Do just as you like^ 

Marm tairo hayerah ? § *fl S "§" ^ ^F • ^^ ^^^^ ^^^ matter to m^ 

whetheryou doitornotX Hah-gonah mal-gonah harr)'-or-mawnah 

•^7}*|-g-7] vj.-^5^j2.vj.. How /lad I better do //, Uttaw-kee 

liah-myen cho-kesso ? ^ i^ ^| "§■ ^ jg. ^ ^. lo do it in this 



44 DOC. 

way, Irraw hah-o 6) «( "CT^. To do it that way, Keu-raw hah-o 
jX«('§"i. Did you doit} Hah-yaw-nan-yah "^T Cel >^ il: or 
Hah-yotchi "^ ^ X] . What are you doing! Mou-ut hah-nan-yah t 
JJL ^ -gr V ^^ . What are you doing this for"! E-got hah-yaw 
mou-ut hah-nan-yah 6) 7l "^^ 61: -^ ^ "§" V 4* • li ^^ too big it 
will not do, 'Kaw-saw mote seu-kesso ^ /s| ^^ 5? ^. ^t is too 
small it will not do, Chaw-gaw-saw mote seu-kesso ^A7\^^ 
^5l4l. It is too long. Key-raw mote seu-kesso yj g[ ^ >^ 7tf 
y^ . // is too shcrt, Jallah mote seu-kesso yl^ Hj. jL >^ 7j| ><» . 
// is too hoad, Nollaw mote seu-kesso ^^^^^4i. It is too 
narrow. Chaw- bah mote seu-kesso ^E^f^^^J^. It is too 
thick, Took-gaw-wah mote seu-kesso ^-^^-^^^l^i. I^ ^ 
too thin, Yail-baw mote seu-kesso ^»f|-^^5l4i. I^ i^ loo 
heaiy, Moo-gaw-wah mote seu-kesso J^t^J «ij ^^5|^. It is 
too li^ht, Kai-beor-woh mote seu-kesso 7j- ^ -^ ^ 4^5! >^. 
Not cfie of these will do, E got hannah taw mote seu-kesso 
C^ 7-|'?'^i-^^5l4l. Hf^'J'c '^'ou done what I told you ? Nai 
gah irr-ran got hah-yut-nan-yah ? M)7f'3S,^"?"^V^=. 
Do it carefully, Chosim hayerah, S "9 "?" ^ ^^ ^^ ^^ quickly, 
Ollun hayerah ^ ^-g- 6^ e]. . Doit slowly, 'Chun-'chuney hayerah 
^ ^ -gr] "§* «e| Hf . Do it now. She-bang hayerah >*] ^ "S* *^ ^^ 
Do it bye and bye, It-tah-kah hayerah $1 ^ 7f "S" 6j ^ . Do it 
to-day, 0-nal hayerah JL ^ "§* *i ^ • ^^ ^^ tomorrow, Nai-il 
hayerah ;|] § -^ 6^ 2f 

Doctor Whee-won ^ ^ . Is the doctor in ? Whee-won kei- 
sin-yah? -^j^T^j^^m:, Go and fetch the doctor, Whee-won 



DOC. 45 

maw-she-yaw onerah ^^1 ^i A| ^ ^ ^ ^ . i <^^^not a doctor^ 
Nah-nan whee-won ah-nee-o v|.^ ^] j^J c|- u| ^. Where is the 
•doctor's house ? Whee-won chip-ee odday yaw ? ^-i ^ '^ ^| ^ ^I 

Document Moon-saw -g /^ . ^ fjiise dixuiftentt Wee-jaw 
moon-saw ^^S.-^/^. 

Dog Ka {pronounced like "Ca" in ''canie\ Country inen 
j)ronounce it Kai) Feed the dog, Ka pap chom chewerah 
7}| 9l-^^ ^ 2f ^^ 7ll ^^ ^ ^ ^F . ^^^'^^ ^^^ ^^S^ away, 
Ka chaw-cherah 7H /^y^zy 

Dollar (silver) Eun-jun irr-won -^ Of S ^ . Paper dollars , 
Chee-jun j^ t^ ( rwenty-five Corean Yang, reckoning four cents 
to the yangy make a dollar) / will rive you one dollar only 
Jll-won man chew-^;ettah |J ^ ?): ^ 5] -|- or Simmol-tan-yang 
man chew-gettah ^^-f-^^ 'd'?'3l'-t- 
Donkey Nah-gwee ij- fl . 

Don't Hah-jee mahra -gr ;;] a}, e). . Don t go, Kah-jee mahra 

tJ. ;?q] o j- e|. . Don^ trouble, Kwangee-chanso -^T^I't^I 6l a, 

Dont ta k, S" *§■ X| of- 2|- . Dont move this, E-got om-gyur-naut- 

chee-mahra 6| 5J ^ 7^ ^ t:] of- e|. . Dont quarrel, Daw-toul-jee- 

mahra A^ -g- ^ o|- H). (/>. don't make an uproar.) 

Door Moon -g. Opm the door. Moon yerrah-rah -g 6] Ol eL 
Shut the door, Moon tattaw-rah -g cj. c^ e|. ^ Door keeper or 
Gail coolie. Moon jiggy -g ^ 6l . The front gate, Tai-moon 
i^-g. Sliding door partition, Chang-jee ^X]. Why do you 
leave the door open} Way moon yerrah too-awe-nan-vah ? 



4i DOU. 

-- — -- ■ t « » 

^]^^ 6J-^6]^ 6fc. Open the door and look, Moon-yerrah 
paw-sio -£^«fi>^|i. (polite). 
Dough Nal dock ^^ or Soon dock x4 /^ . 

Dream ^ ^r^ you dreaming ? Naw goom goom-nan-yah ? 
U-] ^ 4jL u. ij- ^ 1 do not want it even in my dreams, Goom-ay taw 
-aing-gak upso ^ <^t| j£ >g Zf ^ >Sl • 

Drink Mukso ^i ^ (the same word means "to eat") Mah-see- 

tah i7|.>(|cL. To drirk w^z/^r, Mool mukso ^5J>5>. To drink 

wail r, Mool mah-see-tah -^ vf >(! ^ . If you are thirsty d/ink 

some water, Mawk mah-roo-gut-toon mool chom muggera 
-?- "'f 2 7] -^ "g- .^ B3 6] ef. . Do not drink much wine, Sool 

kwah-hee muk-jee mahra ^^ "^ ^ ;q] nf- ^ . Do not drink 
7£//;/i', Sool muk-jee mahra ^^X|v|*S|-. Bring me some 

water lavish to dnnk, Mool muk-gaw she-poo-nee mool chom 
kad-jawwah %XJjA JL/IJL^ "f-^Tf-;^ 4. Give the gentle- 
man some water to drink. Chaw yang-ban mool chom tee-dee- 

Dregs Joot-kee ^ 7) . 

Down Nah-ryaw y e( (used in composition) To co -^ down, 
V ^ A ^ To put down, Nah-ryaw naw-tah, V ^ ^ ^ . 

Dry, To be Mah-rah-tah ii|- a cj.. Dry weather. 111- ghee 
kam-oiil tah ^ ;t)>{.^c{.. A dry towel, Moh-van sou-gun 
af- 3 ^ ^ The wood is damp, dry it in the sun, Keu nah-mou 
chaw-juas-scu-nee pyut-hay mal-yerrah -lvLjz.x=J55A vl ^^ 
^ i| 6] Bf . Are my clothes dry t Ought-see mal-lah-nan-yah ? 



DUC. 47 

» » " ■■ 1,1. M 

^>^^v|.Ui|:, Have you dried my clothes! Nai ossul 
mal-yut-nan-yah ? Mj-j^'^^^V^ ^^ ^'^y clothes, Nai ossu 1 
mal-yerrah M|^«^^u| 6j ef.. Dry these towels in the sun, 
E sou-gun pyut-hay mal-yerrah d]^>{{^^^v|^S|-. 

Duck Awe-ree ^ b| . The domestic duck. Chip awe-ree 
^ i ^I . '^ild duck, Mool awe-ree -^ ^ z} . 

Dumb A dumb person, Pong-or-dee i^ ^ ^ . 
Dung Dong }^ Manure, Kurrum 7^ ^. 

Dust Mon-jee -g-Xj. ^H^ very dusty ^ Mon-jee mah-nee ittah 
^X|^'8|5il^. This is very dusty clean it, E-got mon-jee 
mah-nee an-juss-soo-nee culley-jil chorrah ^) ^ -g- X) ^ v| ^ ;^ 
^H^^^^l^* ^ ^^^^^^' KuUey :^ \4| . Ihe mat is dusty, 
shake it, Chah-ry mon-jee mahn-00-nee dorrerah 7^ Bj ^ x] 

Dust pan Soo- ray-pat-key ^^) Jl 7). 
Dwelling House Chip ^. 

Dye Yum-saik mool t^ >y . ^ . 72? dye, Yum-saik hah-o 
^>y '$'iL. ^ ^'^^ Yum-saik-jang-ee ^ >t| ^ ^1 • 
Dysentery E^jill tl :g . 



48 EAC. 



Each G:ik :^ ; Sick A or Matta n}-^. Each day^ Nal- 
iTiatta ^ I'l- ^ . Each man, Gak sahram ^ /I- § . One by one* 

Hanna-sick Hanna-sick •§" ^ 4 '$' H" 4 • ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^ each^ 
Hannasick, chew-erah, -^ ij- ^ ^ 6| ej. . 

Eagle, An Tock-souree ^^^, 

Ear Kwee ^|. To have the ear ache, Kwee ap'p-hoo-tah 
^1 ^ ^ ^- . ^^ \C^^^ al-so -fl ^ ^ . I have the ear ache^ 
Nai-gah kwee al-so vfl 7J. -f) ^ 4^ . 

Early Ill-chick-ee g ^^ 6) . Come early tomorrow^ Na-il 
ill-chick-ee onerah ^1 g S "t'^1 JL^ ^ • ^^^ have come early ^ 
Naw ill-chick-ee watt-koo-nah vJ ^ -2^^] ^-^f-^*. {low) or 
Chaw-tong-ee keu rah S*^^!*?"^]*' Early mornings Sai- 
pyuck-ay >6| ^ 6^| . To rise early, Ill-chick-ee E-raw-nah-tah 
Rise early tomorrow mo'ning,^2i-\\ ill-chick-ee E-raw-naggorah 
^1 €5 e '^^1 ^1 *H" H ^ • ^^^ ^^ ^Trtr/j/ before the sun rises 
Hai taught-key chunny E-raw-naggorah $] -^ 7) ^ ^ vl ^ 4» 

Earth, The Dang /^. Mud, ^. Earthenware, Sah-ghee 
^ d\ Euilien vessels, Sah-ghce currit >^ ^ J3L ^ ^'^ Coreans 
rcsli ict this worcUo white vesse's). Black polished earthenware 
dishes, Awe-jte currit J^ ;q| ,3. ^ • -^^^ infer or quality oj the same, 
Chil currit ^ -l ^' 



EAR. 49 

Earthquake Chcc-tonij: ^'^. • There has been an cart h- 
quake, Chee-tong hah-siuih, cl^"5"^|cL. (Coreans always 
speak of the powers of nature in high language). 

East, The Tong ^ Tong-'pyun ^ig. Tong-jock ^^. 
Tong pang ^^ (ll^c two former are used in speaking of things, 
near at hand, the latter of things at a distance). 

Ebb, To Saw-tah J^ cj. . The ebb tide, Sawn-mool /^ -f- . 
When docs the tide ebb to-day} O-nal onney-tai moo-dee saw-o 
J? y- 6l Vl ^1 ■!• ^1 -^ A. ^^'^ ^^^^'-^ ^^^^^ ^^^ begun to ebb yet. 
Moo-dee ad-jick ah-nee sot-so % 6\c\^C)\ \\^ ^. The tide 
Tuill ebb early this afternoon, O-xizS. moo-dee 'chaw chun-yuckay 
'saw-gesso iL e l" ^1 ^^-^i ^ *^l ^^ 5l ^ • 

Easy, To be Shweep-so ^4i. ^i is easily done, Hah-ghce 
shipso -^7)^4;;,. 

Eat, To Muck-so Oj cJ. (low) Chapso ^^ {polite). Eat 

_y<?/.'r/<?^^, Pam moggerah ^Jj-tH ^ 2J- . Please cat some of this 

E-gaw chom chap-soo-sio 6] 7-| ^ ^ -4*- >^ A . ^l^a'<^e you eaten 
y^wr/i?^rA'* Pam mugg-or-nan-yah ^l*^ ^ V 4= (/^ze') Chin-jee 

chap-sue-susso ^^^l^-^-J}^. (J>olite) (These tv»o last are 
forms of greeting at or about meal times). Eat your food quickly 
and come. Pap ollun muggerah-wah \jj- ^ ^ ^ ^ 4 ^ • ^^'^ 

y urf^od slowly, Papkeulpi mock-jee-marah \Jj"3- tr] ^ 7\ ^ 

ej. . Eat moderately , Pap-oul chack-chack moggerah ^ ^ :5j- ^ 



50 EAV. 

Oj 6| ?[• Snail I eat it or nott Mogg-oul-gah mal-gah ^ -^ 7}- 






-I 



^ 7}- . I have eaten well, i.e. I have had sufficient, Pai pull-loy-o 

Eaves, The 'Choon-hyaw jg;, t^ or 'Chum-ah ^ ©i ^;« 

aiuning roiaid the eaves, 'Chai-ang ^|- ^ , 

Edge, The Kah-jang-chah-ry ^f^l^^ {of a table, etc) 

Nal y- (<2/^^ ^«//>, etc) kah 7I. (<^ rt; m/<fr, etc.) Maw-saw -roe 

i /J sj {0/ a book, etc). The difference between Tf- ^ ^ sf 

and JL /(I eI both of which may be used of a table, book, etc. 

is that the former is used to denote the longer edge, the latter being 
restricted to the shorter, and any of the corners. Place the etif^es 
even, Kcu maw-saw-ree mat-'chuerrah .3J.JZ.>^s|5J^6| e|.. 

Eclipse, An 6y//^^5««, Eel-sick ^A Of the moon, Wull- 
sick ^ ^> . 

Eggs Tal-kal ^^ or Key-ran ^| ^ . Buy some e^s^, Tal-lcal 
chom sah-onerah ^ ^ ^'^V i ^ ^ • ^^^^ ^^^^ ^JZ^^' Tal-kal 
chom sal mah onerah ^^■§•^^^•JL^ ^. -^J' some eg^^'s, 
Tal-kal chom chee-jaw onerah ^ ^ ^ X] ^-f ^ uj 2|- . -^'^'^ ^he 
eif^s hard, Tal-kal mai-ou sal-morah ^ ^ ^| 4^ ^J ^ Z|- . 
Boil the eggs soft, Tal-kal sull-chee-an-key sal-morah S ^ 'S 
;q| 6l 9^]^ 6] 2|. . Are there any eggs ? Talk-al in-nan-ya ? 
^ 6V 51 V H= . ^^^'y ^^^ string of eggs only, Tal-kal han 'goo- 
ray- mee man sah-onerah ^ ^ "^^ ^ o| ^ >^|* i ^ ^\ . (Eggs 
are bought by the string, reckoning ten to or.e string, terv such 
strings being designated as a *chop "^ ^ )• 



EGG. 51 

Egg Plant, The Kah-jee nah-mool 7f- X| vf- ^ . 

Eel, The Chang-awe ^ 6| ^r Pai-am chang-awe \J] § ^ ^ . 

Eight Yetalp ^^ or Tal ^ . Eighteen, Yull-yet-talp ^ 6| 
^ or Sip pal -Q :§• . Eighty, Yutton 6j| ^ ^r 'Pal-sip :g- aJ . 
Eight hundred^ *Pal-beck ig- ^ . Eight thousand, 'Pal-'chun 
ig ^^ . Eighty thousand, Tal-mahn » n]. , 

Either Ah-mo-nah oV jL vL . Either will do. Ah- mo gussi-nah 
see-gesso oV JZ. :^ XI *f ^5! ^. ^nd any one, Ah-mo-nah paw- 
nai-sio 0|- JL vj. ^ vfl >^) j^ {pcli e). 

Elbow, The 'Pal-goom-'chee § -g- t;! . 

Elder Eu-roon6|^. Which of you is the elder,} Koo-gah 
iiah-hee taw man-hoon-yah ? -v'7H''2r|GloJ.-^iJs, Which 

child is the elder ? Oot-un -ahce-gah nah-hee taw mahn-hoo-nyah? 
-^ ^ 6|- «^| 7}- ^ "Sr| c^ ^ ^ vj: . Which of you gentlemen is the 
I Ider} Too-boon-ee noo-gah nah-hee oo-see-o -7^'#> ^] HT ^f ^ 
igr] ^>a| JJl.. He is the elder by three years, Sam-nyun-ee 00- yaw 

Note ; — Village elders, known generally as loo-min, ^ o] ^ 

are five in number. The Tong-jang ^fX is a Yang-ban, if there 

is one in the village, he acts as justice of the peace though practi- 
cally his office is at present a sinecure, and presides at meetings. 
The Choonwhce ^St\ is also a Yang-ban, he conducts affairs 

at any meeting being usually a ready speaker; he also shares with 
the above the office of Justice of the Peace. The Yong-choa <^ M, 

is a man of the people, he takes the chair at meetings when no 



52 ELD. 

YaftiT-ban is present and is generally regarded as the person who 
establishes the "Customs." The Sa-riai^ x* ^ acts under the 

two first named and is supposed to be responsible for law and 
order, suppression of drunkenness, gambling and kindred evils. 
There is a tradition that he can punish offenders by beatings or 
placing in the stocks, but he would probably do so at peril of 
stoning and having his house burnt. He is also responsible to the 
superior officers of the Myun \A or Kol -g- . The E-jung e| ^ 

is the village servant whose business it is to collect taxes such as 
the Ho-' paw "jr^ or house tax. He is paid for his trouble in 

kind, generally rice, according to the number of houses in the 
village, each householder contributing according to his means. 
These officers are quite useless to a foreigner in most cases of 
cMiiergency ; even if they could be found in any given case they 
would not help him, and probably could not, if they had the will. 

Elder Tree, An Or-gah-'pee nah-moo, ^ ^f. il| vj. JZ. . 

Electric Railway Tchun-key-chuldo, D| 7\H ^ Electric Car, 
Tchun-gaw, cj -ji^ ^rTchun-chah, c^ ^ Electric Railway station 
Tchun-gaw-jang ^ -Af^ or Tchun-key chuldo chung-go jmg. 
^ ^Mi -£. ^ H ^ • ^^^^^^^ Railway Tkket, Tchun-gaw-'pyaw. 
^7\3l ^^^Tchun-char-'py-^w, cH ^•^JE.. The EUcttic Railway 
Co., Tcliun-gaw-hway-sah, cj 7] 1) ^^j: or Han-sung tchun-kcy- 
hway-sah "q^ >^ cH ^1 ^ '^l* 

XOTE : — Seoul owes its Klectric Railway to the enterprise, and in a 
large measure to the Capital of the United Stales, in the perscms. first 
and foremost, of Messrs. Collbran and Bostwick. The Company is called 
the Seoul Electric Company and is also responsible foi the Lighting 
of the city by electricity ; and contemplate, we believe, a light railway 
running from the provincial town of Song Do at a distince of some 
fifty miles from Seoul, to the nearest point on the Han River ; afford- 
ing easy transportation for goods and passengers, from Chemuljx) to 



ELE. 5^ 

the rich province of Kyung Ki Do. Originally, the lines of the Blectric 
Railway ran from the Mulberry Pal.ice to the East Gate, and thence 
to the Imperial Tomb, a distance of 5^ miles. The construction of 
this section was completed on September 30th. 1896. The first exten- 
sion of the tracks ran from the Mulberry Palace to the Seoul & 
Chemulpo Railway Terminus outside the West Gate, covered a dis- 
tance of 3/8 mi es and was completed I^ecenber 23rd, 1898. Owing 
to delay in the arrival of machinery, the above trackage was not 
-operated till May i6th, 189c, on which diy the power wis turned on, 
^unfortunately the country was suffering from drought at the time and 
the Koreans connecting this with the appearance of the Electric cars^ 
raised a riot on May 26th. and stopped the operation till August ioth» 
1899. On this date Foreign Employment arrived from America and 
the Road recommenced operation and his cont-nued without interrup- 
tion. The second extension of the tracks was from Chong No to 
Yung San, a distance of 3^ miles. Construction was completed oa 
December 22nd, 1899, Operation commenced the next day, and has 
-<:ontinued without interruption. Th« third extension of tracks was 
from the South Gate to the terminus of the second Extension, outside 
the West Gate, a distance of one mile, and operation was started oa 
June 26th, 19CO. Increased traffic on the Railway and the lighting 
■of the city demanded additional power. Ihe plant at the Power 
House was increased and the machinery started on August 17th, 1 901,. 
The lights were turned on at this date and have continued without 
interruption. A fourth extension of the tracks is proposed, to rurt 
from the Imperial Tomb Terminus, to the New Imperial Tomb at 
Tok Soh, a distinceof 14 miles. Total trackage under operation, lo 
miles; total trackage under construction, 14 miles: Grand total, 24. 
miles. 

Elephant, The 'Kaw-gee-dce 5L ^57) «] . 

Elm Tree, The Noo-reum-nah-mou J^ — ^- ^. 

Embark, To Pal ollah-kah-tah 'J) *^ 4* 7f- ^ ^r Sang-sun-hah* 
tab >JXj-S-t:).. 

Emperor Hwang-cbey jfl. @| The Emperor of Core ?, Tai-han 
Hwang-cbey t|| % § P<1 . The Emperor of China, Cboong-gook 
Hwang-cbey -f- -af" jg- H^I . ^^'^ Emperor of Japan, Ill-bon 
Hwang- chey ^ ^ ig d^]. Empress, Hwang-Hoo j^^. 



54 EMP. 

Empire Nahra tj. e[. orGodk ^, Emfiire of Corea, Cho-sea 

gook ^/^ ^, This, Ee-nahra 6] v). Bf . (Gook ^ is the sound 

of a Chinese character and is only used in composition with words, 
of a similar origin). 

Employ, To Shick-hee-t^h ^ -gr] ^ . or Tou-dah -^ c|. . 
To cmfloy a cook. Cock-sang tou-dah ^ >j^t:|.. To engage a: 
5^rz/^;//, Sim-toram liannan sah-ram tou-dah -^-^^^^Af- 
g -^ cL. I will en gave you as cook, Nai-gah naw-ral cock-sang- 

oo-raw tou-getta vflyful § ^'^^ S.-T*5l^- Please engage^ 
vie a cook. Cock-sang eel hal sah-ram hanna 'chun-gaw-hasio^ 

^^ e l* 4 1 T 4- y H t^^^l i- ^^'^'^ ^^^'^^^ ^ employ to do 
this work'l E-eel-oul noo-goo shick-hi-or ham-yun cho-kesscfc. 

Err.pty, To be Pwee dah j^] c|- An empty house, Pween-chip> 
^^. An empty vessel, Pween-currit J^jx^. 

Empty, To Nai-tah vf| cj- . Empty this vessel, E-currit nai- 
orah6)A^vfl^n. 

E- crgetic. To be Poo-ja-rawn-hah-o ^J^^'gr 9 . 
End Goot 42. ^ The end of a pen, Poot goot ^ 42. ^ 

Enemy, An Won-soo ^^. 

Engine Kwee-gliee ^^]. A railway engine, Whar-rouri 
'tong ^^%<^^ Kwee-'chah o\ %|. Engine room, Kwee-ghee 
Ifan^^];^;. 



«k 



ENQ. 5S 

England Young-gook ^ ^. An English man, Young-gook 
sah-ram ^'S^/J- S The English Consulate or L^gaton, Young- 
-gook kong-sah-gwan ^'^"S'X*^. Take Vis to the English 
Consu^atCt E-gut Young-gcok kong-sah-g\san-ay kata tiddy-rah 

^ ^ ^ "^"S" >^ 4 ^1 ^ '^^ H ^1 ^^ • ^^ '^''^ " ^^'^ English 
Consulate ^ Young-gook kong-Sah-gwan-ee odday-o ? ^'^-^A'- 

^-^^ ^IS.7^^ ^^ Young-gook kong-sah-g\»an-oul odday- 

xaw kah-o ? <g -Sf'-g- X»^-§-<^f^IS.7f-2.. ^ ^^^^'^^ j"^^ ^^me 

Jrom England, Nah-nan Young-gook-saw kat wasso ti Jr ^^ -5?- 

/JtJ^^. Can you speak English} Young-gook mal ah-nan- 

yah ^ "^ ^ cV V ^= ( '^^^ ^^ Young-gook mal arsio ? ^ -af" ^ 

Enough, To be Nung-nuk-hah-o }^}i'^ S^or You-jock-hah-o , 
^-^-gr tl. This is sufficient, Ee-man hay-er-daw nung-nuk-haho» 
^^'^^S.ll^'?'^. ^^ ^^^ sufficient} Ee-man hah-myen 
nung-nukhaggan-nan-yah ^cynj-g-igvji^-cr^i^tj:. lyiat 
is enough, i.e. stop doing it, Keum-an-too-erah jx of ^ 6j E|. . 

Enquire, To Mou-raw-poa ^ ej V 9 . Enquire of that m.m. 
Chaw sah-ram han-tay mou-raw-poarrah E| >^f ^ f ^ ^1 t* ^ )^ 
oV 2f. . Enquire whether he has finished, Tah ha) -or-nan-jee 
mou-raw-poarrah ^'C'5jfeX]^^^cVH|.. Enquire whether 

m 

he is at home. Chip-ay kee-sin-gah al-gaw onerah -^ 6)| 74] .^ ^ 

Enter, To Too-raw o-dah ^^^^. Come in I Too-raw- 
o-nerah J^ ^ j>^ |4 e|. {lew) or Too-raw o-sio t= gl 9 ^| y 
ifolUe), 



56 ENV. 

Envelope, An Fong-'too, -JJ-^. Enclose the ietier m am- 
envelope^ Pyun -jce pong hay-erah <^ X| -^'^ ^ ^ . 

Envious, To be 'Too-ghee-hah-dah ^ ^ -^ cj. Shee-gfaee- 
hah-dah ^oj-^cL (The former i^ord is used in reference to 

women). 

Epilepsy Kan-chil tJ ;g . 

Equal, To be Kat-tah J^ x3^ . 

Equinox, The Vernal, Choon-poun Jt ^. AutumJiql, Chou- 

poun ^. ^ 

Err, To Clial-mote-hah-o ^^^'^ S^or Sil-sou-liah-o ^^ 
"5" A. Vou have erred, ^2i'w chal-mote hah-yiiUah u]^^'^ 
tA c|,. Why have you erredt Way chal-mote hah-yaw-nan-yah 
^1 ^ '£'5" >1 V ^= . J h^'^^ erred, Nai-gah sil-sou-hesso vfl 7!^ 

Errand, To go on an Sim-borum-kah-o ^ J^JL^tJ.^, He 
has gone on an errand, Sim-borum kasso -^ -r- 3" ^ 4l* ^'"^ 
quickly I want you to go on an errand, XJssaih. wassaw sim-borruni 
chom h.iyerah ^/^^Aj'jJ^^^'^rCijBl.. 

Eruption, of the Skin Tooter- ray-ghee ^3^ e| 6| . 

Escape, To Myun-hah-o rf-^^. To escape disaster, M^urt- 

hwah-hah-o cj 5L -^^. The house caught fire but the family 

escaped, Chippy poul nat-jee-mahnan sik-goo-tah pat-ghee nah^ 
kassaw myun-hway-hah-yusso ^6)^iJx)n|.{r4j-:f-t:j.J|3| 

M-7f>M'fl^'?'^4^- ^^ escape from danger, Tah-rah-nah a 



EVE. 57 

cL^v}._2^, To escape from punishment t Taw-mang hah-o 
^ig.'^r^. He escaped from prison, Awk-ool nommaw taw- 
•nang hah-\ajtso, -S--^tJiMjE.^'§^^4i. ^^ escape , by any 
wnean^, *Pec-liah-o . ilj "CT Jg;^. He escaped by the door Moon-pat-r 
^oo-raw 'pec-hah-yutso -£^;3lS.3) ^5j>fc. 

Rvening Chun-yuck ^J \A . /;/ orditringy the eveninf^, Chun- 
yuck-ay /^ \^ 6^1 . The e^'ening meal, Chun-yuck 'i)ap ^^ \^ \}J* 

•Cojneai^ain this evening, Chun-yuck-ay 'taw oncrah /Cl \M ^] ^ 
<f \A ej. , I am goins^ this evenijtg, O-nal chun-yuck-ay kah-gesso 

^ e!"-^ ^ ^1 7F 5l^' -^^^ ^■^' '■^''^'^'^i^Jig time, ChaA-niool-dah 
jrf^t±. It is late, I cannot work. Chaw- moo- russaw eel mote 

liah-gesso ;^^ -?" ^ ^ s ^ "?" 5! ^- ^^^ gt'ttitt.: late, stop wo^k^ 
Chaw-moo-russ-sin-neecclcomman-too-erah Xl T" ^ A M g -3"* 
f^j^)^ ef.. Work until eifening, C\yei\\'-m<yo'.-g{:\ gad-jee ecl-« 
liah-yerah ^ f- 7) A? ^1 g -S* H ^F • 

Every, all Tab rL j Malta aj. cj.. The mice hive ea'en every 
4}ne., Chwcc-gah tab muck-gaw upso ^1 7}- ^ ^ Jl ^ ji.. There 
js J amine in every district of Core a this year, Cho-sunna.n or- ray 
kql-malta hyoon-yunn-ce-o, ^^fe-^^l-^i'f*^4 ^ ^1 ^ . 
Kvery hour, She-matta /| nj. c|- or *Tai-'tai-ra\v A|| Aj]^ Every 
day, Nal-matta ^ cf nj- or Mai-il ^\^tr 'Chook-il ^ g Every 
^nonth Tal-matla ^ nj- cj- <7r Mai-sack ^j A , Every year, Hai- 
inatla $j nj- cj- or Yun yun-ee i^ i^ cA <:r Main-nyun ^| ^. 

^verywheie Sah-pang-ee x» H(- 6^1 r^r Ghaut-ghaut-ee ^ ^ 
•O) or Sai-myun-ee y^ ^ ^1 . It is a famine year and th:re are 



Evr. 



robbers everya'hete, Sal-yunni too-nee-gah. tod-juck-ee gaot- 
gaut-chee 1550. >g ^ 6] c. t| ^i ^ 6|:Jt*X] $1 ^. 

Evidence Pong-chaw^ j^ ^r "Chaw-sab ^>^ or Koo-'chavr 

^'^. CThe first of these words is used in respect of e\*idence 

\ihich the magistrate receives, the last of the confession made by 
the culprit, the third is used of any circumstantial evidence in a 
casej. He cannot te hnprisoned there is no ez-idence, 'Chaw-sah— 
wee nah-chee ahnee hah-yussinee-gah, to:;-rce upso. ^ >^ ^ if- 

XJc]-v|'§"«t|><|»^ 7^'2•^ ^4l- ^^'«''''' isfUnty of ez'idence^ 
'Chaw-sah-u ee mahnee nassa-A-, 31 >^ ^) «t "8] ^^. 

Exact, Precise, To bs Dawk-hao Ag.-gr ^ cr Poun-myung- 

hah-o -S-'y 'S'A- ^t^^P tfi^ accounts exactly, H wee-gay poun- 
m>'ung-hee hayerah je| H| ^ ^ -g:) "5" C^ 2|- . To te exactly similar^ 
Dawk-kat-so ;^-7|- >js ^rKat-so. 7^<'5^ socks fit exactly, Paw- 

sun-ee da)*k man-ran-tah ^>g c] >S.5t fe ^. Tltese shoes da 

not exactly fit, E-shin-ee n at-jee-anso c] /] c] 5V ?^1 ^ ^. ^^^ 
not know exactly, Chah-see-hee m»o-ro- gesso ;^ /fl "81 JZ.^ 3J^- 
Teach me how to write that character precisely , Keu chab seu-nan 
pop chah-see-hee kah-rah-'chaw chew-sio ,3u ;5; ^ ^ ^ ^S'^ "^ 

Examine, To Sang-gav\ -1 ah-o -^jL'S'i. Go up and ex- 
amine the tiles of this roof, Chip-oong-ee oll-lab-kassawkey-whah 
chal sang-gaw 1 a-yaw po-r r/ali ^ -$• ^] -§• ^- 7|- /4 ^1 Si ^ ^ 



EXC. 59. 

Exceedingly, Very Tai-lanhee *fl ^ "&] ; Kwah-hee Jj. zi ; 
May-o ^J j9l ; Sim-hee aJ -gr] ; Mop-see -g. >^| T/ie day is exceed- 
ingly cold, Nah-dey tai-tanny-hee 'chipso y- c] '?\ ^ "CJ *J >5i. 

You have paid an exceedingly high price for this article, E-mool- 
gun kap kwah-hee chew-usso c| ^>rt^^^I^5l4l. ^^^^^ 
has an exceedingy fine flavour, E-got mat-shee niay-o cho-so- 
.6) ^5^>^) ^)-5^^>;^ He is exceedingly sick. Ken sah-ram 
mop-see ar-ray-o zx/^^^A C^ ^f jL- (^^^^ should be lakea 

to learn in what connection these words are used). 

Excursion, To go for an Koo-gyung-kah-o -?- ^ yt ^^ . 

Excuse, To make an 'Ping-gey-hah-o ^fi\fl ^ He made 
an excuse and did not go, 'Ping-gey hah-gaw ah-nee kasso 

Expect, To Pah-rah-tah ^ ^ t:|- cilso Kee-tarry-tah 7] t= sj 
^. I shall expect you tomorrow, Nai-gah naw-ral nai-il kee- 
tarrygetta M| 7f ^ § ^1 ^ 7] ^ ^I 7^^ .^ I expect him to arrive 
exfery day, Shwee oh-gee-ral nal mat-lah pah-rah-o 41-2.71 ^ 

Expensive, To be Pea-sah-o u| ^l^. It is very expensive 
May-o pea-sah-o ^I -^ W) /dd-^. If pheasants are expensive do 
«i?/ ^/yy ««/, Gwong pea-sah-gottun sah-jee-mahra j^y 0, «[ ^t 

7|.g.>;l. X] n|> B|- . To become expensive, Kaw-teung-hah-o JL-^ 
"^_£_. Rice has gone up in price, 'Sal kap-see may-o kaw-teung- 



60 EXP. 

Explain I'oil-tah -^-Cj.. J .'jw do you explain that fnaiter^ 
Kc'i ce-f?ce co:-cl:ce hah-m-^ im puU-Jey-gesso ? .3U. S 6] ^ Xl "S" 
rt ^ 9l Tjl ^ , This is difficult to explain ^ Ee-ee-dee puU-ley* 
gey urry-iiii.o C] ^ 6] ^ ^I 7] <H %^ 4i. 

Explode, To Kwang-'tau-cc-tah <^ B) e| c|. . (Kwang is 

jncicly oil imitnticn of the sound of the explosion, Coreans substw 

tiitc ollif.r soiinrs as *'dajig' ^'« 

Fxport, To Cl.oo'.-'pavv-hah-tah ■g-^'5"t:|-. or What are the 
c.\poyi^ of Cored ? Cho-sun-saw-nan moo-sam moul-gun-oul *tah 
gook-r)u-ra*v n;ahncc i)riw-nai-o ^>^>A^fe T"w "1* ^ "^^"^ 

Exquisite, To be Chyul-myo-hah-o ;g 3."^ JL. 
Extcrioi (See Outside). 

Extra, More Taw t^ ; Pat-gay J^ zi| ; Whcc-ay i^Gd. 
J^u'/Zi^.Te iu> more, Tone han poon ec-rah-taw taw an chew- 
j^citali ^r, '^ -^- o| 5|- 5. ^ ^ ^ 5l^. I have ncthing extra t^ 

say. Tail li.il nial U'-tah ts] "^ ^ ^ cL. 

Extraordinary To be Pce-sang-hah-o H| >J^^ ; E-sang* 
liali-o ^l/^C"^. in-'tong-bah-oyjj^-grjg;,. That boy has ex-- 
traorditiivy A?/^7/A, Chaw ah-hee chai-jaw-gah mai-ou pee-sang 
liah- () Crj c\ i;\ ^\ £ 7f- ^| -^ H) >J "5"^. That is an extrcw-^ 
ordinary s/,i/emr/it, Ken gaw e-sang-han yea-aggy-o rL'^61 



EXT. 6r 



*»— ,. 



Extravagant, To be Kwah-young-hah- o 3}. -g. -gr 9 : Nam- 
young-hah-o ^-^ '^S,* ^^ ^ ^^ extravagant ?iian, Chaw sah- 
ram tone kwah-young-hah-o d]>^J. §§"2f.-§-'5"J>^. I')oHt use 
ihis extravagantly, E-gussul hee-'pee hah-jec mah-rah 
^1 5! "& t^] 5| "§" X] nj- Bf ( s^I ^ cj-) Don til se the ?noney extrav- 
agantly, Tone hee-pee seu-jec inah-rah ^t^] Sj\ AlX] vi[ ^\ . 

Extremely (see Exceedingly). 

Exult, To Cheul-gupso^ 7J ^ or Kit ]:oo-lah :^| ^ c|- . 
Eye, The Noon -^. Eyebrows, Noon-sup^ /ij .iy'^-Ar^/z^.c, 
Sawng-noon-sup ^-^ ^i . Eye-ball, Wheen-tong jah -y ^ ^ 

Piipilofthe <rj'^,.Noon-tong-jah'^-^ 3^. Eye lid. Noon toc-tcrig 
'^Jf^ ^ . Eye-glasses, An-gyung oj 7^ . Disease of the eyes, An- 
jil ^ ^ or Noon-pyung -^ ^J . Eye of a needle, Pah-nal kwce 
%»}• ^ -fj . ^-' wrtj//, An-yackoJ ^ . 



Pace, To Hyang-hah-o t\^ 5> . 

Face, The Awl-goU ^ -§• ; Nat vj . 

Fact, A Sah-jungy^^J (circumstances) You do not under- 
stand the facts of the case, Nam-ee sah-jung moor- rue-nan sah- 
ram-ee-o ^ <^1 >^ ^ i S fe >^H ^) ^ . Cham mal {the truth). 
It is a fact, Cham-mal-ee-o ^ ^ 6) ^ . 

Factory Cheum ^ . Earthenware factory, Or-jee-cheum 
^ X| ^ ; A charcoal factory, Soot cheum ^^^ A paper 
ntanufactory, Chaw-jce-saw 2.^ it. 



•62 FAG. 

Fagot, (of wood) Moot JJL {small) Tong :^ {iarge). 

Faithful, To be Chin-sil-hah-o j^.^ -g- jj.. A faithful per- 
son, Chin-sil-lian eah-ram ;El 4J "g; X|- g . ^^ faii/dess person 
Mou-siiin-han sah-ram ^ 'Jl $ Aj. ^ . 

Fall, To Daw-raw-jcc-o Acj S^ ;;] ^ (used of tiles, fruit orany 

object wliich falls from a height). 77id ivind is blowings tie 

fruit wili fall, I'ah-ram poo-nikah shil-gwah tah daw-raw-jill- 

teut-hal.-o trj. g-^v|>5;l"jjj^^^^^"5'_2.. Moon-haw-jee-o 

-g"&jx]_2^. (To collapse, used of a houiie etc,) The house fell 

durinij^ an earthquake, Chip-cc chce-tong hah-sil- tgi-ee moon- 
haw-jusso ^ 6| X) -f^ -S" 4J Ai| c>^] § 6] :5J 4^ . Naw-maw-jee-o 

i:J n-j ;;] J^ . (used of persons, walls, trees, houses etc) Up-taw- 
raw-jee-o ^S^^7\^ to fal forivan1\ Chat-pah-jee-o 
^^f^li to fall backwards ; '\\zX\-]cQ-o Atf[.2]jj_ lo fall 
into ; 'Soo-raw-jee-o ^ 2| x] _2. to fall oi'rr (as a tree in storms* 
or a person (lurint; a struggle). I fell down and hurt my back^ 
Nai-gah daw-ra-.v-jussaw toong-oul tat-'jusso vd 7|-Ad ^/^ ^"S* 
^e 5!: 5i ^^' • ^'''^' "^'^'^^ has fallen dozun, call a mason and fell 
him to re/>air it, Tam-oul moon-or-juss-sin-ee mee-jang-ce pull-or 
'sah-rah -.iv/ hayerah ^ -g <^f 5^ >^1 v} n) ;g. 6] ^- u} 4 2|. JL •$" 
Cg| z\ . My hat fell into the water arid was lost, Nai kass-sce 
moo-dce bah-jussavv irraw-par-esso H]^A)^^]^;^ ^^^ 

Falsehood, A Curjet-mal 7^ J S*. \ • • * 



FAM, 63 

Family, A Sick- goo ^ -^ ; Kwon-goo ^-^ ; Kwon-sock 

-jrf A.. jF/ov/ many are there in your family ? Tang-sin talk sick- 

goo-gah myct-*chee-sio ? ^ /j tj 4 •?" 7^ ^ t:] ><) JL PoHte) Nei 

•chip sick-goo-gah myet-'chee-nyah ? iH) ^ 4} i^ 7|- 1^ 7:] if . He 

has a large family, Keu sah-ram-ce tai-sick- goo-yaw ji>^J. e c) 

Famine, A Hyoung-nyun -^ 1^, A very bad famine year^ 
Sal-nyun >^1^. 

Fan, A Poot-t'chai ^ ^I . Gop-chang sun -§- ?^ ><J , (A fold- 
ing fan with a curved end, used by male Corcans). Me-sun n| /A 
(a leaf-like fan made of paper). 'Tai gook sr.n e}| ^ /^ (shaped 
like the last but ornamented with the e^ -=- . Bring me a fait 
Poot-t'chai hanna kah-jaw-onerah ^^ ^| "S" w). 7 j. ;^^ _5^ tj Z\ ^ 
Buy vie iJirei fans, Poot-t'chai see char-raw man sah-onerah 
-^^I Ai|^S.^>^fJ2l.^1 ^\ ' To fan ones self, Foot t'chai jill 
hah-o Jl;^;g-5-i. 

Far. To be Merl-tah ^A"^, It is not far, Merl-chanso ^ yl^ 
4V4i. How far it is from here to the south gate'i Yaw-gec-saw 
nam-moon-ce mycn-nce-o ^^/4^-g^l ]^^IjL- Hew far 
is it from here to the next i7in} Yaw-ghee- saw 'chaut-jay chew- 
mack-ee ul-mannah twen-nan-yah ? ^^/45J;^|^?j'6|y 

wf" ^ ^ V ^s . -^^^ much further is it from here ? Yeh- saw-gay 
gar-jee sang-gaw-gah ul-man-nah twee-o c^I /^ 7^| A? X] >^ >| 
-^ ^ "F^^-SL" ^^^ not far, Ul-man-nah mote twee-o ^ nU 



«4 FAR. 

Farewell, To bid Cliack-p)'ul hah-o ^^ ^ '5' i (^^ ^^ inferior- 
or a friend) ; Hah-jick hah-o ^gt ^ "^"^ (to a superior) ; E-pyul 
hah-o c] ^^ "8"^ (To a relative or an intimate friend whose loss 
is a grief). 

Farewell On leaving for a short period, Keu sai chal ik- 
korah :3t. ^1 :g- 6| ^ij 2[. (to a boy) ; Keu sai chal ik-key ji, j^ 

7^ $1 ^1 (to ^^ adult dependant). Keu sai pyang-an-hec-kee-sio 
"^ >^1 ^ ^ "^l ^1 >^1 JL (^° ^ friend). (On leaving for a long 
period omit the jx /»] in each case). To one who is leavvii^ for 
a short period, Chal-dang-yaw-onerah ^ tj. v<j ^ y ?}. (to a boy) ; 
Chal-dang-yaw-o-gey ^^ ^ ^^ ^ >i| (to an adult dependant) ; 
Pyung-an-hccdang-yaw o-sio5g ^ *&) ^ ^ ^>^I JL (^^ ^ friend). 
To one who is leaving for good, Chalkah ik-korah '^ Tf- $1 tI ^|- 
(to a boy) ; Chal kah-ik-key;g-7f.6|>^j (to an adult dependant); 
Pyung-an-hee kah kce-sio ^ ^ ir| 7|- >\\ A S^ (to a friend). 

Farm Government property^ Koong-tap, ^^, Farms at- 
tached to a Bt/ddist 7nonastryVo\\\-\7i^, -5J»^. Property devoted 
to the maintenance of Con fi4 danism, Kyo-tap ja, ^ . A fann let 

cttt on cojtdition that the tenant maintains an ancestral grave for 
<t distant owner, Myo-tap ^ ^^I- . 

Farmer Nong-min^ n] or Nong-poo ^^. There is a word 
Mah-reum af -g- used of an overseer who himself farms or not 
as the case may be, he is responsible for land in his charge, 
collects rents, and pays the same to the owner of the land, la 
hold a farm as a tenant, Pyong-jack hah-o ^^ 7^ '2»"_2>. '^^ ^^' 
<?^// rtryar;;/, Pyong-jack che\v-o >Ji^^^^,. Tofarm ofte^strivm 



FAR. 65 

^«^,Chah-nonghah-o;w|::^-grjL. (Inmost cases where fields 
are rented out the owner receives according to the year's return, 
sometimes a fixed rent is taken which is termed Taw-jce i cj J . 

Farrier, A Mah-chul-jang-ee v)- ^ ^ 6) . WJure is the 
Jarriers house, Mah-chul-jang-ee chip-ee odd-day-o v)- ^ ^ o] 

Fast Pat-pee 5^ h| ; Keup-hee ^t) ; Ossah 6j /^. Go fast 
{to a driver), Ossah kah-jah ^ >^ 7f 7^): ; (Jo a boat man) Ossah 
pai choo-rah ^| /^ ^) '^ ^F » ^'^^ ^ messenger^ Ossah kaggerah 
^ /^ TJ. 7^ 4 . Tie it fast, Tan-tannie may-erah « jj <\ ^\ ^ 
«|. . Nail it fast, tan-tannie pak-gerah *£ S ^1 ^ <H 4 • -^^''^^ 
the door fast, Tai-moon lan-tannie tat-*cherah ^ -^ 5 S ^) 5t 
jqj 2f , To fast from food, Koum-tah -g- 1:|- . 

Fat, To be Sal-*chee-tah ^/^^^^^ Poo-tai-hah-o J^ cj -§• 
^ . (It is not polite to make remarks about a person, or his 
relations, to his face in this respect). Beef fat, Saw-kirrum ^ y\ 
§ . Pigs fat, Toy-adjee kirrum i 6j: X] 7) f . 

Father Appah-jee c|-tl|-X]. This word is used ly Coreans 
in calling to their father, and to a child when speaking to him of 
bis parent). Is yotir father at ^^w^ ? Appah-jee chippey kee- 
sin-yah? c]- *|- ?^] ^ ^] ><| >5l 4^ • (^^ speaking of his own father 
an adult Corean uses the word yj* 3^ or ^ :g if he te alive, or 
if dead -^ :J[ or ^ j3L . I^ speaking to another person of his^^ 
fathet they use * Jf.;g' or 6] ^./^ v||). 



66 FAT. 

Fatigued, To be Kawn-hah-o ^"SrjJ.. Are you fatigued'^ 

Tah ree ap-poo nyah ^ ^| ^ ^ '^ ijo a boy, as salutation) ; 

Kawn han-nyah ^'^ tj: {to a boy, who looks slerfy)\ .Tahree 

ap-poo-sio (to an adult) ; Kawn hassio (to an adulO. / am very 
fatigued, Nay-gah may-o kawn-hah-o vfl 7I. ^j A.J5L-gr y . 

Feast, A 'Chan-chai j^ ^ . 
Feather, A Kit y\^ . 

Feed, To See Eat. 

Feet Pal ^ . To be foot sore, Tarree ap-heu-tah ^ S| ^ ^ 

4- 



Fellow, A Nom JcL. Female form, Nyun d. The former 

o * 

"word is often used in a sense which implies great contempt. 

Female Key-chip Tfl ;g (low) ; Yep-penney ^ i^ M ; Yaw-in 
w:j ^ ; Pou-in J^ ^ {honorific). Of animals. Am oj.. 

Fence, A Ool-'tah-ree -^^ c{. E| {made of buslies, com sta/Jbs 

t'/c.) 'Pan-jang j5l ;§• {a wooden fence). 

Fern, Bracken Kaw-sah-ree JL >+ ^^j ^ 

Ferry, A Nah-raw vfg,- -^ A'^/ ^^^A Nah-raw pai *|. 5^^ 

Fetch, To Kadjaw-o- tah 7J. ;^ ^ t^ , 

Fever Yull-pyung ^^; Yull-cheung ^^; Yum-pyung 
^ ^J ; Yang-tock ^ ^ scarlet fever) ; Tang-hack 
{maliaptant fever). 



FEW. 67 

1 ■ — 

Few, To be Chewk-tah jjj cj. ; Man-chee-an-tah ^ X] ^ ^. 

These are too few, E-gaw nommaw chewk-so 6) ^ vl ^ 51 ^% 

~A few days^ Soo-il J^^^ A few hundred, Soo-paik jJl ^ , 

I came a few days a^o, Nai-gah han soo-il chun-nay wasso 

M|7f^-4***|'^^'Sj4l- ^ ^^^"^^ i^ a few days, Nai-gah haa 
soo-il hoo-ay kah-gesso M| :^|- ^ -4*- « ^ ^1 7|- 5l 4i . 

Field, A Pat ^. Paddy field, Nawn ^. Field barley^ 
Paw-ree pat ^^5^- ^''otato patch, Kam-jah pat >J-^4-5;t« 
A flower led, H wah-gay Jl '^ . Field of battle, Chun-jang 7^ 7^ , 

Filthy, To be See Dirty. 

Find, To Tchasso ^-4.. Find it, Chah-jaw-rah J^7l^^\ 
-or Chah-jaw-po-arrah. ^ ji^ \j ct g[. ^ 

Fig Moo-hwah-gwah J^ Jj. Jif. , ^ fg tree, Moo-hwah-gwah 
nah-moo Ij: jj. iif. i^ :^ . 

Fight, To Ssah-haw-tah >f^%,<\ \ Tat-'taw-tah 5^s.t:|- 
Stop fighting, Tat-taw-jee mah-rah 5^ :£. ;^] n^ ^f. . 

Figure Numerical, Soo-kuU-jah -4^'^;5^. Appearance, 
Hyong-sang %J^. 

File, A Chool 

FiU,To 'Chai-oo-tah ^Jj^t:|.. /^////^(^/Tchai-orah^jjL^ 

The same word is used of cooling any dish of food by immersing 
it in cold water. Cool this, 'Chan-moo-dey 'tchai-orah ;k[; -^ 6^1 



68 FIN. 

Fine, To Kahm-hah-tah :>P "j^ cj.. I shall fine you five nyang^, 
Nah-nan neh wul-goop-ee-saw tan-nyang kahm-hah-gettah 
H-feMl^'^*1|^^^^'§"5l^ Jfyoti break things Ishalt 
fine you their cost^ Ah-mo giissi-nah gay-or jce-myen keu kap 
tairo kam-pong-hah-gettah o|.JZ.:5j>^| 4>^ 6| x] ^:au^ ^IS. 
>t -g.*^ 5J cj. . If you come late I shall fine you, Noot-gay irraw- 
nai-myen kam-bong hah-gettah, -J^ }H| ^l ^ ^- ^ ^^ -^"^^ ^ ^. 
Fine,(thin), Kah-nool-tah ^^cL^ To be powered fine , Sey- 
mall-hah-tah /=!) ^ ^*^. 

Finger Son-k arrack ^ tJ- ^ . Finger-nails, Son-'tawp ^ 
^^- A finger rimr, Chee-hwan X]*y.. Names of fingers, etc^ 
The thumb, Um-jee-karrack ^ X] 7{' ^ ; l^i^ fi^l fi^g^^ Toul- 
jay sonn-karrack '§'>5)^7l.^; the sec end finger Chang- 
karrack 5* 7I. ^ ; the third finger Moo-myung-chee ^^'A \. 
the /////^ yfw^'^r, Sak-kec sonn-karrack ^7]^7f-^. 

Finish, To Keut-t'chee-tah ^^| t:|. ; Tah-hah-tah t^-grt^ ; 
Mat-t'chee-tah 5i%| t:f . The first of these words is used when 
work, etc. is done for the time being, thoiii^h it may be used in the^ 
final sense on occasions. Have you finished"^ Eel-tah-hesso ? 
oj c|.-cr6j yjs. When will you have finished} Un-jaytah mat- 

t'chee-gesso? <Jl7H|c|.5V7c|5l4i. (There is also a ^qt^ 'pill- 
yock hah-tah j|J ^ "? t:|- used of the accomplishment of any 
large work). It will be finished tomorrow, Nai-il tab hah-gett- 
torrah ^ U 4 "t" 5l 'H ^F • ^'^^^^ if he has finished. Tab hah-^ 
yaw-han-jee moo-raw-poo-arrah cL-^cJ fe;^l-9-i^_H.C{-2[-. 
// was finished long at^o, Poll- saw tab twen-jee or- ray- o fl' >^ cL 



FIR. . 69 

Fir Tree Sawl-nah-m^u ■^^•^. -^^-^ brandies us^d for fire 
woody Sawl k^h-je<B nah-rnQn .^7j.7,[ wj-Jf.. -Fir <:m€, Sav^l 
pang-oul ^ 5)- -^ . I^sin /; r-;// M^r /r tree Song-jcri ^ 7^ . 
Bo^r^^pf ike fir tree t.^ong'F2ir\^^i i- ; 

Fire Poul-^.. Fire place in a Corean hdus^, Ah^konj-ee 

-C} rjjr i>l . Lij^kt the ^kbng fire, Poiil tay-yerali -^ ^ «^ 4 . Light 

the j/<?7/<?yfr<f, H:wak-tock->ay p6ul 'pce-erah 41 ^ ^1 -^ if j <^ 2|-, 

Ui^ht some charcoal in the brazier,- Hwah-roo^ay soot poiil 'pee- 

^rah S|. S ^1 -^ -^ i^l ^ ^F . ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ fi^^ ^^^» Hwah-tock- 

ay poiil gorrah ^ i^ ^] -^>5^ ^I* . Dont light a big fire (C: rean\ 

Poulmah-ney tay-jee-mah-rah -^ ^ zr) Ai| T\ aj. z\ . Z>(V/V //^/5/ 

n big fire (foreign), Poul mah-nee'Pee-jeemah-rah -^^ tr| i/l 7\ 

op S|. , Light a good fire, Poul-chom chal 'tay-yerah -&S- $ ^ 

-C^ zy . (Care must be taken to use the word chom ^ here so that 

ihe boy may use the firewood carefully, not necessarily in large 
quantities). Make a big fit e iti the sto7ie T Twah-tock-ay poul chom 
<:hal *pee-yerah ^l ^ ^] ^^ ^ ill Cc| ?}. To extinguish a house 

-on fire, Poul chap-tah ^, ^ cL . The hoLse is on fire p7tt it out^ 

Chip poul nas5-see-nee chap-erah ^* -§ ^ A} ^ ^ ^ ^F . 

Firewood Dail-lam-oo ^ \X, B. {brush wjo.l) ; Chang-jack 
?* xl: {split w3od\ Bit^ seme fire Tjoood , Dail-lam-00 chom sah 
oncrah >g wj- J^\g^/,l. <^ v4 !2|. , A^ma-ll lundle of brush ivood^ 
Nah-moo han moot 4* T" ^ :? • ^ ^'^^''^ ^ bundle, Kah-moo han- 
tong »^- ^ :^-^. Aload of firewjoch^ Nahrmoohan-l:)arry vL ^. * 
lilj. e] . What is the cost of a load of brush woodl N^ah-moohaa 
t)arry kap-see ul-man-nyah 4" T" ^ ^^ *^I 'i} -^1 *^ ^^ - 



TO FIR. 

Fireworla Poul-law-rec -^}ii ^ . 

Fiist 'Chawt-chay ^X\. Stop at the first inn, 'Chawt chay 

chcw-mack-ay kassaw shwe-Jah ^>^^^^7f-A|4|^- ^^ 

bfst, Chay-il 0| g . This is the test, E-got chay-il cho-so 6| ^ 

0| g ^^. In front, Mon-jaw ^;e| ap-saw ^ Aj. Go on tft 

front, Ap-saw kah-jah ^ A|7l-Xf.. At first, Chaw-oum-ay ?^-^ 

Off . /"/rj/ //rfiy #/ the mofith, 'Chaw-harro-nal jc^g:^^. 

FiEh Mool-cogghee ^ JL 7] . I^resh fish, Saing-sun ^ >^ 
Dried fish, Kawn-or 2j ^ . Afishefman, Or-boo 6{ J^. A fish^ 
hook, Nack-see *;}• /| . A fishing line, Nack-sce-chool ^ /I •^, 
A fishing rod, Nack-see-tai if >tf ^ . A fishing net, Keu-mool 
^L-^. Bvy some fish, ^2\n%'SMn chom sah-onerah ^^^/^ 
j>_^ u| 2|. . Boil this fish, E saing-sun salmah-onerah C) >y >^ ^ 
0|- Jt tl «}• . Bake this fish, E-saing-sun-goo-aw-onerah 6| >^ 
^ "?" ^ -SL ^ ^ . ^^ ^^^^ fi^^* E-saing-sim chee-jaw oneral> 
^I'^^^-^jLM ^. P^^^^ water fish, Moon-mool-caw-gheer 
^ -J- JL 7| . Tofi^h with a rod, Nack-sec-jill-hah-o if /] ^ "f^ 
^ . Are there any fish to be cauirht in this locality 1 E-koon- 
•chaw-ay nack-see-jill hal-lai isso ? c] -^ ii^ 6^] ^f >^| ;g •J' «cl $J^ 
^ . Where viusi I go to catch some fish} Odday-kahm-yeni 
mool-caw-ghce cliap-oul tai it-gesso ^jc^Tj-^-g-JL^)^-^ 
^1 6| TjJ^, To go on a fishing excursion, 'Chull-yup-l.ah-cy 

Fist, The Chew-moor-gwec ^ PJ ^| , 
Fistula Tchee-jill r,| ^ . 



FIT. 71. 

Fit, To Mat-tah Jjcj.. This aver does not fit, E too-kongr- 
«e mat-chee-jmso C| ^ ^ 6) o^ x] ^ 4l. Bring a cork to fit 
this bottle, E pyung-ay mat-chil mah-gay kadjaw-oncrah 6| ^ 

Fit, A Kahn-jill ;J ;g Kyong-*poong Jg ^. 

Flag, A Kwee :^/ /y^A/ the flag^ Kwee tahrah too-erah 
^ c|. e|. ^ 6| ?{- . Lower theflag^ Kwee narr}'-aw- rah ;>} ij. e^j 
9|. . Hoist the flag Itaifmast high, Pahn kwee tarr-crah ^ :d CL 

Flat, To be Kaw-rah-tah JL^cJ.. Pyung-p\ ung-hah-tah 

Five Tassat c^. ^ . Fifteen, Voll-tassat <g :J t:}- ^r Sip-O 
4^* 7w^«/k-/^^. Simmol-tassat '*|'^^^. fire hundred, 
O-paik _o^ q . five thousand, O- chun^ ^ . 

Flavour Mat oV. There is no flavour^ Malupso qV 6j ^^ ^ 
The flavour is good, Mat-cho-so 5J S. >li • 

Flame Pool-gawt A ^ . 

Flatter, To Ah-t'chum hal>o c} ^ "^^. 

Flea, A Pyaw-rock ^$if. Are there any fleas in this room} 
E-pang-ay pyaw-rock in-nan-yah ? ^) ^9" ^ ^1 "^ $1 ^ "t • 
Flesh See Meat. 



72 FLEl 

Flexible, To be Pop-tcu-ropsp ^ jc ^ £^^ Thisrvvbrd is^usied 

of linen etc, or of a man who is amiable, or of fpod:eontaimng''<)ii- 
and other einbllients. The llcxibility of wood etc. isetXpnessed by 
the worcl tlwje-t' cliong iiwee-fc-ong-hah-o Jj^^ ^I^ "S^-JL* 
Float, To Doo-tah /^.C).. --:••••:/ ^- 

Flog, To Da-rec-tah /c|.c|c:j.. . . , ■. ; . % i- - 

Flood See-wee >^! -^^ Rising of a Hooif, Sec-wee nah-tah 
>^j ^ v|. c|.. There was ajlood and miriypeopU id&cre drbwneiU 
Mool see-wcenassaw sahram-ee mah nee 'pah-jaw cJifew-gussb. • 

-?- ^i .-^ M- >M 4 i ^1 "i *l "t^-{ ^ <^ ^- 

Floor AwjjdcnJljor^Wd^^v-XQyx o|-.^. The floor is fwt level 

make i cuen, Mah-rou kaii-reu-jce ah-noo-nee kau-rou-key kawt- 
'chaw no-ai rah n|. a. JL g. x| oj- -fe. vj JL e. >f| ^ i^ i of af . 

Wash the floor, Mah-rcukollcy-jill-chal hayerah <'|'-#'^Ml^ 

;g- -5- 6j Z\ , Oil /hefljor, Kirriim koUey-jill hayerah 7] ^ :g 

\Jj ;g "Cr CfcJ e). . A Qrean p >/.cr floor, Chang-'pan :^ aj^. 

IVush the flocr, Chang-'pin kollcy-jill-hayercih ^ ?t ^ Mj ^ "^ 

Cc| ?[. . Call a paper hanger and have the floor re laid with paper ^ 

Taw-l}ay.-jang-ee pull-law chang-'pan tassie hah-rah-gaw hayerah 

s. ^1 ^ <^1 -^ ^ ^ ?!: 4>^1 T 2|- JL -5" ^ ^F • ^^^''^ ^''^ "^"^"^ 

the paper of a Corean floor, Sai-pyock /•] ^ . To lay (his mud^ 
Sai-pyock-jill-hah-tah /»] ^ ^ ■§" t:{- . Paper laid betiueen the 
mud and top paper, T'chaw-bai 2^ \Jj . To lay this paper, T*chaw- 
Lai-hah-tah 3£^J"§'cL. Lar^^e flat stones on which the mud 
rests, Koo-tool-jang j^^-A To lay these stones, Koo-tuU 
naught-tah ^ ^ ^^ ej. ^ iValls of the flues above which the sione 
rests, Kaw-ray ji. ^| , To build these flues , 'Kyaw-tah ^ cj.. 



FLO. -f^ 

Flour Karro ^S.« Coarse ^ower, Moo-gher-ree J^ 7^ 2j. 
Wheat /lower, Mil-karro ^ Tf-S.- ^'^^ meal, Kwee-ree karro 

Flowers Ghaut ^ Hck ?fie some flowers, Ghaut-chom gock- 
gaw onerah ^^^j^^y^ 2f . To pick the flower only, with- 
4?ul fhe slalk^Dahr-iSih H^-. A raised flew cr led, Hwah-gey 
ij. 7^|. A flower pot, Poon ^. XVattr the flower in /he /,oi, 
Poon-ay mool chom chew-erah ^ o)| -^^^ Oj ^. , 

Flue, See Floor. 

Fly, A Tah-ree ilfsj. 

Foal, A May-ah-jee ^| c\ X] . 

Fodder Gawl ^. Mash, composed of beans, chaff and water, 
mostly water, Mal-chook ^•^. Feed the horse, Mal-chook- 
chom may-ghee-rah ^-^^^ ^) 2}.. To lead out a horse to 
drowse, Gawl-toot-ghee-tah ^ 4c ^1 4 • 

Fold, To Chup-tah 7^ c). . Fold it, Chub-orah *| 6j «f . 
Don t fold it, Chup-jte-mahra ^ j\ oj- e|. . Fold it lengthways, 
Kee-dee-raw chiip-orah 7] ^1 S. ^ ^ ^F • ^^^^ ^^ ^^ ^^V> P^^" 
ay chub-orah ^ 6(| ^ C^j 2|. . 

Follow Chot-tah ^ cj. . Why do you follow me ? Way nah- 

ral chaut-jah o^nan-^ah ? -?4| *f 1 -^ ^I -2- ^ + • ^^^^^^ ^^^* 
Nah-ral chot-chah onerah i^- f ^ %} JL t^ ^ . 

Fog A sea mist, Hai-me f ) o| . A land mist, An- gay 6j 7)] , 



74 FOO. 

«"\ T 'J 
. *^ ** ■ -■ 

^» — — ____^____^___^_^^ _! ■■ 

' _..._.- _ — — -^^, 

Pood Pap ^ Eiirii-sick ^^ . Ysuijg^^ack.j^^ .: .(The 

fii%t is applied more especially to rice, the staple foot;! of Xorea* 

the second to foods generally- ; the third is nearly equivalent, to 

our word "food-stuffs"). I'r.ng in ihefooJ^ Pap kadja^ onerah 

^I-tJ.;^^ vi g|. Ering in treak/ast, A\k-€^xaxtk kadjaw 

onerah 0|- § tJ- xj i ^ ^ . ^^i^ «» /^», ChOm-sim kad-jaw 
onerah ^ ^^ 7(-;ci^i4 ^. Bring in dinn^r^ Chun-yuck kad- 
jaw onerah ;cl^ tI-xI-SL^ ^» Have you had ymtr fd&d^ 
Pap muggaw-nan-yah ? lll-^6lV4 (^lom) Chin-jee chap« 
sue-usso ? ^3. Xj ^ ^ ^ 4i, (polite). Go and eat yoar food^ 
Pap kah moggerah III'tI- Bj ^ ^ . ^^^ some food ready ^ Eilm^ 
sick chom yea-bee hayerah ^^^o^ii|:^a|9|. or Eum-^k 
chom t'chah-ree-orah -^A '^•'^ ^ ^ ^ . 

(At an inn. — Firing tne a table of food, Fap lian sang man 
t'chah-ree-orah ^^>^^^^^^|-. Foreign food, We^o^k 
Eum-sick 51*^-^^. Do you know how to cook foreU^nfood^ 
We-gook eum-sick chal hal-jool ar-nan-yah ? S\ ^^JS^ ^ "f 
<^ oV V M^ . I cannot eat Coreanfood, Cho-sun pap chal mock- 
jee mote-hah-o^>^ ^^ ^ ^1 X'?^). 

Foot Pal ^ . The instep. Pal teung ^ ^ . The heel. Pal 
'koom-i'chee ^ -g- *] . The sole of the foot. Pal pah-tang ^ ^ 
^ . The toes. Pal koo-rack S" -7- ti". 

Forbid, To Keum-hah-tah ^ ^ x^ . (This word is frequently 

used of the king when he lays an embargo on the sale of cextain 
articles; or in conversation, with tiegard to a third persoh.. It is 



^oe\iscd in fiie'ateh^e of '*7 /^/tV^^'i>^»''): ' T/fiu^ I hMe for-- 
bidden him to waste his time he 7t*i/tnat- od^y iCh&n^nSin ban"- 
:xian gussul mah-nee keum hay-or-daw teut-ch^e ahnee-hah-a 

Foreign We-gook S]-^. A foreigner ^ Wee-gook-sahram 
Si\^/\% or Saw yang sahram /<) ^ /]- § . A foreign adviser^ 
ICaw-moon-kwan JL •§ -^ . ^^ foreign cffice, Wee-ah-moon 
-^ C}- -J. Minister for foreign affairs, We-poo-tai-sin 5| ^ ^| >9 . 
Juireign productions tSdLVi-y^xig moo\-g\m /^f 'l'^- Foreign 
language. Wee goqk mal i^ -af" ^ . Foreign custofns, Wee-gook 
pawp^-^>g. 

Forgive, To Yong-saw hah-o -§• A^ "^^ -^ will forgive you 

Mh once but^ not again^ Ee-bun-nan cheum ee-nee-gah, yong* 
saw-hantah-mahnan ee-hoo-ay 'taw koo-rey ham-yen yong-saw- 
<:hee-an-gcttah O) tl fexl-g-O) v| .yJ.^/<^ ^i^ir|.fe 6) :^6^ 

Forehead^ Thei. E-mah v| ul- . 

Forest, A Soop-'pull -4^4*. 

Forge, A Tai-jang-gan *fl^>i. Blacksmith* s furnace^ 
Tull-moo-tawk ^ ^ ^ , 

Forget, To E-jup-bar-ree-tah v) ;^ ^ e) c).. 2^o rot forget 

i:-juppcr-ree-jee-mahra v| Xl ^ ^I ^1 "F ^F . ^ ^ ^^^ forgotten^ 
X-jipper-esso tf;^ « e] ^4l. 

Fork, A Chaw-karrack ;?f ^F ^. A three pronged rake used 
i>y farmers, S6y^see~rang i^j\^. 



76 FOR. 

Formerly E-chun-nay 6^ ;g 0^ . E-wang-ay 6| i^ 6f| . A lon^ 
time agOt Yeat-juck-ay ^ ^ ^] . 

Fortress, A Chin ;^. An hill fortress ^ San -song >{J ^ , 

Fortunate, To be Tdi-hang-hah-o ^'^'frjgL. ^^^ vety 
fortunate, Tah-hang-han ee-ree-o ^ '^ "^^ 6| s| ^^ You «f«^ 
very fortunate, Tah-hang-hah-o t± -g "^ ^ . 

Fortune teller, A Sah-joo-jang-ee /Ap^^^). Pawk-chalk 
^7\. Chum-jang-ee ;g ;J 6) . 

Foundation, A 'Taw 5^ . Chee-kyung c| 7^ . Choo-t chaw- 

^ ^ (The first of these words means a site. The second is a 

foundation made by levelling, etc. The third is used of stones, 
placed under posts, called Choo-f chaw toal^ '^:^) ^ To make- 

a foundation, Chee-kyung tat-tah ;;] :g c^ x:|- . 

Fountain Saim /A 

For y Mah-heun nf. ^ . cr Sah-sip /^ ^ . Forty cents, YoU- 
nyang ^ ^ . Forty dollars, Sah-sip-won ><» '^ ^ . 

F«ur Neit |J] . Sah >^ . Four cents, Han-nyang "^ ^ . 

Four dollatSt^2iSx-'^OTi /:. ^, 

Fowl Talk g . A cock, Soo-talk ^^^, A hen, Am-talk ^ 
£. Chicken just out of the shell, Pyung-ar-ree ^6]-^|^ 
Sprint: chickens, Yon-ghee t^7^^ A last years hen, Moo-gooi* 
talk .^J^S. ^ ^^^ //^//j^, Talk-ee chang ^O^j^J. Basket 
for a hen to lay eg^in, Toong-oo-ree-^ J^ s| ,(a'so used of the 
basket an huckster carries on his back, for the cai r'.age of fowls). 



FOX. 77 

^^■^^^ 

Fox Yaw-haV ^ ^ . A fox's skin, Yaw-haw kah-jook 

Fragile Yack-hah-o ^ '§'i. This is fragile, fake care ofi\ 
IE-got yack hah-nee chosim hah-yaw sorrah ^) 5J ^ "^ v^ 5. -*! 

Frame, A A picture frame, Koo-rim 'tool ,3l^-^. Frame 

Mm which a floor rests Mdih-roo-'iooX ir|-^^. A frame formed 

of two parallel bars set across the room under the roof to rest 
■clothes, etc. upon, See-rcng jiS ^ , 

France Pock-gook ^ -Sf-. Where is the French Consulate ? 
Fock-gook kongsah-gwan oclday-o ^ ^^^^ ^ '^I i* Take 
^H€ to the French Consulate Pock-gook kongsah-gwan-ou-raw 
Jcah-jah, ^'5f■^>^^^S.7^^. '^^^^ ^^"^ ^^ ^^^ French 
Kjonsulate, E-got pok-gook kong-sah-gwan-ou-ra\v kat-tah tidd- 
^ee-orah o] ^ ^ '^^>^Ja 6.^^x:)-jc sj 6j z\ , 

Freeze, To Eur-tah 6j c).. 

Friend, A Tchin-goo :yj^. T^ /5^ ///tv/^^/K, T'chin-hah-o 
^'9'JL. To be very friendly, Sook-chin-hah-o ^ jt| •&• ^ 
Jfd and I are very friendly, Nai-gah keu sah-ram hah-gaw 
*'chin hah-o v|j Tf-AAf. f "f* JL t! "f* Jl . To he on the most 
Jriendly terms, ChoU-t'chin-hah-o ^.:JI ^i. 

Frighten, To Nawl-lay-tah -^ v|] c)- ^r Kyung-tong hah-tah 
"^ '?•'?■ ^. ' To frighten away as birds, NalMee-tah ^ v| cL^ 
To be frightened, Moo-saw-waw hah-tah -t" 'M 4^ *?■ ^ ^^ Kom^ 
«iay-tah ^ vt| i^. To be startled, Hawn nah-tah ^ »f cj.. 



78 FRO. 

Frog, A Kai-kaw-ree 7]] JL ^ . 

From {preposiiion) /J ; Pew-law ^6|. Where have yam^ 
come from ? Odday-saw wasso ? ^ ^1 A} ^ >5* . / have came- 
from Seoul, Saw-ool saw wasso Aj-^ A} ^ ^. Frcfn then Hit 
now, Keu tai pew-tah chickum gad-jee jl Al U o| ;;] -^ ;^ ^.. 
How far is it from here to that wall} Yaw-ghee-saw chaw tan* 
gad-jee sai-ee-gah ul-manah twee-o ? ^^A)D|^A7;Q]/4dl 

Frontier, A Chee-kyung xXy^ or Kyung-key ;g Tfl. 
Front, In Ap-heu-row ^^S, See Before. 

Frost Saw-ree /^ aj . A seifere frost, Kook-kan -g- ^^ 
Li-;^ht hoarfrost, Moo-saw-ree J^ /^ e| , A very hard white frosty 
Tween-naig-ee JJl ^ ^ . 

Fruit Sil-gwah >^ i«f or Kwah-sil 3^ J^ . 

Fruit Tree Sil-gwah nah-moo ^-^f ^ -7^. 

Fry, To Chee-chee-tah Xl^jt:}.. ^ frying fan, Nam-peit 

Future, In Hoo-chey -^ ^ . Don't do it in future, Hoo-chey 
lang hah-jee-mah-rah "^-^^^ 7.| n|- ?+ . 

Fur Kah-jook 7j.^ ; Gop-jili 7^^^ 

Furnace, A 'Poul-moo M.^^^ 

Furniture Sey-gan /1j;J 

Fuse, A Whah-soong i|.^. Ught the fuse, Whah-soong^ 
poul poot-t'chor-rah 5^ :^ -^ ^g- i^ Bf. . Keep, the fuses in a dry 
place, Wh^h-soong maroon-tai too-erah .^ A uj-^ c| je. ^ gr 



GAL 79 



Gain Ee 3| ; Ee-ik ej 6J ^ 
Gaiter Haing-chun '^^. 

Gamble, To Norram-hah-o i ^ "?* Jt. To bet. Tone nai- 
ghee-hah-o ^v|| ^j-^"^. A gambit r, Norram-goon i. 1 2". 
JDo. not gamble t Norram hah-jee mahra 2e. ? *§" ^1 "f" ^\ • 

Game, A Chang-nan 7^^ ; Oon-dong -^JE.. 

Garden, A Tong-san J^ >{1 (in Corean houses a park-like 
•space, generally formed by the slope of a hill). A back garden, 
Hoo-won ;£ ^ . A ^ower garden ^ Hwah-won Jl M . 

Gargle, To Yang-t'chee-jill-hah-o ^ ^| ;g -g-_2^. 
Garlic Mah-nal of- ^ . 
Garter Tan-nim cl v4 

Gate A Moon -g. A gate keeper, Moon-jiggy ^^6| 
-^^rtr/<?//wJ<?, Moon-kan-pang -g;j^ HJ-. There are seven gates 
to the city of Seoul, e.g. North gate, Poong moon ^-g ; South 
gate. Nam tay moon ^ *?! -g ; East gate, Tong tay moon ^ ij| 
^ J West gate, Sai moon /^ -g ; North-East gate, Tong saw 
moon -^it-S ; Eittle West gae. Saw-saw-moon 4i^-g ; 
Utile east gate, Shiggol-moon ><) -g^-g. 

Gather, To Kaw-too-tah t^^xiJ.. Maw-taw-tah JZ. jj, cL . 
General, A Tai-tai-jang c| ij| ;gf 

Generation, A Tai c| • Second gencrat.'on, E-tai - 6) c| . 
Third generation i Sam-tai ^ ^| . 



Bo GEN. 

• " • ■". 

Generous, To be k\A'an-hoo hah~o ^^'5'^. A generous 
man, Kwan-hoo han sahram -^ ^ $ >^f- § . 

Gentle, To be Yang-soon- hah-o ^^-$•'3' ^ . 

Gentleman, A Yang-l an ^ «}. , (The origin of the gentle- 
man in Corea seems to be that any relation of the king or high 
•official whose descendants have preserved a written pedigree 

^i and whose names are inscribed in the local Confucian tem- 
ples (-^ ja) are recognised as belonging to the Yang-ban class). 

Gently Kah-man-ee 7^6] Do it gently, Kah-man-ee 

hayerah 7 ^ 6) -§• a^ 2|. . 

Genuine T'cham ;§. 

Germany Tock-gook i^ -af*. German Consulate t Tock-gook 
kongsah-gwan ^'^-^ A^^. Take (his to the German Con* 
sulaie, Tock-gook-kong-sah gwan-ay kadjaw-kaggerah "A ^-^ 

>^ -S ^1 ^f >^^ ^F ^ ^f • '^^^^^ ^^ ^^ German Legation'^ Took. 
gook kong-sah-gwan-ee odday-oh? ^^-S'>^'^^|^ S| % .. 
Take me to the German Legation^ Tock-gook kong-sah-g^an-ay 
kad-jah, ^'^•g•>^^6^7^7+. 

Get, To (See Bring). Get out of the way, Pit-kerrah J| ^ 
2|.. 72? ^et up, E-raw-nah-tah 6) ^tf^. Get up at once^ 
Ussaw e-rah-naggorah ^ /i 6] ^ 4- 7^ ^f- . ^^^ must not get 
up, E-raw-nah-jee mah-rah ^) ^ 4* X] v|- 3|- . 

Gift, Gratuity, A Sang-goop ^g--^. I will give you this as <t 
gratuity, E-gussee sang-goop-euro choo-nan gussee-tah O] ^ >4 
^^^S^fe5l>q^. A tip, Sool-kap ^^, AgifUpx 



Git- St. > 

J^m friend to friend) Sun-mool /jj ^ . A i^ift as bribe to an 
4ffficial ^ ^, or if it is in the loan of money, T choiig-jun 7^ 7^ 

Gild, To Taw-goom-hah-o j^ -3- "^ J>^ . 

<Gimlet, A Son g-got J^ ^ . 

Oinger Sai-yang ^] ^ . 

ft 

Ginseng In-sam ^ -^ . The wild variety found on mountains 

^nd, as the Coreans believe, only discoverable by men of pure 
hearts attained by ablutions and prayer, San-sam >j^ AJ- . The 

cultivated variety, Kah-savi 7!. Aj- ^ Two varieties of the last 

prepared in different ways, Cock-sam ^^ Aj- ; or Hong-sain ^ ^^ 

Note. — Ginseng is a government monopoly and can only be 
:grown under license, the government reserving to itself the ex- 
<iusive right of purchasing the entire crop. It is raised from seed 
ivhich is gathered in the summer and planted in beds of sand; 
before the frost comes the roots are dug up and placed in jars 
ivhich are buried until spring, when the roots are planted out in 
beds. Each Spring for three years the 1 ojis are replanted, after 
the final planting they are left for about three years to m.iture. 
The plant is of peculiar habits, it requires "half shade and half 
shine" so is grown under mat sheds. Just a certain amount of 
ipoisture is necessary. It is said that one of the secrets of success- 
ful cultivation lies in the amount of moisture allowed to the roots* 
From the time it is first planted out until maturity the gardens are 
carefully guarded day and night, for a single handful is worth 
stealing. The grower's responsibility is over when he has deliver- 
ed the roots to the government depot where he is given credit for 
all he brings, but has to wait for months until he actually receives 
the cash. On the average about ^9.00 (Korean money) a catty, 
for roots that run from ten to fifteen per catty, is the price paid ; 
smaller roots realize.-less in proportion : this amount brings in a 
profit of about. 66%' on the invested capital. At the government 
depot the roots are carefully counted, weighed, washed, dried in 
-the sun and when hard, are steslmed and again dried (over a 



charcoal fire if the sun is not strong enough) ; it is then packed 
and is'ready for sale. The extent of the crop and its value can 
best be gathered from the Customs returns >*hich show that during- 
the six years 1 896- 1 901 about 196,888 catties, valued at K?ir 
4,296,257 were exported. The Chinese claim that the root when 
used as a drug is the elixer of all evils and that that fronx 
Songdo far excells that grown in America or China. Western 
physicians say that its only propeity is aphrodisiacaL — Rev- 

C T. COLLYER. 

Girdle, A Hurr-ree-tee '^ ^ ^ . 

Girl, A Key-chip ah-hee 7i) ^ $ ^ ; Tchaw-nyaw i^ wf ^ 
A dancing girit Kee-saing yi\ /^ . 

Give, To Chew-o^ <^ , Give me that, Kew got nah tah-<x 
jBu:^ vj. «j- J^ {low) ; Kew got nah chewsio .:3.^ ^^Al JL 
{polite). Give me some breads Dock chom kadjaw onerah ^&^ 
yt ^ ^ li ej. . Give the men their pay , £-sahram sack chewerah. 

Glad, To be Pan-gapso ^^^. I am very glad, Nah-nan 

inay-o pan-gapso ^fe^|-^tt^4L« ^l ^ ^ ^^ l^^ since- 
I saw you i I am glad to see you now, Awe-ray-gan man-ey pwee- 
awe-nee pan-gap-so-ee-tah, JL^l;i«l6fla)j>^i|^^4.0lcJ.. 

Glass You-ree ^ B| . ^ glass tumbler, You-ree chan A ej j^ 
A glass bottle, You-ree pyung^ eJ ^J . -^ looking glass, Kaw-out 
-fi^J^A lamp glass, Teung-pee -f- iZ| . A pane of glass. You- 
ree-chang^e| ^. 

Glen, A San-kowl >{J -g- . 

Glisten, To Pun-look pun-took-hah-o i|j<^ijj 

Globe, A Korg^. 



GLO. 83 






<}lory Yong-hwah ^4|.. 

Qlow worm, A Pan-tee-pull ^ £| •^. 

Qpat, A Kak-tah-kwee 2^ ^-7]. 

Gloves Chang-gap ;J^. 

Glue Ah-gyo C^JL. 

Go, To Kah-o tJ-J^. Go, Kaggerah tJ- 7^ E|. . Dont go^ 
Kah-jee mah-ra 7)- X| v|- ^f- or Kah-jee mah-sio 7J. j\ x\ /\ j^ 
i^olite). Go at once , Chickum kaggerah x] -g-Tf- 7] 2|- . ^Vheii 
did he go ? Un-jay kasso ? ^ 3^] :5V 4l. I^o go round, Taw- rah 
kah-o i«f.^^. L-^t ^sgo, Kap-sitah ^><jt:{- (pciife). He 
has gone, Pol-saw kasso ^/«j3t4l. I wH go, Nai-g-^h 1 ah. 
gesso ^ tJ- 7f- 5J 4i. I cannot go, Nai-gah kal-soo-upso H| ^l- ^ 
jjk^^. When 2 shall go I do not knew, Un-jay kallen-jee 
. al-soo-upso ^>^^^Xl^-4»*^4l. ^ "^^^^ SO tomorrow, 
Kai-il nai-gah kah-mah ^ ^ M) 7|- Tf- <')' (fow^, Nai-il kah- 
ree-tah ^] ^ t)- ^ ^ {polite). Make the boy go, Ah-hee kah- 
gay hayerah 9 3) 7f> »| '^ ^ ^ . Tell the boy to go, Ah-hee 
kah-rah-gaw hayerah OJlTj-Bl-jL-^Cejej.. Go down, Nah- 
ryaw kaggerah ^ ^ 7l> 7^ ^ . -^ does not matter now, tf you 
fro or not, Chickum ah-nee kah-taw k^ang-ghee-chanso X] -^ ^ 
Vj Tf-i-^^Nil ^^. I'^ish logo there, Kaw-ghee kah-rah-gaw 
hah-o 7^^7|-B^jDL^JL ^^ Kal-mah-am isso :g; a|- % ${4i. 
I am thinking of going, Kal-tei:t-hah-o ^^"5^i. ^l i^ ^ctsy 
to ^o, Kali-ghee-shi^eepsoTj. 7\^^Jtis good going, Kah-ghee 
cho-so ^y\)SL^, TdjfCt know ivkethir I shall ^0 or not, Kal- 
tOTig matl-long^tah-o ;g"'-g. ^ ^ '^ Sl- ^'^i^^go myself, Nai-gah 



H CM**- 



'^ - J ■ J^ ^ 



kah-j<e5sri v(| Tf- 7f> ^ ^. I^ is not coftveniemi M go, Kah-ghee 
urry-upso 7f ^1 ^ I? >5l. 

Goat, A Yum-saw tA ^^ 

God T'chun-ju ^^ («y «j^</ ^^ GithjlUs)\ Hah-nal-^im 

^ ^ U {as used by Protestants)* 

Go down, A Kaw-kan JL;J. Put this in ike Godaum, £-got 
kiiw-k;in-ay katlah too-erah 6) ^JL^J^^^-X"^ I"- -^^^ 
/// ////' (rodown, Kaw-kan moon tan-tan-hee-t'chay-orah j^ ;J 
"S ^ ^ "zr] ^1 6] 2[. . Bring the coals from the Godown, Kaw- 
kail cc saw sock-tan kad-jaw onerah JL?f^/JAt^^;ej ^ 
ul e[. . /y;^/r 2Ui'll to the Godown, Kaw-kan chal po-arrah jl j?^ 

Gold Kcum ^ 

Gone, To have Kasso ^ 4^. . Where has he gjne ? Odday 
kasM)? 6j ^|:5j4i. Has that mxn gone 1 Keu sahram kasso? 
:rL aJ. g 5!;^. -'^A' hasgone^hof^e^ Chippey-kasso ^^ j^ y^ ^ 

Gong, A Chon^ ^. Sou Ad the gon^, Chong t'chorrah ^ jli| 

;-;j^ •Ml'- J- • ■■ ■ ■ ' 

GddJ, To b« CUo-tah, J^.^^,. To.i^e very good, May-o <^o-tah 
^1 ^ Jo. €). . To pe p<\d, Clw-tlcha^it^h;. jg^ i^.. c|. . TJi^. goodfot^, 
nothing, Sil-tay-upUh ^ '5|-.'|j,Mf^v : A good person. Cha^-han 
sahram ^/J>i|. §.. Qood by^rP^^^ax^-^^laJliS^^^^Ji Ji^-^^ 



GOO. 85 

^ I rr - ■ « I 

«r Daw-popatah & i2| -§- -^l ^ . Good momittg, Pam sai 'pyung 
8in-hasio ^ /) Sg ^ ^ X| j2L {polite) Chal chan-nan-nyah ? ^ 
^ vL il: (/' w). Goodnight Pyung-an-ee chew-moo-sio S^ ^ 6| 
'S ^ -/| JL (polite) Chal chaggerah ^ ^ ?! ^[- . To te good 
iookmgt Choon-soo-hah-tah ^J^'^^{of a male adult) E-poo- 
tah 6| ^ ^ c|. {t>f a child, woman, or young animal), 

Goose^A Kaw-we 7\Sf\ (the dofnestic goose). Kirrig-ee 7] 
C4.6| (the wild gvose). Are there any wild geese here} Yaw- 
ghee kirrig-ee chap-oul-tai is^o ? ^ ^ 7] ^ 7| ^ -^ ^I ^1 J^. 
Show me whtre there are geese, Kirrig-ee odday in-nan-jee nal 
karrah-tchaw tough-o (proiiounce the "ough" as ough mplough) 
^]«f7]^^^fe^^7f2f7S^ <1- JL. G^^ behind the geese to 
spring them and 1 will shoot as they go over me, Kirrigee 
twee-raw kassaw 'too-gee-myun nai-gah nal-t'chee-jill haggettah 

the geese btgin to flight over} Onnah-*tai kirrigee too- re e daw 
o gesso? <^ 5i^^M7|l^^^-2.5l4l. 

Oourd, A Pak ^ . A bowl made from the rind of the ^oird, 
Pak-ah-jee ^C^X]. Gather gourds and make touts, lak 
classa^w Varrah 8}- A|. /^ 6) Hf. . 

Govern, To Nah-rah tas-sah-ree-tah vj. Bf. cj. >^ e| tl {of an 
Emferof). Kong-sah hah-tah ^^^-^cj. {of a provincial 
governor), Choo jang-hah-tah^^i^cj. {of any inspector cr 
inerseer) Say-gan sah-ree hah-tah )^^A>^'^'^{ofthe head 
of a, household), Kan-yock-hah-tah ;jj ^ -gr t:|- {of the ova seer 
of buildings). 



^ » 



86 GOV- 

Government Chung-poo ^ J^. 

G D vernor, A K wan-chal-sa h ^ :© ><» {of a province^ Kam-nee 
>j- e| (of a port and superintendent of trade) Poo-yooa J^ ■& 
{of an important district). Koon-soo ^^ ^/« districi^ Han- 
song 'pan yoon ^ '^ ^ •§ {Governor of Seoul, or Mayor amd 
Chief Registrar). 

Gradually Chum-chum ^ ^ or T'cha-t'cha ;^ ^. 

Graft, To Chop-poot-t'chee-tah ^^7^ d.. Make a graft am' 
this tree, K nah-moD chop-poot-t'chaw-rah 6| 4* ?* ^ ~^ ^ ^« 

Grain Kocksick ^ A of any and all kittds). Al-kang-ee 
^;j]-0| {a single grain). Nah-moo kyuU 4- -f^ ^ \jthe graift. 
of uujod). S',i7u the wood with the grain , Nah-moo kyuU tai-ra 
'kyurrah 4- -?• ^ *^l S. H ^F • ^P^^^^^ with t/ie t^rain, Nah moo- 
kyull tai-raw pai-rah ^-^^ 'rlS.SJ e|.. Plane it with the 
grain, Nah moo kyull tai-ro mee-raw-rah U. -^"^ *c|S. ''I 8l a|.^ 

Grandfather Hal-appah-jee *V oV »i|- ;d or Chaw-poo 
Grandmother, Hal-man-nee "S" ^ ^ ^^ Chaw-maw 
Grandson, Son-jah ^ ;^ , Granddaughter, Soa-nyaw j^ ul . 

Graphs 'PdA'-taw jj^^, A grape vine, 'Paw-taw iLon^-*ko3l 
3^ i A^ "^ . Ba-'i^i the grape vine up and wrap it in an old sack 
lest it did in th: frost, 'PaAr-ta*v boj-reeool-jee-an-kee poo-taw 
hah-gaw kaw-juck-oo-raw taup-erah jj^ j^^ 4^ ^^^9(911 -?'^ 
IfJLT^^^S.^ t\^\, WUd grapes, Maw-roo v\^^. 

fl 

Grasp, To Pooi-chapso ^^^. CaUh hold of this, E-got 
poot chabberah 6) 5} :^ ^ ^ ^|- . 



GHA. 87 

Grass Chan- tee ;g. c| (^zc/^n/); C^awl ^ (foJder)\ 'Foul A 
ijveeds). 

Gfass-hopper, A Me-toig-ee ifl| ^ 6] . 

Grate, To Moon-jee-rah-o -gXIBJ^ a/' Kal-tah :g;t^. 
<^raie some bread and sjread il over the 7neat, Dock chom 
karrah kar-ro man-too-raw kaw-ghee 00- we 'poo-dee-rah /j^^ 

Grateful, To be Kan-mang-hah-o ^^V-grj^. 

Gratuity, A Sang-goop ^-^ or Sool-cap -^ ^ . / 'wiii give 
you a gratuity if you work well, Eel-chal hah-myen sang-goop 
chew gettah § ^ "S* "Q ^y* "^^ 5l ^ • ^ ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^ qratuity^ 
Satig-goop ahnee cbew-gettoh ^-^oj- v] ^ 5I cL, 

Grave, A Mou-tiim ^-^ , or San-saw /^ 4* . A royal grave^ 

Neung ^^ A grave of a7iy of the members of the royal family ^ 

Myaw ^. Ai>rave surroundeJ with t/ei .v, Yang-mawk han san- 

saw ^ -^ ;^ >5;V ^. To raise a inounU oier a grace ^ Pong-poon- 

hah-tah •§•-#• "8" '4-. A raised lank behind a grave, Sah song 

^ <| . A small bank of earth connecting the grave with the raised 

terrace behind, Yong mee ^ n| . According to Corean belief 

virtue passes into the grave from the hill by this ^ n| . The large 

sacrificial stone in front of the grave on \n hich, once a year oiled 
paper is spread and sacrifices of rice, soup, wine, dried meat and 
fish, fruit and bread, are offered, Sang-soCk ^>y . A small stone 

below the former and used as a stand for the incense bowl whilst 
sacrificing, Hyang-naw-sock "^ i >^ . Stone figures fronting the 



88 GRA. 

grave, Sack-in ^ ^ . A man who has held office is entitled to two- 

of these called Chang-goon-sock t^^ ^ representing the figures 

of men and supposed to scare away evil spirits. A man who has 
held some inferior office may have two stones called Tong-jah-sock- 
^ ;^ j^ representing children and supposed to act as attendants- 

on the grave. A man who has held no office has two plain stones 
ornamented at the top, called Mang-too-scck wj. J|^ ^M , which are 

considered in the light of guardian attendants. Above the grave 
there is a polished stone reciting the name and titles of the depart- 
ed, called Pee-sock W| >M , A grave ornamenled in this way is 

called SonQ-mool han san-saw >3 ^ "S -^l- 4i, 
Gravel Chai-yak-tawl ;$|6j:.g.. 

Gravy Kaw-ghee koong-mool JL7|'3f*^. Put the gravy in 
a dish and place it on the table, Cogghee koong mool chom currit- 
say daw-saw sang-ay naw-hah onerah JL7l'=f''g-S,aL^A(|Ad 
^ 'ti"^2c.^|'A^ ^F . Make some gravy, Kaw-ghee koong- 
mool chom man-turr-or-rah JL7]'5J"'g-^oj30j 2[.. 

Grease Kirrum 7] § . 

Great, To be Q,u-tah ^ cj. . ^ large thing, Koon got ^ ^ . 
This is a great thing, E-gussee qu-tah 6) ^>A|2.^. '^^ ^ 
greater than that, E-gussee chaw- got paw-tum *taw qu-tah 
^I 5l>^l t^ 5ii^ «H 2.4. ^''"•^ ^^^'^S is greatest, E-gussee 
chay-il qu-tah oj 5} aJ ?5^| ^ ^ ^. If this is compared with that 
it is greatest E-gussul chaw-got-kwah tai-myen mai-o kook-so 

^1 ^ "S"^ -Sd '^I ^ ^I •^'^^- ^^^^ ^^'^^ ^^ numbers Man-tah 
^ cL , To be too great, Nommo koo-tah tJ JL ^ tl . 



GRB* 89 

Greedy, To be 'Tam-sik-hah-tah Ej-^ "?* '^. -^ glutton^ 
Chwee-sik-gaik ^J^ 4 

Green Pou-ran-pit ^ ^ ^ . 

Green-house, A Hwah-t'chaw pang ^'^"^^ . The Coreans 
use a "dug-out" for storing delicate plants in winter, called an 

Greet, To In-sa^-hah-o ^ >^'Cr^. If one Corean wishes to 
introduce himself to a new acquaintance he uses this word, In-sah- 
hapsitah ^>^'^>^]^, It is not used amongst acquaintances 

except in speaking of a third person. G7'eet this gejifleman^ 
Chaw or-roon pwee-arrah H) ^ -§- S) o]- Hf {to a boy) ; Too-boon- 

ee in-sah-hasio J^ ^ 6] ^ y^ "S: J^ {polite). To send greetings 
by a third person ; Greet Mr, Kivipom me, Kim-saw- bang-kay 
nai-gah an-poo hah-taw-rah-gaw haycrah ^ /^ ?f ^^1 Ml 7f ^ 
-^"8" tsj Bj. JL '?' ^ ^|- (^^ '^'^ equal ly an injerior) ; Kim saw- 
ban g-kay nai-gah moon- an hah-taw-rah-gaw jew-orah ^ /4 ^J^ 

7^ M) 7\^^'^ ^ ^1- Jil $J^T-| ^ (^^ ^ superior by an in- 
yerior) ; Kim saw-bang-kay nai-gah an-poo hah-taw-rah-gaw 

hassio y /^ U" ^m ^F ^ ^ ^F -2- '§'>^] JL (''^ ^^ equal by a 
^rienil) ; Kim saw-bang-kay nai-gah moon-an-hah-taw-rah-gaw 

hassio y >^^>^| vH7j.^oJ-5-cj H}. Ji •cr>^|^ (/t; a superior 

'by an equal). A phrase in common use for sending greetings 

by a third person, kay nai-gah an-poo hah- sip-tee^ 

Jah-qaw, ,: y\\ vtt?^^^"?'^ ^I ^JL. 

Grey Hwey-saik i| /;) . 



9b ^^^ 

Oriairon Sock-shwoe y^ 4] . Grill it upon the gridirvn, Soc}^ 
shwre-ay naw-wassaw goo-erah ^^^^i^-^-?"^^. ^^^^^ 
the gridiron, E-sock-shwcu chal tak-kerah 6| /^ ^r] ^ ^ 7f- ^ 

Grind, To Kal-tah 2j- cj. . To grind in a mill, Mai-jill hah 

tab ?| >^^ "5^ tl. . Grind some barley, Paw-ree chom kah-rah-rah 

Ij g} ^^ 2|. E|. . Rub some ink on to the inkstone. Mock chom 

Icassio **! ^7j-Xl i (polite). Mock chom kah-rah-rah P^^tI- 

gL Ej. 7^>?'^ these oats to a mill and get them ground, Mai in- 

nan tai kassaw karrah onerah ^| $1 fe ^I Tf- /^ Tf- 4 -S. ^ ^F . 

Grindstone, A Soot-tawl '^-§-. Sharpen this on the ^ind- 
stciie, E got soot-law-rey kar-rah-rah c) :jj -^-g-^L e|. ^ ^ 7>^Af 
thhigis lluntgrind it to a fine edge, E-^ot moo-twee soo-ney. 
nal-saw-gcy kah-rah-rah ^ 5i -r ^I ><H s ^ ^1 ^ ^ ^f . 
7}/r;/ /^^ grindstone, Soot-tawl tool-law-rah -^-S-^-U 21-. 
When you use the grindstone always tise water, Soot-tawl sool- 
tai hang sarg mool chom poo-crah -^ -^--^ ^| "^ /^ -g-^J^ tX 

Groan, A 'Tong-song ^ ^ . To groan, Sin-oom hah-tahi 

Groom, A Mah-poo o[- J^ . Hire horse and groom and Mng 
ihrm here, Mai hannah say nay-or-onerah ^ "^ vL A(l yJ 61 y 
vj E|. . Go to the stables and sec if there are horses and grooms 
f(yr hire, Mah-pang-ay kassaw sang-mal in-nah po-arrah oj. lO- 

^l^f'M'^ ^ 51 't-S.^l' ^F* ^^^^^ ^'^^ i^^ groom gt^et 
Mah-poo oddaykasso o[>^6| c] jj;^. Call the ^room, Mah- 
poo pulla-onerah nj- ^-^v?j^\4 Hj. . Is Ike grc6m\heret 



I * 



GRO. 91 . 

M^-poo yaw-ghee ih-tiah-yah w}*-^ *«j ^ $1 V 4= . ^^ groom 
a horse t S6^1-ji!l-liah-tah ^^ "fe" ^ . Groom the horse well, 
Sawl-jill chal hayferaii ^ ^ ^ "8" ^ S|- . Groom the horse every 
^ndrfting and evening', At'cham chun-nyock-eu-raw mal sawl- 
jill-hayerah O^ :§^-f ^ A S. ^ ^ ^ "§" o^ 2f . Brush the horses. 
tnane, Mal kal-ghee chal pik-kyaw-rah ^ ^ 7] ^ ^1 7^ 2[- . 

Cjroove, A Hawm :£,. Make a groove in this board, E nah- 
mod hawm 'parrah <)j vj. ^ :£ ;j|. 2J. . Make a groove to this point 
E man-kum hawm 'parrah ^1 '^ ^^iJf^f. 

Ground, The Dang /^. The ground on which any object 
j/rt«^/j, Pah-tak ^VSj*. 

Grow, To Chah-rah-tah 'XL^ cj.. You have ^town since I 
last saw yojft Keu sai mah-ney charrah-koo-nah jau >6] oj ^j rJ. 
e|.J3-vL, If I plant flowers here 'will they grow welP. Yaw. 
ghee whah-*chaw sim-ob-myeh chdl twee-gesso ? ^^51^.'^ 

Grumble, To Ang-sal-hah-o ^ -^ 'Cr.Si.. {This word is used 
€if a weaker person complaining of usage received from a 
stronger). Choong-oU-kaw-ree-o -f" ^ 7^ ^ i o^ Ang-oU-gor-^ 
ree-o ^ ^ tI ^ i (.These words are used of complaints against 
some slight wrong and Woon man^ hah-o j^^'^'jj. ^hen 
some great injtiiy has teen inflicted). Dotit grumble, Ang-dlK 
gor-iee-jee mah-rah <^ ^ t) ^ Xl trj- sj. . What are you 

grumb.liftg ai ? "^h^iy, yurraw mal hah-nan-yah ? ^ ^ ^ ?} "^ 



52 GUA, 

Guard, To H iw-we-hah-o ;^ ^ "§" J^ ^r Chick-he- o ^ ^ Jt 
(Th i first is generally used in speaking of persons, the latter oc 
Loine w ord as yr^"^ ^ in reference to thing ;). G./ard the 
house we I!, Chipchal po-arrah -^ ^^oV «|. , Take care of Ihe^ 
articles, E-mool^un ta'i soo-jick chal hayerah C] -^>{ ^4^^^ 
;g--^Cc| Hj. To gimrdwU/t soldiers /Va\i-soO'\i?\i--o i^•^'^JL• 
A ^uanl, Pah-soo pyung-jong i^^ ^ ^ . To guxrd the kin^s 
ferson, See-we hah-o >^] -W "5"^. The Hoyal Body guard%^ 
Sce-'Ae-tai >^| -^ 't] . To go the rounds on guards used of soldiers^ 
policemen, etc., Soon-t'chaw-hali-o ^i.*^^. Guard, i,e^ 
pickets, Soan-tchaw ^^. To go round on guard, as a wcitch^ 
man, Soon-^yong taw-tah ^^S.^. Get me a tnjin to act as. 
night IV. itch m m, Sahram too-gaw pam-ay tow-jock san^-jick 
hah-yah-gettah /\ %^X^i <=^]^,^^^ ^ <^^^, 

• ■ 

Guess, To Kah-ryang-hah-o 7j* ^ "S" J^ ^^ Chim-jack-hah-o 

^ ^^ T -2. G:ies5 2U hat you think the price of this will be t Naw 
cliiin-j.ick-ay ce-gussee ul-man-nah kah-ghen-nan-yah .^ ^^ $ 
^1 '^l y '^l ^ ^H* ^P 5l V M^ . I cannot guess, Nai-gah chink- 
jac'tv-hiiirboo-upso vfl 7|- ^ ^1= ^ ^ «>} A^ , 

Guest A Son-nim j^ ^ . A guest room, ^Vi-xCvccL pang <^^ 
^ , Get the guest room ready, Son-nim pang chal t*chee-orrah 
J^ y ^ ^ t:] 6| aj. . A guest is coming, get some fojJ ready^ 
Sonnim ban poon awl-toot hah-nee chin-jee t'chah-ree-key 
haycrah^y^^^^-^-vj ;a^l ^H ^ f'H'^. ^ ^^^ 
has come, prepare some food, Soa-nim han poon wass-so>nQe 



GUI. 



93 



■« 

<:hin-jee chah-ree-orah ^ ^ tt ^ 5MH ^ ^) ^*f ^I ^ ^F . 
Altend well to the wants of tic l^ jest, Son-nim chop-tai chal hay- 
«rah^U:i^c]^-§-C^H|.. 

Guide, To Chee-raw liah-o X] ^ "S" ^ . Guide me to the post 
office t Oo-t'chey-gook» kah-nan kill choni chee-raw hah-yaw- 

chew-sio -f X^l -5}- 7|- fe: ^ # ^^ S "S" ^ ^ >il A . ^''^'^^ ^^^^^ 
person to the station, E-yang-baii chung-ga\v-chancy-oo-ra\v chee 
raw-hah-yaw tiddy-crah 6] ^ tif ^| 7^ ^ A S. ^1 S."?" ^ -I ^ 
€|. , Fetch the guest and guide him to my house, Keu son-nim 
oo-ree chip-oo-raw maw-see-gaw oncrah j:i.j^U^c| ^ ^ ^ 
"SX >^I J^ -SL ^ ^ • In-taw-hali-o ^ Jc. "S* ^ "sed of guiding e.g^ 
a blind person or of instructing one who is ignorant of propriety. 

Guilt Chwee-ack ^ 6J. ^ (used of a very great offence). 

Gull (sea), A Kal-mack-ce :^ Sj" 0| ; or Paik-goo ^1 -^ • 
Kaik-kwang-ee n]J % ^] (^^^ latter is a provincialism). 

Gun, A T'chong ^ . Barrel, Youl <^ ; Butt, Kai-moor-ree 
7)1 tjj ej ; Hammer, Pang-are-shwoe vj- oj- /^ ; Sight, Kah-nam 
shwce 7f- fe /d^l ; Trigger, Kaw-tong-shwoe J!L-§»4:1 ; Cartridge 
T'an-hwan f(^ ; Gun-powder, Hwah-yack JL^ ; Built t^ 
Tchul-an ^ ^ j Gun-case, T'chong-chip .^-^ 

Habit Soop-gA^'han ^^ ; Habits, 'Poong-sock '^^. 

Corean customs are innumerable, Cho-sun 'poong-sock E-raw al- 

soo-upso S'Q^^^lS.^-4^^41. ^^yMng becomes a habit 

/fy constant practice, Ah-mo gussie-nah or-ray ham-yen scop- 

gwhan-ee twee-jee-o C^i. ^ a) ^ ^L 5)| -^ ^ ^ ^ c| 5| X] J^. 



94 HAI. 

Hail Oo-pack J^^. Oilamity fro7n hatl, Pack-jai Mj->5|. 

Hair Murry-tiill iH Sj ^ . Hairs- on the body. Maw JZ. ^ 
This word is used of the fur of anin^>als, \\hen separated from the 
skin). Comb your hair, Murrey pea-sirrah iH ^ U| /^ S|. . 

Comb his hair. Murrey chom pit-kyaw-chei^crah lH ^ -S- ^ Tf 
<^6|b|.. Hair comb, V\t ^. The several kinds of hair combs, 
are^ lar^e tooth comb, Or-ray pit 6| ^) ^ A fine comb, T'cham- 
pit ^ ^ • A small troth comb carried in the pocket, Mjoin-pit 
ig 5J . Hairpins {ttsedby women) Pin-hyaw dl -gJ / (The several 
kinds of women's pins : A bamboo-lifie pin tnade of silver ^ T^ 

A f)ha'nix-shaped pin mad^ of silver and used at marfiages 
^ -^ ^ ; ^ phcenix-shaped gilded pin -^ ^ ; A flower-like- 
pin made of silver ^ ^ ] A pin made of maladrite tt| ^| ^ ; 
A silver pin -^^ ; An amber pin, 3| 41 -^ ; A silver ptt^ 
shaped like an ear spoon, ^7\ ; A red coral pin ^ -{li^ > 
A mourning pin made of black horn -^ "^ ^ "^j . Men's hahr 
pins made of wood, horn, gold, silver, amber and coral, Tong-got 

Half, A Pahn «]-. Half wages, Pahn sack ^^. I shalt 
en ly give you half wages, Pahn-sack man chew-getta ^A ^-^JL 
^cj.. An half sheet of paper, Pahn-juU ^^. Half-a-day^ 
Pahn nal ^ ^ . Haifa month, Pahn tal «t 1^ • ^'^V ^ y^^^* 
Pahn-hai ^ f ) . i^tf^/r/ir^?, Pahn kap ^^. Half a ghss^. 
Pahn chan ^ ^r . Fill the i^lass half full, Pahn-chan choom. 
dar-rah-rah y^^^^^^^. ^"'^^ ^^"^ ^^^^ ^^^ half full, E- 
kurr-oo-say pahn-choom man tanvmorah 6] ,^ ^ >^ ^ §> ^ ;!^ 



■>-«-•> 



HAL. 95 



^y 8|.. Dhnde it and gtve half to each, Pahn sack nan-whah- 
chew-erah ^^ ^ ^^ ^ ^. ^^V^ kahn, Pahn-kahn tf]- y^ 
TAu rwfm is tTtHf kahn and a half, E pang-ee E-kahn-pan-ee-o 

Hall, A Tai-t*chting ^7^ (tbe large viaru in a Corean 
house). 

Halo Hai-moo-ree f ] ^ a] {round the sun) ; Tal moo-ree 
^ ^ e| {round the moon). 

Halter Kool-ley 'i \i\ , Used also of a head-dress worn by 
young children. 

Halve, To Pahn-poon-hah-o «V ^ -^ J^ . Halve this, E-got 

pahn-poon-haycrah O^ IjJ ?]: -^ "^ ^ ^f . 
Hammer Mat-'chee 5V tcI ^^ Chang-torr-ree ;g: i el . 

Hand, The Sonn j^. The right hand, Awl-heun sonn ^ \, 
4^. The left hand, Whain-sonn fl^. At hafid, Kat-capso 
^ ^ >t . -^ handful, Han-joom -^ ^ , Lead him by the hand, 
Sonn mawk-oul chwee-gaw tarr ree-gaw kaggerah ^ -^ ■§■ -?) JL 
^ Bj jL :?J. 7] 2|. . Open your hand, Sonn 'pyurr-rah ^ il^ 3f- 
Siiutyour hand, Sonn chew-or-rah^^ 6l 21 . 

Hand-cuff, To Soo-kap chirr-roo-tah ^ ^ X] jg. t:|. . Hand- 
cuffs, Soo-kap ^ 7^ . Hand-cuff him and bring hirn here, Soo- 
kap chil-law-onerah ^^ ^ l^ iuf 4. Hand-cuff him and 
put him in cells, Soo-kap chil-low hah-awk hayerah ^7^^\^ 



96 HAN. 

Handkerchief Sonn-soo-gun ^^^{J. 

I^anile Chah-raw ^ g: {of spade ^ knife, pen ^ etc). Chock* 
chah-ree ^7;|.e| {of hrge vessels). Sonn-chab-ce ^^^61 
{of s mil il vessels, as cups, etc), Tool-shwoe -^^f (of boxes\ etc)* 

Handsome, To be Yam-junn-hah-o ^^>H'Srji.. Handsome 
man, Yani-junn-han-sahram ^ >^ "J 4- § . 

Hang, To Keiil-tah :^ cj-. Hang this hat up, E kat korr- 
orah t\y}'^6\z\^ To hang (capital punishmmt) , Kyaw 

h?ih-o jIL^JL. ^^ ^^^^ oneself by hanging, Mawk mai-or 
cheuk-lali ^ n] oJ^cL^ 

Happy, To be Kit-pa w-hah-o ^^^ ^or Chil-gup-so iS^ 

Harbour Hang-goo -^JJ^. Chief harbours in Cdrea, We-joo 
S\^ ; Ching-nam 'po ^>jj- J^ ; In-t'chundJ ^ ; Mah-san-'pa 
''f' <1 5 ; ^I<^>ck-po ^ ^ • Keun-t'chang jg.^ ; T'chang-woa 
■% ^ ; J'oo-san ^/^ ; Won-san ^ J^ ; Kyung-heung ^^^ 



H.,rd, To be Tan-tan-hah-o g g -^j^ (solid), Urry-ups<k 
^ ^i' 41 {iiijflcult), Om-hah-o g "^ j^ (^severe), Kaw-sang^ 

JL^ (hardshif). 

Hare Toik-kee A 7) . 

Harlot Kec-sang y\ J^ 

Harm, To Sang-hay-hah-o ^%\^ ^or Hai-hah-o iS^ 



HAR. 97 

Harness A yoke, Mong-ay tg c>^| j ^ bridle, Kul-ley -J i^J ; 

Jl pack saddle, Kil-mah :g of- ; ^ saddle, An-jang 6j ^ ; 
^/Sw-r///, Toong-jah -g.:;^;-, A leather leading rein, Gaut-pee 

^ tt] . Gifths, Pai-'tai-goon b| >^>5ri ; i^/f?^ ^^ saddle, Tah- 

«ay tiefl. Ti^htemtp the girths, Mal-pai-'tai-goon chawl-lah 
Tmai-erah ^ \Jl AJlArt^^- ^1 ^ 4. ^osen the girths, Mai pai- 

t'ai-goon noot-chaw naw-horrah »[• \J) A}| A3. ^ x^ i ^ ^f . 

Breast strap and breeching, Son-hoo-kaw-ree ^^y\^ . 

Harrow, To Sor-rey-jill-hah-o -^^^^^. A harrow* 
^or-rey ^^Ij. 

Harvest, To Choo-soo-hah-o ^^"S"^. H.irvest time^ 
^Choo-soo hal-*tai ^^ X -^ • 

Hat Kat T^V. Bring 7ne my hat, Nai-kat kad-jaw onerah 

^^^-^-SL^ ^« ^^'^''^ ^^ ^^^J' ^'^^? Nai kat odday isso? 

i*(j ^ dj '^J 6J ^. Buy me a Corean hat, Chosen kat han nip 

^sah-onerah 3t'^^'|ty'*f-SLM ^. Several kinds of Corean 

liats ; Ordinary black hat, Chil-lip ^ ^ or Heung-nip ^ ^ • 

White, half mourning hat, Paing-nip ^ ^ ; Hat worn by work- 
ing coolies, Sack-kat A y^ ; wide mourning hat, Fang-nip ?/■ d ; 
Hat worn by boys after marriage, T chaw-nip ^ ^J ; Small 
■^vhite hat worn by mourners in the country, * Pyong-nyang-ja/k 
3g ^ ;5; ; A hat worn by chair bearers, Punt^-gaw-jee ^ 7) ^ 
"^this hat is highly ornamented with silk, jade, and amber beads, 
-and was formerly worn by the king and generals). A cap woia 
by women at weddings and festal occasions, Chock-taw-ree ^j£. 

«j . The crown of a hat, Kan-maw-jah y\3^'!^\ the brim of a 



98 HAT. 

hat Kan-yang :^^, a hat string, Kat-goon y^ jtrL, An official 
hat bound about the brim with silk thread, Sah-rip >^ aj ; A 
V Oman's cap, Ar-yam o|- ^ . 

Hatch, To (;ah-tah f9\^. When were these chickens hatchr^ 
eiP. Myet t'chil chun-ney e-pyung-ar-ree gasso ? 3^ ^ ^ ^1 o] ^ 

Hate, To Han-hah-o ^ "^r^J. ; Mee-wough-hah-o Jfj -f-j "?" 

Have, To Isso ^^, 

Head, The Murrey vi\ ej Headache, Too-t'ong -2^^. 

Heal, To Kawt-t'chee-o :Jt 7=1 i ; T'chee-r>'aw-hah-o xj J. "S" 
J^, ; • Chaw-sop- hah-o i'^J'S'^. Are you cured of your^ 
disease ? Pyunj-ahn-nee chaw-sop hassio ? 5g cV o] h_ /^j -g-y^] y 
{polite). If you wish to be healed you must do as the doctor fells 
you, Naw pyung-oul t'chee-ryaw-' ah-ryawgaw-ham-yen Wee-woi^ 
malsam-tai-ro-hayerah M]^-§7:]j.'8re^JL-S-^^^^^ 

Health Kwee-'poom ^S. ; Kool-yock J^r^^ ; Kwee-jiU 
d\ ^ . Ia7n in good health, Nai kwee-jill-ee gwah-hee yack-hah- 
jee-nan-anso M] ;i| ;g 6) iif t) ^ •5- ;5;I ^ 6j 4. . I am in ill 
health, Nai kwee-chil-ee may-o yack-hah-o vfl ;jj 7^ C| ^1 JfiL 6|: 

Heap, To 'Sah-tah ^ ej. ; Kah-ree-tah 7L s| t±. 
Hear, To Teut-tah ^tif . I have not heard the news. Ken 
saw-moon mote-turrusso JU^X'S-^-JE. ^ ^ 



HEA. 9^ 

He The demonstrative pronoun in Corean is expressed by the 
words, Keu ^ or chaw 0] ; the first is used in relation to any- 
thing or person of whom mention is being made, the second is 
used especially of some one at a distance from the speaker^ 
Usually the pronoun is understood in the verb, as He went yes- 
terday, Od-jock-ay kasso ^ 5j ^j ijV^x. He has not yet come 
Adjic ah-nee wasso c]- ^ c\- tf §J 4x. 

Hearse Sang-yaw ^ ed| . 

Heart Mah-am a g, Yum-'tong ^ ^, 

Heat See Hot To avoid the heat, *Pee-saw-hah-o ill AJ -§• 

A. 

Heaven Hannal tf \ . Tchun is the sound of a Chinese 

character used in composition, as fchtm-jaw ^ ^ (the heavenly 
dynasty, />. China). The region atove the earth, Kong joong 

Heavy, To be Moo-gupso ^-7^^, It is very heavy, E-got 
mai-o moo-gupso 6) ^ ?| ^ :^ 7^ ^. // is not hea^y, E-got 
moo-gup-chee-anso 6) ^J t" ^4 ^^ ^ ^. An inert, silent person, 
Moo-gaw-oon sahram ^''A'^/\% , 

Hedge San-ool /J-^ (^ quick set hedge). 

Heel See Foot 

Heifer Am-song-ah-jee ^^c\-r.| . 

Height 'Kwee 3| . Kee-ree y\ ef ; Norp-kee -^ ^j . That 
is a very ialhnan, Keu sahram 'kwee may-o 'koo-o jx>;}. f 3f 
^1 A ^ j2_ , What is the height of this thing ? E gotkee-ree-gah- 



xoo HEI. 

ul man-ah twee-o ? 6) IjJ 7) '^l 7f- ^ ol- v|- 5] Jj^. IVAaf is Me 
height of this roojjit Epang-ee norp-kee-gah myet-chah-nah 
twce-oc] ^ ^1 -§• 7) 7}- 1^ 7.|. vj. 5| ^Mak£ this room seven feet 
in height, E pang norp-kee-^ah il-goop chah twee-gey chee-orah 
^1 '%^y\y\ ^ ^4^1 H| 7\ 6f e}.. Pr>5a/ ^ M^ height of 
Oiis motaitain ? E-san norp-kee gah ul-man-ah twee-o ^ ^ {( 
'^7l7f-^«i0VsIi. 

Heir The Coreans have no one word to express this idea. The 
son becomes ipso facto heir of the inheritance (-^ ^ ) even if 
there is no will (-^ ^) , though this is not usually the case. If a 
man is childless he adopts a son (4^ ;5;') or, in default o this, the 
nearest relative becomes heir, (-^^ ^ cL), 

Helm Pai-'key \J] ^| . 

Helmet 'Too-goo <$.-?-. 

Help, To Taw-ah-choo-o i o]- ^ J^. Thistnatier is diffkuSt 
to settle, please help me, E got hon-jah hah-ghee-nan ur-ryaw-a- 
nee, chom taw-ah-chew-sio 6) 5} -& ^+ "f" 7] ^ '^l JL^ #JLO|' 
^' /\S^ Ifelp that man in his work. Chaw sahram eel-choiA 
taw-ah-chcw-erah Dj ;f- f ^ ^i o]-^ 6j 2). . Help me tomao^ 
this, E-got orm-g>'aw nawn-nan-tai taw-ah-chew-o 6| ^-%*7l ^ 
fe ^!i^]*^-2-- i^ Cf^^not be helped, Hal-soo-upso "f -^^^ 
^. 

Hen Am-talk^g; 

Hence Yaw-ghee-saw ed ^ /i ; Yea-saw ^A, 



HEN. lox 

Henceforth Chickum poo-taw ?;J -g _4 e) ; E tah-um poo- 
ta .V 6] cL Jft, j[^ e| . Be very careful infiiture, E tah-um poo-taw 
-«ray-o chosim hayerah 6) ^-g-i ^^ ^I -^5, 'Jj ?" ^ ^ . 

Herb Nah-rr.ool vj. ^. 

Herd Moo-ree -2f.e| ; Deh >tt^|. Coming from C/iejnuipo 
J saw a herd of goats, In-t'chun-saw aw-tah-^ah yum-saw han- 
-^fehpo-asso ^^A^^t:|-7f-*^4lt!:'^U.$t4x. 

Here Yaw-ghee 6^ n], H^re it is, Yaw-ghee isso6^ ^ $l4l. 
21 is not here, Yaw-ghee ah-nce-tah ^ a|o]-t| ^. He is not 
-^ere, Ah-nee-kee-sioc]- vj >1| >A| Jj.. It is not here, Yaw- ghee upsa 
■«t| :i| ^ 4l. ^^^^^^ ^^^^^* E-dee-wah 6) ^ S). {low) ; E-dee o-sio 
•^1 S| Jj.>*) -SL {polite). Is it here} Ya\v-^hee in-nan-yah ? ^ oj 
•^V t|:. Don't come here again. Yaw-ghee tassic o-jec-mahra 
-^ :jJ c[.>^| ^ X] oj. e|. . Look here. Yob-bo cr yaw-baw Ctj ^. 
JFIaveyou been before to-day ? 0-nal t'chciim-euro v/asso ? ^ ^ 
"5^^ ^^^^ 4^. Stay here for a time, Ya.v-ghce chom ik-korah 
•^ ^'t "^ $1 H ^F ^ow\ Sit down here J or a miiiutc. Yaw-ghee 
<hom an-jee-sio ^ ^ 5- ^ ^1 >^1 JL {polite)- How do you like 
irving here ? Yaw-ghee sal-ghee-gah uttaw-hah-o 6^ ^ "S -*1 '^F 
^ e| "^r^, Put it here,* Yaw-ghee too-erah Ct| :3:jJ^6| s|.^ 
£ringtt here^ E-dee- ro kadjaw-onerah 6] ^IS.^f"'^'! JL W ^F* 
F*cur it in here. Yaw-ghee tam-erah ^ ^ 'Jj^ ^ ^|- . ^l^y here f op 
€imc?nent. Yaw-ghee- saw cham-kan kee-tah-rjaw-rah 6J zx] Al 
"^ ^ 7| ^ 3^ 8f . Here and there. Yaw-ghee chaw-ghco 6l yl 



iQa I3ER. 

_ r 

Heron Hwang-sai ^M ; T/ie Eastern e^et, Paing-na\t 

Herring T'chong-or ^ ^ . 

Hesitate, To Ah-hav. k-hah-o c|- ^ "5" J^ ; Whee-ha\vk-hah-a 

Hiccup, To 'Pcy-ghee-hah-o 2;)3|-§"_J_; Dal-gock-jill-hah-» 

Hide See Leather. 

High, To be Nav.p-so ^ A . A person of h'gh rank, Nawp- 
hcun sahram -§^:^ >^}- g . The high road, 'Koon-kil ^ :g . 

Hill San /J . Hill top, San cock-tagjo' >t^ ^ ^ 6| . 
Hinder, To Mack-tah u}- cj. /F//;' do yon hinder 7;ie ? Whey 
nah-ral mak-so ^-jj ^- § H}" 4x • > 

Hinge Kyung-t'chui) ^ "^ . 
Hip Hwan-ta\v-l yaw Jfi'ftJj 
Hire, To Sei-nai-o Afl H] ^ Hire me a chair, Paw-gyo see- 

nai-or onerah ^jD A]] vfl 6] ^ tl e[. . Hire vie a pony, Mai han 
•pill sce-nai-or onerah "I" ^ ^ ^<i| M| 6j ^ t^ Z\ , Hire a coolic^.^ 
Sack- goon hannah pullah-onerah >^2r'?'4"&M-SLH ^. 
Hire vie a semant. Chip-ay tool sahram hannah koo-hah-yaw 
po-arrah ;^ o^lf-^ | ^ y\^^ 6^ ^oj- Sf . 

History Sah-ghw ee >^ d\ . History bcok, Sah-ghwec f chaik 
X» ^ *| . A loo r of ancient history, Sah-juck ><» ^ . , 



HIT loj. 

Hit> To Chit-tah ^^, To hit the mark, Mat-t'chitah oj- 

taire Pouri-t'oTig ig ^. 
Hoar-frost Suh-ree }\ h| . 

Ho3Tse, To be Mawk sbwee-tah ^ 4] cj. . If you are hoarse 
take some medicine, Mawk shween-tai yack chom moggerah 

Hoe Kwang-ee ^c] . 

Hog Pull-t*chin toy-ad-jee ^^^O^A- 

Hoist, To Tal-tah ^ cj.. iV^;/>/ />^<? 5^://. Taut tab- rah ^ 
r|. a|. . Hoist the flag, Kwee tah-rah 3| c|- ej- 

Hold, To Poot-chaptah ^^ tij.. Hold this man, E sahram 
pool chab-berah ^1 >^^ § :^ ^ ^ ^|- . Hold this, E-got poot chab- 

Hole koo-miing -^ ^^ . To bore a hole, Koo-mung dool-tah 
"Tr'fl'^^' DotfLtpoke a hole through the window, T'chang 
koo-mung dool-t*cbee-mahrab jg* -?- «g ^ X] af- 2[- . Stop tip 
Ike rat holts^ Cbwee koo-mung mak-orah *| -^ 'g S{" 6j SL , 
Dig a hole and plant this tree. Dang 'pah-gaw E nah-moo sim- 
orah >'g-5^ja.6]v}.Jf.-^6|e|.. A fox's hole. Yaw-haw kool 

«J ^ -^ . Mend this hole in my coaty Aught-see koo-mung doo- 
Taw juss-s*n-cc key-erah ^^1-^^^^5I'*1H7|H^- 



J04 HOL. 

Holiday Myeng-ill iM g ^ To-day is a great holiday ^ Onal 
'koon myeng-ee-dee-o ^^^"J e ^1 i- ^^^' holiday it 
it to-day ? 0-nal ut-tun myeng-ee-dee-o? ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ § ^ 



The CtREAter Corean Holidays : New years day jA ^ 
S ^ ^" ^^^^ ^^y sacrifices are offered to ancestors, graves are 
visited, young men and children worship their elders, and the 
whole population appears in new, or at least clean, clothes. 

The fifteenth day of the first moon ^ ^ ^ § ^ ^^ ^"^ 
j>oram nal. On this day sacrifices of food, etc. are offered at 
ancestral graves, and in the evening crowds of people, with flaring 
torches, welcome the first appearance of the full moon as it slowly 
rises above the horizon — a pretty sight which may be witnessed to 
full advantage from some neighbouring hill-top near a city. Also 
during the evening and late in the night the natives parade the 
streets in crowds and "walk the bridges." 

The eii^hth day of the fourth moon (>♦ ^ ^ ^ Q ) The 
birth-day of the Buddha. Houses are illuminated with lanterns, one 
for each child ; poles, decorated with evergreens and streamers^ 
erected in the streets, f-§»A||) and great coloured paper fish 
( 8] 6| ) are hoisted above the roofs of private dwelling houses* 

The fifteenth day of the ei^ht month ( % ^ -^ ^ ) when sacri- 
fices of bread and rice are offered to ancestors. 

The winter solstice. A moveable feast in the eleventh month 
("S* ^I) Sacrifices of bean soup offered. 

Other Fesi ivals ( ^ ^ I a moveable feast; sacrifices of rice 
offered. 

The anniversary of the death of i^T^^^ a minister at the 
Chinese court durmg the Chu Dynasty. Cold food only is eaten ; 
a practice observed only in the breach of it. 



HOL. ' 105 

> 

The fifth day of the fifth 7noon,{t\. j^) .A festival devoted to the 
amusement of swinging. Leaves of Calamus (?U3)are 
bound about the door ; hairpins of the same, manufactured by the 
men, are worn as a preventative against evil devils; heads washed 
^with a preparation of the reed said to destroy lice and other 
inconveniences. 

The fifteenth day of the sixth moon (^Jp-). Offering of 
melons ( ^ ^ ) made to the Emperor. Heads anointed with oil. 

Tfie seventh day of the sei'enth moon ^ >M Good house wives 
may receive skill in fine sewing ; fine rain falls, emblem of the 
sorrov»'s of Chin-nyaw. The story of Chin-nyaw is as follows: 
Kyou-ou was a beloved courtier of heaven's Lord, but for insolence 
before high Heaven, he and his vv'ife Chin-nyaw were parted and 
banished to East and West. Once a year they meet, Chin--yaw 
crossing the void upon the necks of magpies whose duty it is to 
make a bridge for her, leaving the earth on this day for tlie 
purpose ; the rain drops are her tears as they fall. 

The ninth day of the ninth moon (-^^j. The chrysan- 
•themun fesiival, when wine distilled from this plant is drunk. 

If, I. M, The Crown Prince's Birthday ^ 8th day, 2nd Moon. 

Cold food days, 6th and 7th days, 3rd Moon. 

F'oundation day, i6th day, 7th Moon. 

J/. M, The Emperor s Birthday , 25th day, 7th Moon. 

Autumn Festival, 14th and 15th days, 8th Moon. 

Coronation day, 17th day, 9th Moon. 

Independence day, 13th day, 12th Moon. 

JEiollow, To be Sawk-pw ee-o ^ jtf] ^ . 

Homage, To do The submissioft of one kin^ to another, Hang- 
pawk hah-o '^-H.'^r Jj^. 

Holy, To be Kur-ruck-hah-o t] -^'5' J^, 



io6 HOM. 

Home Chip ;^ . Go home. Chip-ay kaggerah >3 ^1 tI- 7^ ^ - 
lamgomg home, Nah-nan chip-ay kah-gesso *f fe ^ ^1 ^f 5^ 
J^, Where is your ho7ne} Naw chippy odday in-rian-nyah? 
M] ^ 6] C| cj 61 u. tj: {/ow) ; Taik-ee odday-sio ^ c] 6] c] /,} ^ 
(polite). To be at home, Chippy kee-sio ^^]H| aJ _5,. To be 
not at home. Chippy ah-nee kee-sio ^ ^1 oV ^ >*| A JL- 
A homeless 7Jian, Chp um-nan sahram >3 ^ fe >A}* ^ . -^^wr 
ahvjys at home fro7n momiftg till noon, Ah-t'cham poot-'taw o-see 
gad-jce-nan mai-ang chip-ay it-gesso oj-jg-^oj^^.-^l^^vt 
^1 ^ ^ ^1 $! 5l -^ • ^^^'^^ never at home after mid-day, Nai-gah 
nah-jay poo-'taw chun-nyock gad-jce mai-ang upso w|| 7L v|. ;^ 
-^ C-] ;?-] ^ A? :;^] ^] ^ <y 4^ . Stay at home to day, 0-nal chip-ay 
ik-korah ^ ^ ^ <^1 $1 t] ^I- . Th3 Home OJice, Nai-boo. vj jJL 

Honest, To be Chung-jick-hah-o ^J ^ "^^i Sin sill-hah-o- 

Honey Gool >5. Honey ccwnb Poor- ray chip ^^]>3^ 
Honey of the wild bees, Sock-t'chong M f.^ , IVhite honey of t^e 
domestic bee, V7nk\.'Q\\0Y))y ^ 7j . Candy made from sprouted 
barley, Hook-t'chong JSl;^ . Honey water, Mil-soo ^4^. 

Honour, To Hoom- anc^-hah-o :6^ ^l- -gr 

Hoof Koop -g-. The horse has picked tip a stone, take itouf^, 
Mai koop-ay tawl ghee-yussinee bai-yaw nai-errah § "S"^]-^ "^l. 

Hook Kal-gaw-rec :d" JL sj . 



HOO. 107 



V«M. 



Hoop Tey c|] . To hoop a cask, Tong mei-tah ^ mj i± . 
A hooper^ 'Tong-mee-chang-sah ^ xfl) >J /^ . Take this and get 
41 hoop made for it, E-got 'tong-mee-nan chip-ay kat-lah-gah tcy- 
mee-yaw onerah 6j :^^-ifl| ^'^^'i.'^y}^'^]^ ^\^ ^\ , 

H^pe, To Parrah-o ^ ^f J^. ^ hope he unll $oon le I'etttr, 
Keu sah-ram shwoe nat-key-ral parrah-o ^3- Aj- g ^l^- 7] g w 
^ ^. I hope this lusiness tLuli tmn out well, Kcu il cLal twce- 

gee-ral parrah-o JX^^S]7)1 V^-£.- ^/^^/^ >^'^' "^''// ^oon 
<ome, Keu sahram shwoe o-gee-ral parrah-o .=t. a}- g ^] ^ 7) g 

Horizontal, To be Pan-toot-hah-o titJS.'cr O 

Horn Buil^. Deers horns, used as ;/.W/V7>.v, Nawk-gak 
,^7}-. A superior Medicine made from the core of the ycung 
horn, Nawk-yong 3c. ^. Glue made from deers horns, Nawk- 
gak-kyaw^Tj-jn.. 

Hornet Mal-pourl g ^ ; Wang-'toog-ee i^-,^ 0| . 

Horrible Goom-jick-goom-jick-hah-o ^;c|^;^-gr 9 - 
T'cbah-ak-hah-o ^^'^ S^. To be horrified y Nav,l-lapso 

Horse Mai §. Stable, Mah-goo-kan nLj3.;^J.^ ^^ ^^/' 

Mah-wee v\ S\ , Horse shoe, Pyun-jah jg J^; . 7^; 7nounta horse 
Mai 'tah-tah §ej.t:j.. To dismount, Mal-kay nah-dee tah 
¥ >*| V ^I 4- ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^^ gallop, Tal-lee-tah ^ vj 4. 
To urge on, Mawl-tah -§- tj. • ^^ ^^^^ ^y ^^^^ halter, Kyung-mah 



io8 , HOS. 

tool-tah 7i qL ^ c|. , ///re a horse ^ Mai han 'pil kadjaw onerah 
g ^ sy 7I. ;?4 ^ ui ej. . What is the price of this horse} E mal 

cap-see u!-mah-o o] g :^ ><) ^ a}-^. What is the hire for eack. 

/f;^ //? Mah-sack sim-nee-ay ul-niah sick choo-ree-ah x\jS:^ 
ej 6^1 ^ aj- ^j- ^ e|: . Take the pack saddle off, Kil-mahp3nit-gei> 

rah ^451 7:] ef. 

Hospital P)'ung-won ^ ^ . Go to the hospital and get sotne 
7Jicdicine P)iing-\von-ay kassaw yatk chom patter-rah ^ j^^ ^ ?!> 
/^ 6J: ^ i|j. Oj. 2|. . Where is the English hospital} Yong-goofc 
pyiing-wony ocklay isso ^^^^ ^6] 6| cj 6) ^ 

Host Chew-in ^^. 

Hostile, To be Ang-poon-hah-o ^ -§;•'§' ^ ; Hyum-wcrhah o 
■§ ^ "5"_£^. yln hostile nation, Chuck-gook ^ ^, 

Hot Tawp-so ^ ^. The weather is wann, \\-^^Q taw-oop- 
tah c\ :3| cj ^ cj. {low)\ Il-ghee taw-oop-so ^ ^-f£ ^ ^. 
{f'olite). Scalding hoi, V^ooV-'gw^-^o J(^7\^. Bring some hoi 
water, I)oo-ga\v-oon-mool chom kadjaw-onerah /ET^-Jt-^Tf- 
^-J ^ u-| s[. ^ Boil the water, Mool doo-gop-kay tee-orah ^ ^ 
7J y\\ H| C| eJ: . A/ boilinsi water into the tea-pot, Mool doo-gup- 
kay goo-ryaw-saw chah-gwan-ay tam-morah -§•/£. >^ H| ^ 3^ 
-M ^1 -Si ^1 ^ ^ ^t . ^^ make water warm, Tee-tah 5| ^« 
To viike 7uater boil, Goo-xQ.^ tah a^h] cj.. Bring some boiling^ 
water, Gool-loon mool kadjaw onerah ^-c•'§*'§•^^'^'^-S.^ ^« 
A hot, damp, day, Moo-taw-oon nal -?• ^ -^ ^ . ^^^ three 
dog-days of the Corean summer, Sam-pa wk -^ ^ . The dog-day % 



HCU. 109 

■are so lucirtn n?te cannot f^enr i/ie /tnif, Fauk-ee too-nik-kah 
mom-mo taw-v.-assa.v, kyiin-cla'-':oo upso ^ c| c^ vj ^l tj n-j c:-| 

"^ ^ ^ 3 !*• ^ -i. ^^^- ^''^^ ^^ ^^'^^ loJay, 0-nal p; uldoo-^op so 

Hour See /.! . What hour is ift M; et-see tvvce csso ^ /| Ir] 
^ 4l. ^^ '-y ^^^ o clock, Han- see tAcyinso vV xl !r| ^} >Sl. 
1 7va Iked it in an J our, Han-£:ce lan-ay kasso ff a| ^ **! 'jj :5l- 
Jli what hour shall f cr me to-morroiv'^. ?\ai-il onnah sec-c.y v.ah- 
^-ah haggcjso? a| ^' <>] ^J x! <^] S). ofc "§" 5I _^ . At ivhU horr 
'wtilyou come today ? 0-nal onnah tai clo .m o-^^esso _2. ^ ^ i^ 
^ 5-2. 5l4l. '^^^' f^t ^io: r c'o ^ou staitt Onncy tai choom 
Icah-gesso 6j y A|| S 7L ^ ^ Come at one d clock, Han see-ay 
onerah ^ X] ^1 ^ u| e|- {Joil')\ Han-sce-ay o-sio \]; >^! ^] JL 

Incuse Clvp ^ A thatched house, T'chaw-gah chip -^7^ 
3g A tiled house, Kee-wah clr'p 7| ^ ^ . 

How Uttaw kee M c^ 7^) l^ow ^li-.i'l f to this} Pl-got utta-.v- 
lc<^e hah-o? 0| "^J ^ ij ?|' •§" ^ ///^^v >h.ill I pronounce this 

TDord} E-nial uliaw-kee hah-o o.| -^ ^ c.] 7^| ^^. f^ow t:ad I 

^ttcr do thihl Uttav,4ee hrh-\aw ico ^tsso 5^ tsj ^J] -^f Cc| ^ 
3jj|^%_. How are you in health} Kee-ocn-ee utt-tuss-sio ? zi| -^ 
^ ^ td x| J2. (^^^ ^'' ^/<?V/ /)' nuin). How many ? Ulmah ^ o|- 

-«r Myet ^ . //J?7£/ /////r// ? {ui pr'ce) Kap-see ul-mah-o ^ ><| ^ 
nj- ^. How old! Myet sah-dee-m ah ? ^-^^14=. ^<^f^ many 

/R>//^^? Myet bun ^ ^. /%z«/ ;;/./;// days} Myet t'chil i^ :|J 



no HUG. 

migr. To An-tah 6j cj. (to cltiSj^)\ Gyav.'-antah >^^o}i:|. 
(to clifsp //(^/tfij) ; •Gav.'k'-gyaw-antah 'S-y^'JoV cL {to clasp very^ 
lightly). 

Hull, To Chiill-roo-jill hah-o ^^^g-^JL- Uuhulled tke^ 
fyaw U| . Hulled rxe.ZdX b^. Hulling jnortarC\\Vi\W,oo ^-^. 
Hulling Resile ^ Ta.vl-gong-cc -^--S*^] . 

Human Haw-ryong chce-gak c^ ^ X] Z? . 

Humane, To be In-jah-hah-o ^ ;5;"5"_£^. 

« 
Humble, To be Kyiim-son-hah-o ^^"5"^; Kong-soon- 

hah-o -J ^-g-^. 

Hundred Ill-peck ^ ^ . 

Hungry, To bs Pai-kaup-hoo-tah ^] -[J-^^ ; Scc-janf:- 
liah-tah >tl ^ "CT ^ . /^^// "^'cry hungry , Nai-gah may-o sec-jang- 
hah-o W] 71- V| -^ X] ;J -5* ^ . Are you hu^igry} Nslv/ pai ka-iSfp- 
hoon-yah?ul ^] -^ ^^: {h^'^^') > Tang-sin scc-'ang-hasio ? ^ Jf^ 
A]^^/]±(/^ol/tc'), ' 

Hunt, To San-yang hah-o >li^"^^; Choll-lyop-hah-o 

Hunter San-yang-gc on /J ^ t^ . 

Hurricane Tai-'poong «|j ^. 

Hurt, To Sang-lmh-o ^^ X', Tat-t'chce-tah 5^ 7:] t|.^; 
7o be hurt by a fall, Nak-sang- hah-o ^ ^ 'S' ^. . 



HUS. Ill 

Husband Kah-jang t}-^. Nam-'pyun "^ S{i. Thai lady s 
husbandis dead. Chaw pou-in kah-jang to-rah-kass-susso i|| -^ 
'^ Tp^ic. ^1" ^F'?!^!- ^^'^^^ IS your husband 1 Kah-jang-ce 
noo-goo-sio ? 7l- ^ <^1 -T-?" >^I A- 

Hut *Cha\v-mak j^ i2{- . 

Husk Kyaw T^j . 

Hymn T'chan-mce-gah ^ o| 7|. 

Hypocritical, To be "Pyur-ree-poo tong-hah-o Jt cj -r-^ *§" 
<f J Whec -sictc-ha >o 5| 4j "STJ^, 

I 

I {Pronotm) Nah i|- ; Nai w|] ; Nai-gah ^| 7J. (1 11 Corean 

the personal pronoun is declined Hke a substantive, but in most of 
the cases is not much used). 

Ice Orrum 6\^^ A block of key Orrum jang 6j s ;* . 

An. ice hoi.se^ Ping-gaw wj JL. To store away ice /;/ winter^ 

Ping-chang-hah-o ^ 'S''?"^. An icicle, Kaw too-ram JL-t" ? 

A sheet of icc^ Ping *pan WJ s^ . Broken ice in sea or rivers, 

Sung-ay /^ <A, h there much ice on the cstuatyt Pattah-ay 

sung ay-cbarg mahnee ghee- or- r. an yah ^\ cj. ci| >^ ^j ^ »(]; fr| 

T4 fe ^- ^^^^^^ ^^ the price of ice twivt E-say orriun l.an tong- 

ce-ay uhr.ah sick han-nan-yah? 0| >^] 6] g \}; t^ 0| 6^| ^ oj-^ 

* ^ Lj: . Buy a lump of ic^, Orrum han tong-ee man bah-oncrah 

^ § ti ^o ^l vt^-fi.^ ^F- ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^ melted y Orrum tah 
nawk-asso 6| g ^-Jf-^V^l. '^'^'^ ucatheris wann so the ice 
^if ill melt, lll-ghee-gah doot-doot hah-nee onum-ee chaw-chull- 
lavv nawk-getso g d\ 7\^^ ? 4 <H I ^K*! tg i>- 3!j :±.. 



14 IDI. 



Idiot, an See-rah-son-ee >4 2f ^o) 

Idle, To be K-oo-roo-tah >l| ^ S cL - w : •♦ - , 

• I » *^ «-tai hah-tah 

^M! "T 4- Vyou are lo2y I si all dismiss ynu^ Naw eel kee^oo- 
•oo-^rey hah-myen-nai-yaw paw-nai-getta tl oi :2ii ^ ^ .. .^ 

Idol Oo-sang -^>^. 

If A conditon is generally expressed in Corean by a suffix to 
lie verb in its various tenses ^ or y\^ Afy^^ ^^ ^aa^-A^« 

rhe first of thef.e is simply conditional, the latter ccntains the 

-xprcssion of adou!:t. 

Ignorant, To be Moo-sick-hah-o -r- ^ ?" JL '•^- to be 
ignorant of the Corean ^iirilten sciipt (^-gj. ^ot io knmv, 
^\^ox-xi^oo3^B^^Arery ignorant felLw, Pulrhack ir.oo-sick- 
han nom -J^ ^ -f 4| t.^- 

Ill, To be Pyung tool-Uh ^ f «^ ; Pyung-nah-tah ^ vL cL 
J'yung al tab ^Jj ^ 4- ^^^ ^^' Nai-gab pyung too-russo vfj 7L 
tg c^ Si A /^^ /<!?^jf ^^»^^ J ^^' ''^'?« «^? Un-jay poo-'taw 
ap-oon-yah ? ^1 ?tl) ^ Sj 3- ^ 4: . What illness are you suffer- 
ing fro m'> Mou sam pyung ee tfo-rut nan-yah -t"^ ^ 0|^ 
^v-t|:. {low)\ Cdday 'pyurg t'chee anso? <4^^74^4. 
(^poliie). Who is Hit Noo-gah al-lunn-yah ? nr ^ ^ ^ + . My 
father is ill, Co-ree oo-roo-stn-ay-gah pyung-hwan-ee kee>sio 
J^E| 6J-^'{lMj7|-^:&o| Mj/'lA. Thii is a contaginis Uiness 
E-got orm-nan pyurg-ee-o 6| ^J-g-fe ^ ^ A. ^*^ is nM a 
contagious disease, E pyung-ee onn-chee-anso o) ^ ^ -%- A) ^ 




ILL. 



"3 



Illtrcat, To Koo pack- hah- o -f- ^ C" ^ ; Haing-ak-hah-t> 

Imagine. To He-ar-dee-tah ^ c]- ?l c(. • T'chooV.-nyarg hah- 
tah ^ ^ "fr cj-. Sah-ryum-h.^h-:ahx» ^ "5" cL. 
Imitaie, To Pawn pattah ^. ^ ^' , 
Ixnniediatety Chook-see -^ x| : Oaut ^ . 

Immense, To be Mang-mang-hah-o nV uj- ^^^ ^ 

Immodest, To be T'chey-maw-uptah £4| JSL ^ cL j T'chuh- 
sn uptah ^>J}<y 4. 

Immortal, To be Yung-saing-hah-o ^ ^ "S"^ Chang saing- 
pul-sah-hah-o 5* ^-^X* ^_2,. 

Impatient Sim-sool nai-tah ^ -^ MI 4 . 

Impertinent, To be Pur-reut-up-tah tf| :^ ^ c|. ; Moo-rey- 
hah-tah Jf.^|-|rt:j.. 
Implement, An Yun-jang 64 ^ . 
Implore, To Kan-t'chung-hah-tah 2^ 6*^1-. 
Impolite, To be Kwal-see hah-tah 7*]. Al ^ cL. 

Important, To be Yaw-ghin-hah-o iL^t^JL- This is of 
great importance, E-gaw may-o yaw-ghin-hah-c 6| 7^ ?| -$• ft ?l 

Impossible, To be Noong-t'chee mote-hah o -5- tcI * "g" O • 
Hal-soo-gah upso %J^^<^^, I cannot do this, Nai-gah ee- 
eel noorg-hee mote haggesso v|) 7|. o| |j -^ tj ^ ^ 5I 4^. /. 
€unnotgo, Nai-gah kal-soo-upso H) 7f- #-4»- <H ^, 



114 ™P. 

Impostor, An Kan-sah-han r.om ^ >*{• ^ -^. 
Imprison, To Hah-awk-hah-o ^-^-gr^. 

Imprudent To be Pom-yun hah-o ^ ^ "^"^ ; Saw-haul- 
hah-o A 3f. "Cr 9 . 



Impure, To be Tur-rup-tah Jf- ^ cj. ; Eum-nan-hah-tah. 

In The place where, or time at which, is expressed by st 
locative case formed according to the temiinat'onof a substantive 
Kererally in o^] ^ ^| ^ or >(J Inside, Sawk-ay or So-gay ^ 6A 

{of aiii5h\etc.)\ Kw-\2iy ^\c^ ^of a room, eh). It is in Ihe 
€1 rawer, Smt-\l2o^ sawk-ay isso >g'^^^l$i4l. He is in ihe 
house. Chip an-hay isso ^ ^ ^1 $1 ^- ^^ ^^ ^^ '"-^ foom, Oo-ree 
pang-ay isso -^ ^I ^ 6^] 6J 4?. . 

Incendiaries Hwah-juck jly^. 

Incense Chah-tan hyang ^^ ^. To bum incense^ Poon- 
hycng hah-o ^"^t^^. 

Incite, To T'choong-tong-haho-|L^'§rj^ {as to rebellion)'^ 
K) uck-tong hah-o '^^^ ^{as to ^ood actions). 

Inch, An Tehee ^[ . One inch, Han-t chee ^ ^ . Make it 

!^jx inches long and four broad, Kee-ree-nan yossat t' chee man. 
haggawkwang-oun neit-t'cl ee tv.ee-gey man-turr-rorah 7] ej ^ 

51:^ ^tt'^JL^-S^I?:] 5l H| gG| aj. e|.. How mat y inches 
broad is this ? E got kwang-ce myet t cliee nah twee-o ? 6) ^ A- 



INC. "5 

■ 

^1 ^ id '4- 5| i. ^« ^ one foot nine inches in height, E got 
nowp-kee-gah cbah ah-hop tehee twee-o 6) 5J -§• 7] tj. X|. c|- :|: 

Incisors Ap-nee A v| . 

Incline Kee-oo-raw-jee-tah 7] J^ ^ X] c}. {to slant). Make 
it incline a little to the right, Orrun jock-euro kee-00-raw jee- 
kay hayerah Jl^-S-^^ ^ 7| -?" ^ ^ ^1 "5* ^ ^ • ^^ inclines to- 
Ihe left, Wheen jock-euro chom kee-00-rau juttah j|[ ^A ^-S* 
7I Id. 8| ^ c|. . lam inclined to go, Kal-toot- hali-o :g-ja.'jjr 9 . 
y am inclined lo do it, Hal-toot-hah-o , "J ^ "C" Jj. . 

Include, To •Paw-yong-hah-o J^-g-'^'^. The nation is 
included in the Jiimg, Im-gcon-ee paik-sung-oul paw-yong-hah-a 

Income The Coreans seem to have no word corresponding to 
to our word "income." What is your ircome for one year"^ 
Ill-yun wul-pong-tah whey-gay hah-myen ul-manah twee-o 

Incompetent, To l)e Moo-jai-hah-o ^ ;j;| -^ ^ . 

Incomplete, To be Nak-jill-twee-o ^ ^ 5| _£, {used of in- 
complete series of looks), 'Pill-yock fcah-o jg 64 -^ ^\used of 

work), A common phrase, if any article is incomplete in some 
particular, is to say that it is an "invalid** ^ 4| 5) 9^ 

Incomprebepsible, To be Hal-lyang-upso ^ ^ <y 4i {with- 
oui bound), like meaning of this word is inco7?iprehensible, 
E-cuU *toot-see kip-kee-gah hal-lyang upso 61 "i* ^>;I 7J 71 tF 



zi6 INC. 

Inconvcnicm, To be Kur-bawk-hah-o TfJ^'S:^ Poo-ran- 
hah-o -^ ^ "CT^ It U tncowueni^nt to come today ^ O-nal kur- 
bawk-lian ce-dee issaw aw-gheevah urry-upso i ^ 7^ -^"l^ § 
^1 Si 'M -SL ^I 7f ^ f? 4l. I ^^"^ afraid my presence is ZHCon- 
venient to you, E-t'chur-r^m hah-see-nee mah-am-ce poo-ranr- 
hah-o 6)^^f ^ t| o %c^^^^^^. 

Incurable, To be Cot-l'chil -soo-upso Jt 5 "^ ^ -^* ^^^^ 
dise isei s incurable, E pyung-ee cot-t'chil-soo-upso Ol ig O) j^ 

Independent, To be Chah ju-hah-o :5; *L -^^^ An vuUpen^ 
dent state, Tonj(-nip-gook ^ W -a?-. 

Index Mont( nawk JZ.^ 

Indigestion, T'chay-joong ij|| ^ . I have indigestion^ \!i9X'^^ 
t'cha> -joong isso Mj 7f- 3Ci| -f" $[ ^ . ^ ^^'^ indigestion last night 
Od-jay pahin oom-sick-ay t'chay hesso ^^^-^^ ^3^^ 
^ ^ . ^^'^^ you indigestion ? Naw t*chay-joong in-nan-yah ?. 

v^ X^I •§• $1 V 4= (^^ '^) » t'chay-joong kee-sio ? it^ ^ 7^ /|JL- 

(polite). 

Indignant, To be Naw-yaw-woh-hah-o 2c. ^ 4^ "$" A- 

Indigo Jock /^. 

Indiscreet, To be Or-dim-upso ^ ^ ^ 4* ; Chong-jack-upsi» 



i", 



IND. 117 

Indistinct, To be Me-boon-myung-hah-o "I -^ 'g ^ JL- ^^ 

^onunciation is indistinct, it is difficult to understand, Koo sah- 

ram-wee koo-oom-ee me-boon-myung hah-nee arrah toot-ghee 

mirry-upso ^4 g -^l^-l-^) "I * "g "? M 1 4*^H ^4x. 

Hwee-me hah-o S] "I "S" JL W f^^j^cts), 

. Industrious, To be Poo-jah-run-hah-o -3^>5\ ^ ^ JL. 

Infant, An You-t'chee ^7^ ; Tong-jah ^J^, 

Infantry Paw-pyung H ^. 

Infectious, To be Pyung owm-ghee-o 'fl -^ 7} J^ ; Chun-yom 
liah-o tqJ ^ '§'^. This disease is infectious, E pyung-ee owm— 
kee-shweep-so 6) ig 6] ^ 7] ^ ^. 

Inferior, To be Nat-tah v^ c|- ; Hah-*poom tf '% . ^>*« «> 

-^inferior quality E-guassee chaw gaut paw-tom hah-'poom-ee-o 

^^'^^^^Hf^W^lJL; Hah-gwan ^ ^ inferior rank. 

Infirm, To be Haw-yack-hah-o x^^'^ SL^ Soy-yack-hah-o 
4j ^ "^^ JSL» -^ ^ '^^ infirfn, Soy-yack-han sah-ram-ee-o 

InflMnmablc, To be In-hwah-hah-o ^ Sf. -$• JL ,* ^^"'-^ ^ ^'«- 
jiammable take care where you flace it, E-gaiissee in-hwah-hah 
man-gaussee, odday tool-tai-ay cho-sim hayerah ^) ^ Xl ^ i|. 

1?j£3j>^ H^ ^t-i''^^3E^'?^4. Don t put it near 
the fire, E-gauss-sool pull kat-gah-hee too-jee mah-rah 6) :^^ 

^^^^^'^ wj-q.. Don't smoke in the vicinity of this ^ 

£-got katrgadihee tam-bay mock-jee mah-rah 6] 7-1 ^ 7f- 1] ^ 

<f •( Xj of- «f . Don't carry a light near this, Pull kad-jee-gaw 

keu kyut tai kah-jee mah-rah -^ 7f X| JL :a. :g ^ >f. ;q wf. «f . 



1x8 INF. 

Inform, To E-reu-lah O) S. cj. . 

Ingenious, To be Kong-gy aw-hah-o -§• jiL "S* jL . This is very 
irgenionsly mad^, E got kong-gy aw hah-gey man-turriisso- 

Inhabitant, An Peck-sung ^ a^ ; Gom-min ^j o] ^ 
Inherit, To You-up pal-tah -ft- <y 3t ^ . 

Ink Mok o^j . (different kinds of ink f ) -5- made in Hai-jir 

from a soot deposit of fish oil ; ^ -2- Chinese ink; >^ ^ an inferior 

quality of Corean ink made from the soot deposit of vegetable 
gums; ^ -E. a superior quality of the same,. An ink sione^ 

Pyaw-rue flj ^ j An ornoviented ink sfone <^ 1^ ^ <^. Felch- 
me on ink stone and fen, Pyaw-rew haggaw poot haggaw kad' 
jaw-onerah *^J-^'C^Jl^'C^JL7^>^(^uj B|.. Rub some ink on- 
the stone, Mock chom kah-rah-rah ^ ^ Tf ^f Hl> {low) ; Mock- 
chom kah-sio o^ ^ 7t >^] j;^ (/^///^). Clean this ink stone, E.. 
pyaw-rue tock-gaw-soo-nee chom sisserah 6) U| ^ i^ t] \ ^ 

Inn, An Chew-mak ^ uj*. A wayside inn, where wine, foo^ 

and lodging are provided. A large inn used also as ah "ex- 
change" on the river bar.k, 6i 7f or *f Jt.vtt^. Arii inn in a. 

large town where wine, food and lodging are provided jj^ *j "^j ^^ - 

An inn, where the host does trade as a wholesale dealer, charg-. 
ing a fee in kind vj ^, An inn. Where wine only is solfl ^tI- 

or ^ 0< . A foreign hotel, Yaw-ree-chip ^g. ^ -^ . 



INN. X19. 

Innocent, To be Ai-mai haho $|?I^i. / am innocent, 
Kai-gah ai-mai-hali-o H] Tf ^ ^) '?"^. ^^ ^^ innocent, Koo 
sah-ram-un ai-mai-hah-o ja^/|-§-fe$| ^I'?'^. 

Insane, To become Pah-ram mat-tah ti|. g o^ c|. . 

.Insects Porraw-jce ^ 9|X| ^TrPorray ti^ B^. What kind of 
ifiseciis thiit 'E-gpt moo-sam porray-yaw? 6| 7^^^^ tf| g|| <^ ^ 
lirlfig me any kind of insect you may find , Moo-sam porray tun- 
jee paw-guttun chab-ah kad ee-gaw onerah -?- ^* *H ^ '^ ^^ i 

Insensible, To be Gam-oo-raw-t*chi-tah /r?}-^^7:|tl j 
Kuee saik-hah-tah ^/j-^Cj.. He fell down and iecan.e 
insensible, Koo-sab-ram-ee daw-raw-jussaw kwee-saik-hessa 
-^^S ^)^ f 5i^^^'5'^4l- ^^ becivie insemidle as 
from an Ancs^thetic^ Mong hawn hah-tah -g- J^ "S" tl . To make 
insensible^ Moiig-hawn sick-hce-tah -§^^ -^ r| cL. 

Insfds See In. 

Inspect, To Sang-gaw-hah-o /^ JL "^'^ Put all the things 

CJti en tke table and I tutli inspect them, KoogussxAXdih sant( oo 
whee.pur-ryawnbi-myen nai-gah chom sang-gaw hah-yaw paw- 
j;esso ^^'i«|-g-fSi«l5li^M|:^|^>^JL?6^^5l 

Instead Tai-^ ^1 -9 . / 'will giz^e you this instead of that 

■ 

Kai-gah naw-ial kcu-got tai-sin e-got chew-gettah v|] 7I 14 a t^ 
?J ^I ^ ^1 ^ tF 5l4- ^'^^^^So instead of you, Nai-gah naw tai 
-sin kah-gettab ^ ^ M| ^I >{il 71- ^ 4 • ^^ '^-''^ ^^y one who can 
^o, j#w/f *</4^A«wrKeusakramtai-sin-aykal sahiam in-nan-yali? 



I20 INS. 

instead of him, Naw-gah koo sahTam-om ed tai-sia haycrah 

Instinct Pawn-sun;]^ ^ i^ 

Instrument, An Yun-jang <J^JJ^^A mmsiciU Tmsimmemt^ Ale— 
kwee ^ 3} . 

Insult, To Yav.k-hah-o -^"StJI. '^ Yawtpwce-00 -%- 

i2)d)J^. Dot (be ins-^lent, Yawk hah-jee mah rah ^-^x| 

iij. e|. . 7^ <^^ insulted, Yawk paw-o ^ Ji^. K«fcrwif|f / whm% 

insulted by that man, Od-jiick-ay koo saliram an-lay yawk-po- 
asso 0)g6l|jaLX|.f ^S||4Jt6j4.. (The forms ^-^tf 

or -^ ^ *§" ^ are also used). 

Intellect, The Myon^^a^^e ig 9 . 

Intemperate, To be Pang-'tang-hah-o !f ^"^i. 

Intend, To Usually the simple future is used; .if the inteMioA 
is fully fixed some word as c hack- jong hah- o iX 7A tlr y isaddedL 
I intend to go tomorrow, Nai gah nai-il kah-gesso vfl >!• ^ ^ 7^ 
T^^or Nai-j^ah chack-jong-'kaw kah-gesso HtTf 44jL^ 

5|>5i. 

Intentional, To be Poo-raw-hah-o Jf. 9l "fr J^. / did it «•- 
tentionally, Nai -gah poo-raw kurrock-kay hesso Ml7l-f-*la^. 

Intercept, To Chap-so ^ ^ ; To be vthxvt:y»d, fhipltrc i> 



INT. I2X 

Interdict, To Pang-kawk-hah-o y- -^ "5^ jL W ^^^ export 
-^ grain). 

Interest Pyul-lyce ig x\ j Pyuii-_*un ^ ^ . To put vtcney 
4^uito interest, Pyul-lyee nawt lah ig E| ^ Ef . or ^| »?| -§■ cj.. 
(There are nobanksinCorcac^xcpt thoic introduced by foreigners 
Coreans put out their money amongst trading firms usually at the 
rate of sixty per cent per annum. Interest ho\vc\ er varies accord- 
ing to the amount deposited and the locality. Interest is generally 
reckoned by months, but if a very large sum is in question interest 
is reckoned by the day). 

Interfere, To Are-roon-t'chee hah-o o]- -1- cl| T j>^ . Doni 
i^itetfere, Are-roon-t'chee mah-rah o]- -§. v\ nj- ^\ . 

Interpret, To 'Tong-.sah-jill-hah-o ^/^ ;g -5" _2.. -'^'' inter- 
preter, *Tong-sah ^X*. Find me an interp^eier, *Tong-sah 
hannah pul-law onerah ^>^r^•4•-^^i^ ^F- ^" polite 
language the use of the sound "'jill^ which added to the word for 
any occupation connotes that a person is engaged in the same, 
must always be avoided ; thus Please inhyprct for inc, Chaw 
nyang-ban-oui-ghee oo-ree mal chom hah-sio tl) ^ ^ -| Hi -^ 

C| S" •§• "S" XI JL • ^'^^ y^^* come and act as ii. /: rpreter for tne ? 
>Jahgaw kat-chee kassaw tong pyun chom harry-or-nan-yah ? 
M-jL^T^lTf-A^-g-^^-^ei VH=. J/ yoi^ (ict as my inter- 
preter what monthly wages do you ask ? Nah-ay tong-sah nor- 
rcut hah-myen wull-goop ul-man-nah chew-ree-ah ? vL 6|]^y^ 

Interrupt, To Hwee-jack-hah-o ^ ^1= -f" j>.. Don t interrupt 
mte, H wee-jack hah-jee mah-rah S| ^^ "^T ;;] aj- ^ . 



122 INT. 

Intestine, The Or-jang-yook-poo <^ ^9'^. 

Intimate, To Tchin-hah-o ^J "ar,^ : Tchin-goon-hah-o 

^' -^ "?" JL ; 3^^ T'chin hah-o 4(- :g "f JL ;" ChoU-t'chin-hah-o- 

'S ^ '^'-S- (Elach of these words in order is stronger than the 

last), /am intimale with him, Nai-gah koo sahram haggaw 

t'ch in- hah-o vJ)7j.j2.>;J. g 'C"JL:JI'S'^. Are you intimafe 

'iviih him} Naw-^yong-ee koo sahram haggaw t'chin-hasio ? 

Into . See In) The preposition may be expressei by a loca- 
tive case in 6!l ^^ /•] or by some word as ^ ^4} , ^^ 
used interchangeably, though the former has the wider sense* 
Jui it into the drawer, Sor-rap so-gay loo-erah ^ ^f^^-y* 
6| ef {low). Sor-rap so-gay too-sio A^tX i^, t^^ ji}^ ^ {poltte\ 
Go into that room and sit down for a minute. Chaw pang-ay 
kassaw cham-kan an-jaw kee-sio oj ^^]7)'>^^^^;^>4 

Intoxicated, To be Sool-t'chwee-hah-o •^^I'^'J^. To be 
very drunk, Tai-t'chwee-hah-o ^ #1 "? J2;. ; To he ffwsi exceed- 
tn^iy drunk, Man-t*chwee-hah-o ^ ^1 'S'i ; To de noisily 
drunk, Choo-jong-hah-o ^tJ-^J "5"^ J To be mad drunk, Choo- 
sah-poo ree-tah ^ /j: jJ. ej cj. . A drunkard, Tai-jew-gaik 
trt ^ Tl . Ifyou^et drunk again I shall dismiss you, N-'.w tassie 
sool t*chwee hah-myen nai-yaw paw-nai-gettah |4 c|./] ^ ^| -^ 
ig v)j 6^ ^ yj 5J cj.. You are always getting drunk so I musi 
dismiss you, Naw hang-sang sool mock-gaw cli00:-jpng hah^i 



INT. 125 

nai-yaw paw-nail-soo-pat-ghee uptah u|'§>^^^jL^^'5' 
vl\i^-4^^^^^. Dor^tget drunk t Sool kwah-hee mock- 
jee mah-rab ^H ^ ^ ^1 ''I* 4 • 

Intrigue, To Maw-wee-hah-o JZ. ^ *§"_£. ; Maw-yuck-hah-o 

Introduce, To Chee-myun sick-hee-o X|^>^t|JL"; In-sah 
.poot-t*chee-o ^V^^T^JL. J'iease introduce yottrsehes to one 
another ^ Too boon-ee in-sah-hasio J^^6) ^{ y^-g-^j ^ 
Have you not de€n miroduced to one ancther before ? Too-boon- 
ee E-wang in-sah up-sussaw ? ^^ ^1 ^] -^ ^ >^ <y ^ 4l This 
is my elder brother^ please introduce yourselves, E oo-run-ee oo- 
tee paik-see-yaw in-sah-hasio 6] 6| ^ 6| j9l e) ^ A ^_ ^ >S -g- 

Inventory, An Mool-mok •f--^.. Mool-mock chuck-so -f-JZ. 
^^or t*chee-boo hah-o t:] -^'5* i Make an inventory of the 
thim^s of the hause,^ chv^diy in-nan see-gan tab chah-sey-hee 
mool-mock chom chuck-oo-sio ^) ^ ^1 ${ fe X4) ;jj c). ;5; A)| rj 
-JI-^^^^^UL. inventory all thete attictes, E-got tah 
t*chec-boo hah-sio ^ ^ 4 7:1 -?■ "S" ><) ^. 

Intrude, To Taw- rip hah- o -S- <y "^ 9 
. Inundate, To See-wee-nah-o ^| ^ if ^. An innundation, 
Soo-chai ^;^ {^sed rf rivers), Hai-il-hah-o f I |J "8" JJL ^2^ ^^^l 
^uater). 

Invade^ To T'chhn-naw-hah-o ^ jc^ 9 

. Invalid, An *Paw-pyonggaik JJ-^ ^ , 



124 INV. 

Invent, To T'chang-jaw-hah-o jg- ^ 

Invert, To Tv.ee-chip-so ^ xj dfc.. 

Invest, To Xaw-so ^^ ^ (o/ j/tonej') ; Chey-soo-hah-o 7^-^ 
'^'i {of Ojiciul rank). 

Investigate, To Haik-sil-hah-o ^1 >^ -^ ^ . 

Invite, To T'chung-hah-o ^ "S'J^ Heiinrifedme t<tafeast 
yesfcnfay, Od-jock-ay chan-t'chee ay t*chtin«j tesso ^ ^S} ^ ^ 
^ 6^] ij -gr Oj ^ . I have not been invited so shall not go^ Nah- 
nil t'chun;^' hali-jee ah-nee hess-sin-nikkah ahn kah-gcsso U. 5 

^J "?" ^I ^V H T 5i >^ M TJ- ^ 4 5l ^- V^i'^'il^^ we I will 
^o, Nah-ral tVhunj^ hah myen kah gesso ^- 2 ^ "^ ^tI- JJ-^. 

Iron Shwrij ^] ; An afticle made of tron^'V^viXi mool ^ ^ 

A haraiiuire itoff, T'chull mool chun ^ ^- >3 • ^J^^^ iron^ Tah- 

rim-ec x:|. ej o) (The Corean flat iron is a hollow metal dish with 

a flat bottom and long handle; charcoal is placed in the vessel 
and jjajsed over the clothes to be ironed). 

Is In the Corean language properly speaking, there is no verb 
meaning ''to ha7>e,'' in its place the verb 6| c|.is used, thus Ih n'e 
a knife, Kal is.o ^ $[ Ji. To express the iiature of any thing 

or person another verb ^ cf. is used as He is a good man H J^ 

/X 1 ol _£.. The polite forms of these verbs are 7%/^S^ *"^ 

>;j ^ ; Interrogative forms $1 fe t|: (Jow), 7^A| JL 0*«^*) 

and o] 1+ {low), A\ ^ {polile). Negative forms are ^ t^(^mr); 

0\ V) 7^1 A\ ^ /oolite), OV a 4 {low), and Of- v)^ Cf. ip^Uley. 



. . ISL. 125 

Island, An Soom M . An island is surrounded by water ^ 
"IMool-gah-own-day in-nan-gussee soom-ec-o -l" 7J- ^ "^1 $[ fe ^J 

It This thing, E-got 6) 5} ; That thino, Keu-got zx.lj^ or 
'Chaw-got i5| :5|. 

Itch, The Awm ^. Have you the itch ? Awm awl-lyaw-nan- 
yahP^^v^felf:. 

Ivory Sang-ah >^o|-. 

Ivy Nak-siick ^ >M 

0" 

Jacket, A A swnjnercoat, Chuck-sam ^ -§ ; ^ winter coat 
guiliedwtth wool, Chog-gaw-ree ^ JL 2| . Put on your coat, 
Chuck-sam E-borrah ^ ^ d ^ ^ . ^''^^ off your coat, Chuck- 
sam pos-saw-rah ^ ^ tf) /! 2|. . 

Japan Il-bon ^ ^. The Japanese legation, \\-hon\iongs2A\-' 
gv.an ^-^-g*X»^. ^Vhere is the JaJ^uiit^e Legation,! Il-bon 
kongsah- ^ an-ee odday-o ? |!-^-g-X»^6)6|c|^ take 
■ ihis to the Japanese Legation, E got il-bon kongsah gawn-ay 
kad-jaw kaggerah O) ^ g ^ ^ X. ^ O]] 7|. ;C=i 7^ ^F . Ccvie 
shtiw me where the Japanese Legation is, Nah-gaw kat-t'chee 
kassaw il-bon kongsah-kwan chom karrah-t'chaw tah-o vj. j^ 7j 

^^^^^^^ -3 #^ ? ^ ^SL- ^^ y<^^ understand 
Japanese i Il-bon mal ar-nan-yah ? |J -^ ^ oV V 4= (low) ; Il- 
bon mal ar-sio ? ^ -^ ^ c]- >^| ^ (polite). I do not understand 
Japanese, Nah-nan il-bon mal ad-Jew moMay-o 4* fe e 



126 JAP. 

C]-f£-§.vj._g^. I am not a Japanese, Nah nan il-bon sahram 
ah-nee-o vj. feS-^>^f^^VHi. ^^^^ you teen to Jafiant: 
Il-bon koo-g)ung hesso ? S-^'-?-^'§'$j4i. ^ have been to- 
Japan, Nah-nan il-bon kah poasso i|.^ e-^^iSl-^* ^^ 
Japanese Pest office, Ilton co-t'chee-gook ^ -^ •$• e^| •^. Go and 
fetch my tetters f^rm the Japanese Post office, Il-Lon oo-t'chee- 
gook-ay kassaw nai-gay o-nan 'p\un-jec il-ga\v-doon t'chad-jaw 

onerah g ^ ^ £<| ^ 6)| 7}- >H v)i H| ^ fe ig ;«l| $i 7] -g. *| ;^ ^ 

uJ Z\. . Poit this at the Japai:ese lost office, E pyun-jee il-bci* 

oo- 1 chee-gcok-ay kat-tah pool-t'chaw-rah o| ^^* g-^-^SI| 
^-6^] Tf-cJ.^^^ ej. . JiViere is a Japanese Hotef^. Il-bon yaw— 
ree-chip-ee odday-o ? ^^ -^- ^ s] ^ 6) C>j "^j JJ,. lake me to ih^ 
Japanese Hotel, II-Lon yaw-rce-chip-oo-raw kad-jah ^-^^2| 
^^^7\y\, A Japanese shop^ Il-lDon chawn ^ -^ ^ • 
Japanese fnoney, W-Y.on tone S-^-&. An article of fapanese 
manufacture, Il-lon got oj _V, 7-| . This is of Japanese manufac- 
ture, E got il-bon gussio 6) 7^ ^' ^ ^ X) j^. / think th.s is of 
Japanese fnanufaa'vre, Nain.ihmay E-gussie il-l:cn gussin-gj.li 
paw-o vj] o g <^1 <^| 5} >^| ^ -^- :5} >Jl 7fii. ^/'^ Japanese 
Bank, {Dai Ichi Cinko) ]l-l:on oon-haing-gaw |!-^-^^ JL. 

Deposit this money for me at the Japan se Bank, E-tone-ool il~ 
bon oon-haing-gaw-ay kat-t:ih mat-kyaw-rah {low) ; or Mat-kee- 
S\o {polite)', 6\^^^:!^^%X^yJr<\7\^7^^ (^^) » 
5l 7MI i {polite), lake the cheque to the fapanese bank an^ 
bring me the money, E'pyaw il-bon oon-haing-gaw-ay kat-tah- 
gah choo-gaw tone t'chad-jah onerah C| J^ ^ ^^ "^ JL ^] ^- 



JAR. 127 

Jar (earthenwue) Toclc ^. PaMang-ee ^^6). Choong 

ioa^e -g^J^e|, J/ang-ar-ree "^C^-sJ all these are earthen- 
ware vesseTs, used in the manufacture of Corean pickles, etc. 
Tong'We JE. S^ ^ Pang-koo-ree smaller earthenware vessels used 

in carrying water, etc, Chah-pag-ee ^j- ^ ^| , JSaw-roig-ee 
^ ?} 6}, the first of these is a large, round, flat vessel, used for 
washing clothes and other household purposes; the latter is 
similar but with a curved lip. See-roo jiX ^ an earthenware 

dish used in the manufacture of Corean bread. Saw-rag-ghee 
>g*^0} a receptide used in a Corean water closet. Cha7ig goon 

jA ^ an earthenware vessel serving the purpose of a wine cask. 
Or-jeepyung, J>. 3t| ^ an earthenware wine bottle. Dook-pag- 
^hee ^^ o^ an earthenware saucer used for holding and heat- 
ing native saiices. 

Jaw Ah-ray-*tock c|- e)) ^ {the lower) ; Oot-'tock J^ \^ 
{the upper), 

JesAous, To be Sim-sool poo-ree-tah >y -^-^^ tl ; Jill-'too 
hah-tah ^-?-'§*tf . 

Jeer, To Pee-yang hah-o W] ^ "S"^ ; Pee-oot-so H) -$^ >J^. 
Naing-saw-hab-o ^ ^ ^^. When he heard thai he /aughed 
scomfuliy^ Keu sah-ram-ee ken mal toot-gaw naing-saw hap-tee- 

tah 3.4 f ol Jtt:r;.if 4t^£| ^. 

Jelly (Native) Mock -^ {jtiade from buck wheat) ; T'chong- 
•paw iy j^ {^nade of lentils). 



128 JES. 

Jest, To Nong-tam-hah-o -^ ^ "C" jj^ ; Hwee-tam hah-o 
^^"§"-2.. He is jesting, don' t iake any notice of him^ Koo- 
^ahram-ee nong-tam-ee-nee kaw-jee toot-jee mah-sio .3L>^{. § 

Jewel Paw-bai ^^| ; Paw-mool ^^. {Gold^ silver, and 
precious stones are all indicated by these words), ^ fl. , •S' ^ , 
"^^ are dififerent forms of amber; J^^ ^-$*> ^•%" *^^ 
different qualities of jade; >(J "^ is red coral; ;5^ ^i red cor- 
nelian ;^ ^J the rock crystal \ -^^^ >9. ^ pearls; ^ tJJ mother 
of peal; c|jl tortoise shell; ?y :3' >^ blue granite; ^7^^ 
a diamond. 

Jinrickshaw Il-lyock-gaw ^ ^ 7^ . Oi^ « rickshaw , 11- 
yock-gaw han t'chay pulla-onerah ^^ H^^^^-£-^ '^• 
Give the rickshaw man his fate, Il-lyock-gaw goon sack chcw- 
erah ^^ ^^^T^tA a|.. Tell the rickshaw man to come 

at five d clock this afternoon, Il-lyock-gaw goon tah-ryaw chun- 
lyock tassat-see-ay or-rah-gaw hayerah ^ ^ 7| ^ ^ ?^ ^^ 

^^^I^l-2-^-2.'§"^ 2f. Tell the rickshaw m m to 7VMt^ 
Il-lyock-gaw-goon tah-ryaw chom kee-tah-ree-rab-gaw. hayerah 

^^ H2:^^1#7|4«1 «fjLt" ^^- '^^^ ^^ ricksham 

mm to go to the railway station, Il-lyock-gaw-goon tah-ryaw 
chong-gaw-chang-oo-raw kah-rah-gaw hayerah ^^7^^? 

^1 'S H ^~S.7f 4 JL"?" 6:| 4 ^^^ '^^ rickshaw num t^ 

go to the English legation and call for a fare, Il-lyock-gaw 
goon tah-ryaw yong-gook kong-sah gwan-ay kassaw yong-goolc 
n) ang-l)ang moor-see-gaw or-rah-gaw hayerah ^ ^ 7| ^ ^ 



JOI. 129 

Tt'll the rick^hxw maiito go away, Il-Iyock-^aw gojn lah-ryaw 
kah-rah gaw hayerah ^ ^ 7^ f?: ^ H^ 7}- 2|- JL ?" ^ a|- . What 
is i he rickshaw 7nansf..re'^. II lyock gaw sack-bee ul-inan-nah 
twee-o ? ^ ^ ?! 4 X] <g 4 vf ^ ^. 

Join, To E-tah i^^ cj- ; Poot-t'chee-tah ^ x] c|. ^ (the first is 

used of strin^^ etc., the second of paper, wood, etc). Join the two 
ends together, Too-goot-t'chil E-ya\v-rah J^^j:! vl od eL 

Make the edges of the paper joiji, Cl.ong-wee mat- poot-t chaw- 

Joint, A E-ee U o] , Mah-tai iTJ-Ci|. Joint in bamhoo, Tai 
mah-tai \:}lo{-l2:|] Joints of the hitman body, Kawl-ciiol -§-3. 
P'inger joint. Son n^jah-tai ^ np t^ . To join, Mat-t'chav\ tah 
oj^icj-. Fix the joints togethir,^ ^ot mat-t'chwor-rah c| ^ 

Jov-rney, To Tang-ghee-o ^ 7\Sl (^ ^ short jcurney) ; 

Kah-o yl ^ J Wern-haing hah-o ^ "S '§' S^ipf^'^ lonq journey), 

Tiie .vord ^ 7] d. is us2d of one who is passing from place to 
place, or who frequently comes and goes to a certain work or 
lociility, it is also used of one engaged in any official position or 
profession. 

Ju ige, To Sah- sil-hah-o ^J- '^ "§" i . 

Judgement (Discrimination) poon-s'jo ^^. Vou have no 
fu gement, Naw ah-mow poon-soj um-nan sahram-ee-tah tJ cV 
"^"^^^ >^^ § ^) ^» Have you n>j.idt^enientl^2iyii\iOQ- 
sam peon soo ah-nan-yah ? vl -?• w -^ tT ^V ^ ^^ • 



I30 JUL 



Juice Jip J^^ This word is genciiilly used of the juice extract- 
ci 
ed from pears, ginger turnips, etc., and used as medicine. 



Jump, To To jump up, D^ee^w or-roo-tah ^ Ot| ^ g c^ • 
To jufnp down, Dwce vow nah-rce-tah -^ 6^ vf z| cj. ; To jump 
across, Dwee-yow nomp-tah ^ ^ p} *^. To jump into^ ot out 
of, Dvvee-yow nah-kah-tah 4^ ^ 4- Tf ^. To go jumping alon^^ 
Dwee-yow kah-iah ^j 6:] 7L c|.. 

Junior, To be Nah-hee to:)! muk-so v|. lA^9\ ^. Which of 
you boyi> is tfw youuget ? Tool choong-eui nah-hce noo-gah to<4 
n^.og-or-nan-yah ^ "f" •'] + «^| -r7}- §" oj <H fe ^ Which of 
you f7i'o gt'fi//rmcu is the ^ourigcr'i T(,()-poon-tui no(;-^;ah tool 
chah-su 4s so Jp ^ i | J^^ -7!. .^ rJ. *? _4^ I am the junior, Nai- 

gah nah-hec lool mo^^-guss-o H|7[-4-tl§''?i3J>^. That boy 
is the junior. Chaw iih-hce-gah nah-hee tool mog-guss-o D| Ol ^ 
7I. U. ^|_g^ oj 5? _^. Tnat gentleman is the junior. Chaw nyang- 
ban-ee nah-hcc tool chah-suss-so t^4^^]^'6]'3^^ >S ^ 
Ife is my junior by one year. Chaw nyang-ban-ee nah paw-tom 
ban-hai al.-ray-yaw ^ ^* ^| H- ^ S ^ ?) ^V ^1 J^* 
Just, To be Chu:\^^-j:ck-hah-o ^^ ^ 9 ; Kon^y-bon-twce-o 

Just now Akkah c]->yj'. I came just now, Akkah wasso 
CV f^ ^X. _^ . He went just ?i07v, Akkah- kasso oV M ^ J^ . 

Justify, To Pal-myong hah-o §• "J "^ jL (ff>P^v^^ighteov^^ 
Yong-saw-hah-o ^ f^-^ <^(to treat as though righteous) ; Kain- 
hwah-hah-o 'J* J|. 'f'i {jo make righteous). 



KAL. 131 

Kalendar, A Tal-yuck ^ \4 ; or T'chang-nyock ^ i4 . 
A European kalindar, Yang-yuck A tj^ ^ A kalendar according 

to Chinese reckonings Oom-yuck S- ^ . 

Note :-^Corean kalendars are printed on single sheets and 
in book form, compiled at the Royal Observatory in Se<:»ul and 
published during the winter solstice. The kalendars contain the 
name of tlie year according to the cycle, months and days ; 
seasons int'> A\hich the year is divided and natural phcnc ircna as 
they occur. These seasons number twenty-four and mark the 
times wlien rain, snow, dew, heat and cold arc expected, when 
insects begin to move and grain comes into full ear. The kalen- 
dar also records times of the sun's rising and setting and favoura- 
ble dates on which to commence certain labours or ol^servances. 
There are favourable days on which to begin the building, repair- 
ing and thatching of a house ; for the celebration of n miirriacrc 
or for a funeral; when a boy should begin his studies; a man should 
start 0.1 ^ jOurney or when an arrival at the house bii.-^^s good 
fortune. There is also a record of dates on ^\hi(h th.c Emperors 
of Corea were l;Oin and when they died, and releience to corres- 
ponding days in European kalendars. 

Keen, To be Nal-sor-tah ^ >^-| cj. . That knife Ids a keen 
ei^ge, Koo 'kal nal sot-so ;x ^ ^ ^ ^ Put a keen edge on 
this knife s E *kal nal sor kee kah-rah-rah 6| -Jf- »-* M h| -jl ^l 
2[. . Bring me a ktiife with a k en edge, Chal too-nan 'kal kad- 
jaw onerah § S. fe ^ 7}- -?''| ^ u( ^f- . 7o be sharp pointed 
Nal 'kap-tah ^ 5^ «^ . 

Keep ( guard \ To Chick-hee-tah -^ r) t:|- Keep {to take 
with one) Chee-nce-tah r^ v] t:[. ^r Kah-jee-tah 7f x| cL. Keep 
guard over this, E got chal chick-hee-rah <>\7\^^ rj ^\ 
Keep this sf,fe/y,EgfA kawp-kee kah-jee-sio ^) 7l -g- 7! tI- xj 



132 KER. 

>^| ^^ ipoliic). Keep this on your person^ E got *pooiii-ay chal 
chin-ya.v-.Ji o| 5j^^] ^/fl ^ 2|- {^ow) ;.E got 'poom-ay chal 
chin-ce sio C] 7] -^ <^1 ^* ^ <^1 >^| jL (P^^^^^)- ^ ^'^<^ waUA^ 
Chal paw-tah ^^^^. IVa/rh the house. Chip chal po-arrah 
yg xt-^oV sj- {low) ; Chip chom chal po-ah chew-s:o ^ §- ^ 
^ OV ^ >A| ^ {polite). Keep watch over Ike brggnge, Chim 
chal po arrah f^^^^^ (low)\ Chim chal p,o-ah chew -sio 
T'A ^^ ^Ci\^ \] ^ Keepst?tl\ Kah-mah-nee ikkorah tI- ^ 6) 
6| 7J a[. (^7f/) ; Kah-mah-nee kee-?io 7|- ^f '^ Tfl ^jjl, ijfolite)^ 
To keep pressed down, Noo-roo-tah -ip-^ cL A>/^ M-5 pressed 
doiun, E ^ot nool-law-rah d) "^ -§* ^ sf {low); E got noo-roo- 
sio ^1 '7^ -j^S. -<] _£_ (polite^. To keep in retw mhrance ^,^,goad 
advice) Chce-nce-tah x| v| cj- Keep in rememtravce ^vhat I 
ha7>e told you, Oo-ree mah-rool chal chin-nyaw too-orah J^ «r| 
^ ^ e' "51 ^1 "T" ^ H|. {low) ; Oo-ree kyav.'-hoon-oul chal chin- 
nyaw t(X)-si(> ^ c] jiLj^ 1 ^'^ 4 ^ -T->^I -2L. 

Kernel, A Al-mang-ee ^ ^ o] . 

Kerosene Oil Soig-you MJ^. There is no oil in the lamfi, 
Toong-jan-ay soig-you up-tahJg. JjF ^j >y -^ ^ ^ (Aw) ; Toong- 
jan-ay soig-you up-so -§• ^ ^| >^ -}(- ^ 4l {polite). Is lliere any 
oil ijt the lamp ? Toong-jan-ay soig you in-nan-yah ? -§- ^ ^ ^ 
-^ $1 V 4^ {lo'^v) ; Toong jan-ay soig-you isso? -§-'^^/j<^ 
$1 ^ {polite). Fill the lamp with oil, Toong-jan-ay soig-^XHi ■ 
tnm-morah -f- ^ <^1 >^ -^ ^ ^ 4 . D.^n t ^pill ike oit. Soig-you 
hool-lyce-jec -mah-rah >^ -f|- ^ i^ ^^ fj* ^F . -^ ^'« ^*w^ of Oii^ 



KET. 



133 



Soig-you han *tong ^-^"S-?-. ^^y ^'^^ ^^'^ ^^'-^^ ^f ^'^» Soig- 
you han 'tong man sah-oncrah >^ -S- 5 -*■ .'l' a}. ^ uJ e[. A box 
containing two tin cases of oil y Soig-you han sang-jah >M-ff-"J 
-Jf >5s. J^^y ^ l^ox pf oily Sbig-\ou han-sang-jah man sahronerah 
^ -ih ^ ^ ^5^ ^ ^F -£. ^ ^\ ' ^^'^^^^ " ^^ 'price of one box ofoitt 
Soig-you han sang-jah-ay kap-sce ul-niah-o ? v^-ft-"^ 4>5^^1 2" 
^ ^ oj-^L. ^^'^ the oil sparingly, So'g-you at-kyaw 'kyur-rah 

Kettle, A Chew-jun-jah ^>^;5^ (really a kettle used by 
Coreans for heating wine). Is there tiny watt r in the kettle} 
Chew-jun-jah-ay mool in-nan-nyah ? ^f^-^^^jl-JiV^^. 
F'ill the kettle with water, Chew-jun-jah-ay mooi tam-morrah 
^ ^ ^ ^1 ^ ^ ^ ^\ ' I^^'l^ig l^^ ketlle here, Chew-jun-jah e- 
dee kad-jaw onerah ^^'^<>\ ^j Tf- X] A ^ ^F . ^^^^ ^^^ kettle 
on the stoi'e, Chew-jun-jah hwah-dock 00-hwee no-arrah -^ "^ 

^ S ^ -^ Si 2c. ^V ^F • ^^^^^^ ^^'^ kettle, Chew-jun-jah chal tak- 
kerah :^ ?[ ^ 'g' Sf* oV 2[. . If there is no water in the kettle 
dm t put it on the fire, Chew-jun-jah-ay mool up-guttoon hwah- 
dock oo-Lwce nawt-l'chce mah-rah -^^^^j-g^ ^-^Sj.^ 
jJl"^ ^ t;! oj- e|. . Make the kettle boily Chew-jun-jah-ay mool 
doo-gop-kee tc2-yaw-rah ^ ^ ;?; ^ ^ ^ 7j H| c| 6^ e|. Get 
4 he kettle soldered, Chew-jun-jah doo-raw-jin-tai dai-) aw onerah 

j<in-jah sbn-chab-ee ^ >^ ^ ^ ^ 6| . Sfout of a kettle, Chew- 
jun-jah poo-jce ^^;5;-3f-2|. ^^ of ^ kettle, Chew-jun-jah 
took-kong ^^:^^n^. 



134 KEY. 

Key, A Yol-shway ^ ^| . Bring the key, Yol-shway kad- 
jaw-onerah ^ 4:1 71- ;cj i. ^ ^f . ^here is the key ? Yol-shway 
odday in-nan-yah ? ^ 4:] ^ "^I $1 V M^ . ^^^ ^ ^^y ^*^^tie to fii 
this lock, E cham-ool-shwee-ay mat-gay yol-shway jt.*chee-or 
onerah O] 7^ ^M^^.^%M^ <i±^ ^. 

Kick, To Tdiah-o jfcj _£,. 

Kidney, The 'Kong-'pat 3L^. 

Kill, To Chook-ee-tah ^6) c).. Kill the snake Pay-am^ 

chook-yaw-rah 4) £ -^ ^ ^ . ^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^«» Koo-talk chab 

horah .3U g ^g- 6j Ef. . Don't kill the flies, 'Pah-ree chook-ee- 

jee mah-rah il)- ^ -^ o] ^ v}- sf {low)\ Tah-ree choo-ee-jec 

mah-sio i^* ^ "^ ^1 ^ '^\^ {polite). To be killed, Chook-tah. 

•^ cj. He was killed by a fall, Koosahram-eenak-sanghessaw 

chew-gusso jXAf. g ^^"^"^ ^^^iiL' ^^^^ was he killed t 

Ut-chee hessaw chew-gusso? ^ X[ "gr Od M-^'^^. P^^' what 

critne was he put to death} Moo- 3am chway-raw chew-gusso 

-^•'S ^S"^3l 4l To kill one self, Chah-soo-hah-tah J^-l^ 

"^ cj.. To be killed accidentally, Hwen sah-hah-tah jH >^ *§" 

c^ . To be killed by violence, A w-sah-hah-tah ^ j^'f^ cL. 

K ind. To be Aw-jill-tah, ^ ^ cj. , 

Kind, Variety Kah-jee or Kad-jee ^f. ^| ; Dah-whee M ^ 
Hn'e you only thi kind"^ Kmool-frun-eehan dah-whee mahnisso?' 
^1 1- ^ <^| 5 '4 -I ^ $1 ^. ^///(/;/./^, Gack-yang, ^ ^ . 



KIN. Z35 

*Chin-5awk ^ 4^ (The members of a single family 

arc denoted by this word. Relations, as uncle, cousin, etc., are 
termed Il-gah^ g ^l.). Are all the members of your family dead} 

X:hin-soig-cc tommaw-jee upso? :y4^6|iJZ.?^^>Sl. IVhere 

^ your relatives itvel Naw-hyong il-gah taik-ee odday sah-sio ? 

V*l^^%l6|6l^|xl.X]^ / have no relations, Nah-nan 

Ic^-aw-jong-ee-o »f fe jH.^ ^1 i . 

King Im-goon ^ <J ^r Wang jg.. • 

Kingdom Nah-rah %|. 3(. . 

Kiss Ip mat-t*chaw-tah ^ 5^^^. (Kissing is a practice 
little observed among the Coreans. Ver>' young children are 
sometimes thus saluted, but with this exception tb.e custom has 
undesirable associations). 

Kitchen, A Poo-ock Jf. 5} . Chew- pang ^ ^ . Take this to 
the kitchen, Poo-ock-oo-raw kad-jaw kaggerah J^ ^ A jg ^ ^ 
^ 7^ i|. . /«/ ii in the kitchen, Poo-ock-ay . kattah too-erah 
ji. Of oA 3^ ^^ ^ ^ • Keep all the ttiings in the kitchen very 
€iean, Poo-ock say-gan tab chong hah-gee chal tak-kerah J^ §j 

^'il^^^^ ^^Tf^. ^^^ ^^ kitchen clean, Poo-ock 
an-ool gai-goot hah-gee t'chee-orah -^^^'§A(|^'^7f|7:|6) 
8|. . Guardian spirit of the kitchen^ Chaw-wang ^S^. 

Kite, A Yunn ^ . Formerly, when the capital of Korea was 
at Song- do and the present Dynasty not yet founded, ^ar broke 
out between Korea and Quelpert, a kingdom of nmazons. Now, 
though Korea wished to declare war, she could get no ship to 
reach the hostile countr>% for the coast was wild and the approa- 
ches to harbour so carefully watched that no ship might pass. 



136 KIT. 

■ ■ ■■ ^ 

So the declaration of war was fastened to a kite. thc;i invented for 
the first time, aii^l the missive flown into the enciny s quarters. 
This exi)lains the origin of the Korean kite. Kite flying begins 
in winter and coiuinues until the fifteenth dav *of the first muon. 
Matches in kite Hying are oo.:i.non among children, the oijjoct 
bein>^ to cut the adversary's kite lojie by skilful mxnipulaiiou 
of the s: rings. To facilitate this end the sti'in^s ari so*neli;ncs 
coated with po.vered crockery or glass mixed with paste. Matches 
between the various wards in the capital are a favourite form of 
amuseiiuriit, much money Ixjing lost and won in the course of the 
combat-^, yl kite string, Yunn-chool ^^. A string 'wUuUr^ 
Vunn-oi!ay c:^ ^ E^. To fly a kite, Yunii nal-lcc-tah ^ ^ il ^> 
To fly o,ie kite against another^ Yum ul-lee-tah *A^ "^l ^•. 
To coat a kite string with powdered earthenwjune^ :sah gooni- 
maig-ee-tah ^j. ^ u^ o| cj. . To cut one string with another, 
\'unn-chool pee -or niuk-iah c>:| -^ tfl 6] Oj cL 

Kite foird ) Sawl-gay ^ 7)| . 

Knead, To in-jook hah-o ^'5- "^^ {of dough or mud). 

Knee, The Mjo-roo S-Jl 

Kneel, To Go jraw antah -^ ^ o|- cL. 

Knife, A Kkal ^ A Corean knife, Chan^-taw f^ 5^ , Bring 
me akriift\ Kkal haniiah kad-jaw onerah ^ "ft" U- tI-xI -2.*=! 2f 
J/ai'cyou a knife ? Kkal in-nan-yah^ >l V 4^ (^«') "» Kkal isso 
^ $1 4l ipoh^^')- Clean the k lives, Kkal chal Uk-kcrah 

Kaob, A Pang -00! Chang sick "^^^^ {an omjtfHjnt^ 

Son-chap-ee ^ ^ o| (a handle)?^ —- -^ 



KNO. 137 

"Knock, To Too-tah-ree-o J^ >c s| _J^ Knock at the door be- 
fore you enter, Pang-ay too-raw-o-ghce chunnay hang-sang 
moon chon) too-tarry-or-rah ?|'^^^^7|^*(|'^^-£^ 

Knot, A Mai toop^l ^^ {in string). (An ornamentally knotted 
string used formerly as a button amongst Coreans, t\. ^. 
Variously shaped knotted pocket strings ^ ^1-S"> M" SI ^| .S. 
i.e. in the shape of a bee or butterfly. Another small knot j£ sL 

Know, To Al-tah ^ ^. / know, Nai-gah ah-o vjl ^ o|- ^ . 
Do you know?N2iVf'T\2in ah-nan-yah ? tJ ^ oV V ^ (^o') ; Naw- 
hyong ah-sio ^ ^^c\/^ ^ {folite), I do net know, Nah mo- 
Jay-o vfl^if J^. 

Knowledge Chee-gah x] zj- (ie. wisdom). Sah-t*chool /J. ^ 
(i.e. by experience or report). 

Knuckles, The Son-mah-tai jfe it|. c| ^ 



Label, A Chey-mawk @| ^^{used on books, boxes, etc), Pyaw 
{a baggage label). Please write a label for this book, E 
t'chaik chey-mawk soo-sio o] ^ ©|i^>^) ^. Put a label on 
^he baggage, E chim-ay pyaw poot t chee- o o| JQ ofl jj^^ X) ^. 

Labour Eel g {inanual)\ Kong-poo -g.J^ {intellectual). 
These words are used interchangeably, as when any skill or 
• application is called for ; in an act of manual labour it is termed 
-Kong-poo -g-Jf-. 



Z3iS^ LAC. - 

Lack, To Maw-jah-rah-tah jgi ;cl ^|. t:[. . There is some lack- 
ing, Chom maw-jah-rah-o ^5. -*»(• ^ '^ • ^^ Poo-jock-hah-tah 

Lad, A Chaw-rip -tong-ee ^ 21 ^ 6) {married) ; T'chong-kak 
^tJ- <?rTaw-ryong S. ^ {unmarried) \ Taw-ryon-nim j£ ^ 
y {{the unmarr/ed son of a gentleman). 

Ladder, A Sah- tarry >^l. li 2| , Brin^ the ladder ^ Sah-tany 
kad-jaw onerab >^}- ^ ®I tJ- ;?J ^ ^ 2f . Set up the ladder her^ 
Sah-tarry e-ree 'kyaw-say-or-ah >;J. tf e| 6) e| ?^ A|| 0^ af. . Lay 
the ladder down here, Sah-tarry yaw-ghee no-arrah /I- ? S| 

Cc| JJ^O]- aj. Tell the carpenter to make a ladder, Mock-soo- 
tah-ryaw sah-tarry hannah man-tool-lah-gaw il-lorah ^ ^ c ^ 

/.I. cj. ej ■$• t|. ^ ^ v|. JL ^ ^ 2|. . Borrow a ladder from som^ 
where, Sah-tarry hannah pee-raw onerah >4- ^ ^1 "§* 4" ^1 ^ 

Ladle, A Gook-jah -Sf- ;^ , 

Lady, A Poo-in Jp- ^ <?r Poo nyaw -^^. h the lady at 
ho7/ie? Poo-'m keB-sio ? -^^ HI X]^. Oi7fe this card to fhe^ 
/?//)', E myung-t'chup poo-in we-gay kattah tiddy-or-rah cl id 

Lake, A Mawt ^. A lotus flower lake, Yun-mawt ^ ^, 

Lame, To be Chull-tah >g t^ . A lame pefSJn, Chull-tooic 
parree yg ^L. tif. ej . A person wlo cannot walk, An-jill pang-ec 

oj Xiuj- 6). This hqne is lame, it will not do, E mal char- 
russaw mote-soo-gcsso ^) § '?-] ^j '^'j ^^5J ^. 




LAM. X39> 

Lairp, A TeungJgL. A /am^ w/ck, S\m-}ee /^x]. A lamp 
xhimney^ Teung-'pec Jg. ji| . Receiver y Teung-chan ^ j^ . J^^ht 
tk€ liintp, Teiing-pool-kkyurrah -§--^^2|-. Extmgvish the 
^//^, Teung-poolgorrah ^^yjd E|.. Bring the lamp, Teiing 
kad-jaw-onerah -§• tJ- ;^ _$. u| ^|- . Turn the lamp up. Pool chom 
taw-tah-rah -^^jg. ^ af. . Turn the lamp down, Pool chom 
ii;^t-chew-or-ah -^-S"^^^ ^I* . Don't turn the lamp up so 
li'gky Pool kV:oo-ghce taw-too-jee mah-rah -^;xH| 5. S. ^ of- 
«}. . Put some lilin the lamp, Etoong-aysoig-)ou chom taw noo- 

€1 ah 6] -g. >^ \%^ M ^ ^1" • ^* ^ ^^^ '^^^^ '^ '^^""^ lamp, 
li tcung-ay sim-jee tassie pak-arrah 6| ^ 6|] a] ;q| c{. X| ^ c\ ^^ 
Polish this Itimp-glas^t E teung-'pee chal tak-keriah 6| -g. si\ ^ 
^ tI. af . Tike care not to break this lamp glass, E teung-pee 
gaa-lor- ree-jee mal- gaw chal sorrah 6| Jg- il| Ajj c-) ^ ^| ^ jL 

Land Dang <*. Native land, Kaw-t'aw JL^. 

Landlord, A Im-jah <y ^f ^^"^ho is the land lor. i of this 
Jiouse} E-chip im-jah-gah noo-goo-sio? 6] ^ dj ^j: TJ. -^ -9- A| 
^ Who is the o-ivner of this land} E dang im-jah gah noo- 

liOO-sio ? 6) ^ ^ r): 7^ -^-^ Aj iL. 

Land, To Nah rce -tah v|. s{ cj. {if a person) ; Hah-reuk— 
huh-tah ^ ^ "^ cL (of goods or troops). To bring a boai to landy 
Tai-tah tflcL. Land. oiter there, Chaw-ree-raw tai orah tij ej 
e c| 61 4 . Whi re tlid you land ? Gd-day^saw ' nah-i cc-c^sa ? 
Ci tji /A «4.-^l <^^i .lVherehaiI.l^lt^rlafrd?0<\k\ay^s^w.rfkh'-^- 



I 



X40 LAN. 

ree-myen cho-ketso ? ^^|A)t|.a|igjB^^^. Land the 
baggage here, Yai^-ghee-saw chiin tah hah-reuk hayerah ti^ 3\ 

Landing place Sun-t*chang ^ ^ . Go to the landing place 
Sun-t'chang-00-raw tai-erah >3 ?^ A £ ^| ^ ^ . iVhere is the 
landing place ? Sun-t'chang-ee odday-o ? >^ ^ 0| ^ ^ J^» 
Take Ihis to the landing place, E-got sun-t'chang-oo-ro kad-jaw 
kaggerah t]7^^ ^^S^-^M ^ H 4 • 

Language, A Mil^. The Corean langtfage,, Cho-san mal 
S '^ S * ^^^ Chinese language, T'chong-gook mal ^ "^ S* . ^he 
Jipanese language, ll-bon mal SJ -^ "f. The English language 
Yung-gook mal ^ "af" ^, The French language, Pok-gook mal 
^ -af* ^ . The German language, Tock-gook mal ^ "5f ^ , 
The Russian language, Ar-rassah mal O^ ^ Af 4* . ^ J''*** 
understand English} Naw yung-gook mal ah-nan-nyah ? 
uj ^ "^ 2h o|- V 't (low); Naw-hyong yung-jrook mal ar-siu? 
i ^ ^ ^ ?^ ^V '^l A {i pott fey I do not understand Corean^ 
Nah-nan chosen mal mo-^ay-o v|. ^ ^ >^ i^^U. 9 , 

Lantern, A Teung Jg.. (A large square silk gauze-covered 

lantern, hung before Yang-bans* houses or carried before Yang- 
bans at night >4- ff* -§- ; A spherical lantern, »lk covered, carried 

on a pole at marriages XL^^ ; A similar lantern, only made of 

paper, carried at night funerals^ 'S'^y A small, oblong lantern 

iL^ . A small round paper lantern $ ^ tI^ ). ^V ^ ianUrm 



LAP. I4t 

-^— ^^ - 

Teung hannah man sah-onerah -f- '$' 4- ^r Af- i i^ 4 • -^^^'^ 
« lantern and coine with me^ Teung-ay pool kyaw kah jee-gaw, 
^nah-gaw kat-t'chee kah-jah -§• ^j -^ 7^ ?{• ^ jL *f jL X ^I 7|- 

Lap, To Hal-*tah mok-so *§• 5^ ?^ ^ . 

Lard Twajee-kirrum S) o]- X] 7| ^ . 

Large, To be 'Qoo-o ^^. A large thing, Qoon-got ^ ^ . 

'The thing is large, E gussie 'Qoo-o 0| ^ xf ^ ji.. ^his is twice 

-as large as that, E gussie koo got paw- turn qoo-ghee gah kap- 

•chaw-ree-o 6| ^J >«| au ^J. f 3. 7| 7^ ^ ?| o] JL- 

I^ark, The Chong-tal-sai ^c^/fl <7r Chong-chah-ree ^7^ 

Lash, To Tchai-jick-jill-hah-o ^ ^ ^ -§'^. Don't task 
' fAe horse, Mai t'chai-jick-jill-hah-jee mah-rah § ^ ^ ^ "Sr <^ 

Last, The Mai chai g- ;$) . When does the last train statfi 
"Mai chai-yoon-gaw-gah myet see- ay kah-o ^ >'^| ^ 7) ^ >^| of| 
~7|-^. Last /nonth, Coor-v/uW 7]^, Last year ^ Chang- nyun 
7^ ^ . Last night, Kan-pahm ;4 ^ . 

Latch, To Curl-tah :d '-I- {tised of t/ie ring and button on a 

'd^rean door). Tchai-tah ^ cL {used of the crossbar on a door), 

-vl latch {ring and button) Koor-ree ji^^ A crossbar, Pit-chang 

iJJ :* ,Latch the door. Moon kor-raw-rah ^ TJ 3l e|. . Bar the 

'door, Pit-chang t'chai-or-rah ^ ^ ^ 6| e|. • 



142 LAT. 

■ 

- Liate, Tpbe Npot-tah ^ tij. ^r Taw-tay-tah t2J «?[ c|. . D.on*i 
come late late, Noot-ghee o-jee mah-rah ^ H( _$. X] oj- B|. (low) ; 
Noot-gTiee o-jee mah-sio ^ ^| J^ x] oj- /^ ^ (polite). Don't be 
lafein doing this, Noot- taw-rock it-jee mah-rah ^^^6jxJ 
uLej.. If he comes late fine him, Noot-gay o-guttun tone karn 
hah-gaw cbew-orah '^H|^7]-g.5.>J-'§"JL^^2f. / shall 
fine you if you are late, Noot-gay o-myen tone kam-hah-gaw 
chew-gettah '5^H|_$,^:g.>^'f'JL^5l^. Don't be late to- 
mcrrow, Nai-il noot-gay o-jee mah-rah ^] § -^Hl i^^ ^^' 
{low) ; Nai-il noot-gay o-jee mah-sio ^] § ^ 7^)i X) wf A » 
(Jfolife). Lately Yaw-sah-ee ^ ><* 6| . We have not met lately^ 
Oo-rce man-nan-jee or-ray-o -$• ^ 5^ {^ ?c| ?] _5. JL- 

Lath, A San-jah /^j^ (of roofs) ; Whee ^ (of 2cuills). To 
lath a roof San-jah ollee-tah >{J >5^ -^ ^ . ^. • ^ ^i'^d the inside 
lathing of a mud wall, Vl\\.^^-ox\.-X.ii\i S^^'^, 

Land, To Tchang-song hah-tah >J-iS-'S'^ or Song-yang 
hah- tah >&. A "5" d. . 

Laugh, To Oot-tah ^ ^ . Why do you lautrh ? Way oo-naa* 
yah ? ^4) -g- V ^ (^^^) : ^ay co-so ? ^ -J- ^ (polite). To-day I 
saii/a laughable m itter, 0-nal oo-soon il po-asso JL ^"^-fe- 2 
^ 61 >5^ (This expression is also used by Coreans if they have 
been angered by any disappointment or rudeness). 

Laanqh, To Dee-ee-tah >^] O) ^ . Launch the boat^ Pai .dpfe- 
yaw-rah ^) ^ 6j e[. . 

Laurel, The Kec-^soo n^h-moo Hl^vj.-^. 



\ t. 



LAW. X4a 

^ ^ , 1 1 ' ' ■ — — ■ — ■ — ' ■ 

Law, A Pop ^ ^ IVriiUn law of customs, Kew-sick -rf ^ . 
The whoU itcdy tf law, Kew-goo. ■tj'-^. Established law^ 
Kew-maw -fJ-JL. International law, lA^xi'gook-\iong-\iop ^^ 
-^ ^ . 1*f gplo law, Song-sah-hah-K) -^ >^ "§" ^ or Chay-ppaa 

, loiy. To Nawt-tah ^.€J. . To lay an egg, Al nat-tah ^ ^ ^ . 
Jo lay aside, T'chee-or nawt-tah >:{ 6) ^ €|. or You t'chee hah- 

Lazy, To be Kaa-oo-rah-tah Tjj J6 S cj. <?r Hai t'ai hah-tah 

Lead, To It-kool-tah Jj"!;^. Kyung-mah-lool-tah l^ ai 
:^^{*>/a Aorsi ) ; Gool-tah ^ cj^.. 

. Lead imetul) Nap y- . -<4 lead pencil, Yun-'pil 6^ ^ . 

Leaf Ip-iah-gwee ^ ^ :^\ ^ ' '^ 

Leak, To Sal-tah >4{^- ^^^ roof leaks, Cbip-oong sai-o 
gQ^>lfl^. Fetch a man to nunu the leak in the rcof, Chip- 
oong sai-nee kai-wha-jang-ce puUa-onerah -^ -§- >fl «^ "^14^ 
^1 ^6| ^1^ 9| . The basin leaks, get it mended, E-'tong-ee sai 
r.ec day-jaw onerali d| ^oj A^ ^ A|| 6^ ^ uf Z\ . 

Lifan, Tobe Ppah-ree hah-o ii jbJ ^^. 

• •• • . 
L^an^ To ^Cec-oo-raw-jee-o 7\S^^^7^SL T^^ ^^'^^ ^P 

. eigiiiiust, Kce-lti a. y\K].S^ ^'Lca^ it up against tJu wall, Pyawk- 

, ay l^^.fai no-airah: ^^ ^I 5c|2si'^^.= ^^^^ ^^* on the 

€nshi4n, ^-sock-ay ke€-tai'ah-jee-sib 6J i^ tA y\ c| 61 y\ A^ 



144 



LEA. 



Leap See Jump. 

Leap year Yoon-tal-toon-hai -^ ^ -& ^ {Omeam reckomn^): 
Yoon-il-toon-hai -§ ^ -& $| . 

Learn, To Pai-haw-tah \f| ^ ^ . -% camt^ teom ike Carton 

language, Koo sahram-ee chosen-mal mote psu-haw-gesso ,3k A^ 

language thoroughly^ Koo sahram-ee y<Hig-a«e du^op-hesso 

Learned, To be Pak-hak>hah-tah ||l> %|- -^ c|. . 

Least, To be Chai-il chook-so Q) g :^4i. The leasts 'Jai- 
mah ree >5^ ot 6] . Th^s is the lea^t^ E gus^ koo-cboong 'jai- 
mah ree-yaw 6| ^j >q A-f-^J^ ii|- «! ^. 

Leather Kah-jock tI-^. Leather shots Tuarn by Coreans^ 

Sin /^ . A Core an leather Ifat;, ' Pec-gap iij ^ , Afore^ leaiker 

bag, Kah-bang tI- ^ (a word said to be of Japanese manufisicture 

suG^grcsted by the "Cabin** label usually pasted on hand-bags), or 
Soo-tai ^ '^I . Any article made of leathtr\ 'Pee mooi ^ •^. 

Leave, To Daw-nah-o Ad 4- JJL (fif^^^fy) \ Nah kah-o %^ j^ 
^ {for a short period). He has It/t i.e. does not live here ««jf 
longer, Koo sahram yaw ghee daw-nasso JXXl> g ^ ^J^ v^ >{%. 
i% ^rt^ /^// (A'r a ^ hort period) Hah-suss-so "^ ^1 ^j^ 75^^ iefi 
01 er, Namp-so ^ ^ There is nothing left over^ Nun-nan 
gussie upso ^^ H -^ ^ Jh • fffh^^f ^ anytkimg^wer i^rhtg U 
back, Namp giittun kad-jaw oncrah ^ 7)^'l*''4.i^4 ^* ^ 
M^n? any left! Nam-nan got in-nan-nyah? ^ {£ ^ jJ V ^ • 



LEA. 145 

7b leave oj, Koot-t'chee-o 42. 7;! j^. To ask leave, Ka\\-hah-tah 

jf^-grt± 7*:; /^rt5z/^ ^v/, Bah-t'chce-o '4x|_o_. The left hand, 
Wheen-son P[^. 77/^ /<f/*/ J'V/^, Whccn-'pyun 9^Si\ 

Leaven Noo-rock J^s-^ («5^?t/^J/ Coreans in vtakin^ wine) 
Jl leaven used by Chinese and some foreigners cooks in tnakii^g 
tr^ad, Dock-sool ^^, 

Ledge, A Son- ban /^ tij- . -^ ledge of rock, San-choon;^-'tock 

Leech, A Koorm-or-ree ^ ^ «^I . 

Leek, A Poo-t'chaw ^'^. 

Leg, The Tah-ree cj- sj Bend your leg, Tah-rce goo-poo- 

rec-o cL c| ijLjJL aj jj^. Don't bend your lei(, Tah-rte goo-poo- 
rcc-jee niah-o cj. E| 4jl^ s| X] nj- jg, . 

Legation Kong-sah-gwan -§• /> J^ (see Consul). 

Legend, A Kaw-lam 2. ^ . 

Leisure, To be at Hangah-hah-o fV/f-"Cr^. Are you at 

leisure now ? Xaw-hyong ya\v-sah-ee hari-gah hassio ? Jj:. c^ ^ 
^ 6] ^7^"^ AS^, I ant not at leisure, Nai-gah han-kook-cc 
irpso Mj 7f- ^ -^ 6| <y _4^. Leisure time, Kyur-ral. yi^ g When 
WL'illyou be at leisure ? L'n-jay-nah kyur-ral it-gesso ? ^ ^il ^- 74 

S $1 5l 4x. Leisurely, T'chun t'chun-ee 5J ^ o] . Do it at y cur 
Utisute I'chun cl un-ce haycrah ^ ^ ^1 "§" Ce| 2|- {low) \ T'chun 
-I'chun-ee hah-sio ^ ^ 0| "5" >^| ^ (Jfolite). 



X46 LEN. 

Lend, To Pil-lyee-tah S ^ ^. Le^^^^ ^^^f ^ S°' chom 
pil-lee-sio 6| Tl^fl H AS^- A friend lent it to me, T'chin- 
goo-gah nai-gay pil-lin gussio ^-^7|-H|>»|S^^>MJL. ^ 
borrowed it from a friend, T'chin goo an-'tai pee-raw-awn gussio- 
:g-^^ cl) d| ^-fe^><Ii. Iit^illUnd you this, Nai gah E. 
gussul pil-lee-gesso Ml-Tf-dji^^gt] ^4l- -^ ^^^^^^ ^^^' 
you this^ Nai gah e gussul pil-lil soo upso H) 71* ^] ^ ^ ti a -4^- 
^ ^. To lend money, Gwee-ee-tah ^ O) t± or t'chwee hah-tahj 
§1 -^ t:j- Iwilllendyousotne tnoney, Nai-gah tone chom goo- 
or chew-gettah v|| 7L:^^4jl6J^5J>5^. I cannot lend you any 
tnoney, Nai-gah tone ghwee-il soo-upso t|| 7!.^^^^] |J ■4*- fl 
/> . Lend me some tnoney, Tone chom t'chwee hah-yaw chco-sio. 

Length, The Kee-rock-jee 7] ej x] e?r Chang ;* What is the- 
Inifth of this} E got kirrock-jee-gah myet-jahn-yah ? ^1^7)^ 
^1 7p ^ X|. l|: . Make tl six inches in length, E gussiil > ossat. 
chah twee-gay man-turr-rorah o| 5l^^^7J.sj>f| uj. c g| 2j. . 

Lsopard, A 'Pyaw-bom ^ ^ . Are there any leopards in this 
^^Ncinity^ E koon-tchaw-ay 'Pyaw-hom isso? ^| -^ 7q| ^| £ ^ jl 
A . Where must I go to shoot a leopard ? Odday kah-myeiix 
•pyaw-bom chap-gesso ?^«?l7f^JE.^^3J4l. ^ leopards 
skin, I Iaw-*pee ^ jij . Buy me a leopatd^s skm, Haw-'pee han- 
jang-mansah-onerah :^ill^^»tA|-iu| ef. WhTit is the 
price of this leo fan's skint ^ haw-'] ee cap-see ulmah-o?- 



L.e88,Tobe ChDokirsa ^^ or CSiark-^o ^ ^. This is less 
Hum iJM, E gs&ssee dmw got p^w-tum. chook-so c] ^ >^ <3| :^ 
Jt Q ^ A- CbaVtah :J ^, (of any round object). A less 
muantify, Tull ^ • You must use less coal, Sock-'tan chom chook 
gay sorrah >j ^ -g-^S X| ^ ^f • ^^ lessen {oj rain, etc). Sah-rah 
ec-Uh ^C^X| c> . 

Ijessof^ A U-^wah ^ Jif . 

Ijct, To H&w-rack bah-o ^ ^ (i.e. to allow). To let dcwn^ 
Nah-ryaw nawt-'tah %^ H^ j^ €}. . 

Lretto-^ A *P>'un-jce i^ J^ . Have you a letter 1 'Pyun-jee in- 
uaiv-yah? SQ x! Jj V H^ - ^^^ brought this letter} * Pyun-jee 
noo-gah kad- jaw wahn-nan-yah ? ^| ^ ^ ni^ 7f- tI- X'f ^^ V ^ . 

Take this letter to the post office, E *pyun-jee oo- tehee- eook-ay 
kattab too-erah <4 -^ ^ -f e!| •^<^V^ ^^ 6j ^\ . There is no 
ieiter, 'Pijun-jec upso 4} Xl ^ ^. -^ ^^^^^ {alphabetical), Keul- 
chah ■^:;^ or Kcul see ^ A\ . 

Lettuce Sai^-t*chai ^ j^ , 

Level, To be Kaw-rab-tah jj, S cj. ^?r 'Pyung-'p) ung hah-tah 
S^Sg'^cJ-. TLis floor is not levels E mal.-roo-gah pyong- 
•p\ ung-fcbce-anso <>)i>f^7)>^^7:)^^. Level off this site, 
*Taw kaw-roo-gcy chal tak-kerrab e| JLS. ^1 'If' ^f* 7f ^\ . Tjzy 
ihe floor, levoi^ Mab^roo kaw-roo-gey no-arrah J^I- -^ JL H >f| V 



148 



LEV. 



Lever, A Chee-reh tJ[ ^] . Move it with a i^rir, E-got chee- 
reh-jill-hah-yah orm-gurrah ^l :^ X] 3?) :g -§: of ^ tsJ 4 : 

X^eVy, To Wool-lap-sick-bee-lah ^ ^ ^^ ^ ^ . ^ ^^J'/ 

I 

tfoflpy, Koon-sah bop-tah f?- >t» -^^a 
Liar, A Kur-jit nial hah-;ian sahram tI ^ 4" "S" fe ^^l* § . 
Lewd, To be Wee nip-hah-tah ^ H "§■ ^. 
Libel {to a superior) Moo-saw-hah-tah •x*4t "5" *1-. 
Liberal, To be Nor-goo-rop-tah ul ;3l ^ cj- £7r K wan-hoo-hah- 

tah^:«:-5-c|. 

Lick, To Hal-tah ^ t^ {as a dog), Tchim moot-fchce-tah 
^X^!4 {ofasfamp). 

Lid See Cover. 

Lie, A Kur-jit nial 7^ Jf "»'•. IVhv do voit lir'i VVhay kiir-jil- 
mal hah-nan-ny.ih ? ^'^jj 7^ 5} jj- "^ V ^= • DotiC t, tell lies ^ Kur-jit 
mal hah-jee mah-rah 7^ Jj S" "Cr ;q) oj- Sf- . It is a lie, Kur-jit 
mal-ee-o 7^ Jl ^ ^I i . 

Lie, To Noo; -tab J^ c|- . Lie down, Noo-onrah -^612}.. 

To lie on the lack, Pan-too-see noop-tah ^^ Al -^*4- To le 
^r^w^, Op-tai-lah <y c| cL. 7 i; //^ (7W M<? j/^/Jf, Mor-raw noop-tah 
J2.^J^t:|. Lie OH your back, Pan-too-see noo-erah ^ g xl 

Life Mawk-sooiii ^«^^ Saing-myungv^Mrf ; In-myong fil 

iri , IJfe time, 'Pyung-saing Sg >^ . 



^•a T 



LIF. 149 

lift, To Teul-tah ^^. Lift it up, E got turrah-rah 6| ij^ 
"C «| Bl . To rais^Xe. to make to sit or stand up, E rah-'kee-tah 
^ S ^1 1±. Raise him up, Y.^2^\x2L\Xi E-rah-*kyor-rah 6| A}- § 

Light (weight), To be Kah-bwee-up-tah 7J. B) ^ t:)-; Kap-boon 
*ah-tah 7j-^"?'^, Moo-gup- chantah -t-^^1^4. ^^ ^^ 
light, Egotkap-boon-hah-o 0)^7j-^'§"i. 

Light, To A fire. Pool 'tai-yaw-rah -^A^^^l- {Ctyrean 
Jashion) ; Pool 'pee-yaw-rah •§ il) ^ 2|- ^foreign style) ; lif^hi a 
'idMtp Pool kyur-rah -^ ?^ Sf . 

'* Light Pit ^ . Sunlight, Hai-pit f ) 5J or Pyut ^ Moonlight^ 
Tal-pit ^ ^ ^rWoll-saik ^^. 

Lightning Pun-gay til7||. 

Like, To be K?it-so 3!;>5i. Do it like this , E-wah kat-t'chee 

liayerah 6) Sj. 3J tc] "^ ««j ?|- . ^/'^ ^^^ /^'>&^ this, E-wah kat-tun 

.got sah-onerah o| 5). jV :^ 5} Af. ^ U^ ?1L . Make it like this, 

E-wah kat-t'chee Man-too-raw-rah 6) 51 7> xl of jc 9I bL 

Have you another like this ? E-wah kattun got isso ^) Sj- TJV J^ 

:7j 5J 4l. These two things are alike, E-gol too-ree kat-so 6| yX 

Like, To Cho-wah-hah-o 5.5).'5"i. Which of these do 
J' ^u /ike dest? Vt-tun gussul koo-choong cho-wah-hah-o? ol 
«} ^ ^^^'f' S. ^ "?■ A ^^i^^ ^'^"^ ^^'^t, E gussul chey-il cho- 
wah-hah-o o] 5} ^ 0] g ^ ${. "^ J^ . 



ISO UK. 

Likeness, A Hwah-sang jjL ^ (portrait). 

m 

Limb, A Kah-jee ^ X| {9/ a /f/^) ; Sa^-jee (x of the bo4y\ 

Lime Hwhee ^ To plaster with lime, Myun-hwhee haleo* 
'fl 5) "$* A J Sock-hwhee >^ S) (« stone lime used as cemeniii 
Sah-hwhee /^i\ {a preparation of lime made from oyster 
shells). Plaster this wall.'E pyuck myun-hwhee hay-yaw-yak. 
seu-gettah <>]|^ ^Jj-f-^d^^jJ^. 

Limp, To Chull-dawk chull-dawk-hah-o ^>S»SA&'^i. 

Limp, To be Poo-too-rop-tah J^ jc |j| c|- . 

Line, A Chocl ^ . Fix up a line and hang out the clothes^ 
Chool mai-gaw awt nor-raw-rah 'S' ^| jL 4^ 14 ^ ^F • 
Linen, underclothing Sawk awt ^ 4^ . 
Linger, To Taw-tai-tah t^ cjcj.^ Dotit linger, Taw-tai it- 

je2 mah-rah fs) <?I 5;[ ^] v\ z\ . Why did you linger on the road^ 
Way taw-tai wan-nan-nyah 4^^) ej ^) ^ fe »^ . 

Linseed (^Sesamum) 'Cham-gay ^^ {edible) \ Tool-gay 
^ A^ (cuittvatedfor its ( ily. 

Lion Sah-Jah >^;5;. ' 

Lip Ip-sal y >^ . 

Liquid, To be Mook-tah JS. cL 

Lisp, To Dah-doom Dah-dooin-hah-o /c ^ /c 
Listen, To Yut toot-tah CJ^cL. 



hW^ 15c 

littie Chokom ^'^ ; GheMi ;^. Bnn^ a little mbn 
Chokumtaw ]cad->jaw «Mt!rfth £>^t^ i^TtiS^ ^ 4 . ^^'^^^ ^> 

um-c&nm ^g ag ; Tdrtfcht'cteh jj: 55 . ^ Uttlgiohileago.AkVdiYi 
<^i^. ^4r vms>kieht^iitii n&tv^ Akkak kat-tah wasso c|- >^ ^ cf- 
^^. A little tvlaie^ Cham-gan :^^. / shall be back in a 
iiiile while, Chani-^;an tan-tiyaw o-ges80 i^^ ^ H i 58^. 
Wait a fftoment^ Cham-gan ik-korah ^>^ 5;! TJ ^ (/^^); 
Cliam-gan kec-sio ^^74«>4 ^ (pohte). 

Live, To Sah-o >^J^; Kaijv-t*chaw-hah o tIt^-^-^. 

Where do you live ? Odday sahman-nyah ^ "?| >^f- V *+ {low) ; 

Odday sah-sio ^ ^f A}- /] ^ (JtoKte). In which room are you 

iivifigt On-nah pang-ay kaw-t'chaw hasio ^ Ml *ll- of | 7) ^ ^ 

>t| J>_. To live tegeiker, Tong-gaw hah-o -^ 74 tJ" O . 

Livelihood Saing-taw ^5.. To make a livelihcod, Saing- 
liwal-hah-tah >9^1f c|.. 

Liver, The Kahn^. (In Corean the expression ''You have 
mo sense" frequently means ^' You have no liver' ! ). This man 
has nt^ common sense^ Kahn um-nan sahram-ee-o A^<d V >^l e 

Lizard, The Giay Taw-mah pai-am J£ nj- ^1 61 . 

Ld«il.To Sh«Kalt^4; Chit-tahx|4. Load the hors^ 
and come, Mal-gSty shirraw onerah $ >l| >(| 9f O i^ 4 
^k&»lii^the lunite and come with me, Chim chee-gaw kah-jah 



152 LOA. 

Load, A Chim ;3 , Pah-ree dj. H( (pf beasts off burden). This 
is only one load, Han chim choom twee-o ^7^ ^ ^ JL- ^^'f 
will not make a load, Moto han cliim mote-twce-o JZ. ^ ^7^ ^ 
5|^. There is jnore than one lo id here t Moto han chim tiw 
twec-o JZ-i "^-5 e) 5]^. A load off fire-wood^ Nah-miolb 
han barry ^ -t" ^ ^p ^ • 

Loaf, A Toing-ee ijj 6) . -^ loaf off breads Dock toing-ee ja^ 

Loan, A Peet 5[ . 7J? ;«/j;>&^ a loan, Pe^-chew-tah J| -^ ^-. 
To receive a loan, Peet-chee-tah J! X| ^. ^ raise a ioan^ 
T'chah-gwan hah-tah ^J- A '$' ^ . 

Lobster, A Kah-jay 7 xR 

Locality Keiin-t'chaw -^x) . Are there any persimmon trees 
in this locality ? E keun-t*chaw-ay kam nah-moo isso ? 0| -^ >^ 

Lock, To T'chai-or-tah :^I ^ tij. ; Cham-goo-tah ijj. jx t^ . 
iMckthe i^ate, Moon I'chai-yaw-rah -^J^l^ ^.' To be locked* 
T'chai-ce-tah ^| 6) cL. Is the trate, or door, locked! Moon t'chai- 

yawn-nan- yah? -§ ^| ^ 4* M^ • '' ' • 

io 
Locust, A Hwang-t'choong-ee j^^d). 

Lodge, To Sim-bang- hah-o ^^'^'^S^i^Hk a ffriend)\ 
You-hah-o ^ "5- ^ . Whett are you lodging} Shibbang odday. 
kee-sio ? X| ^ ^ <^| H| >^| _2. . / am lo.lgingin Seoul^ Saw-QQ^ 

saw you -hah-o /^ ^ A^ ^ -g- J^ . ^ \\. 



X-OF. 153 

Lofty, To be Nawp-tah ^t^. 

Log, A 'Taw-mack ^ u|- (the numerative for pieces of timber)' 

Loins, The Horry i\^. 

Lonely, To be Way-rupso i^j^ifc {^ithout relations) \ 
ICaw-jock-hah-o 3L'^'^ S^\ Sim-sim-hah-o xl aT -g* 9 
{^without friends) ; Way-dah-tah ^ Al ^ {i>oliiary\ 'J his is a 
ionely house, E got way-dan- chip-ee-o 6| ^ Sj aCJ"^ <A Si- 
Jjong^ To be Keel-tah :g cL , This Is not long enough^ E got 
Jiomnio jah-ra-o O) :^ t^ ^'f^ ? i. 

Look, To Paw-o ^_£_. 

Looking-glass, A Kaw-ool -/XJ^^A large mirror, Tchey- 
l<yong tA\^. A small fnlrror such as Coreans carry in the pocket 
Myun-gyung oj :^ ^ A cr)'stal mirror formerly in use, Soik- 
Vkyung v^ 7^ ' 

Loom, A Pwee-'lool S\ -$- . 
Loop, A Kawp-oot -g--^. 

. Loose, To Nawt-'tah ^ cj. ; Poo-tah s cj. (The first of 

these words means to loose hold of or to 7 e lease \ the second to 
ZdiifaUen, Leave go the rope, Chool no-arrah ^ y pU gL 

Untie this string, E . naw chom *poo-raw-rah 6] ^^ ^ q| gi 

Ijoose the bull, baw gawt-pee gool-law-rah ^^ ^ U| ^J- ti z\ , 

Lose, To Il-so |! 4j.. Ir-haw-pah-dee-o o) ^ tf gj 9 ^ 
^ have lost some money, Nai-gah tone ir-russo H] tI--^ |r 5l 4l- 



154 LOU. 

Doni lose this^ E got ir-haw pah-ree-jee-mah-rah ^I ^ 9 ^ 1:1 
a} x] n}- 2|. . I lost my way, Kil ir-russo ^ ^ ^ 4i. (Coreans. 
also use this word when referring to the death of a small child). 
He has lost his htlU son. Chaw sahram-ee ah-dal ir-haw-paresso- 

Loud, To be To express loud noises Coreans use a variety of 

words in imitation of the sounds they wish to convey. The report 

of a gun or the ringing of a bell is expressed by the word Tatij^ 

f)r Dang\ a falling metal dish Chan^ i(00-roftg ; the ticking of a 

watch, fack-gook-jack-gook. 

Lojse, A Ee U . 

Love, To Sah-rang-hah-o /^^'^ S^, Generally used of a 
superior in relation to an inferior. 

Low, To be Nat-so V /^ . Don't pitch the tent in a low p Lice ■ 
Nah-jin-tai chang-mack t'chee-jee mah-rah V ^ '^I 'J ^ "J^l ^| 
nj- Bf. . ^ low, or worthless thing Nah-jin got V >3 ^ *^^ Hah- 
poom ^j.:^. To be low in price, Ssah-o )i\ ^. This is vety 
cheap, E got mayo ssah-o ^) ^J ^I -^^^i- 

Loyal, To be T'choong-sung-hah-o ^ /| "?* A* 

Luck *Ppal-jah ig- ^ ; Soo-aik J^ ^| (of an individual) ; . 
Oow-'tAiO ^I^ (of anatL07i). Bad luck, K<\^-qoti ^S^, Good 
luck, Kir-roon :7j Si~ 

Luggage Chim 7i , Bring this luggage to the station, Chinv 
chung-gaw-chang-oo-rav.' kad-jce-gaw kah-jah ^ ^ TJ ^J ^S. 
7|- X| JL "tI- >^j- . l^'^cigh fhis lugg^ige, E chim tarrah po-arraK 

«\ ^M■«^-H.^l''^• 



L 



LUM. 155 

Put this in Ihelvggagevan, E got chim-gan-ay no-arrah 0| yj^ 
:?^ ;^ ^ id 6] Bf . Take the Ivggoge out of the van, Chim-gan- 
ay nai china j^oo-nai-rah Jg ;^ ^] v|| ^ AL M] e|. . 

Lump, A Tong-or-ree ^ ^ ^ . 

Lunatic, A Kwang-in ig. ^ . 

Lungs, The Hau 'ppah ^ iX|.. 

Luxuriant, To be Moo-sung-hah-o -^>^ "5* j^ 

Luxurious, To be Sah-t'chee-hah-o -^ tc! "^^ j^ . 

Lye Chai-mool >^ '^. (In the absence of soap this compound 

is used by Coreansas a substitute. The method of preparation 
as follows; a perforated vessel is filled with wood ashes from 
the fire. This is placed on a forked stick over another larger . 
vessel ; water is then poured over the ashes and allowed to drain 
into the receptacle beneath and is afterwards used for washing 
purposes. 

Machine, A Khce-gay aJT^]. 

Mackintosh, A You-sam-^M- <7rOo-pee ^ n] . 

Mad,. To be Mit t'chce-o ^j ^j ^ ^ To lecomc maif,S\\'Song' 
hah-o 4J >^ "^^ J2L -^ mad dog, Mit-t'chin-kaaa] ^-f^A mad 
man, Kwang-in A fl^ . 

Maggot, A Kwee loik-ce :^] 1^ 0| . A wood maggot, Chom 



156 MAG. 

Magic Yaw-sool ^-^ or Chap-sool ^^. -^ magician, 
Chap-sool-gaik ^ -^^^ 

Magistrate, A Kwan-jang ^ -A • Soo-ryong ^ ^ j Won W . 
Magnet, A Chee-nam-suck ;d ^ >^. 
Magpie, A Kah-t'chee 7I. 7;] . 

Maid, A Say-ack-ssee /^^/^ ; Kyoo-soo ^^ <7rTchoor- 

nyaw ^ t<j . 

Maize Ock-soo-soo ^^.^^ 

Make, To Man-tal-tah g f tij. . Jinner's work, Jah-tab f^ t^^ 
To jnake chines, Cheet-tah ^ c|. . Make one onij\ Hannah-man 
man-too-raw-rah -8* vj. 0} SH^ 4. Mfikeitmeti, E gotchal 
man-too-raw-ral: o] :5j ^ g jc ®j 2|. . Wko made this'^ E got 
noo-gah man-turrusso ? 6] ^J^tJ- g g ^4i- W^^^y^ was tt 
made ? E got odday-saw manturiusso 0|:^6|^|A|gS 54l. 
This is welhnade, E got chal manlunrusso ^ ^ ^" g S ^ 4l. 
7>^/!y is net well made, E-got cVal mote mantumisso ol :^ ^ j^ 

Male, A San-ah-whce /Jo|-§|. ^r Nam-jah ^ ;5^, Soo-got 
^ y\ {of an animal). 

Malice, To bear Hyom-we-hah-o ^ ^| 
Mallet, A Pang-mang-ee ^ ^V c) . 



MAN. 157 

Man, A Sahram >^J. g . This man, E sahram 6) >;[. g . That 

nmn, Koo sahram ,3. aI- § . Who is thH man ? Kqo sahram-ee 

noo-goo-yaw ? ;3t,/I» § o] n^-^jL- F^fch that man here, Koo 

sah-ram ee>dee pulla-onerah juAf- § ^1 ^1 -& ^ i tf S^ . Send 

thai man aivay^ Koo sah-ram gaut paw-nay-erah ju Af- ? j^ V 

i4| 6e| a|- Call another man , Sah-ram hannah taw pulla-onerah. 

yJ-g-^vj-cj-^Vij^V^ 2|.. When did that man come ? Koo 

sah-ram unjay wasso ? .A>^|- g ^ ;^ 5^^. Where has that 

man gone"^, Koo sahram odday kasso? 3. XL s ^ ^| 7> >S . 

If'Ay t$ thai man not here yet t Koo- sahram way ee-ttai gad-jee 
ah-nee awe-o ? jaL>%{. g ^) 6) A^ >^ X] o]- tf ^ ^ Call a stronj^ 
man, Kee-oon in-nan sahram-00-raw pull- law- rah ^ -P- ^1 ^ 
/L g ^ ^-A tl 2f . Fetch the man here and I will reprimand 
hint, Nai-gah chom nah-moo-ral-toy-ee-nec, koo sahram-ool 
pollaw-onerah M) tJ- # 4 -f I 5^ 6)v] ;r a|. g :§ -^ uj Jj, uj 

Mane Kal-ghee:^^. Brush the horse's mane, Mai kal-ghee 
chal sawl-jill-haycrah ^^7)^^^'?"^ 2f. 

Manger, A Koo-you -^-ft-. 

Mangle, To Tah-toom-tah t±^c|. (This process consists in 

belabouring the c'othes with wooden sticks after they have been 
washed, rinsed in rice paste, dried, and again rinsed in water. 
The stone on which the clothes are stretched to undergo this 
process is known as tah-toom-ee taw I, ^ ^ 6| .§• ). The man^ 

iing 5//V-/J, Tah-tocm-ee pang-mang-ee, ^ -g^ 6) «}• n)^ 0] . 
Mankind 111-you ^^ ^ or In-jong ^ <ffi. . 



J53 MAN. 

Manner Maw-yang JZ. A . £>j it in this manner ii maw-yanj; 
oo-raw-hah-o o] i ^ ^S.*?" A * ^''» ^ *^""^ hah-o 6j c|^ 
"5"^ ; or, Irrukay hah-o 6) ^ H| ^^ ; «r, E wah kat-t'chee 
hah-o 6) ^X t;) ^ jL Behuvintr^ Chit ^. ff^<7/ manners 
are theset E got moo-sam chee-sin-nyah ? ^^?-^^X|i^. 

Mantle, A As worn by women of the lower class whilst abroad 
in Seoul, Chang-awt ^^ 

Manure Korrum 7]^. Horse manure^ Mah-boon of ^. 
Cow immure, Oo-boon j^ ^ . Buy a load of horse manure , Mah- 
boon han barry sah-onerah ('I'-j^'^^f-^XfJ^ui^. ^ 
manure, Korrum-hah-o tJ^-^^. Manure the kitchen ^ariien^ 
Nah-mool pat-hay korrum chom nai-yaw-rah U. J- ^-^l A -§• 

Manuscript Ppill-chock S i^ . 

Many, To be Mahn-so oj ^ . There nre many, Mah-nee isso 
^ "2^ $i 4l- ^^^^^ ^^^ ^ot m iny^ Man-t'chee-anso ^ x| P^ ^. 
How many are thete ? Myet-t'chee- nyah ? ^ ^d i4 (low), Myet- 
t'chee-o? ^ 7:] Jg;. ipoiite). How fnany men are there! Sahram 
ee myet-t'chee-n) ah ? yAj- ^ o] 5i ^1 *^ (lovi)\ Sahram-ee myet- 
t'chee- o ? >A|- ^ 6| 1^ t;] ^ There are many kinds, Yorraw kah- 
jee-yaw Ci\^y\7.\ ^. 

Map, A Chee-taw x| J£. . Brin<^ me a mjfi of Corea, Cho-sen 
chee-taw kad-jaw-o ^/^ ^IS. 7\M 



Maple, The Tan-ppoong nah-moo ^ ^ ^ 



MAR. X59 

Marble Hwah-pan-sock S|. ^ /^ . 

March, To Pal mat-f cha kah-o ^ 51 i^ tJ-^. . 

Mare, A Ppee-mah ji| uj- . 

Margin, A Saw-too A^ ^. I^ave the margin broad, Saw-too- 
al keel-ghee hayerah A^-^f^Hl'f'^^f. ^«^* « tiarrow 
n*»rgm, Saw-too-ral jah-roo-ghey hayerah Aj-^ g ^^H| •§* 

Mark, A Ppyaw ff . What is this ?n.irk'i E got moo-sam 
>pyaw-yaw ? 0| 7^ t*^ i A- 

Market, A Chaw-jah 7C\f.. A market p lac f, Charig-'taw 
;* ej . ^ locality where all of one trade do business, See-jung 
>^;g. Where is the fnarketl Chang-ool odday-raw kah-o? 
5j^6j c|^7|._£_^ Go to the market and buy some fruity 
Chang-ay kassaw sil-gwah chom sah-onerah ^ ^] tJ* ^ '^ •''f ^ 

Marr>', T^ Chang- gah-kah-o ^ tJ- 7|- ^ ipf ^ man) ; See- 
jip-kah-o Xl >9 7f- J^ {of a woman), lu marry a second time^ 
Chai-t'chwee-hah- o >5) ^1 'jjr^ {of a man) ; Kai-gah-hah-o -^j 
7|- ^_2^ {of a woman). 

Note : — Marriages in Corea are arranged by the parents through 

the offices of a mutual friend (-g- ^| ) who bears a letter (>^ ^ ^ 

^ ) proposing the alliance. The Yang-bans nevf r marry child- 
ren out of their own class and the four political parties (>^^) 
discounienance iniermarriage with one another. The time of 
marriage depends upon the wealth of the children's parents, but 



i6o MAR. 

thirteen or fourteen years is the usual age. Before the marriage 
ceremony the boy's hair is fastened up into the top- knot (^^1) 
and he becomes a man. A letter (§12^^) ^^ sent by the 
brid^room's ^>5j 3" ! father to the bride's (>^ J^) father suggest- 
ing favourable dates < ^ |J ) for the different functions to be 
celebrated. Another letter (^^f^^J?^) containing particulars 
as to the bridegroom's height, girth, and measurements generally 
has also to be despatched to the bride's father. Now comes the 
ceremony cf sending presents ( y* :^I "5" cL ) from the bride- 
groom's house to that of the bride. These consist of two coloured 
silk skirts, red and blue, enclosed in a chest with a document 
(^/^X]) which constitutes the marriage a contract. On the 
day of marriage the groom goes in procession mounted on a 
horse shaded by an umbrella, attended by servants carrying 
lanterns; another servant carries a goose, eilher of wood ^ ol| 
or the live bird, the Whole procession consisting of seven or nine 
persons, these being lucky numbers. On reaching the bride's 
house, the ceremony of presenting the fowl (^ ^ "^r cL) is 
performed. In the middle of the compound a table is set surround- 
ed by a sereen, on this the goose is set, and that part of the 
business is completed. P'oUowing on this are the salutations be- 
tween bridegroom and bride and the ceremonial drinking from 
three cup)s of wine ( ;i S|| ^ . The groom and bride return to the 
formers house (i^ -^fl "S" ^^ ^^d the father and mother-in-law 
present to their daughter-in-law presents of silk, fruit, and fowls 
(j»| ^ jc aj c|.). Finally the ancestors of the bridegroom are 
informed of the marriage, the married couple offering sacrifices 
together before the ancestral tablets. 

Marsh, A Oong-tong-ee ^ c^ 6) or Soo-rong ^ ^ 
Marvel, To Sin-ghce-hee noig-ec-tah >{] :d trj ^ ^1 ^* 



MAS. x6t 

Mash, To Ook-kai-tah .3. ^| cj.. Mash the potatoes for tiffin 
Chum-sim-ay kam-jah ook— kain-got liddy-or-or.erah -^ ^ ^] ^, 

Mason, A Me-jang-ee v| >i^ 6) . Go and fetch a mason, Me- 
jang-ee hannah pulla-onerah <>) ^ 6) "^ i^ -^ U ^ U ^l- . 

Massacre, To Sab-rook-hah-o ^-^"^JL- 

^ast, A Ta\^t-tai ^ cj . Steppe the njast, Tavt-tai sey-or- 
rah -J^ ^1 >C4( 6l «|> . Unsteppe the mait, Tawt-tai bob lor- rah 

Master, A Im-jah ^1 ;cj: or Chew-in ^ 6j Where is the 

mtister: Chew-in oclday kee-sio ^^^^l7fl>A|^. Is your 

master at home'^ Chew- in kee-sin-nyah ? ^ ^ 7fl X! M: . Wha 

is niaster of this house ? Chew-in-jang-ee noo-goo-sio ? ^ ^ >§• 

Cl -^-=^ X! JL Give this to ycur master, Y. get cl cw-ir-ciii-gcy 

Icattah-tkldy-or-rah ^1 :5} ^ ^ -^i >f| :5^ t:|. ^ ej 6] Hf . Where 

has your master ^one ? Chew-in odday chew-dip-hah-susso ? 
'^^^^|-§'2j'Sr^4l. When will the master return} 

Chew-in- ee on-jay-nah o-see- gesso? ^ ^ 6) ^ Ki| v}.^/] Vjl 

■ 

Mat, A Chah-ree t:). ^j . A common reed mat, Kee-jick y\ ;5l • 
A^ass »i?4i/,Tawt-chah-ree ^Xj.Ej ; A grass mat with a cloth 
^<7r//<">f, ^oong-ir.ce Jg. nj • Another variety (f gfass ma/, Toq- 
toolchah-ree J^^X|. e] ; Ainatwith a flower design, Hwah- 
moon-sock ^-S^. Shake the mats well, Cl.ah-ree chal dor- 
raw -rah ^4. 2| ^ #^ 8j ef . 



162 MAT. 

Match, A Song-nyang M <!t . Brin^ me m box 0/ inaicjkes. 
Song-nyang ban kap ka<J-jaw-onerah ^%^^:i^^^SJ'\^ - 
Ptease give me a match, Song-nyang-^hom chew-sio^^^:.^i^ 
/^ Jj_ . Sulphur matches, Hwang-song-nyang ^ ^ ^ . 

Mats, A Tong-maw ^x ^ustd of a ckiM^s fntnd) ; To^g- 
sah J^ ^ J Jarck ^ . These two men are mates, E too sahram- 
ee tong-sah hah-o 6^|Jfl->a.^ol^>^'§'i. Tkese two shoes 
are not fftates, E shin-ee jarclc pat-'kwesso^ '^ ^| ^ ft ^ A ^' 

Material. Karm 7I -fl- Get ready materials for buildings 
Yock-sah hal-karm choon-pee hah-o ^ ^% "A^^ •'I'^JSL- 
Buy enough materia I for one sttit of cioHhes, Awt karm han-pol 

pat-gaw- wah aw-o ^^-^^^ftJLi^ JL JL- Materials for 

medicine, Chay-ryaw ^ ^ . 

Matter. Eel oj . What is the nuUter?. E,^ot whain B-fee^ ? 
^1 ^ ^ § ^1 -2-- Matter ipus\ Kaw-ram jt g . 

Mattress, A Yaw ^v Yo ^. 

Mature, To Ik-so ^ ^. 

Maturity, To come to Sung-sook-hah-tah, ^"^fl^* 

Meal. Karrow i^ ^ {^ain). Natnes of Corean meaisi Eaviy 
^r<?«i/aj/, Chaw-ban 5^ ^ ; ^r^tfj^dtf/. Ah-fcham i^l^-^ Mid- 
day meal, Chum-sim 7^ j^ ; Evening meed, ChuBryuck '/j^ ^ ; 

Late supper, Pahm-cham «}• ^ . 

Mean, To be Pee-t'chon-hah-o a] ^ 



MEAu 163 

meaning, The Ttoot ^ What is the me^mlng of this Chinese 

-^karucter} E kull too-see moo-or-sio? o) "a "^ -^l "7" ^ ^| JL 

What is the meaning of this word ? E mah-ree moo-sam too-sio? 

14eanB There is no means of doing it, E got hal-soo-upsa 

^ ^ T-4*'^ 4l- ^y ^'^^^ w^^«5 can it be donel E got oot- 
•chce-hay-yah hah-gesso ? 6)7j5jX|'^6t'f"3|^. 

Measles Hong-yuck ^ \^ . 

lyieasure, To Chai-tah 73)^ cj- . Measure this, E got chai-yaw 
■po-arrah ^) ^ ^ ^ ^o|- z|- . A measure, Chah 7S^ . A yard 
■muasure used by women, Tchim-t'chock 7^ 5^ . Afoot measure 
Msed by carpenters, Mawk-t'chock ^ ^ . 

Measurement T chaw-nyang j:^ ^ . 

Wfat Cog-ghee tff Kaw-ghee JL 7) . Beef, Hwang-yook A 
Jl^. Mutton, Yang-yook ^^; P^rk, Chaw-yook ^ J^ ; 
JFowl, Key-}ook 7^,^ ; Venison^ Cbang-yook ;J ^. 

Mcichanic,,A Kong-jang ee -g- ^ 0] . 

Meddle, To Tah-sah-hah-o ^>^'$'^5.. Pvn-'jup-hah-o ^ 
^'8"j^, Da not meddle in this matter, Pon-jup-ppee-jee-mab- 
«ah ^J-:^ i!| X| t^ sf- {iowy, T'cham-kyun-hah-jce-^mah-sio ^ 
^^A^\^S.<polite). 

. JBiOediate, To Cho3ng-paw-hah-o -^'^^J^, or Hah-wee 



1(54 MED. 

Medicine. Yack df . Drink this medicine, E yack mpggerah- 
^1 ^ '^ ^ ^ (^^^ I E yac^ chom chap-soo-sio o| ^ ^ ^ A 
A\ 9 ifioliie). This is poison, E yak chook-nan yack-ee-rah 
O] ^ -^ ^ df 6| Ef . Where did you get this medicine: E yack 
cxlday-saw kad-jaw-wasso? o]^6|c|/^^^^^ / luill 
give you some medicine, Yack chom chew-gesso ^ ^ ^ 5! 4* . 
I cannot give you any medicine, Yack mote chew-gesso of ja. 3. 
5J ^ . If you drink this medicine you will te letter, E yack 
iriug-gim-yun hyaw-hom it-gesso 6|oj:»^6^rt^oi ^I^J^^. 
Are you betsr for the medicine"^. Yack mog-goon hoo-ay hyaw- 
hom isso? ^ ?^-&i^^] S.f3 $l4l. Jf you dont take this 
medicine you will not g*t better, E yak ahn miig-gm-yun nat- 
t'ch.'in kesso 6]6]:oJ »:(^^Vt^l45|4l. "^^^'^ ^^^ medicine 
*iK^>ith some water before takiiig, E yack-ee mool chom tah chapn 
soo-sio 6] ^6) -^^cj. ^ A. /^] _2.. Take this Jiieu^cine o?ice it 
rtV?/, E yack-ool harrow han-bon-sick chap-so o^ ^a^S."^ 
yj ^ ^ ^ . lake this medicine twice a day, Eyack-ool harrow 
too-bon-sick chap-so 6) ^■^tj-S.-r-^'^^^. ^^^^ medicine 
is for exterior application, E jack-oon poot-t'chee-r.anyack-ee-o- 
mong-nan yack-oon ah-nec-o ^l^-g^^S'^lfe^^'i^ fe^ 
o oV ^ JL • J^^^^ ^^^ medicine before eatingtH-yBLck-ooX sick- 
jun kong-bok-ay chap-so <^1 ^ •§ ^ ^ -g- -^ ^\^ ±.. Take 
th'' medicine eve^y other day, E yack-ool e-tull kullo-kum chap-so- 

^^cek, Tobe Soon-yarg-hah-o ^ ^t -g-^. 
Meet, To Man-nah-tah oj v|. t:|- . / 7net him yesterday on the 
tcad, Od-jockay koo sahrani-ool kir-ee-savv.mah-nasso 6l 7j\ 



MEL/ 1^5 

^e •^-^•^j'^5t^^- ^^ ^^ ^^^^^ ajain tomorrow, Nai-il 
-daw man-nap-sitah "5] ^ & 5t y* X) ^. To de meet, Hap-tang 
bah-tah ^{•^'Srt:^. 

Melancholy, To be Soo-sim-dee-tah A 'Jj -fi^I ^ or T cham- 
^m-hah-o ^^'9'^. -^ melancholy look, Soo-saik J^J^/ 
To show a melancholy countenance ^ Soo-saik man-myun-hah- 

Wclodius, To be Tchung-ah-hah-o 7^ pi -fr ^ 
Melody Oom-yool -^-§-. 

Melon T'cham-whee ^Si\, A kind of water melon, Sah- 
;$rwah .^ 3[. J Another variety of melon, Chan-gawl xf -g* • A 
iarge red-fleshed vielon, Soo-back ^ y- . 

Melt, To Nawk-so -Jf-^i; Hai-ping-hah-o fj ^ "C"^. 
The river is clear of ice, Kang-ee hai-ping hesso ^O) si ^ * 
■^4i.. '^^•^^^ ^>^^'-y ^^ M<?/>v, E gut poo-ray noig-yerah Ol ^J 

Memory, The Kwee-hjam :3}^. 

Msnd,To Kot-t'chee-tah^^|c|.. Get this mended, E gut 
Icot-t'chaw-onerah 6) ^ :5t X^ ^ tj 2|- . // cannot be mended. 
JE got kot-t'chil-soo-upso ^| 7-1 ^ ^ -4»- <y 4l . 

Merchant Chang- sah ^ X* . A grain merchant, Uoo-csyjV^ 

jang-sah .^^ ^ ^ A dress fabric merchant, Pill-yook-jang- 

sah ^^^X*. A wood merchant, Nah-moo chang-sah "CL^ 

3j X*. A provision merchant, Oom-sick chang-sah ^^ '^ >^- 



165^ M£R. 

Merciful, To be Kwan-in-hah-o ^ ^ 
Mercury Soo-eun -^J^. 

Merit Kong -g.. Meritoriotds person, You-kong-jee-in ^^ 
X]^. Aco24rtierofmerit,Y>.ox\g-'Sin'^^. To be meritorious^ 
You-kong-hah-o «ft*-g--gr ^ . 

Messa§^e Sim-boo-rum A]^^. He has gone on a message 

Sim-too-rum-katso >y^^^^. ^4 w^f^j^^^, Paw-hang-koon 

\j ^ 2r • ^^ there a messenger 1 can send to Seoul ivith a letter ? 

Saw-ool ppyun-jee kad-jee-gaw kahl paw-haing- koon isso ? Af -^ 

Metal Shwoe ^] . 

Metaphysics Whee-ree-jee-hack -^l^Xl^. 

Meteor, A You-sung ^ /| . 

Mica Tawl-pec-nool -§• tij -^. 

Mid-day Natv^, ^r Ill-choong g ^. Come at mid- daj^,. 
Nah-jay onerah 4 ^| .2. t^ ^ U^ ! Nah-jay o-sio y\, ^ S^^^ 
^ {polite). 

Middle Kah own day 7f- ^ ^| . 
Mid-night Pam-choong tf^ •§•. 

MUd, To be Awn-hwah-hah-o -g 5[ "gr^, or Hwah-pyuM ngr 
hah o Jij.Sg ^^. 



MIL. 167 

Mildew Kawm-ppang^5£l., To be mildewed, K2L.'wm'\>^diT\^ 

l-tah ^ "S^^ ^ • ^^^ clothes are mildewed put them out to 

ir. Awe- see kawm-ppang soo-riissinee pyxit ay joy-yaw- rah 

Mile Three Corean Nee or Li measure about an Engh'sh inile» 
e, one tire is about 1 ,894 English feet. In reckoning distances 
hecharacter <rftheroad is often taken into account, a difficult 
narch being counted as longer than it is in actual Nee. A 
ivourite method of reckoning distances is by tens of Nee. One 
W^. Ill-lee ^ e| . Ten Nee, Sim- nee ^ ^\ , A distance of about 

Vif Ner, Han sim-nee choom "^ -^ ^ §• . One hundred Nee, 

^Siii^-nee ^ E| . How many Nee is it f rem ^/r^? Yaw-ghee- 

aw myen-nee twce-o? ^ ^ ^ 1^ ^ S| i. 

Mile post dang-soong ;* ^ . 

Milk Chot ^. Cows milk, Oo-you -f--'^. 

. Mill Mai ^| . A stone mill, Tole-mai -§• ^| ; A mill made 
/* honey-combed stone, Tole- song-mai -§• >^ ^| * A wooden 
r///, Nah-moo mai »I.JZ. ?J . A power mill, Yun-jah-mai 6^ j^; 

lySillet Barbadees millet, Soo-soo ^^. Sfiked millet, 
">.op-ssal -§. ^ . 
Hind^ The Sinv-jee ^ ;;] . 



Mineral Shwx-lo'e ^ 

Mingle, To Sock-lah >M cj. {dry goods) ; T'ah-tah €^ cL 
^^quidsy 



i68 M™- 

Minister, To Moy-see-tah ^ a{ c|.. 

Minister, A Tai-sin ^]^. Minis f^ of JuMaMce,TsLcVrjeC't2L\- 
sin c}- X] *t|>{I ; Vice-fninister of Finance^T^A-ys^ hyup-ppan 
€{- X)-^ ^ . Minister of Etiucation, Hack-poo tai-sin 7||-J^c| 
>jj ; Viceminisier of Education^ Hack-poo hyup-ppan ^-^"^ 
5{. . Minister of the Home Office^ Nai-poo tai-sin H) -r* ^1 ^ • 
■Vice minister of the Htmte OJice, Nai-poo-hyup-ppan b|| ^-^i 
Sf-. Minister of Fcreign Affain, Way-poo tai-sin 54 -^ ^ /I ; 
Vice minister of Foreign Affairs, Way-poo hyup-ppan s\ -T""fti 
SJ-. Minister of the War OJice, Koon- poo tai-sin ^J^ c| /i . 
Vice minister of the War Office, Koon-poo hyu;>ppah J-^-'Si 
S{-. Minister of fustic e, Pop-poo tai-sin ^ -x" ^| 'Jj ; Vtce 
minis t, r offustice. Pop-poo hyup-ppan ^ -T""$i ^ • Minister 
of Commerce, Nonf;-sang kong-poo tai-sin -^^^-t"^I'3i 
Vice Minister of Commerce, Nong-sang kong-poo hyup-ppan 
'^ 'S' "S* -T^ "^ ?h . Minister of Police, Kyung-poo tai-£ « ^ ^ ^ 

>{J Vice minis tet d?/"/^//^:^, Kyung- poo hyup-ppan ^ -S-'$l ^J-- 

Mint Chun-hwan-gook '^^•af'. 

Minute, A Poon ^. There are sixty minutes to the houK^ 
Yook-sip poon-ee ban see-gah twee-o -S^^ 'ft'^ ^^^^ ^ 
Miracle, A Yong-hom ^^ ', ^^ Sung-jock 4ji M . 

Mire Chin-heulk ^^. To be miry, Chil-tah :§ «|-. TIk 
rxi is are very miry, Kee ree inay-o chee-ro/-3 :go| ^| ^^ 




MIS. 169 



Miserable (pitiable). To be Mang-t*chick-hah-tah ^ ijf "f" 

Mischievous, To be Eel-jaw-jill-tah g ;^ ^ ^ . 

Miserly', To be Een-hah-o ^"^Ji.; Een-saik-hah-o ^^ 



Miserable, To be Pin-fchun-hah-o ^^'^JSL] or Pin-goong- 
Misfortune Kaw-saing jj. ^ ; Hwal-lan ^ ^ ; Chai-ran 

^^ 

Miss, To Pull-bah-o -^'§'J2. ('•€• ^^ ^^^^ ^^^ mark as at 
archery), Kwoll-hah-o "3 "^"^ (i.e. miss dot- g any action at 
the usual time or date). To miss the fcad^ Kil il-'tah ^ 2 ^ - 

Mist An-gay cf. -^ . Sea mist, Hai-mee §| o| . 

Mistake, To Sil-soo-hah-o ^-^'^ S^. ^^^ have fnade a 
Mnsiake, Naw-byong-ee sil-soo-hesso i.^^l4l^"5'^4x- 
y Jkave been mistaken , Nai-gah sil-soo hesso M] 7}- ^ ^"5" ^ ^. 

Mister Saw-tang A^ ttj- ^ the ordinary accompaniment to a 
surname as A^w-j^ja/-^/?^^ ^ M^ i^* Mr Kim''). The Honorific 
is Saw'bang-nim ^^ ^ or Sock-sah ^ x» . The latter is also 
""sed by women of their husbands, but it is a low form. 

Mix, To SocV-tah 9^ cj. , Mix these things well together^ 
E-gussvl tab chal sock-kaw-rah ^) ^-^^ ^ >fe} 6j Ef To be 

^^^Jced^ Pock-kee-lah i^ 7] t:|.. Th^se things hai'e got mixed ^ 
^^^ussietah sock-kyusso ^| ^^fl,^^ ^| ^ 4l . 



lyo MOA. 

Moan, To Sin-oom-hah-o ^jJ^-^-j^- 

Mob, A Cl'.oong-in -f- ^ . ^n hostile mob, Mki-yaw ti\ ^ 

Mock, To Ilyoung-nay-nai-lah J^vAvlt^^ 

Model, A l*ii\vn ^. Make ii on this models E pawn-oo-raw 

man-Uirriir-rah 6| ^^S. o|^ ts g| ej. . 

Modest, To be Kong-soon-haho •J-j^'^jL; Kyum^pee- 
hah-tah ^ «| "^rc].. 

Moisten, To Tchwee-ghee-tah 33 7)^. M<nsteH this, E got 
chom t'chee-gyavv-rah 6| ^-S^^l 7=| ^. (The Coreans have an 
unfortunate habit of using their moaths in performance of such 

matters, so it were well to be particulir in issuing an order of this 

kind). 

Mole, A Tool-chwee ^ ^ . 

Molest, To Yah-raw-hah o Ofc ^ "fr J^. 

Moment, A T'chaw SL. 

Monastery, A ChuU :g . Where is the monastery ? Yaw-ghee 
chod-dee odday isso ? 6b| a)^6| 6\ c| $[4^. What is the nante 
of this mvidstery ? 1£ cliull irrom-ee mjo-awsia ? ^| § ^ •S>^ 
'^6|>^j_2_. Is there a monastery in the neighbour kooWi 1> 
koon-'chaw-ay chuU isso ? 6) -^^io) e>^] 3 $l4i. Take me to tk^ 
monas/ety, ChuWuw kah-jah ^i7f-^fe. 

Money Tone ^. Corean money, Hsm-hw^h -^j^L^Jafianes^ 
in ^n .'/, Ill-hwah ol ^ H)W much m mey do yam vfJuUi Ton^ 
uliiiah-nah tallah-nan-yah ?^^ vt^V^H'V^^ (f^^^ ■ Ton^ 



MON. 171 

*ilmah-nah tallah-o ? ^ ^ vl ^V ^ M* ^. ^poiVe), Houf muck 
money have you spent 1 Tone ulmah-nah too-rut-nan-j-ah ? ^ y 

^ ^V -S. ^ V ^= (/£?w) ; Tone ulmah-nah too-russo ? ^ ^ ^ o(- 

^1^^. I have no money t Nah tone upso ^-^^^. ^ow 
Htuch money did it cost ? Uhnah-nah chew-usso ? ^ ^ oV ^ jl 

J!s* {pclite)\ Ulmah-nah chew-ut-nan-yah? ^ ^ C|- -Sf^ jj V H= 
\tow). How much money shall I gii'e to satisfy you ? Tone 
iHmah-nah chew-myen cho-ket-nan-yah ? -^ ^ Pf ^ ^ ^ H, 

^ i|. l|: {low). How much fnoney do y ou want for the double 
Journey ? Nai-wang hah-nan sack-see ulmah-yaw ? ^1 ^ "S" fe 

Monk, A Choong -g-. (In addressing a monk the expression 
Tai-sah t|j ^t is used, or a higher form Hwah-sani* 51 ^ ) , 

Monkey, A Whon-seung-ee ^ -§• ^) . 

Month Tal ^ or WuU ^ , Last month, Chee-nan tal x) fe 

g or Kaw-w ull 7] ^ . This months E- tal <>W or Keum-wuU 

^ ^ . AVjt/ month, 0-nan tal ^ ^ g or Nai wuU ^1 ^ , 

Divisions of the month : — nFirst to the sixth day ^ ^ j Seventh 

•to the tenth day ^ 5- ><| ; tenth to the fifteenth day ^ 1 HI ; 

fifteenth to the twentieth day ^ ^ ^ Hi ; twentieth to end of ^e 

month ^^^1 Names of the months : — 

The first month Chong wull ^S. 

second „ Ee „ ^1 ^ . 

third „ Sam „ >^^. 

fourth „ Sah „ X»^, 



>i 



II 



•I 



» 



>t 



>t 



n 



17a MOO. 

Tk^ fifth month O wuU jL ^ • 
sixth „ You „ ^%' 

seventh „ T'chil „ ^ ^ • 

^/^>4M ., Tal „ :g ^ . 

«/«M „ Koo „ "?"'§. 

/^?«M „ Sip „ ^^. 

7)4^ eleventh month, Tong-jee-tal or Sip-il-wuU ^ gj ^ . 
„ twelfth „ Nab-wull or Soot-tal or Sip-e-wull '^ 6) ^ . 

I came here the beginning of this month, E-\vull t'chavv-saing-ay 

yaw-ghee wasso <>\^^'}L^^^^^^' 

Moon, The Tal \ . Moonlight, Wull-saik ^ J^ . Eclipse 
^M<? w^£»«, Wull-sick ^ ^. 7";^^ «^a/ moon, Wull-t'chaw ^ 
^. y?« haio round the moon, Wull-hoon ^ ^. 

More Taw td . Bring some more, Chom taw kad-jaw-onerah 

-^^^f/^jm 2j.. / ^^ not want any more. Taw shilsaw 
€j >|J >^. Take a little more to eat, Chom taw chap-soo-sio ^ 
^ ^ A ^ JL (^i?///<f). Dont bring any more^ Taw kad-jee o-jee- 

mah-rah c] 7I. >?l _£_;;] o J- e|. . Buy some more, Taw sah-onerah 
^ >^L ^ ^ a|. . Dont buy any more like this, E-run-gut taw sah 

o-jee-mah-rah <>) ^ ^ *^ >^f i X] of- Bf. . There is no more. 

Taw upso t^ ^ ^ . 

Morning Ah-t'chim c]- :§ . Yesterday morning, Od-jay ah— 
t*chim ^ X|| c|- ^ . Tomorrow morning, Nale-ah-t'chim ^^j 6| 
c} § . Co7ne tomorrow fnomino, Nale ah-t cham-ay onerah ^^1 
tA CV ^ ^ i u| 2|- . Why did you not come this morning, O- 

nal ah-cham-ay whay ah-nee wah-nan-yah ? {low) \ or wasso 



MOR. 173 

ipolite) JL ^ 4 ^ ^Ufl ^V M 4 V M= o^ ^l ^. ff*^ ^^fi ^/''^ 
morning, 0-nal ah-t'cham-ay kasso S^^ o\ p^ c^7}^ J^, I skill 
go tomorrow morning, Nai-gah nale ah-L'cham-ay kah-j(csso 

Morgaje, To Chun-tang-chap-hec-tah dI ^^ir|cj.. 

Mosquito, Maw-ghee JZ. ;i| . A mosquito net, Maw-ghec- 
chang i oj -J. Fix up the juosquito nit in my room, Nai-pang- 
ay maw-ghee-chang t'chorrah vfl ^ o<[ i ^ ^ >J H|. . 

Moss It-ghcc ^l'^?!. 

Most Chey-il 7^ g . There are most of this kind, E giissie 
chey-il mahn-so <il :5} ;^] 7<^| ^ ^ 4l . 

Mother, A Om-mon-ee ^ n}- vj ; Chah-tang 7^ ^ Grand- 
///r^M^-r, Hal-man-ce ^ ii|- v| ^r Chaw-mav/ ^j^JZ.. Mother-in- 
law, See- om-mon-ee ^ ^ "j- ^ - 

Motion To move up and down quickly. Gab-col gab-ool-hah-o 
•2" ■& "3" "S ^ -S. ■ ^^ ifiovc up and down slowly. Gobble-gobble 
liali-o 7i ^ 7J ^^ ^^ To move round quickly, Bang-bang- 
tawl-tah y* ^f" •§■ ^. -^ move round slowly , Tawl-tah -g. cL ^ 

Motive, A We-sah ^ /^ , 

Mould, A Pah-t'ang iJ}- ^. 

Mountain, A San /\ . 

Moum, To Tang-gaw hah-tah ^ JL "C *^ ; Kaw-sang-ip- 
-tah /] -^ y ^ (i»e. /-» put on the dress of a mourner, resign 



Z74 MOU. 

cffice and perfortn the usual office of one who has lost his^ 
parents). A mourner^ Sang-in /^ ^ . 

Mourn over, To Han- 'tan- hah- tab "§ ^ '5'^' 

Mouse, A Chwee ^| . 

Mouth, A Ip or Eep 41 . Open your mouth, Ip por-ryaw-rah^ 
<A i>{ S4 sf . Shut your mouth, Ip tam-oo-raw-rah <U ^ ^ «f 

Moustache, A Oot-soo-yum -$-^eg ^ 

Move, To Oom-jag-ee-tah ^;^6]t:|. {verb intransitrve)\ 

Oom-kee-tah ^ 7) t:|- {verb transitive). Don't move, Oom-jag-ee- 

jee mah-rah -^^ ^J X] nj- ef (low) ; Oom-jag-ee-jee mah-sio -^ 

7> o] Xj of >J JL (P^^^^^)' ^ove this into another room E gussul 

tabran pang-00-raw oom-gyaw-rah 6) 7] -^ t^ g ^ ^ S.-^-^ 

«f. 
Much, To be Mabn-tab ojt^. AW wi/r^, Man-t'chan-tah 

ti].;^cL. 7i?<7 much, Nommo mabn-tab ^-t'vI^- -^<?or 
much inpricel Kapsee ul-mah-o ? ^ ><| ^ w}-^. 

Mud Chin-heulk ;^^. 

Mulberry Or-twee ^ S] . ^ mulberry tree. Bong nab-moo 

Mule Nossay^>^]. 
Multitude, A Moo-ree dV ^ . 

Murder, To Cboog-ee-tah ^ O] t:)-, ^r Sab-rin-bab-o >^ ^ 



Murmnr, Td Choong-orl cboong-orl-hah-o •§• ^ -f" ^ "§* JL. 

Mushroom, A Pos-sot i^ Aj^ . 

Music Poung-you %>-^. 

Muck Sah-hyarg /J-'§. 7>4^ musk-deery Sah-hyang naw- 

Too 4^2e.S.. 

Mustard Kj-aw-jah yl jj; . Bring me some fnustard, Kyaw- 
jah chom kad-jaw-onerah 7\'^^'^}^S^yA ^' Make so?ne 
wtustard, Kyaw-Jah chom man-too-raw-rah 74 ^ ^ oV c ^ ^ - 

Mutter, To See Murmur Dofii muifer, Choong-orl choong- 
orl bah-jec-mahra -J* ^ -f" ^ "§" Xl «f «|- . 

Mutton Yang-yook ^ -S- , ^^ Yang-caw-ghee ^ JL 7! . 
Mutual Sor-raw M ^ . 

Muzzle»To Mang-swhee-00-tah Qj-^j^t^, (Used by the 
doreans on cows and horses). 

Myrrh Mawl-} ack -g. 6J: ^ 

Mysterious, To be Awe- myaw-hah-o ^^-gr 9_. 



Nail, A Mawt ^. Ijurge nails, Tai-mawt t|j^. Lar^^e 
Jieaded naih^ Tai-too-mawt vfjJ^^. Ja/anese nculs, Way- 
nfiawt ^ jj^ . J\faii this firmly, Mawt taa-ian-hee paggerah ^ 



176 NAM. 

Name, A The fiunily or surname. Sung -^ . IVkat is your 
surnatne ? New y teck-ee-o ? -xl ^ ^1 -SL> ^^* Sung-see-gah nexy- 
see-o ? >^ a| Tf- -tI >^| -2. (^^ ^^ adult). What is your nan:e ? 
Irromy moan-yah ? g jg. 6| -?- <>| il: (to a boy). What is the 
name of this ? p: j^ussie moo-or-sin-yah ? d| ^ /I ^6( x| i^ . 
WJiaf. is tli-i name of this placet Yaw-ghee-gah moo-sam tong- 
nay-o? <^:^7\^- >^^ )^ Sl- 

Note: — Coreans say that the j^enesis of the Carean family 
name is to be traced to some event connected with ihe birth of rhe 
family's first ancestor. Thus tlie Yi { 2| ) family are descended 
from a man who was bom un.ler a plum tree. Yi ixiin^ the sound 
of the Chinese character representing a plum tree; the ancestor 
of the Scck .. ^ » family is said to have sprung from a rock and 
assumed the rock character as his family name. At birth a name 
correspr)n(ling to our Christian name is given to an infant and he 
bears this until his marriage. Even after his n\arriage his parents, 
uncle, or teacher may use this infant name in spciiking to him, 
and he uses it of himself in speakirg to ll.cm, Lut no one else uses 
it. This name is known as ah mvitui^ o|- oJ On the occasion of 
his marriage, his hair, which before has Leen aJiowed to fall over 
his back in a queue, is fastened up in a top-knot, he assumes a 
head band ( nj- yX and henceforward wears a haL He is named 
afresh, this is his chah j^ In addition to this name, he has a 
title which is used in correspondence by letter, or affixed to legal 
documents, kno An as kwan-myung .^ xA ^ He may possibly 
possess a nick name Pyul-haw H^ ^ which is used only by 
friends. There is another name Set-haiv /\ ^ (to be distinguish- 
ed from a posthumous title bearing the same name) which is used 
when literary men meet and compose rhyming poeury (>^ .&\ 
as a recreation. Yet another name is known as Tom^-haio ^ * 
I.e. the name of his room which is sometimes written in larg^ 



NAP. 177 

— ■■■■ ■! --■-_-- ■- ,- -- --- 

characters and fixed to the wall of the Sarang. The name of 
his official rank Chick-ham ^ ^ is also sometimes used. There 
is a pobthumous title See-haw >d ^ given to Emperors and 
courtiers of high rank which is inscrited on grave stcnes and 
on tablets worshipped by their descendants. To these may be 
added the Taik-kaw S i ^'' official title of the house which is 
assumed by its owner on occasions, and the Fyul-myong tfl trt 
a nickname em[>has!sing some defect or peculiarity and used 
amongst the friends of the man to whom it is applied. 

' Napkin» A Soo-gun ^ yX , 

Narrow, To be Chop-tab -§-C|.. This is a narrow room, 
Fpang-ce chom chop-so O) ^ 6] .§-^^ . He is a man of 
narrom/ minti, Keu sahram-ee soig-ee chop-so ^l^/X. s of ,:^ 6| 

Nasty Nasty food, Ak-sick «* ^ . ^ nasty smell, Ak-tch«ce 

Nation,. A Nahra if. e|. ; Gook -Sf*. 

Native Paik-sung ^ -^ . ^ native place, Kaw-hyang 2. "# 
Ji naiivt countpy. Pawn gook ^-Sf-. IVhere is your native 
placed Naw-hyong kaw hyang-ee odday-o i. ^ JL -^ 6| 6J cl 
^. £:nglandis my native country, Nai pawn-gook-eun yong- 
gook-ee-o MJ -g. -^-^ <g ^ 6) JL . 

Natural ChulWaw ^tj^ ; Cha-yun :;;; 64 ; Seu-sah-raw 
^*>^S-. Thisjlawer came up of itself ^^ gawt chullaw char- 
asso 0| ^ g)i:.X|.^ 4. . The light went out of itself Pool 
chullaw gaw-jusso -^ Sii>5Z| j^» 



jjS NAT. 

Nature Man-mool of -g.. 

Naughty, To be Hway-ak-hah-o ill ^ "^T J»,. 

Nausea Ah-nee gawp-tah oVv| -g-cL^ or Koo-yuck -^^. 
I have afeelimr of nausea, Nai-gah koo-yuck-cc nai-o td 7I. -^ 
^ 6) ufl ^. I cannot eat because of nausea Koo-yuck nah-saw 
mote moggesso -?-^4-A^^^5l4l. 

Near, To be Kat-gap-so ^ ^ ^ . It is near k^re. Yaw-ghee 
saw kat-gap-so <»^ ^ AJ ^ ^ ^. ^5 there an inn near ? Yaw- 
ghee kat-gah-on chew-mack-ee odday-o? ^ ^5j; 7|--}L'7f-?J' 

Nearly Kaw-ban tJ «^ r?rCudjin 7^ ;^. It is nearly finisheti 
Cudjin tah twee-yusso 7i/3,^5|^^. We koT/e nearly 
reached the place, Cudjin tah wasso 7^ 'SI ^ ^ iL- ^^ mean--, 
ings are nearly alike ^ E-toot-see cudjin i atso o| 4g.>U H ^"^ 

Neat, To be Kawp-so ^ ^or Gaa goot-hah-o Ad ^-qr |9> . 

If I engage you as servant you must dtess neatly^ Naw oo-ree 
chip-ay iss-seul-tai hang-sang awt gai-goot hah-g ly-haggaw tan- 
nyaw-rah uj ^ ej r^ c,| $1 # Aj| f ^S: ^ Al| ^ ^H| ^^ iL ^ ^ 

Necessary, To be Wee-tang-hah-o ^^^^ Hap-tang- 
hah-o '!{• ^'$*-2.. -^ '«^i/ of necessity go tomorrow^ Nau-gah 
nai il kah-nan gussie hap-tang-1 ah-o v||7|.^ H^^H^ 

Necessity (of; Ppill-yun jg<^. 



NEC. 179 

— - 

Neck, The Mawk ^. A neak- /ace, Yum jew t^^. Nape of 

^he neck, Kaw-gay JL "*) . 

Needle, A Pah-nal or Pahnal \Jf. ^ . To do needle wctk^ 
iPahnah-jill-hah-o iJ|- V ^ "§■ JL • 

Neglect, To Kyong-hawl-hah-o ;g ^-^j^. Don t do your ^ 
•Ti'ork negligently, Eel kyong-hawl-hee hah-jee mah- rah S ^ 5* 

Negro, A Mook-in -S ^ . 

-neighbour, A E-oot-sah-ram ol-$->4^. Nam V 

Nephew, A Chawk-hah ^*^ 

Nerve, A Him-chool "§«§•. 

Nest, A Paw-gum-chah-ree ^J^xL e| ^ 

-Net, A Keu-mool -g-^, 

•Neutral, To be Kaw-ghee-choong-hah o 7^ 7) •§"§■ jl.. 

New, To be Saa-rop-tah /(j^cj.. New clothes, Sea-awt 

^^. A new article, Sairo own-gut, /^Sl^'^^. The Neu/ 

-J'^ur, Saa-hay /A f] , I wish you a happy new year, (used on the 

^ay previous) Hwan-say chal hayerah ^ >Ml ^ "fr Cij e|. {low)\ 

tt wan-say pyung-an-hee hah-sio ^ ^=^] 5g ^ r| "9" X| J^ {polite)i 

-^ van-say-chal-hah-yaw-nan-yah ? ?]: /=^] ^ ^ ^ V + (Jowy, 

^^ Tan-say pyung-an-hee 1 ah-susso ? ^ /^| 5g oj r| -^ Aj ^ 

'K^clite), the two la >t sentences are used c n New Year's cay. 



i8o NjEW. 

News Khce-pyul ^ ^^ Saw-moon ^-5, Saw-sick ^^. 
What t\ the news ? Moo-sam khee-pyul turrusso ? ^ >^ jj ig ^ 
5J ^. There is no news, Saw-sick upso 4^^ ^ 4i. Goai 

news, H wee-saw-sick '^^ £i, Bad news, Hyoong-saw-sick 
^ 4i4 . Official niws, K wan-paw ^^. Miscellaneous news. 

Chap-paw ^^. 

Newspaper, A Sin-moon-jee ^fl"?^!- "^ native paper 
"written in the mixed script j9->^>3'S' "^ Japanese paper 
^written tn Chinese character, S'^^Jl^- ffcive ycu read tne 
newspapir todayl Onal sin- moon- poasso ? jL ^ >Jl -§[ ^ ^V ^. 

Next Tah-eum tJ^^ or Paw-gum tf^ -^. The next day, 
E toon nal 6|^^ or T'chah-il y^ g . Next month, Hoot-tal 
^ ^ £>rNai-wull ^] ^ . Next year, E-toom-hay 6| -§^ f) r;r Naa 
nyun ^ ^A- I will bring it next time I come to your house, 
E tah-eum-ay taik-ay kassaw kad-jaw-ogesso d] ^ •§- ^] "§} ^ 

^ -^ ^f ^ JL 5l 4l . ^^^^ ^i^^^^ y^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ ^ order- 
yp//, Etah-eum-ay-nan nai sick-hee-nan tairo hayerah 6) cL. 

Nice Nice taste, Chin-mee ;^ ») . A nice article, Myaw- 
ppoom 5, J^ . This is a nice thing, E got myaw-ppoom-ee-o- 
<A 7^ 3.^ ^I i. '^^^^ has a nice flavour, E got chin-mee-yaii^ 

Nickname, A Pyul-haw ^ -^ . 

Niece, A Chil-yaw 7^ v:] ^A-Chawk-hah da! -^••fl.^. 



NIG. x8i 

Night, A Pahm HJ- . Last n?ght, Kan-pahm ^^ or Chee- 
tian pahm 7J Jr HI- ^ Tomorrow night, 0-ni.n pahm 9 1^ ^^ . 
To niirJit, Keum-yah -^O):. (The Corcan night is divided into 
five watches: Tchaw kyung ;^^ , E-Jcyum^ C] ^ ; Sain-kjitt^g 
^ 7^ ; Sah-kyung >^ 7^ ; 0-kyuiig _£, ^ ) . To be late at night 
Yah-sim-hah-o Cf: >y "S^Jj^. It is very late, 0-nal yah-sim hesso 
^ s ^1= ^^ "§" ^ 4l • ^^ ^^ dark to-night, O-nal pahm may-o 
a ^e-toop-so ^ ^ ^ ^I -^ ^ -f- 4l . ^^ ^^^ <^ bright night, O-nal 
pahm may-o t'chong-myong hah-o _£, ^ t^^ ^1-?*^ •1'§'^» 
Don t go out at n ght for fear of the colu, Yah-ghee shv\ee gavv 
nah-kah-jee mr-h-o 0}: n] aA 6| Jl 4- 7f- X| aj- j^. 

Nightmare Hyoong-mong f -g-. / ^^«^/ nif^hlmare last 
^i/^*"/^/, Kan pahm-ay gooiii tai-tan-hee hyong hah-gay goo-usso 

Nimble, To be Nal-lai-tah v v|j cj. . 

Nine Ah-hope 0|-5- ^^ ^^o "7". 

Nineteen Yoll-ah-hope <g o|-:|: ^r Sip-koo x| j^. 

Ninety Ah heun oV ^ or Koo-sip -^ 'jj . 
No Ah-nee-o o|- «^ JL ^'' Ah-nee o|- v| . 
N oble, To be Ky ah-rock-hah-o -7 1 -^ *?" JL . 
Nobleman, A Chai-sang ;$| /^ . 
J^od, To Chom-too hah-tah ^ -^-'^r cj.- 



Noise, A Sor-ray ^ ^] . What noise is that ? Chaw -got moo- 
sam sor-ray yaw ? D| ^ ^ -§ 4i ^1 JL« 

Nonsense Hot-mal ^^ or Haw-on "8^^. That is all 
nonsense^ Keu got haw-on-ee-o jau :jj §1 ^ ^1 ^ . 

Noon Nah-jay ^55!|. I intend to go into the city at noon^ 
Nah-jay moon-an kal-toot-hah-o ^-^■g^^^^f'JL- 

North Pook H. ; Pook-ppyun .^.ig ; Pook-pang ^ ij-. 
I^styear I travelled in the northern province, Chang-nyun-ay 
pook-taw tang-gyaw wasso 7^ \A ci] 2^ S. ^ 7=| ^ ^ . 

Nose, The Kkaw ^ . The bridge of the nose, Kkaw-nal j[ 
^. Nostril, Kkiw-koo-mung jj^j^i^. To blow the nose^ 
Kkaw ppool-tah ^^cL, To bleed at the nose, Kkaw ppee 
nah-tah ^ Sll vL cL . 

Not The negative in Corean offers some difficulty. The 
negative of $1 cj. {Itiah) is <y cj- {uptah)\ of g tlj. (/ltah)\s 

Cf g cj. {Ah-niltah) or o|- v^ cj- Ahn-nee-tah). Often the 
negative is formed by a composition of the infinitive of a word in 
X) J the negative paiticle o|- v|, and the verb ■5"^, Thus: 

^X<^ Tf cj. Not to go 7j. 7^ 0} u| "5* ^. This is subject to a con- 
traction e.g. To be good ,H.t:|.. To be tad JS.7:|0]- *} "§" cj.. 
Contracted in jg^ j^- cj. . Another negative is formed by the same 
infinitive in x] joined with the particle ^ and the verb "^r^, 

but it bears the meaning of "not having the power" / cannot go 
^J. X] ^ "5"^. There are of course a c;uantity of negative verbs- 

uhich arc regularly conjugated, as JL ^ cj. /<? ^<? ignorant. 



NOT. i8a 

Note, A Oom ^ (of music). A note, Pyun-jee ig ^ 
{a Utfer)^ Is there a note {letter) ? P>un-jee in-nan-yah ? i^ xj 
51 >- i|: (See under Letter), 

Noun, A Mool-myong -g- xA . 

Nourish, To Kee-rah-tah 7] S t^. To nourish with good food, 
Fav^ -ghee hah-tah ^ ^ ^ ^ . ^^^ must take nourishing food, 
-Paw-ghee hah-yah hah-gesso JJ.^'^^6fe"§'5j ^. 

Now Shibhang XI ilf- ; Chick- um X]-^; Gawt ^. Doit 
ntm;, Shibbang hayerah/l ^ "§" ^ 2f. . Go now, ( lawt kaggerah 
^ 7|. 7^ e|. {low). Begin the work now, Y.^ chick-um see-jack 
hayeiah ^ x] ^>^ ^ "§* ^ 4 . ^^ « ^^7^. Keu-lay ^ ^| . 
A£?«/ and then, Too-moon too-moon ^ Jg c^ S . 

Nuisance, To be a Kwee-t'chan-so -fl^^^. What a nui- 
sance, Aa-kvee tchanso ^| -fl ;fel: 4l. 

Number, A Soo-kool-jah -4>-'^>5^ or Soo-hyaw -4>'2.. 
JPiease number these pages, T'chaik-chang matta soo-soo-sio ^ 

Nun, A Soon-nyaw ^ uj . 

Nunnery, A ChoU g ; Soong pang -g. UJ- 

Nune,A \ou-mai^ Jf^S^ {a wet nune). 

Nut, A Wat-nut Haw-taw ;^J£ ; Pine-nuts, Chat ^. 
Chestnut, Pahm «!-. Kernel of a nut, Al-mang-ee ^^ nf. ^l . 
Inner skin at rut the kernel, Pon-^ee ^^| ; Shell of a nut 
<iop-jill 7^ :Q J Outer husk, Kot-gop-jill ^ ^ >^^ . 



1 84 OAK. 

O 

Oak T'cham-nahmoo ^x^, ^ Make it of oak wood, E 
gussee t'cham-nah moo-raw man-ioo-raw 6] 7^ Al ^ U> -r^S.^ 
jc s| .4 superior quality used \v\ joinery^ Hwah-nie Jl^. 

Oar, An Naw )^^ 

Oath, An Mang-shey ^ <4| . To take an o ttk, Maing-shey- 
hah-tah 'Jj >^^) "5" c}. . To take a solemn oat k^QhoQii^'Vaal\iii' 
too-tah -g- »»J ^t:|., A false oath, Hawt maiag-shey ^ ^ '^. 

Formerly the CListom of taking a royal oath was to sacrifice a 
black bull and a white horse, the parties to che oath tasting of ihe 
blood. The oath in common use amongst Coreans is to liken 
oneself to some inferior animal in case of a breach occuring. 
I am a dog if I dj not do as I say, E wah kat t*chee ah-nee hah- 
myen kaa-wah kat-tah O) $). :}> t:} o|- v| "^ ^ 7l| 5}. jt *1-- 
(These forms of speech are restricteJ to the lowest classes). If I 
lie in xy I be struck with lig/iinin{, Nai-gah cur-jin-mal hah- 
myen pyur-rack mat-gettah MItJ-t^^I^^^^I ^5l5l*t- 
To invoke any one, or any thing in the miking of an oath: A'tiA- 
rah t'c/iaw miin^-shey hah-tah T' 2 ^ ^ ^'$' ^- 

Oats Qvvee-ree :f] 2| . 

Obdurate, To bs Wan-ack-hah-tah ^ ^ *§■ 4- . 

Obey To Toot-tah ^ cj. . Choon-haing-hah-tah ^'^'Qrt^ 
Soon-jong-hah-tah ^•J-'STti. 0!fey your teacher^ Sun- 
saing-nim mal-sam chal too-raw-rah >^^^ S^'S'Sl^* 
Why do you not obey me ? Nai mal whey ah-nee toaa-nan-yah^ 



OBJ. 185 

Object, An Gawt ^, Mool-gon ^:{J. 

Object, To See-rce-liaw hah-tah^ -ftj "S" t^ . I object to doirg 
ihis, Nai-gah Egothah-ghee-gah shee-ree-o H| 7f- ^1 ^ "S* 7) tJ- 
*ti ^ j5^. He says he ofjects to doirg it, Kco sahram-ee E-got 
kah-ghce-gah shil-'tah-gaw-hah-o Jl/|. ^ 6| o] ^'C'7J7f4J 
IcL jj^ -g-^ ^o ohjfct^ as from diffidence ^ Sah-yang-hah-tah x» ^ 
r*"Cj.. Do ftot vbjcct to receive this, Sah-yang mal-gaw pat- 
terah >^ ^ ^ aL 5l ^V ^ (low). Sah-yang mah-sio >^ ^ n|- 
j\ ^ i/fo/i/e). To object, refuse, Kaw-sah hah— ta JL ><» "C" cL . 

Oblige Kahm-sim hah-yaw hah-tah >|- A) -5- cd -g- cL 

Oblige '^ forced To Koo-pack-hah-tah -:^ ^ -^T cj. ; Tip-pack 
hah-tahg Vj. -g- c^(these v.ords connote the idea of persecution). 
Ock-jee-raw 5J XjS., Vou must force the boy to take the 
medicine, Koo ah-hwee-gah yack mock-jee-'ahn-guttun ock-jee- 
law muggeiah jxcj-^ 7)- ^f ^ X] ©V ?| ^ Sj X] 5. »^ c«| a|. . 

Cbliterate,To Jawp-tah^c|. {as an inscription). 

Ob org, To be Kill-jook hah- tab ^ ^ "S* ^ . 

Cbscrve, To Koo-gyor.g-hahtah •?■ >3 ^ ^ j You-ram-hah- 
*^h O ^-^Cj. (tfj a traveller)', Yom-'tam-hah-tah ^i^^-S" 
"'Cj. {as a deti ctive, secretly and officially). 

Obsotete, To be Kaw-jay j?. -j^ , That is an obsolete style 
^^ dress, Koooss-sun kaw-jay-o :3.^^ JL ?*l|^. 



i86 OBS.. 

^ ■ ' 

Obstinate, To be Kaiw-jip-hah-tah jL ^3 ^ ^- He is a very 
obstinate man, Koo sahram kaw-jip-ee tai-tan-hah o jx >^I. ^ i 
^ ^1 *^ ^ "? JL. ^^ont he oh St nate^ Kaw-jip nommaw hah- 
jee-mah-rah JL^l^JZ.'f-7;i«»|-2f. 

Obstruct, To Mal-lec-tah ^ v| cj. ; Koom-jee-hah-tah -g- 
X| -g- cj. DorCt obstruct him in his ivcrk^ Koo sahram ec hah- 
nan-gu5sul koom hah-jee-mah rah ^^J\ g a"?*^2i"^'w^ 

Obtain Ut tab ^<\ . To obtain cnes wish, Too-gwec 
hah- tab ^<?|-s-c|.. To obtain benefit, Took-hyaw-hah-tah 
"^J^ "§* ^. To obtain profit , Toong-nee hah-tah -^ '^l "§" ^. 
To obtain influence. Took- say bah-tah -^'^^^. To obtain 
victory {in a law suit), Took-£ong-hah-lah ^^^^"^ C|.. To 
obtain favour, Took t'cho ng hah-tah -^.^"^cj.. To obtain 
victory {in afi^^ht), Took-soong l.ah-tah ^ ^ -^ c|. 

Occasionally Kack-kooai 7f ^ ; It-tah-gam $1 ^ ^ ; 

Cbon^-jong ^^. I occasionally go into the city, Moonan 

chong-jong kah-o ^-^ -^-^7f^- ^ ^**fy meet him occasion-^ 

ally, Koo sabram gack-koom man-nah o,plaI. g Zf '3*5H'^" 

Occident 'Tai-saw el) Aj. 

Occupy, To To occupy a house, Sal-tah ^<^-. To occupy m 
room, Kaw-t'cbaw-hah-tah 7^ 7^ ^ «=l" ^^ occupies that 
house} Cbaw-cbip-ay sab-nan nce-gah noo-goon-yah (^^^ 
;^L }r 6) 7|. -qp-^ t|: {low) ; Chaw chip-ay noo-gah sah^ ? d| ^ 
(A J^ ^L ^ ^ (polite). Which room do you «rir^jr ? Naw-hyong 



OCC. 187' 

jn-nah pang- ay kaw-i'chaw-hah-sio r 2£.^^*^l?J"^lHiy"'5" 

Occupation, A Sah-up ^ <H {honorific) ; Saing-aye >^! ^| 
r^aing-taw A^ ^ j Saing-gey /^ 'fi\ . What is your otcufation ? 
^Jaw-nan saing-aye-gah moo-or-sin-nyah ? uJ fe -^ 9j 7|- 7- ^ 
>U tj: {lew) ; Taik-oon moo-sam sah-op-ee kce-sio II -^ -t" '« 
^ <H o] 7)1 /X <i {polite). I have no occupatu ti, Isah-nan ahii.o 
Saing-aye-taw upso v|.{ro|-JZ.><j ^|5.^4l. ^^ ^'" ^^ 
occupation, Koo sabram saing-aye upso jx Aj. g ^ ^ ^ >^, . 

Occur, To Tvvee-tah 5] cL. When did the foreign war 
occur} Nall-lce nan-jce-gah myct-hay choom tweeyusso? 

Ocean Taa-hai tfl f | . 

O'clock See >^! ; Chom r^. What d clock is it} Myet chom 
H ee-yusso ? ^ -^ 5| 5J 4i . ^l l^ ^^(f P^st one d clock, Hai> 
bom-pan twce-yiisso S ^ ^ 5] ^ iJl -^ shall return at six 
*crlock, Nai-gah yossot- see-ay naho-gesso M) 7l- ^ ^ >^! 6^] vL 
fc-jfl^l- B^n^ breakfast at scve7t d clock, At-t'cham il-gop 
-ifs-ay mug-gcttah 0|- :^ g -g- ><) 6^] e} 5[ ^ . 

Odd (According to Corean reckoning odd numbers belong to 
'^aven and are known as Tchun-soo ^ ^ or Yang-soo Afc ^ • 
" liile even numbers belongto the earth and are known as Chee-soo 
^ ^ or Oom-soo^^, These forms however are not in frequent 
*se). 72? de odd i.e. not a pair, Jack-jay-ghee ^ ^fJ- 6| . These 



iSa ODE. 

are odd pairs ^ E gussie jack-jay-ghee- o O) :^ 6) ^ ^ 6^ ^. To 
be odd i.e. out of the ordinary, Noon sul-tah -^ -y ^ . Thii looks 
odd^ Koo-gussie noon sor-raw pwee-awe '3t.'^0|-^'^6| Sjj>.. 

Oda, An She >^| . When set to music, Kah-sah ^ ^ , 

Odor, An Nahm-say «^ /{J ^ or T'chwee 41 . -^ ^^^^ Sfneti, 
Ack-t*chwee ^ ^I . A pleasant smell, Hyang-t'chwee -^ ^| 
Peach blossom smells sweet, Taw-hwah-gah hyang-t'chvvee-gah 
mahn-so J£ ij. 7)- "^ 41 7^ «]: 4l • 

Of This preposition is expressed in Corean by the Genitive or 
Ahlative cases. In the written script it may be expressed by the 
ablative of the pronoun 6) with oV ^| ^ c|-. 

Off The preposition is expressed by the ablative case. To go 
off, Daw-nah-tah Atj 4* i:|-. To get off\.^. descendfrom, Nah-ree- 
tah v|. e| c|. . To take oneself off\ Taw-mang-hah-tah i n}- "S* cL 
To come off {as thatch), Paw-sor-jee-tah V. A^ x] ^ . 

Offal Moo-yong-jce-mool -?*-§• ^I ^« 

Offend, To Took-chwee-hah-tah -^A^^'^ Pum-chwee- 
hah-tah ^ ^ -STCl-. To be offended, i.e. to take in bad part^ 
Yock- jong nai-tah 6^ :^J v|] c|- . He is much offended, Koo sah- 
ram-ce tai-tanny yock-jong nai-so J3L aI- ^ 0| t|l c{. -g'] ^ ;^ vA 
^x You have offended him, Naw-hyong-ee koo sahram-ool 
yock-jong nah-gay hesso i:^0):3.4f^64^v).>!|-gr5} 



OFF. 189 

Offer, To Tiddy-tah jc a] cj. {honorific)', Choo-tah ^t:)-. 
To offer by way of hospitality , Tai-jop-hah-tah 'cj '^ "§" t:|- . 
He offered us {ortpte) some fruit, Oo-iee-ral sil-gwah-raw tai-jop 
hap-tee-dah -f-^^^^-^fS.^!"^^^^' ^ ^ff^^ sacrifice 
io the spirits of ancestors, Chey-sah-jee nay-tah 7^ >^ %| H) ^. 
To offer sacrifice to evil spirits, Kaw-sad-jee nay-tah JL >^ ^| vfl 
c|- . Offering of an Emperor to heaven, T'chun-jey-chee nay-tah 

Office Z>/^/y. Chick-poon ^^. What office does he hold} 
Chaw Yang-ban chick-poon-ee moo-aw-sio I^ 4^ ft -^ ^ -^ ^t 
^6j>^] J^. An official chamber, Poo -^. The Home Office^ 
Nay-poo vjJ^. The Foreign 6y?r^, Way-poo ^-^. Office of 
Education, Hak-poo iJ-J^. Office for Police Administration, 
Kyong-poo ^ ^ War Office, Koon-poo -^* J^ . Offlce of Agricul- 
ture, Works and Tt ade, Nong-sang-kong-pooJ^/^ -g- J^ . Office of 
Customs, Pop-poo ^ J^- The Office of Finance, 'Tack-jee-poo 
-^ ^ J^. Post Office, Oo-sin-gook JJl>^ -af-^ or Oo-ppyun-gook 
JjLiQ-af". A police Office, Kyung-moo t'chong ^-^-^y. A 
provincial police station, Chee-saw x| J^, To hold Office, Paa- 
sul-hah-tah Hj^^c|. or Paa-sul tan-nee-tah ^-^-^^ cL. 
What Office do you ^^/^?Moo-sam paa-sul-law kee-sio? ^>^ 

^ ^ Jn ^1 >^| -£-. ^^^^ Qffl^^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^^/^? Chaw Yang-ban- 
ce moosam paa-sul tang-ghee-o ? Gj 4" ^ 6) -^ >§ U| ^ ^ 7! 
^ . To appoint to an Q^r^, Paa-sul shick-hee-tah ^ -^^ 'CJ cL 
72? be deprived of Office, M) un-gwan-hah-tah ^{1^4 or 
Kall-lee-tah ^ >{ 4. "^o assume Office, Taw-im-hah-tah ^ Al 

^4- 



igo OFF. 

Offspring Hoo-sonn I^^. 

Often Yorraw-bun ^ ^ ^ ; Maa-yang ^] A • Kack-goom 
tJ-^; Chah-jaw ;w|.££; lk)on-nee J^ 4 • ^^^ ^ word that is 
c/fen used, Hoo-nee soo-nan mah-ree-o J^ *| ^ fe ^ 6| J^. 
//e often comes to tny house, Oo-ree chip-ay kack-goom tang- 
ghee-o -^S| ^<^1|z|''^^7)jL. Why are you always coming 
here} Way chack-gaw aw-nan-yah ? 4*4[ >^ JL 9 V ^ « 

Oil Kerosene, Soig-you>y-^. Sesamum oil, T'cham kirrum 
:g 7| g . Wild sesamum oil. Tool kirrum^ y\ g . Oil extr acted: 
from the Datura Stramonium, used for greasing the hair, Tong 
paik kirrum -§• ^ 7) g . ^ vegetable oil used in lamps and j or 
oiling fans, Soo-you kirrum -4*--S- 7) g . Another vegetable oih 
used as a medicine and for oiting the hair of adults, said (a 
destroy lice. Saw t'ai kirrum >fc f [ 7| g . What .kind of oil is 
this ? E gaw moo-sam kirrum-ee-o ? <*\ 7^^^ t]% 0] ^. ^ 
press oil, Jah-tah j^ i± . //ow do they press oil in Core a ? Cho- 
soti-savv-nan kirrum-ool oot-tock-kay jah-o? £.>Q ^ fe 7] g -^ 
^ ^ ^l-H-fi.. What do they use sesamum oil fori Cho-sen 
sah-ram-oon t'cham kirrum-ool moo-awe-say- tah-gah ssoo-p ? 
J&. ^d >^H -^^ 7) I -I: ^ <H ^1 4 tF ILX' Oilpaper (thm\ 
You-jee .^;q]. Oil paper {for floors), Kack-jang ^^S". Oil 
paper {for windows), Chang you-jee ^ o« x| . Oilpaper {used 
as a wrap for medicines). Paik you-jee ^-2- 5^). ^ oil ct 
>?^^r, Kkong-tam-hah-tah 3LcH'§"4. 

Ointment Kaw-yack ji, cj: ^ J^ub the ointfnent on the place 
affected, E kaw-yack-ool sang-t'chaw-ay pah-roo-o 0] it 6^ ^ 
>J 75? ^] V ^^ Dont use the medicine inter ally, E kaw-yack- 



OLD. igx 

■ • I I • I ■■ I ■ __ 

ool mock -jee- nan mah-o ^) JL ^ -^ ^ 7c| \£ <'}• JL • ^^^^ ^^^ 
dntment on, every other day, E kaw-yack-ool E-'tull koU-law- 
koom pah-roo-o c) JL ^ -^ ^) -#• ^ ul ,SL tf H j> . 



Old, To be Noolk-tah ^ cj. . Swee hah tab 4:1 "^r t:|- . An old 
person^ Naw-in 2fl^ ^'^ Nool-goon-ee ^-^ 6) . A horse, long^ 
in the tooth, Nool-goon mall '^ ^ § . An old hen, Moo-gun 
talk '^^^. An ancient custom, Nyeet-pop i^l ^ . An old 
house, Nal-gan diip vi^^. Old clothes, Heurn awt -&^iL. 
An old friend, Or-ran t'chin goo ^ ^ :JI -^ . How old are you ? 
Myet-ssal moggor-han-yah ? ^ >^ oj 6j y i{: {low) ; Yun-see- 
gah myet-fchec^sio ? ^^\7^i[^/\X ^polite) \ Moo-sam 
saing-ee-nah twee-susso? -?" ^ '^ ^)vf 5| -Jj 4i {to an equal). 
How old is this horse} E-mah- dee myet hay-nah moogusso? 
^1 S ^ ^ ?) *f "^^ ^- ^^^^ ^ <?« ^^^ ^^^' E ^aa yorraw 
hay mook-gusso O) 7j| &{ ^] t)*5-^ 4i. How long has this 
hruse been builtt E chip chee-oon-jee^gah myet hay-nah twee- 
usso? 0| ;^X]-^X|:^^ f) 4-5)^41 • "^^is is an ancient 
custom, E.gussun nyeet poip-ee-o ^) ^ -^ ^ ^ 6) _£_ . Be is an 
iold friend of mine^ Chaw yang-ban-ee oo-ree koo-gyaw-yav. 

Omit, To Baa yaw-mock-tah /H a^ pj cL ; You-roo-hah tah 

-r' •• ]^,^- ' .: : ■'■■■■: ■ .' r - 

On Expressed by the locative in 6\] or by the preposition 
^^iOhtiy^^Z^, What is that on Jhewain Tahm-ay in-nan 
^i^s5ie..moo-aw-sio ^^} $1 fe 5j:><|^6j >^|_2_. Put it on the 



192 ONC. 

Once Han- bun "g^^. Do it once mo^e, Han-bun taw hah- 
^^^ ^ tl ^ ^ -^I i 0^/j/tf). He only came once, Han-bun 
man wah-susso ^ ^ «t i|. ^ ^. At once, Taa-bun-ay c|| ^ ^ 
// was d >fte at once on my s/te iking about if. Mall hai-tun-nee 
taa-bun-ay twee-yusso $f]t^i{^}ij}6||^^>^. / have 
only seen him once, Han-bun man po-asso ^ ^ «t AS ^« 

One Hannah -gri|. ^Eel g. One day, Harrow -f^^. 

One man, Han sahram $ >* g . One by one, Hannah sick, 

liannah sick, "5" *^- ^ "^^ *}• ^ . Give the men one yang ectcK 

Chaw sahram-tool tonehan-yang-sickchewo t5l /!• S •^•'tE'^^ 

^^ S^. There is only one, Hannah man isso "^ 4* ^ $1 4l. 

There is not one, Hannah taw upso -griL^ p\ j^ ^ 

Onion Ppah jj].. 

Only Man of , Boon ^. Tah-man t|.«| {used as an in- 

troductory word). When you make this dish use only a little 
pepper y E oom-sick man-dall-tay ha w-t*chaw cho-kum man noo- ' 
erah 6] ^4 ofl ^^^££^ oj i^ 6| 4. Buv only one 

fowl. Talk han-mah-dee-man sah onerah ^^ vf* ^ v^^i 
1^ «|.. I have only tuot djlUrs, Tone ee-won boon-ce-o ^0| 
5S ^ ^I i- ^'^^ ^^^y '^^'» Pee-tan u) 1^ . He not only treated 
nie hospita'^lv but also t^arife me a book, Koo yang-ban-€C nah- 
ral hoo-taa-haggaw pee-tan koo boon ah-nee-rah t*chaick ban 
kwonchewiHSOA^ ^^14 S^^I'?-2-M| ^^X^0|-^ ^ 

Ooze, To Saa-tah /||'^. The stopper does not fit and the 
medicine has oozed out, Pyung mah-gav mat-jee-an-nassaw yak 
<:hom saa-yusso ^vf^J^^^^-Al^o) #41 ^^- 



OPE. X93 

Open, To Yul-tah ^t±, Op^n the door. Moon yurrarah 
-^ 6e| a| 2|. . Let the door stand open. Moon yorraw no-arrah 

Kwee-ay mawt in-nah yorraw paw-awe ^| o)] ^ ^ vf. Ctj g| \^ 

Opinion Saing-gak >^ tJ- ; Or-rim 6| ^ ; Chim-jack^ ^ ; 
Saw-gyun ^ :^ . In my opinion this is true, Naa saw-gyun-ay 
\xx> gussie chung mah-ree-o vfl 4» ;g 0|] ,3L :5j 6| ^ ^ ^1 i- 
This has an unpleasant flavour tn my opinion, Naa saing-gak~ 
ay E- gussie massie ahn-twee-usso M) '^ ^ ^1 ^I ^ >^) 5t -^1 4 
J5j ^ ^. In my opinion he will come to-day, Nay chim-jack-ay 
koo sahran-ee o-nal awl-toot- hah- o Ml^'^^.^LyAj.g ^|JL^ 



Opium Ah-Ppyun 6|-^. 

Opponent, An Tai-soo ^I ^ (as in a game of skill) \ 
Ppee-gaw jfl x (^'^ ^ ^^^ suit) ; Chock-soo M ^ {in war). 

Opportunity, An Quee-hwee ^ 5J . / ivill do it when oppor- 
tunity offers itself, Quee-hwee iss-sim-yen koo eel-ool hah-gesso 

•^4|$lA^'='Lg-^-5r5J4i.. Don't miss the opportunity, 

3E gwee-hwee-rool nawt-t*chee-jee mah-sio6| :»|$J 1 ^'?^1 ^ 
^ >^1 JL {poliie\ 

• Oppose, To Tai-juck-hah-tah 'rj^'^cj-; Kwang-g)'ong 
hah-tah %^'^^. 



194 OPP. 

Opposite, To be Mah-jaw qj. J£ ; Tai-hah-tah ^| "^T ^ • 
Sang-ban-hah-tah ^^'^<^. ^^^ house is opposite fninr^ 
Koo sahrara chip-ee oo-ree chip haggaw mah-jaw isso Ji.X{. ^ 
^ ;g 6l ^ 2| ^ -gr JL of S $1 ^. "S/y down opfosite me-^ 
Nah-gaw mah-jaw an-jerrah ^- j2. o j- 2. ^ ^^I ^j- (low) ; Nab^ 
gaw mah-jav/ an-jip-sittah v|. ji. irf. 2. ^V ^ >^] ^ {polite). (Th^ 
word '^l :g- cL is used in various connections; as when one has 

met some great misfortune, a friend will commiserate in the 
phrase Naw-hy ong-ool taa-hah-yah hal-inah-ree up so V ^ -^ 

'^I "^ 61: "f" ^ 6) <y /J^ ; or to introduce the idea of ''in the fate 

of or "in evint of ). ll^hatis the word of opposite meaning 
to this ? E mal-gwah sang-ban-han mah-ree moo-aw-sio 6| ^ if- 

-^ li "f t *! ^ <H >M JL- 

Oppress, To Chan-hay-hah-tah ^ "Clj '$' ^ ; Kang-pack- 
hee-hah-tah ^ y* r| "^T cj- . 

Opulent, To be Poo-yaw-hah-tah ^Sjjf[ ^, An opuleni 
person. Cur-boo 7\^. 

Cr Expressed by the termination Nah t|. j In-jee ^X| 
€?rTun jee oj x). I shall go to-day or tomorrow, 0-nal in-nah 

nale in-nah kah-gesso i ^ ^1 ^- ^] e ^) H" ^ 3l^* ^ ^^ ^^ 
know if he ivili come or noiy 01-lan-jee ah-nee ol-lan-jee mora- 
gctso ^ {^ 7^ c^ vl ^ fe X]iS 5l4i. ^««jf one or iw^ 
Han-too-or-gay kad-jaw-o-nerah -^^ 6| "^l ^^4 J^ 1^ •}-. 

Oral To deliver orally , C\i\.\r\-g3\ hah-tah >3^'1f'4 Koo- 
jun-hah-lah j:^;^ -g- tl'. 



OR A. 195 

Orange, An Kyool -^. 

Orchard, An Kwah-mawk-pat i^ 4|. ^ . 

Ordain, To Sore-ip-hah-tah >^^'^^. Sol-she-hah-tah 

Order, To Sik-hee-tah ^-^rltj.; Myung-hah-tah ng-f^f. 
Poon-poo-hah-tah -j^^*^^. Order the cook to prepare the 
food^ Sock-SCO shick-hyaw com- sick hah-rah-gaw-hah-o -^^ 
igJ'g^^^-^aj.ji.-^-jj^. Orders {as cf a magistrate,) Hool- 
yong dtig . Royal orders, Myung-yong ig ^ ^ Orders {as cf a 
parent^ Hoon-ghee ^7^. 

Order, In T*chah-ree ^ B)) . Hace ihem in their proper 
erder, T'chah-ree-raw no-arrah ^ ^ ^ V_ o]- gl- . 

Owiinary, To be Hoo-nee-hah-tah ^ ^1 "8" ^ . Yecfc-sah-hah- 
tah ^1 y^-^ cf.. This is a word in ordinary use, E gussie hoo- 
nee-sin-nan mah-ree-o ^) :^ A] :% ^1 ^ fe ^ 6) ^ . This is an 
ordinary event, E ee-dee yea-sah-yaw o1 oj o] S|) >^ _g.. 

Ore Shwce-tawl ^-^. 

Orient, The Tong-yaag :^ ^ . 

Origin In the beginning, Tang-t*chaw-ay ^ ^ 6^1 . What is 

the origin of this custom'^ E pawp-ocn tang-t'chaway ootchay 
mah-ryun hesso ? 6) ^ ^^ :i^ ^^^luf^^-^r 5J4.. 

Ornament, To Goom-ee-tah ^6)t^; Chang-sick-hah-tah 
^4"?^ 5 Tan-jang-hah-tah ^^J'^TCf. Ornaments (i.e 
itinkeis)^ 'Paa-mool 3]| ^^ 



» 



196 ORP. 



Orphan, An Kaw-jah J^ J^; . 

Other Tahran cj. f . Not this thing, bring ike other, E got 
mal-gaw tab-ran got kad-jaw onerah ^)^S*jiL^ S ^^^ 
^u( af.. Tell the other man to come here, Tah-ran sahram 
tirry-aw e-dee o-rah-gaw ha . erah 4S>4'S ^^1^1 ^A4 
Ji, "^ 6^ ej. Put it in another place, E got tah-ran tay kattah 
no-arrah 6] ijj cj, g cj ;^ Cj-^nO]- «}. . Don't tell this to another 
person, 'Tah in-we-ghee al-ghee hah-jee-mah-sio ^ ^ •^ >f| $ 
>*| "^^ ^1 ^ >^I ^ (* ^^» ^^^ sound of a Chinese character, is 
used in several connections to express another', as * tah- f chaw 
cJ. TQij "another place", *Tah-gook ^^ "another country**, 

' Tah-hyang e). 'v\ ''another part of a country") Every other ^ 

Hannah koU-law-kum "?' 4" ^ M -^« ^^^^^ write on every 

other line, Han chool koll-law-kum soo-sio ^'S' ^ tl 3^3^f\ 

€^ , Every other day, Harrow koll-law-kum "^ S. -d ^ ^- 

Wash the room out every other day, Harrow koll-law-kum 
pang-ay coil-lay -jill-hayerah '§rS,:g^.a^6J|:gM|;g'^ 

Otter, An Soo-tal ^^ . Otter skin^ Soo-tal-ppee -^if* 3|. 
(Coreans say that amongst animals the tiger and otter alone offer 
sacrifice to heaven. The tiger on killing is siaid always to sever— 
the head of the victim from the carcass and, offer it The otter is— 
supposed to o.ifer the head of a fish caught on any day of the first::^ 
month in the year). 

Ough: Expressed by the termination gussiti-nee-rah T^A^ ^ 
e|. added to the future of any vero when speaking to anothev^ - 



OUR. 197 

person, hy ^ussie when speaking of one self. Vou ought to do 
«/, Naw-gah hal-gussie-nee-rah l^) ^ ^ 5j >^| H '(- . I ought to 
do it, Nai-gah hal gussio v]j 7}. "^ 7^ >^) J2. • ^^^ ought not to do 
this, Naw-nan E got hal gussie ah-nee-nee-rah ^ fe ^| ^ J ?! 
Xj o|- v| v] sf. . I ought not to do tnis, Nah-nan E got hai ^ussie 
ah-nee o 'I fe o] :^ f 7^ >^| 6^ v] J^. 

Our (;)o-ree -ft. ej ; Oo-ree too-ree -^ ^ "^ ^} . 
Out To ^o out, Nah-kah-tah v|. 7}. c^ , To come out. Nab 
aw-tah ^l* jSL ^ To be out {from home), Ah-nee kee-sio oj- il 
>!j >^| Jg^ ^r Upso <y ^ To turn out Reject), Nay-or-jaw-tah 
M|**l^^. To pour out, Dah-roo-tah ^H.c|.; Sawt-tah 
-^ C|. {to empty). To be out of breath, Kat-poo-tah T^JicL, 
To put out a fire i Goo tah Ai.ti. To be out of order ^ Pyung 
■lah-tah ))J cf. c|. . 

Ou':law Mang-mung-chway-in ^ 'S ^ ^ . 

Outrage An outrageous fellow, Qwee-ak-han nom ilJ ^ "^ 
-^. An outrageous action^ Qwee-ak-har. ( cliZ| ^ "1^ 9 . 

Outside Pat 5^ . Put it outside the door. Moon pat-kay no- 
^rrah -£ jft H| ^ o]- ef- . Who is that outside} Pat-gay in-nan 

sahram-ee noo-goo-yaw ? 5t ^| $1 fe 4 1 ^1 "T^-S.- ^'^^^ 
outside, Pat-ghee-saw chom kee-tarry-orah ^j- H| /^^7|x:j.a| 
^^ Go outside, Pat-koo-raw kaggerah ^j; jx^7}- 7^ ^f . 

Outwardly Kot-t'chah-raw 7^ ^^. 

Outwit, To Gvvey-ee-bah-jee-tah >2lj 6^] /^ x| c|. . 



198 OVA. 

Oval, To be Sill-jook-hah-tah >^ -^ "§• cj- 

Ovcn, An Hwah-dock-sawk ij^i^^. Put it in the oven, 
Hwah-dock saw-gay too-erah ^j. ^ ^ 6^] J^ ^ z\ , 

Over Oo-hwee -^5] (overhead)', Kun-naw 7j 6j {across)', 
Nom-maw ^ 6| (over and above) \ OT/^rr/?^/, Too-roo-maig-ee 
-Y*-?-^ o] , To overcome, E-ghee-tah 6| ^t:|-. To overcome 
{in ufar). Soong-jun-bah-tah j^t^-^x}^. To overhear, Yut- 
toot-tah 6j^c|.. 7o overload, Pock-joong-hah-tah ^•f-'S' 
■c|-. Don t overload the boat, Pai pock-joong hah-gay seel-jee- 
mah-o ^1 -^-f- -8" H| -g Xl n}. E|. . To over-rate, Nool-jap-tah 
-^ ^ cj. . He over-rated the cost of building the house, Chip- 
chill tone chom nool-jap-asso r^ >g %^^^ ^«t4l. ^ ^^' 
see {public works), Kan-yuck-hah-tah ;jf ^ ^^ Please ovif- 
see thi^ Tvork, E-ee-rool chom kan-yock-hah-yaw chew-sio 0| 
t?'§"'§''i^"?"^^^|-2- ^P^^^^^)' ^^ be overwhelmed (with 
work), Kavvl-mool hah-tah -g-^ '§■ ^j-. T^o overflow, T'chang- 
ill-hah-tah ^ ^ "§■ cL (97/i'r^«z<'/, Sang-gaw-hah-tah >*jL'§' 
cj-. To overshadow, Tawp-hee-tah ^ r)^. To overtake, 
Jawt-t'chah kah-tah ^r^j-^l-cL, To overthrow, Myul-mang- 
hah-tah B?j"'5"^. To overturn, (lUt-koo-raw-jee-tah l^-T" 
B| x] ^ . To be overcast, Koot-tah Jjt. cL or Hoo-ree-tah ^ ^ 
"CL. To be overbea'^ing, Kang-back-hah-tah ^8)''f ^ ^ 
Kang-paw hah-tah ^ 5 "S" ^ . 

Owe, To Peet-chee-tah ^ x| c}.. I owe Mr Kim one dollar, 
Nai-gah Kim saw-bang an-tay oon-jun irr-won peet-jusso vfl i^ 



OWL. igg 

sahram-ee nah-eui-ghee tone too-nyang chutso :^/X. ^ ^) M- 
S^ >f| <^^^ '^ >&. ^ow much do J ewe you ? Nai-gah naw- 
hyorg-eui-gkee tone men-yarg chuss-so v|| 7|.2c ^ "^I >^| ^ 1^ 
^^A» ^^^ ^^^ ^^ nothivg, Taik-ee nah-eui-ghee chin 
tone upso '|{6]v|.^H| >{3^^^ ^' How much do the debts 
you ewe amount to} ^2^^ nanvwe-ghee pect-chin giissie uln-ah 

nah twee-nan-yah \^ ^ -] ><| SI ^^ ^1 ^ "| ^- 5) V 4 ^^^'^''^ 
Tang-sin-ee nam-we-ghee peet-chin giissie ool-mah-nah twee o 
*<l^l^'^Ml5l^^^)^''m-5|i (ponte). Ask htm 
hoTV much 1 owe him, Koo sahram-we-ghee nai-gah pit-chin- 
gussie ulmah-nah twen-nan-jee moo-raw-baw-sio z^L/i. ^ '^\ ><| 

Ml7f3i;a^>^^«'H-5lfe^lT-«fJi>^lA P^y "11 the 

^ebtsyou cwey Mco-ssm tone ee-tur-jee tah kap-herrah -?■ ^ ^ 
O) ^ X| ^ ^ "81- ^ {low) ; Moo-sam tone ee- tun-jee tah kap 
hoo-sio -2?- >§ ^ 6) ^ X] 4 ^ JiA] iL (polite). 

Owl, An Poo-hoing-ee J^-^ 6] . A smalt homed owl, All- 
baim-ee A ^) 61 . 

Ox Hwang-saw jg-4i. 

Own, To To confess t Chah-bawk-hah-tah ;5;^^cL, He 
has confessed his crime, Qht^-g2\i chway-rcol chah-l awk-hessc 
e|7^^ S>^^"5'5i^- ^^y ^^ y^^ ^^^ confess ? Nee-gah 
nee chway-rool al-gaw whey chah-bock-hah-jee-an-nan-yah ? 
'^^^^I^ji-^I^4'5^^1^VH|5. 7^ possess, Ittah 
6|cL, Do you cwn a knife} '^^\i chang-taw in-nan-yah ? u} 



200 OWN. 

^ Sl $I V H^ . ^^^^ owns this house ? E chip-ee newy chip— ^ 
ee-o? 61 ^ 6| ^ ^ 6] _£,. This is my child, Nai chah-sick- 

Owner Im-jah ^ ^ ; Choo-in ^ ^ . 

Oyster Kool -|j . . Suited oj sters, Kool-jot -^ ^-i 



Pace Kaw-room l\^ One pace, Han kaw-room ^ t\ 
or Paw ^ /y^r;// ///<? trees one pace xxpart, E nah-moo-rool 
hah paw-ay han-jew-sick shim-orah o| t|. ^ § "Si^ $^^4 

Pacify, To Clieen-jong-hah-tah >3.^'f^^ ^ An-ton bah-tah 
fij^-^rc}.; An jong-hah-tah ^^'5't:f. Tty to pacify the 
crowd. Chaw sahram-ool an-jong shick-hee-sio D| v^* S -^^ 

Pack, A Mah-pah-ree aj- uf. e] (pOny). PUck saddle^ Kil~ 
niah :^ o[- //^ztv many packs will these things make up} K, 
mool- 'un-ec tah inyet barry-nah twee-getso? 6) -i* >H ^1 ^4 
yjL ej t^ 5| :^J ^ Make these things into one pack, Egussul tah 
han barry mai-o o) :5j -^ cf J vj}. 3} 6^) ^| ^. Make the packs^ 
up for a start y Mah-jim tah shil-kaw kah-jah vj-;^ Cj.^ JL?J^ 

Package, A Paw-dah-rce ^ ^ 2| {small) ; Paw-chim ^>3 - 

Pad, A Paw-yom ^^. It is too small for Us case put in <M 
pad, Kway-gah t'chah-jee ah-nan-ee paw-yom chom noo-ocp^j 



PAG. 20X 

^ 7|- :^ ^ ^V fe H i J5.# ^ -2-- ^'^^ ^^^-flf/*? ^^^-y not fit, put 
o pad umfer it, An-jsLYig-ce ma-t'Chee an-nan-ee paw-yom chom 

Page, A Chang ;* . //ow viany pages has the book ? E 

••chaik-ee r.iyet chang-ee-o ? 6] *j 6) i^ 5j o] J2L • ^^^hatpage ts 

Mtat written on ? Koo mah-ree myet chay chang-ay isso ? ju ^ 

*1 ^ '^A ^ ^1 *' 4l- ^^^ will find it written en page ten, Yoll 

<hang-man naim-gyaw paw-sio <g J ^ !^ 7^^ a| J[.. 

Pagoda, A 'Tap SK Which is the way to the Pagoda ? 'Tap 
kaw-rool odd-day- raw kah-o ^-g--^- ^ ^IS^J-JL O-^* ^^ ^^^ 
pagoda imide the walls of Seoul). 

Pail, A Mool-t'ong %^. Bring a pail of water, 'Tong-ay 
mool tam-mah o-nerah ^<i] -f- ^ ^V-£- ^ ^ • 

Pain, To be in Ap-hoo-tah ^2.^- ^f"^ you in pain "^ Ap- 
V>on-yah ? ^ X 4^ (low) ; Od-day ppyun-t'chee-anso 6j c| jQ 
icj ^ 4^ ? (polite). Where do you feel pain ? Odday-gah ap- 
^oo^ ^ ^ ^I 7f ^ i^. ^^ will give no /^ain, Ap-hoo jee-anso 

Paint, To Koo-ree-tah jau a] c|- (a picture) ; T'chee-tah t;] cL. 
^^ho painted this picture! E koo-rim noo-gah koo-ree-usso ? 
^,3L^-Y"7f-.rL^>5l. (There are two schools of painting in 
^orea, in colours and in sepia. The latter is confined to the letter- 
^^ class who usually practice the art as an amusement. Paint- 
^»lg in colours is used for ornamenting screens, etc., the artists 
^ing known as Taw-hwah-sah j£ IJ >^) . 




202 PAI. 

Pair Kkyurr-rey ^ ^. Buy me a pair of Corean string^ 
shoes, Mee-*taw-ree han kkurr-rey sah-onerah "Jl s. ^I ^ ^ ^1 
/L ^ ul Bj. . These are not a pair, Too-jack-ee mat-jee-anso^ 

Pa' ace Koong ^ <7r Taa-gwal c| -g The present paiac^ 
in Chong-f/oftg, Kyung-oon-koong '§-^-^. The palace whef9^ 
the late Queen was murdered, Kyung-bok-koong 
The palace near the East-Gate, Tong-gwantaa-gwal^ j^ ^| 
The site of a palace inside the West Gate, Saa-moon an taa-g\Nr ,^^ 
^Vl "£ ^ ^1 "S -^ palace where the king is resident in perso^^ 
Taa-gwal c] ^. 

Palate, The Ip-t'chun-jang <y ^ ^ . 

Pale, To be Ppee ghwee up-lah iZ| ^ ^ t±. 

Palm (of the hand) Sonn pah- tack ^ ^|- !^ . Palm tree, 
Chong-nyaw ^ td , 

■ 

Palpitations Chung-t'choong-cheung 7^^^, 

Palsy Paralysis of the whole body, Chun-sin-poul-soo :i^>3, 
-^^. Partial paralysis, Pan-sin-poul-soo ^^-^•4^. 

Pan, A A frying pan, Nam-pee "^ u] . Fry it in the pat^-* 
Nam-pee-ay chee-jaw-rah '^ H| ^1 ^ ;^ ^|- . Always scour th^^ 
pan after using it, Nam-pee soon-hoo-ay eel-sang chal tak-era 



v. 

XI 



PAN. 205 

Pane (of glass; You-ree t'chang <^ Sf 7^ . ^>'^J « /^;/^ <7/^ 
^lass to fit thisfratne^ E 'too- ray man-nan you-ree han-chang- 
inan sah-onerah 61^6^] 5^ fe^sj ^^ oj >^F JL^ ^. ^^^*^« 
4*^ window panes^ You-ree t'chang tack-crab -#• ^^I ^Sj- 5}* 7J HL 

Panic, To be in a Kyung-gop-hah-tah y^ 7j -gr cj-. 

Panther Ppyaw-bom ^ ^ ; Tawn-chum-pack-ee^ ^ W* ^1 . 

Paper Chong-hee ^ ^} ; Chaw-hwee 21 *] . D'fft rent kinds 
t}ffaper\ — White wall paper, Vd\n%-x\2iW-]Q.^ ^ ic ^1 . J'Oprr 
for a ceiling, Pan-jah-jee ^ ^ X] . ^ flowered poper, Noong- 
kwah-jee J^;^^. Floor paper ^ Chang-ppan-jee ^^-^f-xl. 
I^aper for windows^ T'chang-haw-jee ?^ ^ t;) ; Tai-haw-jee 
%)| ^^ , Saw-haw-jee ^ ^ X^ ; Chang-jee ^ .^| ; Taa chang. 
jee ^|>^X|. Sam-t*chop-jee -^^ Xj. A fiuf paper m general 
tdse, Paik-jee -^ r\ . Writing paper, Choo-jce ^ x| ; Khan-jce 
jee ;^ y\ ; T*cholMyun-jee x^ ^ ^ . Base board paper, Koom- 
jun-jee ^;^^ ; Nang-goom-chun jee ^^^X]; Sah- 
^oom-chun-jee >a.^;g X). A figured paper, ined for ccvetivg 
4boxes, tf/^., Mong-moon-jee -^-^Xj. A paper used in fioortng 
^Tfoms, Mah-boon-jee of-^Xl. A coarse paper used fcr 
-^wrapperSt etc, Ppee-jee ii] x| . ^ generic for all coloured papers 
Saik-jee ^ X| . Waste paper, Soo-jee J^ x] . 

Paper Hanger Taw-bay-jang-ee J£ \J) ^ 6] . Fetch a paper 
hanger. Taw-bay jang-ee bannah pulla-orcrah i ^| ^ 6) "5" 
%L^|JU»_vi «|., Is the paper, hanging done! Taw-bay tah 
hesso? JE. ^1 Cl -§* ^ ^ . ^ow long will it take to paper this 



204 PAR. 

room ? K panj^ ta v.-bay myet-t'chill-ee-myen tah hah-gesso ? 0| 

Paragraph, A Kwee-chull Zl\ ^. 

Parcel See Package. 

Parallel Parallel lines, Chun-gan chool ^ ;j- ^, »>i:ilf 
the characters i>i parallel columns, Kul-see chung-gan tairo 
soo-sio 't^'^tA'^ S. A>^| -£.. 

Pardon, To Sih-hah-tah >*J: •§■ tij.. Nawt-'tah^^; Yong- 
savv hah -tah ^ A{ -5" ^ Please pardon me, Hau-incx)l-t'chee 
mah-sio z\%r\yx\/\^. 

Pare, To Gak-tah ^^, 

Parents Poo-maw -^JL. Yang-t'chin ^ ^. Are your 
parents ahve'^. Sec-hah-sio ? -Al A XI ^. (If grandparents and 
parenLsarc alive the answer to this question is Choon^-see hak- 
ya7o •§• X) €)• ^ ; if parents only, Koo-gyung kak-yettu J^ ^ 
"gL_2^^ if father only, Om-see-hah-yaw ^ >J A_^, if mother 
only, Chah-see-hah-yaw 74 /I €| ^ ; if parents are dead, 
Voftf^'^am-hah-yaw ^ ^"Sj-^). 3T? a ^<rK, Poo-maw kee-sin 
yah Jf i 7^1 /Jlvjs , t?r See-han-nyah ? /] ^ if: . 

Parrot Aing-moo ^ -^. 

Part, To Pur-ree-tah tf) ^ <;{- ; Het-t*chee-Uh f| 7c| ^. 

Partition Kahn-maig-ee ^ ^ 6] . Sliding doors in a Coream 
house, Chang-jee ;JX]. 



PAR; ao5^ 

Partly Tor- raw isf ef ; Chom ^. It is partly done,' Tor- 
aw-hesso ts) ^-^t^^. 

Partner, A On a journey, Tong-haing ^f^. In business, 
Tong-sah Jg. /L . /« office, Tong gwan ^^, In amusement (of 
Htys) Tong- moo ^-^, 

Party, A Moo-ree ^e| ; Day >tt^. Going to Seoul I met a. 

%xrty af men, Saw-ool ollah-kat-tah-gah sahram-we moo-ree-rool 
iian-nass-o>^^4.tf^c|.7}.,^f.|^|:^E| fglvt^. 

Pass, To Chee-nah-kah-tah x| vf. 7^ c|. ; Kwah-gaw-hah- 
lah Jlf. 7) :^ cj. . On the way to Soo-won I passed a large 
^monastery, Soo-won kal-tai-ay kkoon chull hannah chee-nah- 
kasso ^^:g;>^o^|^3'^4-^4^3!:4l. '^^^ wo^d indicates 
the past tense, E mah-rool ham-yen kwah-gaw-han ee-ree-o 
^ft'^^^'^HSe^l-^' '^ fnountain pass^ San kawl- 
iack-ee <i-g-^6|. 

Passage, A Kawl-pang ^ ^ . Passage {money), Sonn-gah 
^ Tf*. IVhat is the cost of a passage to Yong-san ? Yong-san 
fcah-nan-tay son-gah ool-man-yah ? -^>{^7f-^^)4^7f-^irf> 
^ (low)\ Yong-san kah-nantay son-gah ool-mah-yaw? JS-/^ 
^'^'^\^i^%,^ ^^oiite). 

Passionate, To be Koop-hah-tah •g-'^cj.; Hawk-tawk 
*ah-tah ^ ^"^ t:|.. He is a very passionate man, Koo sahram 
^i soong-poom-ee mai-00 koop-hah-o -^ ^i. e ^^ ^ y ^i 



2b6 PAS. 

^|^-g-"^5;_. DonU Hy into a passion^ Shim-sool ppee-j^^ 
mab-rab ^ -^ il| ^ el- a|. . On hearing that he flew into ^ 
passion^ Koo mab-rool tooral-tai-ay soong naa-asso ^u ^ -^ xr 

Paste Ppool J|. r To paste up a window {to prevent a 
draught)^ Ppoong-jee-bab-tah ^^ "(JT cj-. Paste up the window 
Moon ppoong- jee bayerab ^^^\'^ <'\ ^f- . Make sonte pasie*^ 
Ppool cbom ssoo-orab -^-^Ai.^ ^f-. 

Pastime Cbarg-nan >!^ fP . 

Pasture Cban dee J^ 5| . 

Path, A Saw- raw ^^. Hyum-naw "WS« Sweep the 
path, Cbur-gan kill ssoo-raw-rab ^ -^ ^ ^ ^ €}. . Sweep thf 
path up to the door daily, Nalmatta taa-moon kill cbal ssoo^ 
raw-rab ^vi[i^^]^7^y^ ^^^ , 

Patient, To be la-Jiaa-bab tab ^ v)| ^ t^. Kahm-naa-hah- 
tab >|- m -gr cj. . You must try to bear the pain patiently, Moim- 
ee ap-bab-taw cbom t'cbam-ab-rab •§'6)^Aj£^^oV^ 
(low) ; Moi-mee ap-ba-taw cbom t'cbam-oo-sio -§-6) ^Ai^ 

Patriot, A To be patriotic, Aye-gook-bab-tah $| '5f''€r cL, 

Pawn, To A pawnshop, Cbun-tang ^%\ To pawn cOf 

article, Cbun-tang cbap-bee-tab Ijl ^ ^ "8) ^. I have pawned 

my watch fi)t five dollars, Naa sbe-gay-rcol cbuix-tang chap* 

hessaw eel-bwab yook-v/on pattab-sossoh M] >^I 7)1 S ?l ^^"^ 



PAY. ao7 

. P^y, To To pay a price, Kap-naa-tah :^ v|| c|.; To pay a 
4ebt, Pit kap-tah jj ^ cj- ; Yaw-gain hah-tah ^ ^ *§: t:|- . To 
fay monthly waives t WoU-goop chew-tah ^-^^^. To pay 
Ai^e^ Sack cbewtah ^ ^ c|. . Please pay ihe price of the article 

Tone naa-sio ^ M) >U ^ . ^ have paid all my debts, Nai-gah. 

pit tab yav.-eani^hesso m7}*5J^^^'§'^4l. ^ will pay 
your wages tcmorrow, Nai gah rale wol-goop chew-gettah vfl 7I. 

^I « ^ "S"^ 5II ^ (low) ; Nai-gah nale wol-goop chew-gesso 

v|| 7i ^] « % ^^ 5l ^ ' ^^y ^^^ coolies theit hire. Sack-goon 

tone chew-erah ^^^^6j Bj- (lcw)\ Sack- goon tone chew- 

»o 4 3:* ^ /| JL (polite). 

Pea Tchung-tai-kong ;§ 9| ;3. . 

Peace, To make Hwah-t'chin-hah-tah Sj. :y§* ^ ; Sah-hwah 
bah-tah >^ jH -^ cL , The two countries have viade peace. Two 

i^h-rah-kee saw-raw hwah-t'chin-hesso J^v|.e|.6| AfSSl-^ 
'^. ^^. Flease try to make peace between iluse two people, 
Two-poon ee sah-hwah-hah-gaw chee- naa-sio J|:- ^ 61 >^ Jj. "^ JL 

^1 Ml /] JL. '^^ ^^ at peace, Pyung-an-hah-tah 5g oj -§• cj- . 

Peach, A Pock-song-ah ^>g.C|-. A peach tree, Pock-Fong- 
ah nah-moo Jl>g.6{- 1^ <^. Peach blossom Pock-song- ah gawt 

Peacock, A Kong-jak-ghee -^ >^ 6) . 
, I>cak,,A Sanpong-awe-ree:>{J^jj^a|. 



208 PEA. 

Pear, A Paa ^| . A superior pear of which there are two 
varieties, T'chung-sool-lay ^ -^Mf rtr«</ Hwang-sool-lay j^^' 
l:|| Liferior qualities t Moon-pa i -J^l. *Tong-paai^. 

Pearl, A Chin-jew J^^f*. ^ father of pearl, Chah-gay %l.7||^ 

Pebble, A Used in manufacture of superior spectacles An- 
^rung-sock ^l :g /j . 

Peck, A Mai wj* . One bag counts twenty pecks. (This word 
is used with the terminations figgy ^ 6] or Nag ghee ^ o| 
in land measurement). Whati\ the prce of a peck of barleyi 
Paw-ree han mal kap-see uhnah-o } ^^^^^^^^oj* A. 
This is a three peck field (i.e. of a size ihit requires three pecks 
in sowing it), E-gaw say mal jiggy pah-see-o ^) ^^4 4^^4 

Pedlar, A One who peddles things of value, Paw-chim chang 
sah ^^^J^ or Paw-sang ^>*. One who sells inferior 
articles, Toong-chim chang-sah -^/^ ^>^ or Poo-sang -^Jf. 
A pen pedlar, Pill-kong-ee ti -g- 6) . The Poo-sangs arc enroll- 
ed in a powerful and rich guild, and since the reign of the present 
Emperor's grandfather have, from time to time, exerted con- 
siderable influence in the politics of the country. They are 
under the directorship of the Minister of Agriculture, the chiefs of 
centres in important places being responsible to him, whilst they 
in turn have dependants in places of less importance. There is a 
branch of the guild in almost all places of importance, some of 
these owning guild houses where business is carried on. The 
inferior members of the guild may be easily recognised by a 
straw hat of peculiar shape ornamented with rosettes of coCton 
wool on either side. 



PEE. 209 



Peel, To Paik-kee-tah IHJ 7) ^ ; Cur-ppee-hah-tah 7] si\ 



m 

Pen, A Poot ^. A /ar^e^en, Tsi2i-\\\:ti\jg, Afinepoint- 
«//^«, Pchaw-'pill ^ig. A medium sized pen, Choong-'pill 
-J-ig. A pen of very large size, Tchoon pang 'pill ^ ^ ^, 
A pen made 0/ leather, Hyock-'pill ti ^, A steel pen, T'chull- 

Pencil Yun-'pill ^ jg. Have you a penciP. Yun-'pill in- 
yah?6^^6iVM=. 



Peninsula, A Yun-yook-han-dang ^ ^ ^ ^^ . 

People, The Faik-sung '^ >^ ; Saing-yung /^ ;g . The 

^people of a country, Nah-rah paik-sung v]. e|. tfl /^ . People in 

^mmira distinction to the animal, In-you ^^. Pfople of a 

'^iUa^e, Tong-min-g. o] . People of an Island, Taw-min ^ o| , 

-People of a district, Oom-min -|- o) , 

Pepper Red, Kaw-t'chaw ^ ^. Black, Haw-t'chaw ^ -^ 

Peppermint Pack-hah ^tf. Oil of peppermint, Vdiok-hdh- 

Fcrccive, To Gaa-tat-tah^ 5^ cj-. Now you have explained 
word I perceive its meaning, Mai toot-sul soU-myung hah- 
-gah naa-gah gaa-tat-gesso ^^'^^^^'^\\f9\\^'^^'^ 
35 :i. ^^^^, Paw-tah ^cj., I perceive it now, E-jay-yah 
i-gah paw-gesso ^) XH| 6|: vj] 7|.^ 5J 4. . 



aio PER, 

Perfect, To be Hoom uptah ^^^; Awn-chun-hah-ta]fc 
O:;^ -gr cL . This is a perfect article, Hoom um-ran gussio ^ 
<yj ^V\/\^. J^e has a perfect cJiaracter, Chaw sah- ram- 
ay we-in-ee awn-chun-hah-o D|>;fg •^'91^ ^I-^^ 



Perform, To. Mat-tVhee-tah o^ 7:] t::J.(i.e. to do and to finis hy 
Hain;^-hah-lah *j -g- cj. {To do). 

Perfume, A Hyan^-nay "^ ^rj ; Hyang-t'chwee "^^jl. 
This thintr ha^ a fine perfume, E j^^iissie hyang-t'chwee nah-naa 



Perhaps Hawk JSI ; Ah-mah ol- ot ; Hawk-see 
Sec if if IS pel haps there, Hawk- see in-nah po-arrab -S^X] ^j^^ 
^6|- E[. {Io7v) ; Hawk-see in-nah paw-sio ^X] ^| vj. Ij jA ^ 
{polite). Perhaps Islia/l come back in four days, Hawk saH- 
hool h co-ay o-gcsso ^>^^^^]^5lJl. 

Perilous, To be Wee-roong-'twec -roong-hah-tah JSJ^-^I,^ 
-5" C}.; Wcc-'tai-hah-tah ^ £] -§- c|-. 

Perish, To T'chim-yoon hah-tah ;|{ ^g^ "S" cL . 

Permit, To Haw-rack-hah-tah -&] ej- -§• cj. The Emp 
permits forei^iirers to Htc in the country, Hwang- jay gay- 
saw-yang-in o-nan-koll haw-rack hah-sussaw S-13| j|/JAI^ 

Perpendicular, Tc be Kawt-ghee-saw-tah ^ Hi >M t±. 



PER. 211 

^^1 ■ ' - I I - I ■ ■ -- ■ ■ 

Persevere, To You-hang-sim-hah-tah -ff- "f" ^^ "$" '^ . ^^^' 
s^wnw!/^^, Song-yock >^ ^ . you mui>t persevere, Soni; yock 
tkidy-or-rah J%^S.^^, 

Persitnmon, A Kahm >J- ; Yunn-sce d X) or Honir-see ^ 
/I. Dried persimmons , KtiyNV-V^ihrn ^ >J- • Conn-see >f{ >^l ; 
Choon-see '^>^| . Salted persimmons, T'chim-see ;y x| . 

Pexson, A Sahram Aj- ^ used with, or without, the word 
Poon ^, How muny persons are thire in that room} Chaw 
pang-ay myet sabram-ee-o? I^ ^ ^1 |^ /Af ^ <^l J^ ^^ Chaw 
pang-ay sahram myet poon-ee-o? l^j ^ 6^] aj. s ^ ^ O) ^. 

Perspire, To Dahm naa-tah -A^M] '^. ^^ luorked tiil he 
ferspired, Dahm nab-taw-rock eel hcsso/cj- ^- S. -^ ^ ^ ^ 4l . 
^am allin a perspiration ^ Chin dahm nassaw j^/c]- vj. /^ 



Persuade, To Qwon-hah-tah "5^"5"t:^; Hyaw-you-hah-tah 
i'i^-^ cj.. Go and persuade hiin to do this business, Taik-ee 
«ssawkoo sahram-ool qwon-hah yah ee-rool sick hce-sio «l 6| 

Pert, To be Pur-root up-tah a^^<yt:|.; Pah-rack hah-tr.h 

. **erversc, To be Wan-ack-hah-tah ^ ^ '§' ^ ; Faa-) i:ck- 
'^^-tah i^ ^ -§• t:|-. Don't be perverse , Wan-ack-han-^el hah- 
^mahra^^cJ S H f ^1 ^'F ^F- 



212 



pEa 



Pestilence, A Chill-pyung ;g >y ; Oo-hwan J^^. / ^^^ 
there will be a pestilence this year, Orl-hay cliill-pyung ee issuU- 
jooMo ah-ray-o ^ f ) :g ^ <fl $l#t-il0V ? iL- 

Pestle, A Small, as used :n mixing drugs, Mack-jah ^ 5- 
Large, as used in hulling rice, Chull-kweng-ee 3 J^ oj . <^ 
pestle worked by foot tn hulling rice^ Pang-ah iJJ- o|- . 

Petition, A Saw-jee ^ x] (to a magistrate) \ Sang-saw t^J^ 
{to the Emperor). Petition the fnagisttate^ Won-ay-gay saw- 
jee too-ree-sio ^ ^| ?1| 4: ^] S. ^ >^| A- U^ou/d the Em/^eror 
not receive the petition ? H vvang -j ay- k ay-saw sang-saw pat-jcc- 
ah-nee-hah-susso ? ^ IH| :^ Aj ^^4: ft ^ <^V H ?" "M 4l- 

Phantonn, A Yaw-mool j^ -g-. 

Pheasant, A GwongjjU . A cock pheasant ^ Jang-ghee ;J ^. 
A hen pheasant, Gah-too-ree M ^ 2{ . Are there any pheasca^ 
in this neighbourhood! E coon-t'chaw-ay g>^'ong chap-ool-lay 
isso ? ^) -S: x^ <^] -=5^ ^^^ -§• ^I $1 4l. Buy a pheasant, Gwon^ 
ban marry sah-onerah jjU ^''|'^>4'JL^ 'F* ^^^' ^ '^"^ 
cost of a pheasant ? Gwong han marry kap-see ulmah-o ? Jjy ^^ 

Phlegm Kah-ray-t'chim -^^j^. To clear the throjU, Kalt> 
ray-t'chim pat-lah 7|- Si) :^ ft ^. 

Photograph, A Sah-jin >^J. ^ ; Hwah-sang £{,>#. To tdk^ 
a photograph, Sah-jin pack-hee-tah >^ >^ HI' "S] ^. Lm^ w^ 
take your photograph, Sah-jin piack-hip-sitah >4->^ ^ ^ >4 4** 
Have your photograph taken, Taig-ee sah-jin chom paik-he^ 



^*iMi 



PHY. 2X3 

sim-yen cho-ketso ^ 6) ^^- ;5l ^ ^ tl a| ^ Jg. ^ 4i. Please 
4jvve me your photograph 'Taik-ee sah- jin-ool nah hannah 
<:hoo-sio ^ -]>*)- ^ -§ 4- "S" »^- ^>^| JL . A camera, Sah-jin- 
*tool /^ 1^ -g- . Carry the catmra carefully, Sah-jin 'tool kaw- 
«e tool-gaw kah-jah Aj- ^ -§• jL ^) -^ jL 7)- ^). . J^o not touch 
the camera, Sah-jin-'tool^man-jee-jee mah-rah /[. ^'§- ^ ^ 7\ 

Physic Yack ^. 

Pick, To To pick fndt, Dah-tah A|.c|.- 72? pick flowers^ 

<k>ck-tah ^ cL. Pick some fruit, Shil-gwah chom dah o-nerah 

-g j7[. ^ /t|. ^ ul 2|- . Piek some flowers, ( lawt chom gock-a\v« 

^-nerah i3.^^ 7^^^ ^F . Don t pick the fruit, Shii-gwah 

dah-jee mah-rah >^ ^9- Acj. /,[ a[- 2|. . Dont meddle with the 

^wers, Ga.vt tat-t'chee-jee-mah-rah ^ c^ 7;] tcj a[- Ej. , 7b pick 

Mp, Joop-tah 25^^. Pl^k that uj> fjr me, Chaw-got jevv-or o- 

nerah D|^^<HA^ 4- 

Pick-axe Kvvang-ee jB- 6] . 

Pickle Native, Kim-t'chee >j 7:] . To pickle. Chaw ree-tah 
y5j sj crj. , Pickle the fresh beef, Saing coy-ghee saw-goom-ay 
chaw-dee-or-rah >^ JL 7| 4i •§• ^1 X=J ^1 ^\ - 

Picnic, To Naw-ree-hah-tah 2si s| '?" ^ . Let us go for a 

picnic, Naw-ree-hah-raw kap-sitah i s| -^ Bj ^ x| cL The 

favourite picnic amongst Coreans is in spring time when the 
trees and flowers are in bloom. A party will take wine and food 
to some favourite mountain, eat, drink, and compose poetry. 



ax4 



PIC. 



Picture, A Koo-rim jx ^ An outline pic tut e^ Huah-bon. 

Pie, A Made of wheat flour and meat, ^Pyun-soo iQ^; 
Made of buck-wheat flower and meat, Man-too 0J JS-, 

Piece, A Chaw-gak ^ 7\ Give me a piece of bread, Docic: 
han chaw-gak kad-jaw o-ner:ih ^'^^^Tf-^fj^ul ^. Giv^ 
him a piece of bread. Dock han chaw-kak kattah tah-o Ad "^5. 
tJ- ^ cj. cj. J^ , How many pieces of wood are there ? Nah-moo 
myet chaw-gak isso 4- ^ ^ ^ ^ 5I 4^ . 

Pierce, To Jee-roo-tah /^ g c], . 
Pier, A Sun-t'charg >^ 7^ . 

Pig, A Toy-yah-jee 5.0):;;|. A. bar, Soo *tawt ^^. 
A sow, Am-'tawt 6} J- . 

Pigeon, A Domestic, Chip pee-tal-ghee ^ «] ^ 6) . ^i^^* 
San pee-tal-ghee /J H| g 6) . 

Pile, A Of stones, Moo-toig-ee ^ r-} 6| . 6^/ wood, Kah-rec 
7\ ^1 Of grain, Noo-ree J^ e| ^r Toim-ee go]. To pile 
wood, Nah-moo noo-ree-tah t}. «. J^:. Ej cj. . Pite tie wood here, 
Ya-.v ghee nah-moo noo-ree-orah Ct| 3] t}. :^ J^ H^ e|. . Hoiu 
many piles of wood are there here} Yaw-ghee nah-moo myet 
kah-ree in-nan-yah ? 6^ ^ ^- JL ^ 7f. ej <^! V + • 

Piles Tchee-jill ^^^ External, Sco fchee-jill ^ 7:] ;g _ 
Internal, Am t'chee-jill ^ tc) ^^ . 



PIL. 



ai5 



Pill, A Hwan-yack ^ 6^ , Take two pi lis daily, Nal-mah- 
tah hwan-yack han kay sick muggerah ^ ^f- ^ 5[ ^ ^ "^1 -^ 
5J tI ^ [low). Take a pill before meals, Kong-bawk-ay hwan- 
yack han kay man muggerah -g* -^ ^1 % ^ ^ ^1 vt ^ A ^F* 
{hw). 

Piltow, A P)aw-gay *lj ^| . A woodrn head- rest vsed as a 
/i//4r72e^, Mawk-t*chiin -^;y A pillow fitted vp as a toilet case 
Tweh-t'chim ^jA, A square pillow^ Sah-panj^-t'chim >^ H> ;jc! . 
A pillow made of deet's horns, Nawk-gak-t'chim ^7\ ^, 

PUot, A Taw-sah-gong jg. ><»-§• ; Soo-paa-nom ^ ^| ^, 
Cb// a pilots Taw-sah-gong hannah man pull-lor-rah i >^-g• 
^ i|. o^ ^ tl a|. , Is. there a pilot liere who knows the way 
io Hay-jool Hay-joo-raw kah-nan paa-kill ah-nan sah-gong in- 
iian-yah? f) ^^Tf. ^ ^1 ^. C>V fe X* -g- $1 V »+ . ^ow much 
'^tfill it cost to hire a pilot } Taw-sah gong sick-hee-myen myen- 
yangchoo-getso?i>^-g.^ ^ V^v^^^^^±. 

Pimple, A Yaw-too-room Ce| ^ g . 
Pincers, A Chip-gey ^ >f| 

Pinch, To Chip-tah ^ cj.. The shoe pinches, (in a Corean's 
shoe the inconvenience always occurs lehind), Shin t7cee niool- 
***"* ^ rl "!• ^- J^ ^e trouble is elsewhere they say, Shiti-ee 
^^€9^k-ussaw pah- dee ap-hoo-tah >$I6|^4A^^ ^l^JS.^. 

-^ine A pine tree. Saw nah-moo ^ if JJL . The pine wuh a 
^^Oiisand dranches,Tchun-jce-soj\g ^J x]^ Pine branch fiie 
^^'^oi/. Solk-gaby ^^^]. ^ine lark (eaten by countrymen). 



216 PIN. 

Song-kwee ^ p^ . J^esta from the pine, Song-jin ^ T^ . Roots 

of pine trees {used for binding brushes and memting broken 
vessels), Soll-boo-ree ^^ ^\ . Cone of the pine ^ Soll-pang-ool 

^ tfj- ^ , Coulters pine, Chaii-nah-moo ^ v|. ^. Edible seeds 

of this pine. Chat ^ . Cone, bearing these steds^ Chat-song-e^ 

^ ^c| . To pine for, Chee-won hah-tah x| ^ "§" ^- To pine 

away, Yaw-wee-tah Ol ^ cL, 

Pink Poon-hong ^^{co/our). 

Pinion, To KyuU-pack-hah-tah § iS- "S" c|-. 

Piety Filial, H yaw-taw 2.JE. \ Hyaw-songg;^ H ; Hyaw-sim 

Pipe, A Tobacco pipe, Tahm-baa-tay ^ ^j cj . A uuwikn. 
tobacco pipe, Mawk-'tong-tay -S.^c| A pipe inlaid with 
silver, Don -soo-pawk-lay -^ ^ -^ ^I . ^ P^P^ inledd with black 
juetal, Or-tong-soo-bawk-tai ^•^•^-^'cl* A long, curved- 
pipe, Kav,-vvee tay 7J ^ c| ^ A 7t*ater pipe, Soo-yun-joalc 
^ 6^ ^ . Mouth piece of a pipe, Mool-boo-ree ^ ^ ^ . Boiul 
of a pipe, Tam-bay-'tong ^ d| S.. 

Pirate, A Soo-juck ^ ^ . 

Pistol, A Cho-tchong^^ (^ breech loading pistol, but i^ 
aha used of a sportin^r gun). If a robber comss fire the pisiol, 
Tavv-jock-nom aw-guttun cho-tchong-euro no-arrah JE. ^^-t 



PIT. 217 

Pit, A Koo-rong -^ ^ ; Koo-tong-ee -^ tg Oj . Z>^ a /// 
-keret Yaw-ghee koo-tong-ee ppah-rah 0^ ^ ^ ig c| jl). e|> . 
JFUl the pit up, Koo-tong-ee me-orah -^ ^ ^] iH| ^ ^1* . 

Pitch, To Taw-jee-tah Ta|;;|c|.. To pitch a stone, Tawl 
pall-niay-t'chee-tah ^i^vIIt;] c|.. Pitch (resin), Song-jeen 

Pith Kaw-;raing-ee JL "Jj o] . 

Pity, To Tchook-oon-hah-tah ^^-§rc|.. To be a pity, 
-At-gap-tah ^t'S'^* ^H^ ^ pi^y ^o throw ti away, Nay-or 
.lahry-ghee at-gapso ^61 H »|7l$t^4i. 

Place, To Nawt-'tah ^ €}. ; Too-tah -if-cj.. Place it here, 

Vaw-ghee too-erah dj a| J^ 6{ 2|. . Place it up against the wall, 

'l'>'awgay saa or no-arrah ^ ^1 A^ 6| ^c Ol* ef. . A place, Gawt 

Plain, To be Rough or countryfied, Hoom-sang-hah-tah 
/^-^rcj.. Evident, Poon-myong hah-tah ^^"SrcL. A 

in, Poll-ppan ^ aj. ; Teul :^ (?rYah-jee 6^ cj . 

Plait. To Yock-tah ^ tlj.. To plait straw by twisting it in 
^^Ae palms of the hands, Gaw-tah ^ t±. 

Plan, A Kyung-ghee;g ^. To make a plan, Kyungpyong 
■Uh-tah ^^"5*^. I think it is a good plan, Kyung-yong-ee 
^hal-twcll-toot-hah-o ^^6)^^i^'$"jL. 

Plane, A Tai-ppaa rf 3) . 72? />/at^, Tai-ppaa-jill-hah-tah 



2i8 PLA. 

Plank, A Nurl ^ . Pine boards, Song-ppan >gi <^ Boards 
fcrmnkitig coffins, Ppan-jay 5J- X] Bfingaflank, Nurl hai^ 
chaw-kak kad-jaw onerah ^ * 5. tf^ 7}- >?-f i ^ t). . O^/ thelof^ 
up into planks, Enah-moo rool soo-rav.-rah 6lt|.^gj)^«|«|.. 

P ant, To Sim-oo-tah >y 6, cj-. To plant trees, Sin-mawk- 
hah-tah >{1 -?- -gr c(. . 

Plaster. To /j^/M ;;///^/, Tchaw-pyock hah-tah ^^-^t^ 

{used of the inside latk)\ Hap-p>ock hah-tah -^ yij^'^ x^ 

used of the outside lath). To plaster with sand and lime, Say- 
pyock-hah-tah >qjj H:^ *• cL To plaster with lime, Myun-hwee— 

hah-tah ig r-'-^ cj.. 

Plate, A Chop-see ^ aI . A large plate, 'Koon chop>-see 
^ ^ /| . A smdl plate, Chiir-.^^an chop-see ;5(-^ ^ >^| . Brintr 
a plate. Chop-see hannah law kattah tah-o ^ xj -gr •4. el jj^ ^ 
t^^. Gioe hnn another plate. Chop see hannah taw kattab 
tiddy-or-rah '5|x|'S'4^ 5!:^3^<^4. ^on^ break th^ 
fdatcs. Chop-see ^aa-'too-ree-jee iwah-rah -^/AlMs^ajXl wl- 
Bf.. WA\h the pUtfs, Chop-'^ee chal sissor-rah y^ /\ "^ }fy ^ 

Play, To Nawl-tah -^c|.. (This word is commonly used by 
Coreuns of themselves or others when out of employment). 

r lease, To Kit-poo-gay hah-tah ^| ^ >|| -§r c]. ; Hvvall-lack- 

gay-hah-tah J[. ^ ^j] -g- c|.. You must try to pie ise your parents, 

Chah-sick-ee poo maw-we-ghee kit-poo-nan hah-nangussiehai>- 
tang-han ee-dec-o :^ 4j 0| ^i i^| >!( 5| ^ >|| -^ Jr ^ >^| ;^ ^ 



% 



PLE. 2x9 

Pledge, To Poll-maw chap-hee-tah ^i ^ *| *1-- 

Plentiful Pon-song-hah-tah *j >g •§■ c|.. 

Pleurisy Tahm ^; He is svfferivg fro tn pleurisy, CI. aw 
sahram-ee tahm-ee tur-russaw ah-rah-o l^ >*}■ g t\ ^ 6) ^. ^ 

Pliable, To be Poo-tur-rop-tah J^c^^ cj. ; You-soon-hah- 

Plot, To Maw-wee-hah-tahi ^| ^jj" cL ; H)oong-gheegoom- 

Plow, To Kal-tah ^cj.. A plough, Chang-j^^hee 7^ y) . 
Ooreans are accustomed to plough with bulls, Cho-sen pop-oon 
saw-kay chang-ghee may-yaw pat kah-o Jo. >^ ^^ -£ >Si H| ^ 7| 

Plucr, A Way-yat Si\ ^ . 

Plug, A Swaa-yah-ghee^^ 0^ y\ Putin aplu^t^, Swaa-yah j^^liec 

chorrah^6|:^|ibl4. 

Plumb-line, A Tar-rim-chool cJ. ^ ^. the the plumb-ltiie 
Tsir-rim po-assaw chal-hayerah ^ ^ ^o)- /-j ^ "C" cd e[. . 

Pocket, A (In the Western sense of the word there are no 
l^ockets in Corea. A substitute is found in small bag^ tied to the 
'^'^^t-band or in the cavities of coat sleeves). A tolacco ha^i 
^sam-jee ^ ^j. Bag for various ay tides ^ Chew inun-ee ^ xi\ 

^ . Ejctta bai( for seals ^ etc., Yom-yang ^ ^ . 
^ock-marked. To be Ock- tah §i t± . 



aao POD. 

Pod, A Bean-pod, Kkong gaw-'taw-ree ^L(Sl £ ^ . ^ ^^^ 
/^^, 'Pat gaw-'taw-ree 5}-/flL&*l LeniU pod, Nawktoo gaw- 
'taw-ree ^^^flL^ ^ . 

Poetry Kwah-moon-yook-t chey Jif. -g* c|] (There are six 
forms of Composition viz : — See ji^ lyric poetry in eighteen 
stanzas with seven characters to a line ; Poo J^ thirty verses 
with six characters to a line; Wee Si\ an irregular form of 
composition; Sim >M similar to th« last; Ppyaw ^ an alliterative 
form ; "^chaik ^ similar to wee S\ with slight variations). 

Point, A Goot >«.. Poo-ree 2^ 9) . 

Poison Tawk-yack .^ 6j: ^ This is poison, dont drink it^ 
E gaw tawk-yack ee-nee muck-jee-mah-o of :^ 4^ ^ 6] «4 ^ 

Poke, To Jill-loo-tah ^ 3 c).. 
Pole, A Chang-mawk ;A^. 

Policeman, A Soon-gom^;^ ; Soonppaw^ jj. A police- 
man in plain clothes, Soon-gyaw ^ jj^ , Call apoltce/nan, Soon- 
goni hannah puUa onerah ^^"$■4••^^JL^ ^» 

Polish, To Tack-tah 3^c|.. /"jZ/jA the knives, Kkal chal 
tak-kerah ^ ^ ^ 7f- 2|- . 

Polite, To be T'chey-maw ittah eij JZ. §[ ^ . IVhy are you noM 
J)oliie ? Naw whey t'chey-maw upsee hah-nan-yah ? i^ ^flj ai| 
^ X] "$" V M= . Be polite to your elders, Oor-roon ap-hey t'chcy^ 
maw ill-t'chee-mahra ^ :^ ^ $) c4| JZ. ^ 7:) ir]- Sf . 



POL. 221 

Politics Chong sah ^ >ft» . 

Pomegranate, A Song-yoii Aj ^. 

Pond, A Paiv.:-t'cbook MJ-^. (In scantily watered districts, 
used by farmers to replenish their rice fields). A Ijytus pond, 
Yun-mawt ^ j^. 

Pony Mai § . 

Pool, A Mool 'koo-tung-ee J|',SLiJJ6). 

Poor, To be Kah-nanhah-tah 7I. vf -^cl- ; Pin-han-hah-tah 
tij ^ -^ t± . / am a' poor man, Pin-han han sahram-ee-o tfj^ -^ 

PopUr, A Paw lull tf] -g- . 

Populace, Paik-sung id] >^ j Mahn-min oj o] ; Saing-yong 
^^ ; Cheung- min ,Su o) ; Kerm-soo >3^. 

Porcupine, A Kaw-sim-tawt-t'chee JL ^^ -^ 7:| . (There are 
'^o porcupines in Corea, this word is used of a hedge-hog). 

^ork Toy-ah-jee kaw-ghee 5| 6^ ^ JL 7| or Chey->ook 

^^rous,' To be 'Soom-wee-tah ^Jjl cL. A porous v^ssei, 
•^oom-mee-nan kurrut J515J fe <3t ^ . 

^orpois9, A Moo' toy-ah-jei -l- S) of: -^j . 

*^or;idge K wee-ret^ pap 9^ Ej y|V. Mike some porridi^c 
^ee-ree-pap chom hah->aw-tiih-o ^ zj ^ -§• "Cr 6): ^ _£. . 



»Bi POR. 



Port A treaty port. Hang-goo '^•^. A closed port, Ppaw- 
goo 



Porter, A Chim-koon 7^ ZX^, 

Portrait, A Sah-jin /\y!\ . 

Position, A Taw e|. Gawt ^. Is there a good position^ 
for a house here ? Yaw-ghee chip 'taw cho-heun got isso ? Ol zs| 

Positive. To be Sav. -sang-hah-tah ^^^^, 

Possess, To Ittah ^^ . Have you a watcht Shiggay issor 
^^S!4i. (This word is expressed in a variety of ways as 
Have you tied on a liaich ? Shiggay t'chasso ? /\y^^ /^ \.^ 
have you a watch "^ Have you tied up i donkey} Chippey nah-- 
ghwee niai-usso ^ <^1 ^ 't'l ^I ^ 4: ^'^- -^^^^ J'^^' ^^ ? I have^ 
placed iii'o children, Ah-tal tool too-iisso oV J -g-J^.^ ^ i.e. JT' 
have tiuo children). 



Possible, To be Expressed by the future participle of a ver-" 
Vith the postposition, Soo-uptah J^<^xS^ ox Soo-Utah add 
i cannot 1:0 to-day, 0-\\i\\ kal-soo-up-tahjj;^ V :^^^ t±. la^ M 
^totnof-rotu, Naa-il kal-soo-it-gesso ^i ^' :^ -6. 6l :rf a ^ 

Post, A Kcc-tong 7] ^ A stake driven into the grottt^^ d, 
Mal-took nJ-^^rMal-jang g-jj, A post for fastening hor^^es 
etc. Mah-jew-taa 4 ^ c| . A great post used to hang lante 
€91 at a festival, Toong-taa ^ c| Doorpost, Moonkawl 



POS. M3 



Post-office Coreatiy Cho-sen oo-tchey-gook JL >3 -^ BlI *•?■./ 
Japanese, lU-bon oo-t'chey-gook ^ ^-f- Sfj ^. ^^^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^ 
Japanese post office, E gussul ill-bon oo-t'chey-gook-euro pdot- 
Vchurrah 6] -ij «f g ^ f Efl'Sf-^S.JJ-^ 2f . Enquite if 

4here are any letters at the Post office, Oot-t'chey-gook-ay njoo- 
sam ppyun-jee in-nan-jee moo-raw-po-arrah «f- c^| -a^ o^j J^^ J^ 

^Slfe^l-T-^-S.^^- ^^^^^^^ " M^/t7j/ office ? Oo-t'chcy- 
l^k odday-yaw ? J^ g| -Sf- 6j «c| ^. Take me to the post office, 
Oo-ppyun-gook-euro kah-jah j^ ig -aj* ^ ^ Tf. ;:|: . 

Pot, A i%7Z£/^r-/^/, Hwah-poon ^^. A rice kettle, Sawt 
A. . Large sized pot, Kah-mah sawt ^J. nj. A. . Small sized pot, 
Ong-sawt •!- A. <?r Naw-goo sawt ^^^ A. . 

Potato, A Kam-jah y\r 35; . Sweet potatoes, Kaw-goo-mah 

Ji^ -t ©J. . Buy a sack of potatoes {about one hundred pounds), 

iCam-jah ban sum man kad-jaw-onerah ^^ ^ ^ '^ ^ 7f ^ 

Pouch A powder flask, Hwab-yack 'tong ^ cjj^ ^, A large 

^inen bag for carrying Corean money, Chun^tai ;g[ c[ Boig f^r 

harrying rice, etc., open at one end, Chab-row 7»|.^. A leather 

^Qgfor carrying clothes, etc., Kab-jook poo-tay 7f^-¥-^|. 

^ travelling sack for bedding, etc. Tay-ryun e|J ^ . See Pocket, 

Poultice, To P oot-t'cbee-tab ^ ^| cj. . 

Pound, To Pab-tab tij- 1^ {used of grain, etc); Tat-tab x^ cL. 

^^undthe sods down well, Daa cbal tab-iab ^^| ^^ tl e[. . A 

^ound, Koon ^. How much does a pound of wheat Hour cost ? 



224' POtJ. 

- — '■ — — — '*" ' " — - — ■ * ' 

Mee'-^karraA' ban ^oon-ay kap-see ulmah-b ? ^ ^ S. S *^ ^ 

Pour, To Ssawt tab A/^t:|* ; Poot-tah ^^t^. lour softteivater 
iff/o the tea-pnf, 'Chah-g wan-ay mool chom ssaw tah o-nerah 

powder Karrow tJ-^.. Gunpowder, Hwah yack ^^. 
Face powder, Poon Jl. {A preparation of lead and other matters 

used by women and child teii). 

Pow^r Physical, \Wvci -^ ; Kool-yuck -^^ ; Kee-oon 
^ ^ • Won-gliee ^Uol. /^///i^<?^//K, Kwon-sey ^Vl^ or Sey- 
ryock /^ ^ . He is a man of great physical power ^ Chaw sah- 
ram-ee kee-oon mahn-so ml aJ. g 0| '^-^itifii. 

Practice, To Ick-tah Oj cj.. I have not practiced that, Nay- 
j^^ah chaw ee-ral E-ghee-jee mote-hesso w|| 7I. ^ 3 "^ ^^1 

Praise, To T'ching-'chan-hah-tah ^ :^ "^ C|. or Song-tock- 
hah-tah ^ ^ -gr cL . 

Precede, To Sonn-haing-hah-tah J^^-^ xii^ ^ He preceded^^ 
me by two da,s, Chaw sahram-ee 00-ree paw-tum e-'tul sonn-^^ 
hain-hesso c^ 4 I ^1 + ^I -S. W ^1 -fll ^1^^^.. 

Precious. To be Kwcc-liali-lal. rjij '^ cL ; Chee-kwee-hah-«^ 



PREl 225 

Precipice, A San-pin-yang /Jj ^l ^ . ^^ (^^^d by falling 
down a precipice, Pin-yang-ay saw dor-raw-jaw chew-gusso 

Prefer, To Expressed by the future tense of the verb Chaiv- 
tah J5.CL ox naht-tah '^'^ with ' Toot-hah-tah 4^-^cL or by 

some word as Soong-sdh-hah-tah ^ >^ -gr cj. . I prefer this to 

that, Nai-maham-ayee-gussie chaw got paw-tom nah-hool 'toot- 

hah-o M) o * 6,! 61 ^ 6) ci ^ Ji^ M-^4^f JL. 

Pregnant, To be See-san-hah-tah >U >5j "S" ^ Pee-rawt-tah 

Prepare,.To Koo-bee-hah-tah ^ u| -^ cj. ; Yea-be-hah-tah 

6t| B| -5" cj. ; Kong-kwea-hah-tah^^] -§• cj. ; T'chee-tah 7:] t:}.. 

Prepare theguesfs room, Son-nim pang t'chee-yor-ah jfe- y ^ 

:^| Q[| B{. , Have you prepared the feast ? Chan chhay mool-gun- 

.^ tah koo-bee-hah-yaw-nan-yah ? ^ ^| -f- >H ^1 ^ "T" ^1 "S" ^ 

description, A Yack pang-moon ^ ^ -£ or Yack Hwah-jay 

I=^resent, A Chey-mool £^| ^ s)r Soon-mool ^ -f- . To make 

'^ i?^r^j^«/, Sun-sah-hah-tah >;3>^-grc|.. (These words are only 

^s^dofpresents made amongst equals). A present to a person of 
^"^ertank, Sang-goop ^-g.. To make a present, Hang-hah- 
^^li-tah^^-^t:}.. 



226 PR£. 

— — ■■ — — • — -- - — - - 

NoT«: — In giving a present to a boy, or servant, the usual way 
of presentation is to say "/ake this and use tf\ or, **take this afuf 
eat if\ or, **take this and wear //" as the case may be. If yon 
wish to tje more exact, say " This is meant for a present^ E gavr 
sang-goop- euro chew-nan got ill-tab <^T^Ht^^^^^ljk 

Preserve, To Coreans do not preserve fruit as is customary 
in Western countries. There is a way of preserving such fruits 
as cherries, chestnuts, etc. in honey {Choong-gwak hah-tah 
T^^'^ ^) but it is not usual. 

Preside, To Mat-tah ^^ \ Tah-sah-ree-tah c^ >^J. e) tf. . 
President of a RepuUic, Tai 'tong yong t||^^. President 
of a ^^TflT, Hweh-sah-jang $)^^. President of a village^ 
Tong-jang Jg. :*. President of a business, Choo-jang-hah-nan 
sahram ^^ ^ fe>^l- § . Will you please preside over this 
busineis ? E eel chom chew-jang hah-sio o) g ^"^ 'J *§" '^ -2l 
{poliU), 

Press, |To Noo-roo-tah ^^t^. Press the things dmtnt 
well, E gussul chal nool-law-rah cf ^ -£ $ ^ ^ ^ . 

Pretend, To Ghwey-poo-ree-tah i5i|J^e|c|.. To preteneT^' 
sickness, Ghwey-pyung-hah-tah ^ ^ "^"CL . 

Pretty, To be "Tam-soo-rop tah &A^ ^ ^* • ^/ '^omen^,^^ 
Mee yaw hah-tah o) e^-^cj.. This is very pretty, E gussicr- 
may-o tam-soo-rup-so O) ijj 6) ?) J^Sf^ ^ ^. 




PRE. aor 



IPrev^Ht, Td Mack-tah ^ c|. ; Koom-hah-tah -^ -^ t:|- . 

^uiidawaUioprituefUpeopU walking cu:ross here. Tarn chom 
ssah-rsaw sah-ram tang-gee>nan gussul mack-oop-sitah ^^i^> 

^^%^A^^^^\^^ yoiintustiry to prevent him 
from g€Uin^ drunk, SiOoWL^^^i-h^it mog-nan gussul koom-hah- 

yaw-yah soo-gcsso^ J^ t| •J fe ^ ^-^t^ <^ <+ A 5l 4l. 



Previona Chun;^. 



s, A Kap 7^ What is the price of thisl E got kap-see 
«iHna}w>f ^3}^/|^ o}'^. Till? present price, See-gah 

Prack»Tio Jee-roo-tah ys^^c}.. 

Priest, A CaikoUc, Sin-poo >^ J^. 

PriQO0, A Of am Emperor, H wang-*tay-jah jg. cl) ;^ ^r Tong- 

^Toong-choon-hah -£? ^ 9I ^ . Of a tributary king, Whang-sey- 

ii^iih^Xi;^. (These words are used of the heir presumptive). 

^t^tker royal princes, Hwang-jah jtt ;;; j Tai-goon «f| JX or 

"Whang-jah S^Z^, 

Princess, A Of em Emperor, Kong-jew^ ^. Of a tributary 
^rmce, Ong-jew ^ jjL. 

Principal Yaw-ghin-hah-lah ^:i^if<\- ; Kinchoong-hah-tah 
^ft^*?^ ^ » Chay^ccl a] ^ . This is of principal importance , 
^ gussie yaw-ghin-han E-d€e-o6) ^ ^) ^^^ ^ ^ ^) A- 



228 PRI. 

Print, To Pack-hee-tah ^ -gj cj. ; Kay-gan-hah-tah -^j ;j^ 
-^Cj.. Who printed this book t E t'chaik-oon noo-gah pack- 
hyusso ? ^|^-^-T'7f-!B*^4l. A printing office, T'chaik-pang 
*j ijf- ^r Choo-jah-saw ^;5;4f 

Prison, A Awk ^. ^ comtnon prison where thieves are 
incarcerated, Ppaw-t'chong^ jg . The common prison in Sfoitl, 
Kam-awk-saw ^t-S-Al. Common offenders wait trial at the 
Police ffice and if, after trial, found guilty go to the common 
prison. Official defaulters wait trial at ihtKvong-wee-wony^ If\ ^ 

and ppyong-nee-won and afterward join the rest at the K-im- 
aivk-sur. 

Prisoner, A Chwey-in ^ ^; Chwey-soo ^^. 

Private Sah-sah x» X* . Private business, Sah-sah-eel >^ >fc* 
^ . Private opinions, Sah-jung j^ 7^ . Private house, Sah-ga 
X»7|.. To be private, Sah-sah-rop-tah x*y^^ScL. This 
private business, E gussie sah-sah-ee-dee-o 6]7-{o| >^y^ 

Prize, To Sah-rang-h;ih-tah >a e •§• c^. ; At-kee-tah 

Probable, To be I''xpresse(.i by the future relative parti<:iple 
with some word as toot^xwX the verb to have. He will'probad- 

ly come to-night, O-nal pahin-ay ;uvl-toot-hah-o i d" ^ ^-^ // 



^ 



\ 



PRO. S29 

Proclaim, To Chun-gy aw-hah-tah ;9 jB. *§• ^^^ • Hool-lyong- 
hah-tah -* ^*t±. To post up a proclamatUm. Kaw-5cc- 

hah-tah jL/|"^^. 

Procrastinate, To Taw-tee-tah i^ B| t:(- ^^ Chee-wan hah-tah 
;^i^-^tj.. Don't procrastinate, Chee-wan-hah-ghcy hah-jee 

mah-rah X] J^ tT ^1 "$" ^W ^ • ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ procrastinate'^ 
Whay chee-wan-ee iss-sot-nan-yah ? ^j X] ^ 6| 0| ^ V ^ . 
Procure, To Koo-hah-tah -i^-^cj-. Where must I go to 
procure this ? E gussul odday kah-myen koo-hah-gesso ^ ^| ^ 
-1^ ^\^X^ '^'9 3l4l. ^^^^ did you procure thisl 
Odday-saw ee-gussul koo-hesso ? 6j ^( Al ^) 7-) -^ -f- '^ ^ ^ . 

Produce, To Nai-tah v)j cj.. Produce, {crops). Cock-sick JL 
-^ . J^ice product,Y2ing'mte Hfo] . Other cereal products. 
Chap gawk ^ :^. . 

Profit Ee a| ; Pyul-lee i^ a| . To profit, gain, Eenam-ghe^ 
ta.li 2| uj. 7| c|.. Not to make a profit, Meet-jee-tah a|^7;| c^, 
^^ profit by asking over prices, Ey-noo-ree-hah-tah ^-t^^I*^ 
^^. Was that a profitable deal} Chaw mool-gun hay-tah-gah 
^Hle nam-gyusso? l^ ^ ;{I f] cf 7f- «l ^ ^ 4l. I^o you think 
^here is profit in the business ? Koo mool-gun-ool ec nam-ghil- 
toot-hah-o? a. t ;a -^ e| ^ ^ 4^"? i. 

i^n Pn>flJg»te, To be Haw-rang-hah-tah g] § •§• x:j. ; Pang-'tang- 
tah-iah^^^-^rcj.. 



1^9^ iW>- 



ProbibiV To Koom*hah-tah ^.'f^'. ^ prakiM t* 
export of grain ^ Pawg^gawk*hah-tah ^ ^ "J" ^ . 

Prolongs, To Wan-han-hah-tah ^ ^ "§: tf . If you prolof 
the interval I can get the work donf, Wan-han hah-yaw-cho 
myen hah-gesso ^ ^ f-Oij ^t^ f 5l 4l. 

Promise, To Haw-rack-hah-tah ^^-^-c].. He promise 
to ^rue some medicine, Yack chom choo-gheerool haw-racl 
hesso *f#^ 7| I 2^ ^^ ^ :4l. He promised to go with m 
Oo-ree-wah kat-t chee kah-ghee-ral haw-rack-hesso J^ ef ^ 
^^^^Il^-I^-Sr^^. (More frequently Coreans woul 
make use of some word as Kwee-yack- hah-tah, for "to make a 
appointment" as we say "He promised to come to-day. On; 
man-nah-kee-raw kwee-yack- hesso i^5tV7lS.^^"C'^ 
ill ; or, **ke promised to make it for two dollars', t'e won ma 
pat-kee-raw chack-jong-hesso 6] ^*it5t7lS'^^'Sr5j^ 
To fail to keep a promise, Sil-ghce-hah-tah >^ ^ <S" ^^ ; Pai 
yack-hah-tah ^] ^ "5" ^ Be sure to keep your promise. Poo 
tai sil-ghee hah-jee-mah-rah •^^I'^^^Jtliil^Bl. {low) 
Ou-) ack tairo hah-sio <^ ^ ^I S. "§" >^I i {polite). You havi 
broken your pro mis e Pai-yack-hah-yiisso \Jl ^ "8" ^ ^, /^^ 
ashiimed of breaking my porm.se, Pai-yack hah-nee may-o 
moo-an-hah-o d] ^'CTV^^I^^'^'S'Jt- ^^^ y^^ ^^^ 
ashnme/f of breaking your promise ^ Sil-ghee-hah-nee moc-an- 
t'chee ahn-nan-yah ? ^ d\'^ \^ r^^|'^V + . ^^ ^^^'^ 
not done as you promised, On-yar R-h an tairo mote- hesso (A ^ 



PSML mgr 



^^^■■^•iWl 



.Prom^ntoryy A. Cheerjin-too <X| 3{|^. 

Promote, To Soong-t*chah-hah-tah ^ jj; -^ cj. ; Soong-jill- 

Prompt, To be Chai-tah ;?) t:(- . //e did it promptly, Koo eel 

chai-ghey-hesso ^L § X|j H| "^ Oj ^, (This word is only used 

to or of inferiors. A more honourable word is Sawk-hah-tah 
^•^ cL). Please do it promptly^ Sawk-hee-hah-sio ^ ^ -^ ^| 

Pronunciation Pang-on ^<^. A good pronunciation, Koo- 
pyun -^^. A bady or provincial, pronunciation, Sah-'tor-ree 
/]. g^ 2.1 . (These words are used of provincial differences of 
dialect). Hoiv do you pronounce this wont} E mah-dee moo- 
aw-sio ? 61 ^ O] ^ 6) >^) i {polite). 

Proof Ppyaw-jock H ;;^ Sin-mool ^ ^- ; Chin-gah .^7}. 
Chin-wfee ^fl^l . There is no proof of it. Chin- wee- rool al-soo- 

Prop, To Kaw-ee tah JL ^1 ^ . ^ P^^P of 'wood, kaw-ee- 
mawk JL 0\ J2. ; Paw-t'chee-tah 5i ^ ^ ^^^ former of these 
is used of placing some support, as a block of wood or stone, under 
the base of an object ; the other is used of a support, such as a 
beam of timber, placed against any leaning surface, to maintain 
it in position). Prop up the pillar on that side, Kee-tong chaw 
pyun-ay kaw-yah-rah ^j^lslifl^jLOi^^. Support the wall 
with a beam, Kee-tong-euro tam paw-t'chaw-rah y\Su±. 



aja PRO. 

Proper, To be Mat-tang-hah-tah ^%^^' ', Tang-yon- 

hah-tah ^^'§'4- 

Property Sey-gan A|| :|J (^Household goods) or Kah-san 
7f. /J ;Chay mod ^| ^ (niuney) ; Chay-san^ ^ property of all 

kinds)\ Chun-'taw c^ ^ {Jand property). 

Prosecute, To Ap-song-hah-tah <g- -^ "^ ^ . 
Prospect, To Kahn-'tam-hah-tah ^y^^^^. 
Prosper, To Hoong hah-tah :|: -^ cj. ; Hoong-wang-hah-tah 
^ "^ "?" ^ ^^^y y^^ prosper m your undertaking. Eel ppyung- 
an-hc€ hah-yah kad-jee-gaw o-sio g»g^t|^6|:7|->!^jL^ 

Protect, To Faw-haw-hah-tah ^ ^ "^T cf ; Too-haw-hah-tah 
-Xi"?^ ; Soo-haw- hah-tah '^;^'^'(\, 
Proud, To be Kyo-man-hah-tah JQ. «t -^ t:J- . 
Proverb, A Sawk-tam A ^ . 

Province, A Formerly there were eight provinces in Corea; 
latterlv five of these have been divided into two, making thirteen 
mail. The most Northern province is Hum-kyung-taw ^^ 
Jc. (^ divided p>ovince)\ on the East are Ppyung-an-taw (a 
divided province) sgojs., and Hwan^-hxi-taw j^ t) i ; 
On the west is Kang-won-taw 7^^S:^\ In the south are 
Tchoong-fchong-taw^T^^^ Kytrng-sang-taw :^ ^ S, ^"^ 
ChoU-lah^iaw '^z\ ^ (all divided); in the centre is Kyong^ 
ghee- taw :g JJ ^ . 



PRO 233 

■ Provoke, To Kyock-tong-hah-tah :^ ^ -gr cj.. 

Prudent, To be Chawn-choll-hah-tah^ 'S "5" *1" ; ChoU-yong 
liah-tah ;g^-^tj.. 

Prune, Tp Kah-jee t'chee-tah tJ- X| t;] t:f . 

Pull, To Tang-ghee-tah ^ ^ x:f . Pull on this, E got chab- 

bah tang-gyur-rah; o] ^ ^ ^V ^ ^ ^ • ^^'''^ P^^^ ^'* ^'*^» ^ 
got tang-ghee-jee mah-rah O] 5} ^ 7) x] o|. e[. . 

Pulverise, To Chang-mal-hah-tah >^ "t" "§" ^. 

Pump, A Moo-jah-we Jf. ;;; ^ , 

Pumpkin, A Haw-back ^ y- . -^ Chinese variety used often. 
<i5 a medicine. Tang-haw-back ^ ^ ^ . 

Pungent, To be Maip-tah o 1 ^ (as fepper, etc) ; Naip-tah 
\\ cj. {as smoke, etc). 

Punish, To See-boll-hah-tah>^) ^ "S" ^ ; Haing-boll-hah-tah 

^^pil, A Hack-taw tj- JE. ; Chay-jah @| :^ j Hah-gwon 
Y j^ ; Hack-tong "IJ- :£, , How many pupils have you ? Hack- 
^^ met-'tchee-nahtwee-o? "Ij-i. ^ tc] + ^ i- 

^^PPyi A Kang-ah-jee ::g-c]- ;;] . Do you want a puppyt 

^ng-ah-jee ban mah-ree kattah kir-ral mahrm isso ? :3- O} xl 
'^ ^I'^I^^S'i'^ S $1^- I '^ant to buy a Corean puppy ^ 

^o-sen kang-ah-jee han mah-ree sah-myen cho-kesso i>H 2> 

V ^ ^ »[• «I >^[. ^ 2. ^J 4l (but amongst Coreans to buy a 
P^Ppy is an unknown custom^. 



a34 P"^ 

Pure, To be Malk-tah g, t:f {as of water ) ; Tchong-yom- 
hah-tah ^ ^ "^ ^ («J of the heart). 

Purge, To SoU-sah-hah-ghey hah-tah -^ ^ "^ H| "^ tf . 

Purple Chah-jew-pit ;5;^^ . 

Purse, A Chew-mon-nee ^ ii4 t| {Fancy money bag hung 
from the waiU belt) ; Tone chun-tai ^ ^ ^( {a canvas bag 

carried over the shou lifers). An earthenware money box with 
ene openings which when full is broken and the money extracted 
Pong-or-ree ^ ^ s( . ^ money box, See-chay-kwee A! >5| ^| , 
There is no money in my purse, Oo-ree chew-mon-ay tone upso- 
J^^l^o] v^ 6^]^<H 4i. Pid money in your purse. Chew 

mon-ay tone noo or too erah ^t o{^)^]<^^ ^-t"^^' 



Pursue, To Ppaw-taw-hah-tah 55.'$^ ^ ; Oom-sal-hah-tah 

P s Kaw-rum jj, s • Nong-chip ^^ ^ . Is there any di 
rAa?2?^?Nong-chip-ee koo-jaw nah-o ? ^3l ^ <>] ^^A^ SL- 

Push, To Mecl-tah ^ cj- ; Meel t'chee-tah ^*|t^. I>o 
push, Meel-t*cbee-jee-mah-rah ^ t;! x] aj- e|. . 

Put, To See Place 

Putrify, To Ssock-hee-tah /^ r] cj. . // is putrid, E got s 
gun gussio <>] y^^^y^<>] SL» ^^^ol ^^^^^ pvtri'f, E-gols 
gun got ah-nee-o ? ^] :^ >^ -^ :5J o]- 1] J>. . 



QUA. ' 235 

-r - ^ 

Q, 

Quagmire, A Chin-koo-rong ;^-^^. 

Quail, A 4fawt t*chee-rag-ee ^ ;ij; S 7] . 

Quake, To Dool-tah /^ cj. ; Han-jun nah-tah '^^ ^- ^. 

Quality Besf quality, Sang-'poom ^'^ or Chin-'poom y^ ^ 

Medicine quality, Choong-'poom '§'^. Bad quality, Hah- 

*pooin -As. ^r Yell-'poom ^S.. This is an ariicU of the 

best quality, E gussie chin-'poom- ee-o 6) ijj 6| ;g^ 6| ^. 

Where shall J go to buy Cotean silk of the best quality ? Nai-gah 
sang-'poom myun-jew han 'pill sal-toy-in-day odday kah-myen 

sah-getso? v))7|./a'#^^t^t^"l^'^l^'^!^F^45i 

Quantity To express quantity Coreans use numeratives which 
differ with different articles. The numerative for fruit is kai yjl • 

for fowls, fish, etc. Mah-ree v^ Ej ; for meat, Goon ^ {a 

pound) ; for paper, fang ;* (a sheet) or Gwon -^ (a quire) ; 

fpr horses or stuffs, f>f>tll ig ; for clothes, poll ^ (a suit); 

a pair of any articles, kkur-ay ^ 1^ ; anything with a handle, 

as brooms, etc, chah-fow 7\^ ; oil, * Tong ^^ (a tin) ; grain 

"^oy 5j^ Mai v^ or Som /^, Of these last twelve Toy go to 

one mat and twelve mat to a som ; tut measures difier in every 
part of Corea. A foot chah 7L measure, though it too differs in 

different parts of Corea, is ahout two spans and half a finger's 
length. It has ten divisions, fchee 7:] ^ which are again divided 



^35 QUA. 

— .. ..-— »^ -. ■ •■— -- ■ - . ■ - . . — -^^^_-- — - . - - ... __^^ 

into ten po^n^ to the fchee) Give me twofiearSyVd^aLtvio-. 
kai man tah-o \J| ^ 7)| oj t:j- ^ Buy a fowlt Talk ban mah- 
ree man sah-onerah ^ ^ ^I* '^i ^ >+ jL ^ ^ • ^(f^ many 
feet of cpiton will be required lo make a pair of Corean socks ? 
Paw-son han kkur-ay chee-oo-rum-yen moo-myong myet-chah 
goon-haw-yah soo-gesso ? i^:§7^^X^^H^^'^^^^ 

Quarrel, To Tat-t'aw-tah ^ 2. ^ ; On-hill-hah-tah ^ "^ -gr 
c|, {a wordy dispute) ; Sang-jee-hah-tah >^ Xl ^ ^ . BotCi 
stand quarreling here. Yaw-ghee-saw tat-'taw-jee mal-gaw 
kaggerah <>\^ ^^ ^j\'^2,7\ 7\^\ , What was the cause 
of the quarrel} Moo-sam ga!i-dalk-oo-raw sah-hoom hah-or-nan- 
yah ? -T- ^ >5^ S ^ S.^^^^"?* H V + . ^ dispute over burial 
ji/^i, San-song-hah-tah >tJ^'§*^ <7r Koom-jang-hah-tah ^ 

Quarter Sah-poon eel y^ ^ ^ . Use only a quarter of that 
amount of flour to make the bread, Chaw mill-karro sah poon 
eel man dock hayerah d] ^ y\^ >^■i|!^^'?'^^. 
F>omwhat quarter does the wind blow! Moo-sam pah- ram 
poo-awe ^4?vJl.f-fi. 

Quay Kang.jong 7^7^. 

Queen Hwang- hoo ^ :^ {an empress) ; Choong-junn -§• x^ . 
Empress dowager, Hwang-tai-hoo ^ cjj;^. Queen dowager, 
Tai-bee tf[ t}| (this last is used with the reigning princes' cog* 
nomen, as, Ee-tai-bee s| t(j hJ ^ the dowager queen of the 
reigniog monarch of the E£ dynasty). 



QUE. ^ 

Quoer, To be Kway-sang-hah-tah Sl]^'^^'. ^ ^ueer 
>hjecti Kway-mool il) -g-. 

Quell, To Ppyung-nan-hah-tah 5g^"5"Cj.. 

Quench Goo-tah i;^^ (Afire, or flame), Chee-gal twee^ 
ah x| :g- 5] c|. (thirst). Quench the light (or the fire) Pool 
kyurrah -^ ?5j eL . Give me something to quench my thirst. Nay- 
gah mawk mah-roo-nee chee-gal-twell-gussul chom chew-sia 

Ml tF ^ nf e. M xl t sj ^-i-^f-^q JJ.. 

Question, To Moot-tah ^ t:|- ; 'Tam-jee-hah-tah gt xj '^ 
^ ; Moon-wee-hah-tah •§ ^I "^ 4 . Have you a question i» 
^sk me ? Moo-ral mal isso ?^§^$l4i. ^^^ ^^ ^^^ y^^ ^ 
question, Mal chom moo-roop-sittah S* -§--?" ^-S.^ ^. ^ ^^ 

not understand your question, Neh mah-rool chah-say toot-jee 
mote hetta M| ^ -§ 7+ >«) r] ^ X] ^ ^ 5^ t:|- (^ow) ; Taik-eui 
mah-rool chah-say-toot-jce mote hcsso %J ^ Si'^^^^^'M 
^T 5J ^ (polite). I do not understand your question. Moo- 
^am mal hah-yaw-nan-yah ? -^'§^'§'^V^= (iow). Taik— 
€e moo-sam mal-hesso ? 5l6)-T"oS^'?'^4l- ^^^ can find 
out by questioning him, Chaw sahram- wee-ghee moo-rawm-yen 
^1-gesso lBl4f i^H| if- e.^^ 51-41. • 

Quickly Pat pee 5j; Ul ; Ol-lun ^^; Soik-kee >45.-8| ; 
Oll-ppit ^ 5jl • Koop-hee .ri. r| ; Ning-kom 3J .^ ; Bal-lee 
^ l| • Cham-kan :^ ;^ ; Os-saw 6| /J ; Z^/ i#j ^<? quickly^ 
Os-saw kah-jah ^A{7|-7;1.. Come quickly, Os-saw o-nerah 



a^ QUI. 




Ol/^^i;! B|.. Go thete quickly, Ossaw kaggerah 6|/^7^ 
«L . Return quickly, Os-saw tan nyaw onerah 6f /J cL v^ ^ 
«} . Do tt quickly, Os-saw hayerah ^ /<^ "^^ ^ 2|- . 

Quick-sand Kay-soo-rong 7))^^ (pn the sea coaSi 
Nawn-soo-rong ^^^ A quick-sand formed by springs in ^-^ 
rice field). 

Quicksilver Soo-oon ^-^, 

Quiet, To be Chock- chock-hah-tah >^ ^ '§" ^ (^Z « hous^ 
etc). Chong-yong-hah tah ^-§-'§rc:|- {of a man, etc). Chon 
mak-hah-tah /J ?{"5' cj. ; Choig yaw hah- tah JSjjL'^" 
TAe house is very quiet, Chip-ee mai-oo chong-mak-hah-o ^ 
^f ^ ;3 Sj" ■§■ ^ . Keep the house quiet ^ Chip-ee chong-yon 
hah- ghee hayerah :g ^l^-§-^7<| ^^^. Keep the infa -^^nr 
^i/i>/, Ag-ghee oo-ram koot-t'chee-ghee hayerah cV y ] A. g ^^y 
7c| Tfl "^ ^ ^ . 1^0 it quietly, Chong-yong chong-yong-hee haL>'-«- 

erah^^^^tlfH^. 
Quill, A Say-kit /^ jj . 

Quit. To Daw-nah-tah >ttj| t}. c]. ; Pal-haing-hah-tah ig- « 
-ar <:|. ; Pal-chong-hah-tah ^^f^^"^. 

Quince, A Mo-gwah JZ. jZ[. <?r Mawk-gwah -^ Jf • 

Quinine Koom-ghey-rap -^7^] ^. I have no guimme, N^-^ 
ghey koom-ghey-rap-ee upso v|| >f| ^ 7^) ^ 6) ^ >^. Where 
can I buy sctne quinine ? Odday-saw koom-ghee-raprool sak^ 
gesso OJ =1 Aj ^TJ] ^^4 51 4i. 



QUI. a39 

Quire Gwon ^. There are twenty sheets to a Corean quire 

€tf pafer^ Cho-sen poong-saw-gay chong-whee ban gwon-ee sim- 
mool Chang. ee-o JBL^Q^^^l^fl ;i^6)^ J|. :^6| j^. 

Quite Ah-jew 0|-2, ; Eel-choU g ;g ; Tommaw-jee j£jZL 
X( . The oil ts quite used up, Kirnim tommaw-jee upso 7) g i. 
JL X| ^ ^. Are you quite certain of this} Naw-gah ee-gussul 
chah-say ah-nan-yah? MJt)- ^) :^ "§^^1 "^l ^l" Vt . 

Quote, To In-jung-hah- tah ^ ^ -^ cj. (to adduce as a proof). 



Kabbit, A Toik-kee -S.^] {A spectes of hare). 

Rabid, To be Mit-fchee-tah 5^5c|<^. A rabid dog, Mit- 
t*chin-K Tf^'Sf^i^Js the dog madt E got mit* t'chin K-yaw 6) ^ 
51 ^ Tll-fi.' ^^^^^^y ^^^ rabid dog, Mit- 1* chin- K chabberah ol 

Hace The human race, In-you ^^. To race {to go at a 
iaiiop), Tal-Iee-tah ^ vj «^ . 

Hack, A Sirrong /\i2A, A shtlf, Sonn-'pan >g |jL, 

^^dical, A A Chinese radical, Pyun ^ . What is the radical 
^ this charateri E kul-jah moo-sam pyun-ee-o? ^) % J5^ -X "§ 
^ 6| Jj^ . To be radically different, Ppan-ee-hah-tah -g^ 6) *§• 4 
*<^ be radically imd, Ack-tawk hah-tah $J" -^ "§* ^ . 

X^adish Moo i^. 

^^ft, A Dey /q. Make a raft, Dey moo-or-rah /cj| ^ 6] 3f. . 



^o RAF, 

Rafter, A SocH-gah-ray >i} 7I sij orYun-mawk ^4|-. 

- ^ 

Rag,. A Hem-gop -©I ^ 

Ra»e 72? >f<?/ /W/<7 ^ rage, Sung-nay-tah ^ v|| cf.. Na>y- 
yah-hah-tah 2c ^t '5' 4-. 

Ragged, To be Nam-noo-hah-tah ^^"f"^. ^y clothes 
arerags^-*d I cannot go, We-pawk-ee nam-noo-hah-yah kal-soo 

Rail, A Nan-gan \J ;4 {the s mall hand rail round a Corean 
veranda). A Hdlroad, T'chuU-law kA Vl . 

Rain Pee u| . A very heavy rain tV^2CN'goo ^-^. A fine 
rain, Sey-00 AA\^, A favourable rain, Hwey-00 5J -$^. Rains 
of the wet season, Ecni-00 ^ J^^A desireable rain, Kam-00 ?^ 
^ . / think it wilt rain, Oo-ghee-gah isso -^ ^ tI- 5I ^ J^o 
you think it will rain today ? O-nal pee-gah oll-'toot-hah-o ? 
j£. s ^1 ^f "^^ ?^ i- V^^ rains put the flowers outside the 
house, Pcc-f^ah o-guttun hwah-t'chaw-ral nay-or no -ah pee 
chom mat-t'chor-ah H|7f-i^-&S).^lM)^iO|-u| ^5^ 

y^^ ^ A rain coat, Oo-bee Su u| , 

Raisin Kon ppaw-taw 7j 2J J£. . 

Rake, A Kall-kwee '&'3\ (made of bamboo and used to 
collect grass an I leaves for fuel); Ssah -ree kal-kwee /^IJL^ ^ 
Yf\ (a small metal take). 



RAI. M« 

'•tlmiseiTo teuWali ^4. Raise it a little, Egot chomtoo- 
aw-rah <^\yX^^^^ ^ "^^ '"'""^ *' logetker, Yorraw-hee 
j^t-too-raw ij^-arrah e^ 0) tj 5l * «|i^V 4 . 72^ mtf^ r«///f. 
f ang-oo hah-tah f JJl';^ cJ. . To breed horses, Yang-mah hah^ 

Ram, A Chaw-yang ^ ^ ; Soo-yang ^ ^ • 

Ramble, T^o Han-gah-hee kah-tah ^ 7|- 1| :;f- «^ ; Naw- 

fang-euro kah-tah V ^ A g^_ yf- ^ . 
Rampart, A 'Taw-song ^ ^^ , 
Rancorous j To be Ham-hyom-hah-tah ^ ^ "^ ^• 
. ^ank - 5b««/ rank, Chick-poon T^ ^ . Olficial rank. Sill-ham 

^^. />i7«/rtf«>t, Ill-t'chaw g ^. 

Note : — Social position in Corea as viewed in respect to rank 
falls into three main divisions ; the high, including all those who 
liave held high rank, and their descendants, Yang-ban ^ ^ ; 

the middle class who hold some small o.licial post, have not 

Undergone slavery, or practice any of the despised trades^ 

(-hoon^-in -j"^ ; those who are slaves, the near relatives of 

slaves or follow the occupation of butcher, shoe-maker, pedler, 
sorcerer, secretary, small-trader, detectives, or who have entered 
■* monastery, Sang-nom /fr^ or Sang-han J^^. The ex- 
ecutioner of criminals is without the pale of society. These dis* 
t^nctions, however, since the opening of the country are fast 
changing or tending to pass away. Society as viewed in respect 
*o occupation falls into four ranks, eg, those who hold office* * 
those who till the ground, the mechanics, and those engaged ia 
^ade. 



RED. 



Fedeem, To SoD^-yang-hah-tah ^ ^ -^ t^ ; Sawk-an-Jiah- 

Rap, To Too-tah-ree-tah J^ t^ e| x:|. . Doo-tool-ghee-tah 
;t^^ 7] ^. Dofittap on the boards, Mah-roo doo-tool-ghee- 
jee mah-rah ^^-^^^ 7\'^^^ - 

Rapacious, To be *Tam-chay-hah-tah i^" >5| "^ ^ , 

Rapid, To be Bah-rah-tah /iit\.^. 

Rapids Yow-ool CA .^ j Hah-bang-soo ^}- IJf'^. 

Rare, To be Kwee-hah-tah :^ -^ <^ ; Kook-kwee hah^tah 
-^ f) "^cj. . TAis is a very rate flower, E hwah-t'chaw may- 
kook-kwee hah-o 6| J^ ^ ?| ^ J3. :y^ -^^. 

Rascal, A Hwah-way-chee-maing S|. ^ ^] ?J . 

Rash, To be Hyang-bang-uptah "^ ^ ^ ^ ; Hanj-baw-ra^ 
hah- tab ^^S'?'^. Don t do it rashly , Hyang-bang up-s< 
hah-jee mah-rah "^^ "^ <^ /\^ 7\ v\ z\ , 



Rat, A Chwee :?) . A rat trap, Chwee tawt ■?) ^. Set a trer^^ 
to catch the rats, Chwee-tawt nor-wassaw chwee chabberah -^^l- 



Rate, To To rate highly, Kwee-hee yoig-ghee-tah ^ -gj 
<^^,To rate lowly, Sim-sang-hee yoig-ghee-tah -^ >8r "^ 1^ ^^\ 



% 



RAT, 24J 

^ther Paw-tom ^ g . The father laves the younger rather 

^^an the elder child , Koo ap-pah-jee-gah mat ah-dal paw-tom 
^CH)t-hay ah-dar-ool kwee-hee yoig-ghee-o jaLoV\!|. X|7f-5V0I* 

^ J2. Q ^ *| ^V S "S^ :fl ^1 ^ ^1 -$-• ^^^^^-^ rather have this 

^^an that, Nay-gah chaw-got paw-ton* ee-^ussul taw cho-whah- 

^^-o vfJTf-lH^JLf 6|:^^i^jBLS^-r^. I would rather 

^^t tf gad than rice, Nay-gah pap-paw-lom dock-col taw chil- 

^^ee-o v|| 7|. ^Jt g >?^ -^ c| ^ ^ JL. 

Seattle, To Tawl-gock-tawl-gock-hah-tah %^%^^'^^ ) 

*al.gack-tal-gack-hah-tah ^ Zf ^ tJ- i^r c]. . (The second of 

^*^^se words represents a quicker succession of. sounds than the 
^iTner). What is that rattling there I Chaw-ghee- saw moo-aw- 
^^ tawl-gock tawl-gock-hah-nan-yah ? 15]^A^^6|>^|^>J 



lavage, To Naw-ryack-hah-tah S. ^ "§* ^ . The soldiers 
'^^vaged the country, Koon-sah too-ree min-gan-ay kassaw naw- 
'*ack-jill tai-tanny hesso -J >«• 1" c] ?[ ^ <Hl 7|- >M S. ?j= 'g "^I ^ 

Raven, A Kah-niah-ghwee /l nj. j^i . 

Ravenous, To be Kam-sick-hah-tah y^ A -f- c]- - (There is 

Another word in common use Col-sin tool-ley- tah ^ >tl #• *l cL 

'JUt it is not a polite word ; literally it means to be possessed with 
^ iSivenoUs devil). 

Ita^sh, To Yawk pwee-ee-tah ^ g| 6] t:|.. 



j^4 RAVWI 



am^ 



Raw, To be Uncooked fkeat, Saing-yotolsf ^ i^^- To be 'under 
^ne, Sool-tah f^ cL It is so uniier done thai I cannot eat t/y 
E got sor-ross-saw mole-mog^^ettah ^) ^ ^ ^ Af ^ oj 5!-^- ' 

Ray, A As of the rising sun, Tong-sal ^%, 

Razor, A Sack-taw 4" S. . * 

. Reach, To Tah-kah-tah «^ 7|. t:|. ; Taw-t*chack hah-tah ^ 
:^ "^ cj. . Do you think we shall reach Seoul before sun-down^ 
E-hay chun-nay saw-ool taw-t'chack hah-getso? 6) f^| ^ ^ ^ 
"^ i ^ ^ 5I ^ . ^ ^^ not yet reached England, Yong-gook- 
ay ad-jick taw-t'chack mote hesso ^'=f*^0^-^5.:^^"5r^ 

Read, To Paw-tah ^cf. To read aloud, Ilk-tah ^ cj.. 
Have you already read this book ? E t'chaik koo chun-ney po- 
asso ? ^) ^ JX ^ ^) ^ $t ^ • ^^^^ ^^ characters out, Kull 
chom ill-gorrah "^ -^ ^ ^ s|. . (The usual salutation to children 
at their studies is Kull chal ing-nan-yaht "^^et VM^)» 
Please take this book as a gift and read it, E t'chaik kattah- too- 
gaw paw-sio ^)*|^^-T-JL^X|J^. Take the book anc 
read it, E t'chaik kattah pawsio 6] >5J ^ ^^iXIJ;. {polite). 

Ready, To get Yaw-gam-hah-tah ^ ^ "S^ ^. ^^^^ yougi 
everything ready for a startt Kal-eel tah yaw-gam -hah-yu 
nan- yah ?^^«^J.>{"f'6!|V^|s. ^^ ready to start at s 
v' clock, Chaw, eel tah yaw-gam-hah-gaw yossat-see-ay kah-j 

Chil-ghee-tah ^ ^ «}•. The boy seems to do his work willing 



RE A* 24s 

"Chaw ah-hee eel chil-ghee-aw han-nan maw-yang-ee-o Cl| oV 3} 

Real Tcham ;§. -^^a/Zj/, Chin-gay;^ 7)|. If he really said 
set Iwill go^ Koo sahram mah-ree chin-gay koo-rawm-yen nay- 
gah kah-getso jau^J. f g- 6| ;^7H^ef ^ wfl 7}?}^^. -> « 
made of teal silver^ E gussie t'cham oon-euro man-toon gussio 

^) 5l ^I «-8:^S^J: ^ 5i ^1 i^- 

Realize, To (iay-tat-tah Aj] ^ cj. j Chee gak nah-tah x] ^ 
ij. c|- , Z^^ ^^jr ^/c?^^ not recihze the meaning of the word, Koo 
ah-hee-gah mal toot-see moo-aw-sin-jee gay-tat-jee mote 'i-o 

Reap, To Paw-hee-tah tij "cr] cj.. In Corea they aiways reap, 
^ith a sickle ^ Cho-sun-saw-nan eel-sang cock-sick-ool nat-soo— 
rawpo)->hee-05,x^ 'M fe e "3 "^ -^ e ii A S. A "C^) SL ^^"^^ 
do you reap your spring bat ley ? Kal paw-ree-ral un-jd -nah pee- 

Rear, To T'chee-tah7:| x^ Fowls or dogs, Nawt-'tah ^ ^ , 

^'^lis, May-ghee- tah ti^ o| tij- . He is a great breeder of bulls, 

"aw sahram-ce saw yor-raw ppill may-ghee-o D| >*?• ^ 6) ><v 

'v.e^gon, The Taw-yang ^ ^ . Reason, cause, Yun-gaw 
u -al» ; Gah-dalk jq ^ ; Wee-sah ij x». H^/^^/ z5 />i^ reason 
^ff^2S ? E gussie whain yun-gaw-yaw ^| :^ 0] ^ ^ JL^. •^^'^ 
^now the reason of this, E gussie whain gah-dalk-in-jee nah«* 
."^ Bio-by-o 6) 5lol ill AT ^ ^ r^ 4 £ ^ 4. ii.. 



^m^ i^B. 



Rebel» Ta Pay-ban -hah tab ^) ^ :|r ^ ; Yuck-juck-chtU 
hah-tah ^^^^^-l Mo-yock-hajpi-tah JL^^'^^f-. A r^ 
beiliofi, Min-yav o) ^ ; Yuck jucU ^ 39, 

Rebuke, To Nah-moo-rah-tah t|:iH|.x:|.j Goo-jit-tah iJL 
^cj.; Tchaik-mang-hah-tah *!^'f'^. If the boy does^ 
mtrang rebuke htm, Ah-hee-gah chal mote habrguttuo chom goo- 
jee chaw chew-sio o\%7\^3z^ A ^^^ A7^^>\X^ 

Recall To y?4fr^//^r/, Kw.ee-Qck-ba,b-tah oj Sj -f- c|. . I canr 
not n collect who hf is. Chaw sah-ram-ee noo-goon-jee kwee-ock . 
hal-soo-upso I^ >%f. 1^ C| ^^ >^ ^ S| ^ >fe. 'H), recall, (^ froirt 
exile, Ppool-tah ^ c|. He has been recalled from exile, Kocv 
yang-ban-ee kwce-yang ppool-lyaw wasso jau vj:^ 6) 4| "^-S*^ 

Recant To A doctrine, Taw-pay-hah-tah ^ \J) '§' ^ . Aft 
opinion, Pay-pan-hah-tah ^) ^ *f ^l" • 

Recede, To Mool-law kah-tah -g- 1^ TJ- cj. , 

Receipt, A Ppyawj[^. Ask for a receipt. Tone pat-tun ppyaw 

hah-yaw tal-lah-gaw hayerah ^ H^ -^ JL '§'^^^'2-'?'*1 ^. 
Please give me a receipt. Tone pat-tun ppyaw hah-yaw chew-sia 

Receive, To Pat-tah 5^ ^ J Soq-bong-hah-tab w^ ^ -^ t^ ; 
Xcboo-sini-hah-tah ^ ^ '§' ^. Have you rscUv^dthe ^nont)^ 
J sent! Paw-nain tone t'chpo-sim l>e§SD ? ^ %'%^' ^"^'^ £l • * 



Iftecem KgpVlay^^f ; E-m?kh-jack cf »|-^..E-say 6|>q|. 
/^w«j: jQf^^ii/^ nvoi^, £ gussie kool-ky paw -torn man-tab-naa . 

8«<»e 0> 7^4*^ i^ tl ? it ^51 ^1 JL ^^ ^""^^"^ ^'^ 
iiffj/j^ r^r<«i(>^, Koo sahram-ee £-say pan-ee hesso j3l>^- g 0| 

Reciprocal I^pee-t'chah 3\%, 

Recite, To From a book, Uk-tah ^ c}-. Without a book^ 
Way-awe tah ij ^ cL . Recite your lesson, YiooX way-ai^e-rah 

Reckless, To be Hyang-banjj-uptah "^ ^ ^ cj- . 

Reckon, To Hey-ah-ree-tah ^c]-Sjt:|-. Shee-tah /^cj-. 
Tqhoong-nyang-hah-tah A^-^cJ-. Reckon the money and 
see if it is correct. Tone shee-or paw-sio ^ x4j ^ X ^ ^ » 
T^o reckon the cost, Mah-ryun-hahtah w}-^'?"^.. Rieast 
tecktm the^ cost forme, Kap-see ul-mah-nah twel-lun-jee inah- 
ryunhay-ah pawsio :8- >q ^ w^ + § ^ ?il 4 2j -5- Of: JL >^| i!. . 
^ fHkon uP' the cost beforehand^ Yee-san hah-tah 641 >{J "5" cL , 
Reckon how much all these things will cost, E gussie ul-mah- 
nah tool-lun-jee yee-san hah-yah paw-sio 6) ^ O) ^ ''I' *-|- §■ rf 

Bed^jin, To Tchah-jah kahrtah ic} xf. 7}. 4 ; T'chah-jah 
o-tah 3?^^^ ^. Reclaim the money from him. Chaw sahram 
^**n-'"tayic«iefchah-jah aw-o I^ >4- f ^ Si) ^ %} 4 jL A- 
decline. To Noop-tah J^ cj. . 



34^ 



REC. 

■ • "^~' •/» 



\ 



Recognise, To Ah-rah paw-tah o\. 4 fi-4. I did not recog- 
nise him, Nay-gah chaw sah-ram ool ah-rah paw-jee mote hesso 
^7ptii4|-|oV4i^l^^$i4l. DofCt you recogniz^^ 
tnet Nah-rool mole-lah paw bio? vj. g •g-vfXXj.S,. 

Recollect, To See Rtcall. 

Kecommend, To Tchon-gaw-hah-tah ^ 7^ ^ c|-. Can you 
recommend a man for the business ? Chaw-eel hal sahram han- 
naht'chon-giiw hah-gesso? ^ ^ % A} % '^^ %^^ ^^- 
I will emrnoc you if y^-'U have a letter of recommendation, E chun 
-nil) it-tooii chip cIha- n-ay t'choon-gaw hah-nan ppyun-jee is 
saw-yah loo-gcs.o o| ^ 6^) o[ Gj rj :^ <4 6^] 5j 7^ ■§• fe ig ^ $1 



Recompense, To Kap-tah 7V cL , Sang-goop-hah-tah*>* 

-^ cj. ; Sang chc A-tah ^ ^ cL ; Paw-oon-hah-tah ^-g- "S" tij-. 
}fow to compcn<c you I no not know, Oot-jee ham-yen oonhay 
rool kap-h()i)l-lun jec moro-gctso 5!^'§"^-c'^"*lS'd'"S'fe^ 
^ S. 5] ^- ^^^'^^' ^^i^^ii I recompense the fnant Chaw sahram- 
ool nioo aw-soo-raw sang-chew-or-yah hah-gesso iH >4' S -^ -9^ 

Reconcile, To Hwah-wee poot-t'chee-tah SI ^ :£* t:) tL^ 

To be reconciled, Hwah-wee hah-tah SI ^ "§* 4. 



Record, To Chock-tah ;^ c|. ; Tehee boo-hah-tah 
c|, ; Kwee-rock-hah-tah:j|^-sr cj.. Keep a daily record of th€ 
expenditure, Nal-mah-tah soo-nan got t'chee-boo-hah-o ^ vk 



REC. 249^* 

— — ~— ^ -- 

Rseovvr, To From an' illnass. Wan-in- twce-tah ^ ^ !^ ^. 
*Kway-fchah-hah-tah gll f^^^. 

Red, To be Poolk-tah ^ ^ . Red colour. Pool- gun pit ^ -^ 

5[ . Scarlet, Hong saik ^ /j . DarkRed, Chock-saik '^ 4J . 

Bright scarlet, Z\i\n'\\or\^ >3*$- ^^'«>^ Poon-hong ^-^. />*[/ 

tome scarlet silk Myen-jew chin-hong saik-euro pat-gwaho- 

l^cdeem, To From a pawnshop, Tchah-jah-o-tah ?^ ^ JJ. 
«|-.. From slcpt'ery, Song-yang-hah-tah A^^cJ.. 

Redouble, To Kap-choU 7^ ^ . The prices have redeubied 
themselves since last year, Mool-gun kap-see sang-yun paw-torai 
kap-choU-ee awl-lasso -l-^^J-X|>J^i^ ^ ^^^-St^-^. 

Rt dress, To Sah-gwah-hah-tah X|- ^ *§* cj.. To obtam #»- 
.dress, Hai-gwah-bah-tah §| ji^ -^ cj-. 

Reduce, To Kam-hah-tah >l- •$• cj. ; Chey-hah-tah 3cl|| 1^ c}.. 
Feed, A K'al-tay :g ^| . 
Jieef, A Yaw €b| . 

Refine, To Cur-jay-hah-tah 74 ^;5il -f* c|. . 

Reflect, To Sah-ryom-hah-tah >^^ "d"^. 
R -form. To Kwee-jong-hah-tah fl-?3"$*cj.. 

R«fraidfrom,'To Goon-tah l^^. Reft ai*t from the ijuaff^ 
dngof many cups, Sool goon-erah -g* ^ 6j ef . 



i> 



jijci REP. 



Refresh. To See-won-hah-tah X) ^ "^ ^ . J^^^^ ^ refreshings 
mnnd. Pah-ram see-won-hah-tah ^f § X) jH "^ ^ . 

Refuae, To Shikah-hah-tah ^^^^, He tefused to hear- 
^vkiit I had to say, Oo'Xte mah-rool toot-ghee shiltah-gaw-hessa 

Regiment, A Deh /^| . 

Region, A Chee-gyong c] y^ ; Chee-bang tX iQ- . 

Register, A Of population, Haw-jock %^\ Of fields 
Yang-an ^6J. Of names, YoU-myung-ghee ^<9^; 
nobility ^ Hyang-nawk ■^^. 

Regret, To Nwee-oot-tah :ji]^x:|. ; Hoo-hwey hah-ta 
^ 5) "$" «J- ; Aye-sock-hah-tah 9) >^ "f* ^ . To regret the lo. 
cf e^, a parent, Sool-poo-tah w^sE«±. 

Regular Tchah-ray t*chah-ray ^ ^) ^ ^| . Do your w^ 
regularly. Eel t*chah-rey chah-rey hayerah g ii: ^ ^ ^ '$' 
^ . Come regularly, Nal-mattab o-nerah ^ vf 4^ l4 ^ , 

Reign, To Tab sah-ree-tah «^y^e|t^. To begin a n 

Hyock-tai-bah-tab ^ '^j-^t^j Toong-gook hah-tah Jg. -^^ -^ 

.T^. How long has the present reign lasted} Toong-gook lM.ah« 

sin-jee-gah myet-bai-nab twesso? -§-'^'^>{I XIt^ ^^} ^ J^ 

Reject, To A kindness, good advice, etc. Chaw bah-rce-ta.li 
M -^ ^ ^' ^^ ^ff^^* Twee bab-tab 5) •5- cj.. An appUcarti,. 
Mool-lce-t'chee-tab Jg. v) ^ c|.. 





RBJ. 251 

^^3oice, To Kit-poo-tah ^ J^ cf. . / rejoice to hear of youf 
^^'^^g official rankt Pyaw-sul-nill hass-saut-tah-hah-nee mai- 

^^Utation of this kind it is most usual to mention the title of rank 
^^ined). 

delate. To Yea-ghee-hah-tah i| C^^J'^rcJ.. 

t^elation, A man*s blood relations, as Grandparents, Chaw- 

l^Oo-inaw35.-^i; Ar^«/J, Poo-mawJ^ JL ; Brothers, Hyung- 

^^ % Q| : Sisters, Chah-may :5; ^| ; Sons and daughters^ 

^-Han-yaw ^^ areVnovfn 2Lsh\s /Cawt-yooh-chee-tchin -^-6* 

^^ ^ , Those who are nearly related, as Uncle, cousin, etc., are 

^^^ownashis Chee-fchin 7^ :g. Those more distantly related » 

^^--^VuLivk'Sock ^^. The generic is Ill-gah g 7J. . 

Names of some Relations: — Grandfather, Hal-appaw-jec 
cVtff Xl^^r Chaw-boo 3^-^; Grandmother, Hal-mon-nee 

iri v) ^r Chaw-maw 3^ JL ; Father, Appah-jee 6]- iJ}- ^ 

Poo-*chin -^:^; Mother, Ommon-nee 6) uj v| or Maw_ 

chin JZ.:Q ; .Swi, Ah-dal 6} \ ; Chah-sik y^£^ or Chah-jay 

-fA • Daughter, Dal, >^ or Yaw-sick v^ ^ ; Brother, Hyong 

^ (^f/i^/') ; Ah-o 6]-J2:. {younger)'. Sister, Noo-wee -qp^ ^r 

^ai-see ^\^ ; ^^/^i Sam-tchon J^ ^ ; -^//;//, Soong-maw 

Ajtj Cousin, Sah-tchun >^j^; Futher-in-law, Chang-in 

Xi^ ; Mother-in-Um^, Chang-maw 7^3^\ Son-in-law, Sah-wee 

^OlI Daughter-in-iaw,My\m'Tii)\'XeQ Xj^y^^, 




35* ^ REL. 

Release^ To N^wt-*tah ^ e|. . x\aw-ah-chcH>-tah 2t^ ^ ^ 
Pang-song-hah-tah ^^'^^. To be set pee, Naw-ee-tah 
Ji;^ 6| cL . / hope he will son i^be^relea ^ed\ Nai^ah chaw sahraxn 
shwee naw-ee-ghee-rool pah-rah-o M|7f>f^Af>§.4|2lI^^)^I % 

Relent, To Hwey s m-hah:tah S| 'S '^^. 

Relieve, To By alms, Koo-jey-hah-tah -^Mf^^^; Chin- 
hyool-hah-tah ^^"S"^; Kon-jaw-choo-tah ;^'?4^^ 

Religion, A Taw ^ or Kyo JJL. Confucian religion^ You- 
taw^^; Buddhistic religion, ^o\x\-i2CN -^jE.; Taoism, Sun- 
taw >^ i . The Christian religion, Seung-gyaw a^ jj^ {CathoUc) ; 
Yea-soo-kyo <^| ^ jH. (Protestant). 

Relish, To Chil-ghee-tah ^ :j1^. I do not relish wine^ 
Nai-gah sool chil-ghee-jee-anso M] tI- -^ ^ /^ ^ .^ 4t. 

Reluctant, To be Shil-tah .g cj.. lam reluctant, Nah \\ix-- 
<iee.o v|.^j E| jl^. 

Rely, To Mit-tah 5^ cj.. 

Remain, To It-tah $J cj- ; Maw-moo-tah, wlTg^cl* Shwee- 

tah ^ cj... Let us rem lin here fdr an hour, Han>see toi^-an- 

man yaw-ghee-saw shweep-sitah. ^ >4^^'^ H^ -^'^ ^ 

cj. . How many hours did you remain there ? ^fye^see tong>aiK- 

€e-nah kaw-ghee kee-susso 3}' /] ^ ^ 6| 4" H^^'^f'^^l* 



Sfai^y; To PpSLy- te tah ^ 6] t|. . . Is iktre no remedy ? 

^^*^eel pail-^bo upsb :x g 3g Jji <y^. Om ytm provide me 

^^^ u re^nedyfor my misfortune ? Niay eel chom pay-yaw chew- 

^^^ v)|:g ^^ 6) 2p./| ^. If you don't remedy the matter no 

"^^^cctn^ Tsttig-sin-ee ah-ilee-myun pail-soo upsp ^ ^ ^ ^ i^ 

^emfenfber, To You-ryom-hah-tah ^ i| -g- 1^ . Remember 
'^^y commission t Nai poo-*tack you-r)oin hah-sio v|| ^ ^ ^ t^ 

ttbinidd, Tb Gay-aw-t'chaw-choo tab A|| J^ j^ ^ t|. . 'Tong- 
^^<ft«!-ai6v choo-tah ^ ;t| 6) ip^ cj- . 

^emoie, Tb be Merl-tah ^ cj- ; Yaw-won-hah-tah JL W "^^ 



l^emove, To Awm-ghec-tah ^ 3) c|. R^mcwe this things 
got kad-jaw-kaggerah 6) 5J -^ x^ "^l- H ^ • ^^^ove this 
^^bleto the other room, E sang tah-ran pang-ooraw awm-ghee~ 
^^ no-arrah 6| >a. 4 g ly. j6 ^^ ;r) 6| i o]. 2^ . 

Renown Myung song ig n^ ; Myong-mang ig nV , He is a 
n of renown, Myong-mang-ee tai-tan-hah yang-ban-ee-o 

llcnt Z^/frtT r^«/, Taw-jee 5. c^ . ///r^, Sey >«]. What is 

rent of this house} E chip sey-gah ulniah-o? ^) ^ >^ tI- ^ 

^^^. I cannot farm these fields so will let them to you for 

^^ekt. Nab rtan E pat-chuU chah-nong hal-soo up-soo-nee ney- 

-^ah taw-jee-raw hayerah H-fe:6)'5t^;5;-^^^<g2i,H^ 



«M 



RBP« 



naa-orah ^ JE. ^ M ^ 4 • ^^^^ '^ ^^ yearly rent of ihese^ 
yields} ¥.pil-^dtiet eel-yunn-ay taw-jee-gab-ulmah-o ? 6) i)t 3^4 

S 4^-^ '^ ^ ^ 'I'-SL- ^^^^^ ^^^^ ^'^ y^^ fields, E pat 
nah-we-gbee taw-jec-raw choo-sio 6]^i|«^7l|j£.c|£2^X| 

Repair, To Kawt-t'chee-tah ^ t:] cf. ; Choung-soo-hah-tah 
'^ ^ -^ tj. Get this thing repaired, E got sang-hess-see-nee 

kawt-l*chaw o-nerah 16)^>^'^^X}H ft?^A^ 4- ^'^^ 
tny shoes to the Chinese boot maker and have them, repaired^ 
Nai shin t*chong-gook kat-pat-t'chee kattah choo-gaw kawt- 
t'chee-rah-gaw hayerah M|>a^^5V5l:*l3t4^j2.*^ 
^ JL "^^ 4 , IVhat will ttcost to have this repaired} E got 
kawt-t*chee-nan-tai kong-junny ulmah-o? 6) ^4^7:| {^ ^I-H"^ 
tl\ ^ "f-i. Can I have this repaired} 'E got kawt-t'chee nan-^ 
tai isso? o] ^^t:] fe ^I $1 41. 
Repeal, To Mool-see-hah-tab -g- X] "^ ^ . 

Repeat, To Kaw-doop 7^ § ; Tah-see rj. /\ . Please repeat 
what you said, Koo mal tah-see hah-sio JJu^ '^ fy-^ j\ ^ 
Don*t repeat this behaviour, E hooay tah-see hah-jee mab-rah 
O) ^ oj| c|. >q -5- x] o}- 4 . Chaim-f chaw ;5| ^ (This word is 
used of an action quickly repeated). 

Repent, To Nwee-oot-fchee-tah J^] ^ 5^ cf. ; Hwec-gay-hah. 
tab S)"^ "^^ ; Kai-gwah 'chiin son-hah-tah t| SB^ ^^^ ^ 
Hoo-hwee-hah-tah S- J) '$' ^ . 



REP. •» 

R^taMsTo Mool-Uh^c|.; Tchai-aw-tahj|4j2;^t:{.. Jfjrtw 

^rwak things yeu must replace them, Koo-rut hannah-rah-taw 
(raa-tur-eem-yen moo-raw-noarrah .^j^'^^^J£^&|e{i^ 
^ 91 )ii^ ^' • ^^^ ^^^ ^ repUue this lost volume ? Tchaik 
lian-gwon E-raw-noon-tai odday-saw sah-tah-gah t*chai-oo-gesso? 

Reply, To Tai-tap-hah-tah ^I^'C^l-; Oong-tap-hah-tah 
^ ^ -(J- 1|. . To a letter. Tap-jang-hab-tah ^ ^ -§• cj- ; Hweh- 
tap-hah-tah S) ^ "^ ^ . ^^y ^^ y^ ^^t reply ? Whey tai-tap 
ah-nee bah-nan-yah ^tfl "c) ^ c} *l '9' V M^ . Inhere is no reply 
to the letter, Tap-jang up-tah ^ ;} ^ t)- Bring a reply to the 
tetter. Tap-jang mat-tab o-nerah "g- ^ 5( ^ JL ^ 4 . 

Report, To Kaw-hab-tah JL '§' ^; Yeat-joop-tah yj\ ^ rf- 
Ppoom-bah-tab ^ *^t:|.. A report. Saw-moon ^-g; baw-sick 
^ A , Have you heard the report ? Saw-moon too-russo ? yS'g 
jg l^*^. -^^'-^ merely a report. Saw-moon man isso >^^qL 6t 

Repose, To Sbwee-tab ^jtij-; Cbab-tab 7^^^ To repose 
during the day. Nat cbam chah-tab jt § ?^ ^ . To doze off 
Chaw-ool-tah ^ ^ c}.. Take some repose. Chom chah-o ^XL 

A. 

Repment, To Tai^in-bah-tab ^I >{| -§• tj. . He has gone to 
wnepreietU me. Nai tsu-sin-oo-raw koo sahram-ee kasso vd ^1 /J 



Repress, To The feemgs. Ock-jfefbitt^tii ^)jf^4- 
A coufse of M lion, etc., Kooifi-hah-tati^-jrtiji. 

Reproach, To Nah-moo-rah-tah i^jpLt|.t(» j^'t'chaii^g itehfe* 
hah-tah *|ig. "f"^. 

Reprove, To T'chaik-hah-tah ^ -^ C|.; Goo-jit-tah ^^ c|.; 
Kyong-ghee-hah-tah ^ H| "^ ^^. 

Republic, A Min-jew-chee-gook #J ^ Xl "^a 

Repudiate, To Pah-ree-tah ^ e] c|.. 

Request, To Tah-lah-tah c|.^tf.; Ko6-liati-t^h -:^'^ti|.; 
Tchong-hah-tah ^y -^ cj.; Peel-tah fl t^.; Kan-goo-hah-tah 
2 ^"S" c|-; Kan-t'chong-hah-tah 2 ^ "S"^ ; Khee-goo-hah- 
tah :3\^^^. 

Require, To Teul-tah ^ tij. ; Sootdh ^cj-. If you make 

this dish what do you require ? Koo-run oom-sick man-tal- 
my en myet kah-jee-nah tool-ghen-nan-yah ? JX^^^^)^ 

^ ^ 7|- X| «^ 5l V M= . H"^^ many do you require ? Myet-kaa- 
nah SCO-see- ree-o? ^7}|4-Ji^>^!^J>,. I do not require any 

to-day, 0-nal saw-yong-upso 9. ^^-fr^ ^. 

Rcscure, To Koo-won-hah-tah -^ jM "^ ^; Kon-jaw-chcwr* 
tah 7^ ;^J ^ cj. J Koo-wan-hah-tah -^ J^ "^ ^ ; Paw-ah-chcw* 



RBS: - 9^^ 



~m^ 



Resemble, To Pang-pool-hab-tah ff'-^'f'^. Pee-soot-hah 
tah Ml ^^ ^. -^ resemHes his father , Koo-poo-t*<:hin gwah 
pang-pool-hah-o JX^rJfjif^A-J-Ji,; Talm-tah c^- cj.^ 

wit 

He resembles his brother, Koo hyong talm-asso .^^ cf-QJ. ^. 

wO 

-Resent, To Hyumrchom-too-tah '^^•^^. ^^ ^Uways 

•hears me some resentment ^ Chaw sahram-ee hang- sang nah'i>ool 
hyum-chom-too-o I3|>4-go|'^>^v|.g ^;g 



Reserve, To Chaw-t*chook-hah-tah Qj^-^cl.. Reserve 

Jtalf the potatoes for seed t Kam-jah pahn-man chaw-t'chook hah- 
yut-tah-gah nain-yun-ay ssee-raw soo-gettah ^ >S^ ^ ^ Gf «3^ 

"?■ M ^ ^ ^1 ^ ^1 ^I S A 3l ^ • ^^^P ^^^/^^ reserve fund^ 
Pahn-ool-lang-un chaw-tchook-hah-yaw-yah soo-getso ^ .^ ^ 

Reservoir, A Pang-jook 9}*-5^. (This is really a small bay 

reclaimed from the sea, dammed and used for agricultural pur- 
poses. Saw ^ ^ really the deep parts of a river or lake. Mawt 

SL^ really a lake ; but used of any large enclosed body of water). 

Reaif^, Td Sah-jick-hah-tah A^^'^^-. {To rest^^n office); 
Sah-yang^hah-tah >^ ^ ^ ^ ('^ resign a claim). To resign 
•<iii^i«^/(p/a/^, Pang-sim-hah-tah ^'*]ijr^. This word may 

possibly be used in such a connexion ; it is more commonly used 
■of a boy's wandering thoughts : a word some times used in 
•cognate icaaes is found in, Mah-am namt-^ak ^ § j^ ^ . 
^identicali^ the same word). Res^ny€mrse^,'i6A\^^xsi naw^sio 



•98: RBS. 



Resin Song-jin ^;^. 

Resist, To Kure-oo-tah §-^t:|-; Hill-lan-hah-tah 'g^'^^ 
t^; Hang-gaw-hah-tah "^^ H "^ ^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^ superior). 
Resolute To be Tam-tai-hah-tah ^^^^. 

Resolve, To Tan-jung-hah-tah ^iJJ-^-cJ.. I am resolved 
t^iioso, Koo-eel tan-jong-hah-yuss-sinikkah tal-lee hal-soo-upso- 

^ n L^ "g -r ^ >q ^ tfs M t ^ <a 4i. 

• Resort, A For business, Taw-bang-t'chaw i ^ i^ . For 
//f^J2/r^, Kyong-t'chee-chaw-hoon-tai ^7:JJ5.:^^|. A large^ 
centre nf business and pleasure, Tai-taw-hweh t|| S. i| . 

Respect, To Kong-soon-hah-tah -g-^^cj-. To be re- 
spectful, On-kong-hah-tah -^•g-'^'Cj-. Be respectful to youf 
elders, Naw ur-roon we-ghey kong-soon-hah-yah soo-getta vJ- 

Respectable, To be Cheum-chan-'tah ^;^^. He is a 
man much to be respected, Koo sahram-ee cheum-chah-nan- 

Responsible, To be Tam-tang-hah-tah ^ ^ -f" cj- . To make 
responsible, Tam-tang sik-hee-tah ^ ^ -^ r) c|-. lam tespon^ 
siblefor this work, E ee-rool nai-gah tam-tang-hah-o o| ^ •^•^ 
M) 7|- ^ ^ "§* -2.- ^^" ^^^ responsible for this work, Naw-nan 
E ee-rool tam-tang hayerah l;|fe6) ^•§-'J}^'$"ije|. {low) - 
kong-ee e ee-rool kam-tang-hah-sio^o] 6| |J -^ ^ ^r$'>^l ^. ' 
who IS respoisible for this^workt E e-rool noo-gah, tam-tang 

hesso 6) g -§ nr^f ^ * f ^ 4i . !:.':';: T; .' 



RES. t5g^ 



*RMt»To SbweeTtah ^ c|. . "^he load is hecny rest a while ^ 
Cbim moo-gaw-oo-nee chom shwee-orah ^^7)«f>v]^4]6| 

'Kestless, To be Soo-son-hah-tah ^ -^ "^ ^ . (Used of one- 
self or another when worried by noise or other disturbance). 

Restore, To Send vr give back, Hwan-song-hah-tah «• i&- 
•**cj.. Taw-raw-choo-tah ^^^cj. To restore a dynasty 
Pkwk-gook-hah-tah ^'af-'^ t:|.. To restore to office, Pawk-jick- 
liab-tah ^ ;S| '^ c|. . To be restored to health, Saw-bawk-hah- 
lah iJi-M-'$'^. PlecLse retvm the book soon, E t'chaik shwee 
bwanrsong-hah-sio ^] *l 4i|^>g.-^>^U;_ (^^//>). He is guii 
rf stored to healthy Koo sahram-ee kkway-hee saw-bawk-twee- 

» ■ , ■ 

Restrain, To Mall-lec-tah ^ v| ^ . Ti? restrain oneself 
T*cbam-tah ;g cL . Restrain yourself, T*cham-oo-sio ^ ^ 

Retaliate, To Paw-tawk-hah-tah ^-^"^tif or Pawk-soo- 
liab-tab4^-|-t|.. 

*■'■.. •■ ■ ■ 
Retard, To Hwee-jack-hah-tah S) ^ 'S' "C|. <v- Whee-bang- 

Daw-tah J) 5*2c.'^. l^hy do you retard met Whey hwee- 

hang-Daw7iiaj)-yah ? 4H|S] ^i. V ^^ . ^^^l retard him at his 

^prkt JCop, sahr ram eej bah-rian-tai. hwee-tang-naw-jee-mahra 



I 



\ 



-P-- •> __J ,, 

Retire, To Jawt-kyaw-kah-tah J^^y^^, Tp r4i»e fmiHt^ \ 
office or business, Han-'twecrhah-tah .^ 5) t^^- «r *Tiwrec-^sah-^ \ 
hah-tah 5j >*|. "fr c|. . He has retired and lives in the country^ 
Koo yang-bang-ee 'twee-sah-haggaw shee-goll kee-sio ,^u^ ^ 

Retreat, To See Retire 

Return, To Taw-rah-kah-tahi aj.^t|.; Taw-rah-o-taib jjg^ 
^^xS^or Hwee-jong-hah tab J] ;§ -5- 1^. When shall your 
return? \Jn-jay taw-rah-oh-see-gesso ? ^^i ^ JL>^ jj ^- 
I do not know when I shall return, Un-jey taw- rah ol-lun-jec 
moro-gesso ^^ J£ 2f -^^ ?^JLS.5l2t. ^ ^^^^^ return to- 
morrow, Nai-gah nale chom taw-raw oh-gesso H) 7^ ^ ^ ^ S> 
4JL3l^. /?^^«^« ^««i:^/K» 01-lun kat-tah onerah '^-^^^ 

Reveal, To Nah- tah-naa-tah i|. ^ vf| cj.; Too-raw naa-ta^ 
3 9} w|| t:|.. To reveal a secret, Noo-sbll hah-taih ^^'^^^ 
Please do not reveal this to any one else, Nam*we*ghey noo-soll 
hah-jee-mah-sio S'^>'|nr'^'?"^^>fl«SL (polite)* 

Revenge, To See Retaliate 

Revenue, The KyoU-t'chong "g^. 

Reverence, To Kong-gyong-hah-tah '%^'f[^ ^ Heum— 

ang-hah-tah jgL ^ "6* ^.. 

Reverse, To Twee-jip-tah ^^ ^ t:j- . Reverse it {ttmm it auer^ 
Twee-jip-aw no-arrali ^1 ^ ^ ^ «f . Rewtrse, ix.ltmmii'iutulie 
caa, Tweft-jip^ah -^ Jg H^ ^ . To wverx i.ei to itpM. T^iree- 
jip-hec-tah f\^ii[^. 



K9Vr 9&t 



nmv* 



JKcvUs^To Chtrr-ryock-ha^ tah :§.4-^^. 

Revive, To Sah-rah nah-tah >q. e^ vf:c{.; Saw-saing hah-tah 

^ >g "^ c| , T/ie plant Will re%>ive if } ou wafer it well, Hu ah- 

■t'chaw-ay mool chal chewm-yen sah-rah-nah-gcsso ^^^ -S* 

Rew>lt, To Pai-ban-hah-tah ^] tP"^ t^.. A pi*ptriar revolU 
Min-yaw ii]»^ Ar€VoUofsoldiery\ Koon-nyaw g> ft^. 

Revolve, To Kool-lttw-kah-tah "^ uj tJ- cj. (</5 <r wheel) ; 
rSoon-hwan-hah-tah ^^ "Q" c^ («* the- seasons). 
Reward^ To See Recompense. 
Rheum Kaw-mool gr -g*. 
Rheumatiam *Poong-soop ^ ^Q. . 
Rib, A KaH-bee-lai :^ h| ^| 

Rice Ii\ the ear, Pyaw td Hulled n'ce^ Ssall aM- Cooked 

-rice. Pap ^J» i?/r^ nursery fit id, Mote char-ree j^ ;^. e| . 

J?ir^ 7i>/</, Noan ^ Glutinous rice {usually vtMzed for 

■making wine, Corean bread, efc.) T'chap-ssall ^feVAj- Gnnmon 

■rrV^ (used for ordinary food purposes) Maip ssal Oil mJ- J^ice 

■kettle, Sawt ^ Cullinary r'ce spoon, Chew-gocic ^ >f . 

nice cleaner, E-nam-pack o] ^Uf. ^^^^ strainer. Choree 

^^'Kjv Walerin which rice has been hoiied, used by Coreans as 

a beverage, Soong-yung -^ J^ or Meem nj« I^ice burned to 

ike bottom of ike kettle, usually given to dogs^ Noo-ran pap 
«J^|| ^ Riee karvests, Yang-sick ^A . J^tce kusks, SsaQ 



kyaw ^S^T) Rue bow i (metctS) Chcw-bal , *. «J*, ; XEarihen" 
wtf/-^) Sah-bal -^-Ijj^, R-c.^ spootiy, for gasifonomi^ f.urfoses^ 
Soo-rhaw^Xl \ O<op sticks, ChdiVi ^, 

Rich, To be Poo-yaw hab-tah ^j^ijrcj.. or Nong-nock- 
hah-tah ^ tj -^cj.. A tick man, Poo-jah ^ y^ ; .^ very rick 
man, Chang- jah y^tV^ or Kaw-too 7^-^-. ^'^ ^^ ^ rich man, 
Koo sahram-ee nong-nockThan sahram-ee-o j3t>^J» § ^.) ^ if 



U-:^' 






Ride, To "Tah-tah ^ t^. I rode here, yi?^. 'tah-gaw wasso^ 
^^ JL^4l / 'ivill riife there, . Malt.*tah-gaw kah-getso 
^ ^ JI 7j- 5l 4l (ie. ^« a horse) ; Paw-g)'6 *fah-gaw kafi-getso 
^iE^ JL tJ- 5l 4i (i e. /» rt chair). IwiU:go by boai/^2k *tah- 
gaw kah gesso ^1 c j. JL 7}- 5J 4i . / will go by rail, Yoon-gaw 
'tah-gaw kah-gesso ■3j-74cj.jL7f5l4i. ^ w^/ ^<^ Py steamer* 

• • * ■ ■ » 

Yoon-son 'tah-gaw kah-getso ^'^SfJL-lVjI^x. 

RiddlCy'A Soo soo-goik-kee jjs.jj*.'^ 7].' 
Ridicule, To Chaw-rong-hah-tah ^^'^^\ Khee-rong- 
hah-tah d\^ -§- cj. ; Chaw-saw-hali-tah. ^^ ^ ^. ^ ^^' ' 

cule by imitation. Pee yang hab-tah W) 4= "^^ <4-. To ridicule by ' 
making a wry face, Pee-oot-lah u| ^ c|. . To ridicule, to jeer at 
Hyoong;paw-tah ^ ^cj.. ^ 

Hig^iner ;. Tawl-chool fS. ^^ \ , .. • . , v ,,,^ > . , a k • . tf VX . >. •„: ^- 



Right, To be Awl-tkh^q.; Tkat-is'irighi, Awl-tah ^€f 
iJo7v)\ All- so ^4i {politi). AU fightV Koo-ray-rah jx 
^1 ej. (/^w) or Oll-chee ^7c| Kobree-o jx^ -fr j^ The 
ri^tside, Awe-rhun ppyun -^:^^ or Oo-ppyun -^jg. The 
rigJit hand, Ayi^ihMn sonn^J^^ or Oo-sgo -^^. A'^^/'^ 
conduct. Awe-run eel -^^ ^ . Right, i.e'. true word, Awe-rhun 
mal^^ig-. Right {^.^, abstract truth) Eui-ree ^| e| . ^2? ^^ 
righteous (as the ^eity) Ker-rook-hah-tah 7^ -S.-^cJ. -. {as a 
jw/j«) ; Kyah-rock-hah-tah --iV^-^ ^i 

Rigid, To be Bot-bot-hah-tah JSS{ JSS^ -^ <^ , 

' . . ' -^ .-^>! 

Ring, A Kaw-ree JJ: €| . A ring forydsiening doors, windows, 
etc, Moon-kaw-ree. -g JL ®| . A finger ring, Kah-rack-jee 7J. ^ 
7^ ivChee-hwan 7\^ A nose ring, 'Kaw-doo rey ^[.AC ^m 

,Ring, To Heim-tool-tah ^^^"^ or Tchee-tah ^ c^. (The 
first word is used in reference to the ringing of small hand bells 
{Pang-ool f}'-^), or to the ringing of bells usually fastened to 
the necks of Corean ponies, etc., or of a small bell {Soil-long 
^\A) "sed in Corean houses to summon servants ; or of a bell 
{^aw-^yone^ ^^) rung in funeral processions. The second 

texm is used in reference to the ringing of a large bell {Chang 
^) in a monastery ; or of a big city bell {In-i^yo>ig ^ ^ ) . 

I^inse, To Poo-see-tah J^Xj ^. Rinse the washing basin 
^•'^ 4ind bring some more water, Tai-yah chal-poo-see-gaw mpol 
^*^w o-nerah vf^ 0^ ^^>^| JL'^f A^ JL «| 4 . 



Kiipt,X""Yoh-raii i^,;Nallyec ^ ij : Tkere-wM m rmi 
-and many persons were inj ^reti, Yoh-ran- nassaw sahram mah* 
nee sang-hesso ^^ ^ ^ ^ S ^ ^I ^"^^^^^ ^ ^** ^^^ 
neither of ynu were kuri in the riot, E-bon nal-lyee-ay kong-ee 
kwan-ghee-t'chee ahn-han-e6 tah-hang-faah-o 6| ^ \i ^ ^ ^ 



Rip,. To Of cloth, ^e., Jeotah* ^^. OfflntH, etcjawrk 
tah 4g^Ji\ t^^ Of a seam; I!>oot-tah ^t^'. R'^ up the seamu^ 
Sol-ghee chom doot- doo-aw- ^ «p& Jfe^ j^ jk . 

Ripe, To be Ik-tah ^ tf ; Yum-gool-tah «^ % <!•. Shill- 
yom-hah-tah "^ ^ "^ ^. ^^ onlyripeapph^ Ik-gooir neiiiq^ 
goom oo-raw sah onerah gl -^-^ "3" Qi^aj; ^ isf ^ . TTUrsf «r 
«^?/ a single ripe one anton^$t them^ Ee-choong-ay Ik-goonvgol*. 
hannah taw up-tah o| -f-dfl ^-fe^^+i^^. ^^ ^^P^ 
seem lo he ripening well. Cock-sick- ce shid3Fum chal' hab-nan 
maw-yang-ee-o ^4 0| ^<^ ^^^ fc.JL ^^j^ JL. . 

% 

Rise, To E-raw-nah-tah 6) 9l Ur Clr (An honorific for lisin^ 
from sleep is found in khee-£ chtm-hah^tak of ;y "§: tsj-) . ^^ 
has not yet risen, Ah-jick keert'chim- ah«nee hass-swsso 6|»«^ 
^ ^ ^l" H ^ ^ 4l. ^^^ quickly, OUun enraw-naggorah' ^ ^ 
d) aj vf. 7^ Hj. . To rise, as. bread,, Poe-'pool-tah ^^c|-. 7^ 
rise (of the sun), Tawt tah ^^or Doo-tah . ^ ^> . 

Rivslr Chuck-soo yS| ^^ or 'Tai.^00 ^.A>i 



RIV. 365^ 

River, A Kang ^ . (Some of the chief rivers in Corea : In 
the north, Am-nock-kang 6V .Jr. tJ- ^ emptying itself into the 
TellowSea; Too-man-,ka?ig^xi^7^ ^ emptying itself into the? 
Sea of Japan. On the West coast: Tchutig-tchun-kapg i^ ^ 
;g- ; Tai'tong-kang ^ -^ ^3" > J^^^'katig -^ y^ ; Chang-p/faW'* 
^=^^ ^ i ^ ; Keum-kang ^ y^ ; Yofjg'San-kang ^ /^ :g-. 
On the south coast : Ackyang-kang ^ ^yi \ Nak-tong-kaiig 

Road, A Kill :g . A high road, Tai-raw yi^^or Haing-kill 

^ ^ . A small road. Saw- raw >^^. A iiraght road, Ching- 

naw ^^, A short cut, Chirrum kill X)-g.^. A circuitous 

route. Taw-nan kill i^^J. A difficult road, Hum-naw 

^S. A difficult road to find the way in, Saw-sap-han kill 

4i f\ J ^ . The road is blocked, Kir-ree mak-kesso ^ 6] Sf 

^^. h there no shorter road} Chir-rum kill upso? 7^ M-:Q^ 
fl^. Where does this road lead to? E kill-law kah-myen 
•odday-raw kah-o? 6) ^i7^^<H ^I^Tf-^. 

Roast, To Koop-tah-g-cJ.. To roast well, Ppook-koop-tah 
—Si "5* ^ • To under roast. Soil koop-tah >§ -^ t± . Roast the 
'9neat well, Coig-ee pook-goo-orah JL 7)^-^ ^ 2|- . (Note, the 
^ok in ppook must be considerably lengthened out). 

Rob, To Tod-jock-jill-hah-tahj£ ^ ^ ^ ^. ^ robber. Tod- 
-Jock-nom^ ^ "o". To be fobbed. Tod-jock mat-tah^ ^ 5l ^• 

Rock, A In the sea. Yaw €e| . A large flat stone. Pan-sock 
^t -^ ^ boulder ,Pah-wee t!|- -^ . 



266 ROE. 



. Roe-buck Naw-raw y^ . 
Rogue, A Nan-bong v+ ^ j 'Tang-jah ^j^cr Moo-ray— 

Roll, To Kool-lyee-tah "Jvl i^. Roll that boulder here ^ 
Chaw-tawl yaw-ghee kool-lyaw no-arrah l^#-*«^^'J^2xi^V 
e|. . Roll the casks there, 'Tong chaw-ghee kool-lyaw kattah no- 

Roof, A Chip-oong ^ -^. Corner of a roof, Tchoon-yaw- 
j^ v<j Ridge of a tile roof, Chip-oong-mah-roo 7^ -^ "[•-?• - 
Riiige of a straw roof, Yong mah-roo^ "F -?". -^^^^ ^f^ ^oof^. 
T chom-mah ^J nl-. Rafters, Sock-kar-ree >^7l-Bl|. Beam 
sup/'otiing the eave, Ppyong-goo-tai 5^ i '^I • Beam on which 
the t afters rest. Taw ree i a] . -<4 ridge pole, Mah-roo-tai iH-^ 
c| ^ A support to the ridge pole, Tong-jah-paw Jg.;^^^ 
A great cross bea7n,'Y2l\'\.oo\'^:v^ ^^^- Cross beams. Paw 
^ . See if there are any broken tiles o?i the roof Chip-oong-ay 

« 

gay-or-jin kce-wah-jang in-nah chah-say-hee po-arrah ^-^^. 

^^^7|4^$1+^'^^1'2^I-S.4^|-. Be-thatch the roof, 
Chip-oong sai-row ee-orah ^ -^>4] S. M ^ ^ • Bleaseget some 
one to re-ihatch the roof. Chip-nee-nan sah-rani pull-luss-saw 
kai-t'chaw-hah-rah-gaw-hah-o ^^ fe'^^'^'^-^'^I ^ "^ 
B|. ji. -sr^. Pltase call a tiler to mend the roof, Kai-wah-jang- 
ee pull-luss-saw chip-oong kawt chee-rah-gaw hayerah "^51?^ 
^] -g t| /^ ;g ^-;J^ ^1 e[. ji^ -g- 6j e[. How much will it cost- 
to re- thatch the house} Chip sai-row ee-myen ul-mah-nah tool- — 
getso? ^/||S.4 ^^01^4^514.. 



ROD. 267 

Room, A Paoig f^ . In a Corean house next to the kitchen 
{Iho-ifck -^3) is the women's room An-pang ^ ^ ; the outer 
rooms sometimes used by married members of a family are call- 
ed koH-nan-pafig TA^^ , The master's room, sah-rang xf. ^ 

is used by him during the day to entertain his guests, and 
strangers sleep there. There may be a small ro6m, a kind of 
closet or wardrobe, leading from the women's quarters Kawl- 
fang ^ ^J- . The servant's quarters Haing-nartg-fianq "6J ^ M> . 
A store room. Kwang S^ . A garret, Tah-rack cj. ^ . 

Hoost, To Or-rah-tah j^ e|. t^. A hen roast, Hway jjJ. 

Koot, A Boo-ree ^ 2| . A tap root. Won boo-ree ^ x^ 2| . 

Kope, A Chool ^. An hemp ntpe, Soong-mah-chool -^ xiL 
'5'. To make r^^, Chool toory-tah, S-Si^I ^. ^ ^^P^ used 
io fasten burdet^ upon fack animals, Pah ^\ . A thick rope 
tnade of straw ^ Tong-ah-chool ^ c]-^. 

Rosary, A Yum-jew ^^. The Buddhist rosary of one 
hundred and eight beads, Paik-'pall-yum-jew ^ 9- ^ ^. 

Rose, The Wild. Hai-tang-hwah fj ^ 4|. . Cultivated. 
Wull-gay^7<|. 
Rosin Song-jin >g. ;^ . 

Rot, To Ssock-tah ^^. This is rotten, E got sock-gutso 
ttouch. To be GoU-goU-hah-tah 'fl'ti '^^cL Hum-hah- 



^ ^ 

Round, To be Tong-gool-tah ^-J ^. 

Rouse, To 72? rousf o^e^elf, Gay-tah ^ cf. 1*0 rouse 
another person, Gay-oo-tah Al|-f>^. 

Row, To Naw-jut-tah Jc^t^. Row quickly^ Bal-lee chaw- 
rah ^"^^\7^^\. Row slowly, T'chun-f diun-ncy jaw-crah 

Rub, To Tack-tah ^t^. To fub lightly, Moon-jce-rah-tah 
-g;^ a trj-. Rub lightly, Kope-kay moon-jill-law-rah -g-^f) -£ 

Rudder, A Kkee ^| . Mind the rudder^ Kkee-po-arah ^| J|^ 

Rude, To be Uncivilized, Moo-ryeh-hah-tah JJ^ ^ -^ CjJ^ 
To be impertinent, Pah-rack-hah-tah ^ 4"^ ^. 

Rug, A Tam-yaw ^ \t;. 

Ruin, To 'Chee-'pay sick-hee tab 7c| ^ '^ *$] ^. To be 
ruined, Kyull-tan nah-tah'g i^ t|. t^ • Ppay-gah-hah-tah SZ|| ^ 
-gr cL; Nang-ppay-hah-tah ^ ^ tS^ ^. 

Rule, To Tah-sah-ree-tah t:|->^J.a|^. 

Rule, A A measure, Chah ^. A command^ Koo-maw«il»Jt. 

A ruler for lines, Cheun-ban;^ ^ , 



Rumour, A Ppoong-moon ^<g ; Saw-moon 
soil ^ >g . This is merely a tumour, E got *poong-sor-ray- 



^ 



RUM. «6g 

■ . 1 . — — — — — — ^-^— 

Run^To Tahram-pack-jill-hat-tah 4 f ^^•§'4- '^^^^ 
^4Kway, Tah-rahnah-tah 4 a| v|. 4 To run cut^ Saa-tah ^ 
cL . 72? run over, Nom-kce-tah ^ y\ 4 

Rush, To Pcer-ran-gan kah-tah '^^^\^'^^\^^ Peer-ran- 
•gan aw-tah ^ ^ jj JL 4 

Rust Tong-nawk ^ Jc. . C/<rdf« Ihe rust offlhlx thing, E-got 
•tong-nawk soo-russin-nee chom tack-erah c] ^-^-^^^'^1 

Rut, A Chah-jook 7\^, 



S^ble, Fur of the Tawn-ppee ^ il| . 

Sack, A Poo-tai ^^\, Chah-raw 7\^. Chun-tai 7^"^} , 

\ These are bags used by Coreans for ihe carriage of clothings 
. grain t money, etc). A straw S'lck, Somm ^. An etnftty sack^ 

Kong-sock -g- /j . Sacking, Kaw-jock tj 7^ . Buy an empty 

sack, Kong-sock han-nip sah-onerah •§* ^ * d 4" -2. M ^h - 

Wra/» it up in an ewpty sack, E got kong- sock-euro ssah-rah 

Sacrifice, To Chee-sah-jee-nai-tah 7\ >^ x] H) 4- 

Note : — ^Thc anniversary sacrifice {kwee-chey ^ a^ ) to the 

"Spirits of ancestors {Sin- wee) ^ ^) is held at midnight by 

•^embers of the family in the presence of friends invited for the 
'^^^casion. The ancestral tablets {Sin-joo >{] ^) '^^ their cases 

\ Tawk ^) are brought from the tablet house i^Sak-fang >^J- ^) 



sya SAC. 

and placed upon the Mah-roo (verandah) of the house, upon a 
chair {Kyaw-wee jff ^| ) facing the sacrificial table {Chey-satig^ 

tS\^). The table is covered with oiled paper {Clwah-myun- 
jee A'P^'^ ), ^o candles {Hwang- f chaw jg. ^) are set, and 
the offerings consisting of rice, meat, wine, fruit, etc., are placed 
in order. The head of the family, having his wife and relations, 
on his right hand, offers incense from a censer {Hyang-naiM^ 
-^^) and in answer the spirit is supposed to descend iJCang— 

sin-hah-iah i^" vl"?"^)- As syrtibolic of this some lengths or 
dried grass {Dee ^) ) are bound together with thread and placed 

in a dish of earth, carried from some chosen spot on a mountain^, 
some wine being poured into the vessel. A written prayer 
{Tchook-mcon v^'-g) is recited, wine {Tchaw-hon ^-S^) 

is aj^^ain poured out and offered with prostration, this is repeated 
{Chai'kcn xH "&1 ) twice, the last offering being known as Chough 

hon ^. ^ , During this last offering the dishes, until this having 

remained covered, are now uncovered, spoons and chop sticks- 
set ready f<>r use, and the table surrounded by a screen while the 
sacrif cers rtmain prostrate. The screen is opened, wine and 
rice vater poured out and the screen again closed while the 
worshippers remain prostra<e as before. After this the tablets- 
are removed and the meats eaten by the faniily or their friends 
Sacrifices {JTchah ree %]• ^| ) are offered to other spirits on four 

other occasions during the year. viz\ — On the fifteenth day of the first 
month {Saxg won >^ ^ ) ; One hundred and five days after the 

winter solstice a sacrifice of cold meats Han-sick ^ A j On the : 

fifteenth day of the eighth month {Tchoo-sock ^/M); and o 

the winter solstice {Ttng-jee Jg. x|). Sacrifice {Myaw-jee ^jA^ 



SAD. 27 L 

~ . _ .. . ■ -- — 

at the graves of ancestors, not very generally observed are in 
|>ractice much the same as the Kwee-chee, Incense is used^ 
wine offered thrice with bread, fruit, etc, and the three prostra- 
tions made before the tomb. Sacrifice for rain {Kwee-oo-chee 
;^Jft.lg[|) or for the cesession of rain {Cheng- chtm-chey 5^ ^ 

jA) are offered in the provinces by the governors at the £m- 
peror*s command. Sacrifices ( T choon-hyang iai-chey dt "^ t|| 
Jt| and Tchoo-hyan^-lai'chey j^'^^f^) are ottered at 
Confucian temples twice a year by the Governor of the district or 
his representative, while all the Yatig-ban class are bidden to 
attend. Sacrifices (Aao^-^a^ j?,>^) to spirits of the house site, 

kitchen, etc, are offered usually during the first third of the moon 
iTchaw-saifig ^ ^) without much, or complicated, ceremony, 

and by the female members of the family. Sacrifices {So??g' 
kwang-chey >^ jQ- Xl| ) before the wayside shrines {Sortg-hwayig- 
tang M^ ^ ^) to tutelary guardian spirits of a hill are offered by 

vomen and consist of gifts of wine, rice and fruit. There are 
other sacrifices to the same spirits offered at night by the magis- 
trates of a province, but not before the wayside shrines. 

Sad, To he Surl-tah >g t^; Sul-woh-hah-tah ^\ ^-^ ^ 
^eul-ppoo-tah -^^ cf.. 

Saddle, A An-jang ^ ^ . ^ pack saddle, Kil-mah y\ a}. 
^^ke the saddle off, An-jang pot-kyur-rah ^ ^ ^ 7^ 4 . 
^*<t the saddle an, An-jang chee-orah ^ ^ ^^ ^ ^f- . 

^afiron Eet 6| £?r Hong-hwah ^ jj.. (Sarron was formerly 
^^^<i as a dye, but ^now utilized as a medicine). 



-27* 



SAI 



Sail, A Tawt ^ . Raise the sail, Tawt tah*raw-rah 
e|. . Lower the sail, Tawt nah-ryaw-rah ;^ i^ Ef i|. . Reef ike 

sail, Pahn tawt tah-raw-rah tf^ ^ t^ ^ 2|. . 

Sailor, A Sah-gong z^^) Sonn-in ^^ or Pai-sahram 

Salad, A Sseun-nah-mool J^vL ^. 

Salary Monthly, WuU-goop jg ^. Day wages. Nal-sack 

Salt Saw-gum 4.^. A salt manufactory.YompaX «^ tff- 
Saltpetre Yoni-t'chaw «^ ^. 

Salt To Chor-ree-tah :g2| cf. 72? Af salt, Jah-Uh -^.tf. 
Suit water, Jan-mool ;pi.f-. Pat the fish im salt, Saing-sun 
chom chcrry-or-rah >^ >^ ^ ^ S| 6) B|. . 

Salute, To Iri-sah-hah tah ^ a(. ^t:|. or Moon-an hah tah 

Same, To be the Kat-tah ^ ^. ^^^ ^^^^* Ill-ban « *. 
7>«/f /« the same as that, E got gwah chaw got gwah kat-so 
^J ^ -^ ^1 7J -^ ^ 4l . ^^^^ ^/ ^'*<? sjtne opUion {or mindt),, 

Ppec t'chah ill-lmn-ee-o il) ^ § ?t ^1 i- 

Sample, A Paw-ram ^^. Show me a sample. Paw-; 

po-ee-sio^^Sj>^jjjj^^ 

Sand Maw-ray JJ. e]| . O^rj^ ja«^, Wang-maw-ray jH-i 
Fine sand, See-sah /:|| >^L , 



SAN« 



«73 



Qandals Shoes, common in Corea, made of straw, Ckip-sin 
^ ^ . Made of hemp, Mee-totry iH| j^ ^ . Made of leather* 

Sane, To be Dawk-dawk-hah-tah AS.Ag.'§"C|.. He is a 
^ane man, Dawk-dawk-han sahram-ee-o ^S. *£.$>♦ 5 <A A* 

Sap Mool ^. 

Satin Kpng-tan -g-t:].. 

Satisfy, To Ahl mattah ^ 5t trf . -^^?u/ w//^;! /w«j/ / give ti> 
satisfy you f Ul-mah-nah chew-myen ahl-mat-gehn-nan-yah ? 

Sauce Kan-jang ;j[. ^ Sediment of sauce Twen-jang jg ^ • 
•^<^^<?r jfl//^^, Kaw-t chaw-jang JL i ^ . »S>»r<f /ten, Sawt ^ . 

Saucer, A Chan-tai ^ c| ^r Chan-pah-t*chim ^ t'f ;^ . 
Sausage, A Soon-tai ^ cj ^ 

Savage, To be Sah-o-nap-tah >4. ^ ^ cj. {of an animal). 
JCang-ppaw hah-tah ^^ -§■ cj. (<2/^« mun). A savage. Yah-in 

Save. To Koo hah-tah j^ -gr t^; Koo-won hah-tah -^ ^ f 
XJ. ; Hwah-rin-hah-tah $) <^ •5- cj. ; Koo-jey-hah-tah -:^ 1^ 
.^cj. or Kon-jeet-tah;g[ ;;] cj.. 



Saw, A Tawp^. 72; j^w. Tawp-jiU-hah-tah 




^Sl^^. 



ir4 sav: 

"''*•■- 

Say; Td Mal-hah-tah «J^t:|- ^ E-rah-tah 6|^ t|.. 
J^/ease say tTuU aver agatn^ Tassie mal-sam hah-sio ^ /| ^ ^^ 
-^ A JlipoUU). Do you understand what I say} Oo-ree mat. 
moo-sam sor-ren-jee ah-rah-too-russo ? <f>^^-^'^^^X) 
p|> 8|^,H. 9 2b.- -^ ^^^^ ^ would come tomorrow t Nai-il on-tah. 
gawhesso ^ g ^4-3."^5i4l. 

Scab, A Dack-jee pA x] . 

Sca£folJ, A Pee-ghey W| Tfl. Make a scaffold, Pee-ghey 

may-orah m 7^ ^| 6j Bf. . 

Scald, To Tey-tah cflti.. I have scalded my hand, l^dX son^ 

ool doo gaw-oon moo-rey tey-usso M)^'^^7)^'8>^^5( 

^ . Take care, it will scald you ! Sonn tail>lah j^ p^| tA pU 

{low) ; Sonn-tee-ree-tah jfe.tj^l ^ ^. (This word is used of anjr 

object which burns upon contact, as hot iron, etc). 
Scale Balance, Chow-ool ^^ . ^ale of a fish, Pee-nooL 

H| ^ Scale this fish, Sain^-sun pee-nool chom kool-gerah. 

Scanty, To be Kwee-hah-tah ^ -^ t^. His locks are scanty^ 
Chaw sahram murrey chom kwee-hah-o l5(>4-SvmS*'7|^ 
JL . . 

Scar, A Char-ree ^ 2j ; Heun-jock i5S| <v Heum :gl. 
Will it leave a scar or not ? Heum chee-gesso ahn-chee-getso ?* — 

'^ ^ 5|4i^ ^1 5l 4l. ^^ ^^ much scarred. Chaw sahram ol 

goll-ay heum mah-ree isso (l|>^(-§ ^"S'^'S'^^i- (Meiitioa.^^- 
must be made of the part so scarred, for if omitted the meaninj 
iviJ] be that he is a bad man). 



SOA.> 49S 



•U^umt'T^y^ Too-mool-tah S-l-^. Scarcely, Kyow-oa 
5b| a. T%ere are scarcely tworemaming^ Kyow-oo tool nanvassa 
si -♦•# '^ St Ai. ^' ^ scarcely ^enmigh but it « •/// do, Kyowroa 
^*alH«lw> j4 jf 4 ^ JL. 
Scarlet Hong-ssuk ^ /j . 

Scatter, To Hut-c*hee-tah ^^t^. 

Scenery K!yong-t*cfaee :g tc] . Tke scenery is beautifuh 
Kfoi^H*chee cbo-so ^7c|j5.^. Is there fine scenery there? 
Kaw-ghee kyong-t'chee cho-hoon tay isso? 7^ ^^ 7*) J5.i^ 

Scent Hyang-t*chwee '^^\ or Hyang-nai "§ vj| . It is scent- 
«if, Hyang-nai-nah-o "^m^^. Scented ink, Tang-mock «^ 
ej. Scented waier^ Hyang-soo '^^. ^ 5r^«/ bag, Hyang- 
Haskg'^^ (used by gentlemen)', V^y-hyz.x\g 3fl -^ {used by 
ladies). Foreign scetU, Hwah-roo-soo ^S.^- 

' Srhednte, A See-gack-*pyaw ^^tf-JE,. 

A Kay-t*chaik TlA ^ . -/4^w?<f jr^^w<?, Myaw-t'chaik 

, .^ underhand scheme, Pee-ghey u| 7^| . This is a good 

^^keme, £ got chal twell kay-t'chaik-ee-o ^) :^ $ ^ ^) *| 6) j£.. 

Scholar, A Hack-tong ^^ (^i boy)', or Hack- taw "^j-jE.. 
^eat scholar, Sun-pai vjj ^] . 
$cli<^^ Hack-tang -tt cj. 

^choolxnaster, A Kyo-sah ja.><* ; Sun-sajng >g /^; ^r Soo- 
^^^tig ^ 4^ (3- word much used amongst Buddhist scholars). ' 
^ciaaora Kah-wee 7^ ^ . 



4i7# SCO.. 

Scoff, To Pee-oot-tah lt|^^ ^ Pec-sawrliah-tah ||| ^ 

-$■4. 

Scold, To T'chaik-mang'hah-tah ^ ^ "^ ^ ; Nah-moo-raH;- 
tab v|. Jf. ef. i^ar C;oo-jitt-tah i^3^ c|.. This l?ist is only usci* 

of superiors in regard to inferiors). ... 

Scoop, To Doo-tah ^C^., 

Scorch, To Noot-tah ^t^, Tode scorched. Tah-tah e ^^ 
Take care the clothes do not scorch, Awt noo-roo-lah ^ -T* S ^•. 
Scour, To Tack-tah^t^. 
Scowl, To Jip-poo-ree-tah j^ 3£ et cL. 

Scrape, To Kook-tah -^c|-. Scrape it with a knife. Kkal- 
law kool-gorah ^^Ct"^ ^. 

Scrap Nam-jaw-jee \J ;^ X] . Give the dog the scraps^ 
Nam-jaw-jee kaa chew-erah ^ ;^ ^ 7)| ^ 6| ^ . 

Scratch, To Kook-tah -^t:|.. Don*t scratch, it will make ii 

sore, Ton-nal-toot-hah-nee kook-jee mah-rah xA ^'^'^^ -2 

/\ ff)- B[. . (An empty ear of dried maize, fastened to a stick, i^s 

much used amongst the aged as a back scratcher called 20on^==^ 
£Ook-kee -f- -^ 6) ) . 



Scream, To Sor-ray jir-rab-tah >^^ ^ ^ cL- 
bah-tab JL^"^^ or Ack-sootah §|»^cL. If yon a 
fris^htened, scream out. Kop nah-guttun sor-ray-jiU-law-r; 



• 1 • • 4* ** *■,■* ^ ^ • •• ^^ , 



SCR. a77. 

Screen, A Pyung-'poong ^J ^ . -^ i(^ aouble^Ieitved itretn^ 
Kawt-pyong ^ ^ . A la^ge hcnen Tai pyung-poong tj| ^ ^^ 
A small screen. Saw pyong-'poo:vj ^ ^J '^ . Asix liceved screen^ 
Yook-t'chop-pyong-'poong ^ *J YiJ ^ A ten leaved screen 
Sip-t'chop-pyong-poong 'lJ ^^iTT. A twelve leaued screen^ 
Sip-ee t'chop-pyong- poong ^ O] ^ ^ ^. P^t a screen round 
this bed, Ee 'p}ung-sang pyong-poong tool law t*chorah 6j ^ 
^ \g 5& -g. uJ 7^ 2|- . 7i>&<? this screen away, E py ong-'poong 
chub-baw t'chee orah o\ tg :^ >^ 6| x) ^ e|. . 

Screw, A Nah-sah mawt ^f^jr-^. Screw it up ^ Nah-sah 
mawt chew- orah v|. /,L ^^ 0| ej. . Unscrew it^ Nah-sah maut 
bob-borah v|. >;|. ^ ^ c)- ^f . 

Scum Kaw-poom 7^ S. . Skim of the scinn, Kaw-*poom kon- 
jaw barry-orah 7J ^ ;{i;cj ^ H^ 4 • 

Scorfula Yun-jew-t'chang ^^7^. 

Scrub, To Wifh a brush, Sawl-jill-hah-tah -#S'§"^. 
'iVith a cloth, KoU-lay-jill-hah-tah ^^ M| ^ "Crcj.. 

Scurf, (Da druffj Pee-tcom b| :^, 

Sea, The Pah-tah tif- cj.. The seaside, Hai pyun f | rf . 

^o be seasick, Pai moll-mee hah-tah tij o-| a| -§• cL. IVere you 

^ot seasick ? Pai moll-mee-nah ah-nee hcsbo ? B] tM nj tl cj- -5* 

Seaweed Edible green 5<fa- w<f<?^/, Ppah-ray ix|. e| . A sea-weed 
'^^ch eaten by monks, Tah-see-mah cj. >;| v\ , Another variety 



^.^ ZiAy dried. anf 

-^ ^d Mee-ocvc i«l "^^ • 

&^ 5-- 

Se«o. A Sou s ^^^ To search hurr .^^ 

^fc/^ Poo-tang "* Tool-cn^y -^ '^ 

Unseasonable.^ j^ ^t^nthers. 

secretary. A ^J ^^ (./ « '"'"""'^ 
r<i^^^'^^-^''Tli^ri^ercrcUr^)- jiroyal hers. 

sedan *a«.^ ^^^ ^« eight man chur' ^ ^^^. 

^ -a A Jot"" '«'"* * *i /I /"»^'' 

^heiUdchatr,^ 



SED. 87^ 

ddm^^ Tong ^ . A two man chair with fixed sides and iop^ 
Cliang-tawk-kyaw;^ -^JQ.. ^ chair used in the country , carried 
ty scm£ beastt Tawk-kyaw -^ jH.. An ordinary two man chair, 
Paw-g}'aw JtJD. *''' Kah-mah 7^ n)- . A two man chair with 
giass windows, Chang-paw-gyaw 3^^ jE. 

Sediment Jit-kee f^ d\ . 

Sedition, To canae T'choong-tong-hah-tah ^ ^ '^ 4 . 

See, To Paw-tah TJ^t^f . I have not seen this before ^ E-ron 

got t*cheum po-asso ^) ^ ^ j^ •§• A^«t ^ • ^^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^* 
io see me while I was out? Nah up-sall-day-ay noo-^ah nah-ral 
poor-rah wat-toon-yah ?»f^^AJ)6J|^:;^v|.g^e|.^jc^:. 

Seed, A Ssee ^ or Chong-jah ^ ;;; . JVhat seeds are thesit 
E got moo-sam-ssee-o ? 6| ^ •?• ^ >^ j£.. ^'^sen'e some seeds, 
Ssee chom pat-00-oh >^^5t— -S.- ^^^ ^^ ^^^ '^-^ varietes, 
See-at>;^6J. 

Seek, To See Search. 

Seem, To (Expressed by a variety of phrases). It seems to be 
« good thing, Poig-ee-ay chaw-hoon gussio ^ 7) ^1 i J^ :5{ 
^]Jt;^rNai mahm-ee-ay chaw-hoon gussio wd 9'£^|i:fc 
^6|Jj^. This seems to be better than that, E j^ufmc chaw got 
paw-tom chaw-hoon maw-)*ang-ee-o 61 7^ 6] 1^ 7^ ^ g ^ "fr V 
5^6]^. It seems to me a good thing, E gussie cho-hool toot- 
^h-o^l^OliJ^^-^Ti. 

Seize, To Chap-tah ^^ or Poot-too-tah ^S.^- ^^ 
^^est^ force, Bay-attah '^j 5^ t:|- <?rOck-'tal hah tah S) g •$" 
^. To sieze a kingdom, Tchim naw-hah-tah ^ il "5^ ^ . 



^86' SBL^ 

Seldom Toc-mool-tah jc -g-t:!-. I seldom see him, Nai-gahr 
chaw sahram poig-ee-gah too-nioo-oh vtt 7f> tl| /!> § J2, 7|7f J^ 
S.S^. i seldom smoke, Nai^ah tam-bai chil-ghee^jee ahn-scy 
m 7|- ^ ^) -f- 7l X] •^ 4i . 1 seldom go there, Nai-gah kaw-ghee 

chah-jaw ahn-kah-o vrt 7|. i^ a] 7^ 2. ^ ^-SL 

Select, To Kau-rah-tah i S cj-; Kah-ree-tah :g ^ cj. 
^r 'Taik-t'chool-hah-tah S-S"'?'^. ^ select men, *Taik-in- 
hah-tah 11 ^ "S" ^ . Select the best ami ngst these and take 
them aiuay, E choong-ay cho-hoon koll-law gole-lah kah-jaw 
rah o| -3•0^]5.:g^i-t4•7^X^ ^F. 

Self Chah-ghee ^3^; T'chin-hee -^i^ o^r Son-jaw J^ ^ ^ 
He said so himself, Chah-ghee-gah mal hap-tee-tah >^ ^ 7l> ^ 
■^ 5) cj- . He went himself. Son-jaw kat-tah wasso ^^2. 3t ^ 
5i 4l ^^ T'chin-hee kattah wasso -^^ Jt ^ ^ ifc. {honorific)^ 
Of itself, Choll-law >fljsi. H ^ew of itself , Choll-law cbar-rass<» 

Sell, To Ppal-tah ^^ or Pang- mai-hah- tab ^ ^| •§" c|.. 
Will you sell me this ? E got ppah-sio ? O) ^ ^ >d ^. / vnli 
not sell it, E got ppall-jee ahnee-hah-o d| ^ -§ X| ^ 6| ^ ^^ 
To sell by auction, Pack-mai-hah-tah ^ «| -^ ^. 

Sen i, To Paw-nai-tah ^ vfl cL Is there a man lean send'^ 
Paw-nail sahram isso ? ^ ^ A|- f $i^- ^^^ had /better sendHS. 
Noo-goo paw-nai-yah hab-gess6? nr-^^H| ^"'J'jS^. 

Sense Doot ^ ; Saing-gack ^"tt (»^ Wee-sah St{ J^ 

<.••■■ 
Good sense, Chong-sin 7^ >jj . The five senses, Q-gwan y Jl^ 



SEN. 



Sentence, A Spoken ^ Mai kwee-choU ^^"3. ^ written 
sentence, Kul kwee-choU "^ •?! ^ ^ Mah-dec a}- 5| . TeU me 
-a story t {of a story one sentence make) Yee-a-ghcc han mah-dee 
hah-sio 6l 6^ 3| ^ of. 5| '^ >^| jL ^ sentence, Tchaw-kyuU- 
iiah-tah j^^^^or Tchaw-tan hah-tah jl^ ^ "^ <f-. 

Sentry, A Ppah-soo pyung-jong i^-^ ^ ^ . 
Separate, To Dee-or-nawt-tah /i^| 6) ^ c{. . 

Sergeant, A Sipjang ^^, 

Serpent, A Pai-am ^) ^ . A poisonous serpent, Tawk-sah 

^A^. A large serpent, Koo-raing-ee -^^61. A serpent, 

supposed to eat its tnother, and used for medicine, Sal-mawsah 

'^i>*^. A harmless grass snake, Moo-jah-t*chee «JJ-;5;7d. 

-A huge serpent with horns and ears, Tay-mang-ee 4 ^ ^ . 

Servant, A High-in f^^ or Sah-hwan >S^. A body 
-servant, Tchung-jiggy ^ :S) 6| . 

Serve, To Sum-ghee-tah >g :i| tij.. 

Set, To 7o set up, Sey-oo-tah A(| J^ t:|. . To set dawn, Nah- 
^aw-nawt-tah vj. e^ ^ g|. , To set a table, Sang-paw-tah ^ ^ cj. 
^ Sang-t'chah-ree-tah ^ ;^ sj cj. . 7o set on fire. Pull-la w-'tah 
^^^ or Pull jee-roo-tah -^ /l) ^ cj- . To set sail, Pal-son- 
hah-tah ^>g-S-c(.. To set {of the sun), Hai-jee-tah t)?^ cf. 
Set the flag pi st up here. Yaw-ghee kee tai see-Grah o^ ;i| :j| c| 
/^l 6j a|. . Set the loads down there, Chim tah chaw-ghee nah- 
^yaw no-arrah -Q t:|- 1^ a) tf ?^ i <>(. e|. . Set the table. Sang 



xhal pD-arraili jjf ^32.^ ^^ . tV^dm do you set smll 0&-jay^ 

pal'SOB-bali-o? ^ Xl| ^ >d ^ JL. ^Vhai time does the sun set 

'.iihday'i Yaw-scy-ee hai-gah on-nah-tay chee-o ^>C4 d| ^ ^ 

Settle* To '<:hack-jong-hah-tah ^%^^\ Wan-jong-hah-^ 
tab i^ If ^ c|.; Chill-jong-hah-tah ^ «j "f ^. Tosettieacase- 
Ppan-kyuD-hah-tah ^ § '^ ^. ^^ »^ settle when we mil go, 
On-jay kal gussul chack-jong hap-sit-tah ^ ^ ^ ^ -^ ^ ^ 
"^ X{ ^- . J^l ^s settle the price of it, E got kap chack-jong hap- 
sit-tah 6] Tj^^^'^^/^^. ^^s ^^^^ business been settled^ 
Koo eel wan-jong twee-usso ? JX^^'^Sljl^^. Let us go- 
and settle tJke business, E-bon-ay kassaw koo eel chil-jong hap- 
sec>taho|ig6Jl7|.>H;i.|;^iJ«}xl4. 

Seven lU-gope ^-^ or T chil :g . Seventeen, Yoll ill-gope 
'«J ^ :§. iir Sip t'chill >;J ^ . Sevents . Irr-heun g :^ ^ Tchil- 
sip ^ -^ . Seven hundred, Tchil-paik ^ ^ . 

Scvenl Yorraw €i( B| . 

Sew, To P^h nah jill-hahtahu). V ^ "^ ^- ^^^»g* Tchim- 
son j^^. 

Shabby. To be Nam-noo-hah-tah ^^p'S'tt. 

Shade Koo-neul jx-^. Pat it in the J^^rV, Koo-neul chin- 
tey tooorah .3U -^ ;^ 9| Jf- 6j af.. Shade of a tree, Soo-um 

^^ 

Shadow, A Koo-rim-jah jx ^ 7J. . 



% 



Shfike, To Heun-tool-tah :^ •§- ^ ; Yaw-dong-hah-tah ^ ^ 
* cL* Dool-tah;ig cL. Shake the mats, Char-ree chal dor-rorah 
tSL^^pAM"^ , Hew the wind blows and the house shakes \ 
Piib-ram-ee oot-chec poo-nan-jee chip-ee tah yaw-dong-hah-o t 

Shallow, To be Yat-tah 6t tij- . 1^^ water is very shallow 
kete, Yaw-ghec-gah moo-ree may-o yat-so ^ zi) 7|- ^ 6| "?) -f* 
^jj^^ Is the water shallow there} Yaw-ghee-^ ah moo-ree 

yat-so? Z3i\0\'^^<>\<>V 4l. 

Sbame Yum-t'chee ^7^, ^ ^^ shameless, Yum-t'chee 

ttp^ \i t:] <B 4i. 

- Shape, A Maw-yang X ^ ; Hyong-sang ^ ^ . Maw-bon 
JL JjL, Make them this shape, E maw-bon tairo man-too-raw- 

Shares A Mawk -K.; Kit 5J . Let each man take his share ^ 

Cbaw sahram tool cbey kit mah-tah kad-jaw-kah-rah-gaw- 
liay-erah Ci 4 f ^ Xl| -3^ 4 4 7^ ;^ TJ- ef JL ^^r i^ 2|. . A 

plough share, Paw-soop ^-^. ^ share, Poon-kit-hah-tah ^ 

Shark, A Sang- awe /^ 6] . 

Sharp, To be Nal-kkap-tah v ;:|l.t:j. This is a sharp knife, 
E kkal nal kl<ap-so 6) ^ ^ ^\ ^^ Bring me a sharp knife, 
Chal-too-nan kkall kattah tah-o ^J£.fe^7f^^A. Sharpen 
the edge, Kah-kwee nal sey-orah Z}" -fl ^ /^| ^J ^ . To be sharp 
patnted, Byaw-chawk-hah-tah f^ ^'§*^. 



:384 SHA, 

Shave, To Gack-tah •«f€j- You must have your Mitad 
shaved, Mur-rey gack-gah-yah hah-getsoii| g| -^ t^^ 6^ '^ g| ^ 

Sheaf, A Tan c(. • Moot -SL, To bind into sheaves, Mook-taii 

Sheathe, To Gawt-tah ^tij-. Sheathe your knife. Kkal 
<hip-ay gaw-jah-rah ^ ^ 6^| ^^ 2f . 

Sheep Yang ^. A shepherd, Mawk-jah ^'J^, 

Sheet, A cy/a/^r, Chang ^. 

Shelf, A Son- pan J^ tfj- . Put it on the shelf. Son-ban oo- 
liwee on-jaw-rah >3 ^ -^^ ^ X^ 2|. . Put up a shelf in tkit 
room, E pang-ay son-ban hah-nah may-orah 6| ^ ^ >^ ^ "^ 

Shell, A Gop-jill 7^ ;g ; Dack-jee Ajd- x| . 

ShielJ, A Pang-ppay ^ 3|| . 

Shin Chung-gang-ee ^ ^ o] . 

Shine, To Pin-nah-tah ^>{. tij-. Sunshine, Udd-^it f| JJ, 
Moonshine, Tal-pit ^ "^ or Yoon-nah tah -J vj. cj.. Ruj^ I 

Jloor taut shines, Mah-roo yoon-nah-ghey t'chor-rah pi 5 

Ship, A Pai d] . A warship, Pyung-sun ^^ or Koo 
ham ^- IJ. . An ocean ^oing vessel, Soon-yang-ham ^ A 
To shir>, Pai -ay sheel-tah ^] ^] >^ cL. 

Shipwreck Ppah-son-hah- tah iJj. >H "S" ^ ' 



Shoe, A M^-'tor-rte v^H^z] (of A^mp)^, Chip-siii ^>g 

f straw) Nah-macksin 4- Sj" >{] {pfwood) ; Sin>g {afieaiket^ 

..-.•. •■•■•.. ' , • ■ " 

. superior fonn of n^e-ior-ree made of paper and finest hcni^ 
Xatk-kawl'f chee «}■ -9* t:] . Another variety, woven of the best 

emp, Sah-gap-poy-gee ><» -g- ^ ol . Silk amamenied sAofS* 

fai-sah-hey cH ><» ^j . Another style of omamefUed shoes^ 

'ang-hey ^ ^ . Women's ornamented shoes ^ Oon-hey ^ i(|^ 

\ain shoes t Chin-sin ^ >3 . 

Shoot, To Tchong nawt-'tah ^ ^ ^ . Without a gaverm- 

nent permit you cannot fit e a gun off within the city wails^ 
^oon-juck up-sim-myen moon-an-saw-nan t'chong mde-nawt- 

Shop, A Kah-gah tJ-tI-j Churn;g[, Shop-keeper^Ksi^^saatt- 

Shore Hai-pyun f ] ilj . 

Short, To hi Jah-rah-tah jifL 3 cj-. 

Shoulder Ock-gay Sj "t) . Carry it on your shoulder, E S^ 
k^-or kaggerah 6) :5j m) 6] 7}- 7| 2f . 
Shout Kaw-ham hah-tah JL ^'^^. 
Show, To Pwee-tah SJjt:).. 
Shower, A Saw-naig-ghee >^ ij" ol . 
Shrimp Saa-awe /A _£^. 

Shrine, A Tang- chip ^^. A stone Buddha shrine^ Sock- 
;iiill-gack ^^-^Zf. Shrine to a mountain spirit, San-sin-tang 
"441 €r- '^ way-side shrine, Surg hwang-tang -^ S" ^^ 



8HR. 



Shrivel, To Jook-oo-raw-jee-tah^jf.«J X|«f . 

ShroadfA Yum-ppaw t| 3^ , Burial clothes made of coloured 

sUks or other stuffs, very often made upon the sixty first 
anniversary of birth. Soo-wee ^ ^ . 

Shun, To Ppee-hah-tah ji| -^ cj. . 

Shut, To Tat-tah 5^ cj.. To shut the hand, Choo-mawk 
chwee-tah ^ oj ^| c|. . 72? shut the eyes. Noon kam-tah ^ >t 
t^.. To shut the mouth, Ip tam-00-tah ^ ^Jf-«^. Shut the 
door. Moon tatter-rah ^ |^ ^ ^f {low) ; Moon tat-00-sio -g 5^ 
^/\^ (folife). Don't shut the door, Moon tat-chee-mah-rah 
-g c^ xj ir[. Ef. (Jjw) ; Moon tat-chee mah-sio -^^ P^ v\/\ ^ 
{polite). 

Shy, To be Choo-joop-tah -^ ^ cj. . 

Sick, 7 o be Al-'tah ^ €|. ; Pyung- tool-tah ^ •§• ^; ^^ «^ 
j/V*>^, Koo sahiam ahl-so ^l/X' § ^ A. 

Sickle, A Nat ^. A long handled sickle used for cutting 
reeds, Chatig-nat ^ ^ . 

Side Ppyun ig j Kyut 7^ ; Yop <9 . The right side, Or-he 
ppyun -^J^iy ; Oo-ppyun -$-i^; Whain-ppyun i^i^ 
Chwah-ppyun ^ >JJ . Outside, Pat-k) ut 5t -^ • ^^^^^* Sa 
4^ <7r An oj. O^/ ^^M side^, Yangr ppyun ^i^. All sidi 
Sah-pangx»^' Side by side, Nah-ran-ee 4-^^. Be si. 
Pat-ghee ^ d\ . 

Side-ways Yop-hoo-raw (^ js^ , 



k 



SID. 187 

Side-boitfd Tdian-chang ;^;^. 

Sieve, A For wmnewing grain » Kkee ^) . For sifting floury 
mk., Tchey «[. 

Sigh, To Han soom shwee-tah ^ ^ 4| t:|- . 

Sight, A Koo-gyung J^y^ {sight-seeing). 

Sign, A Paw-ram ^^ ; Ppyaw jj^. A sign- board, Hyun* 
ppan-^ffj.. 

Signature, A Soo-kyuU ^ "§ . To sign ones name, Soo- 
kyull too-tah ^"gJ^^. Please si^ yourname to this. Yaw- 
ghee soo-gyull too-sio 6^ =^^'S-t"^1 JL- (Insignin.i^ his name 
to a document a Corean writes his name and underneath that 
a figure drawn with the pen which varies according to the 
meaning it is intended to convey. A comnion figure is one 
composed of two Chinese characters meaning "d?«^" and "heart,'* 
signifying that the parties are agreed as to the transaction). 

Silent, To be Mcong-mook-hah-tah ^^-g-cL^ Jo make 
no reply, Moong-mook poo-tap-hah-tah ,^S3L^^ -^tL 
To be silent, {sequestered), Kaw-yaw-hah-tah JL^"S"t±. 

Silk Corean silk, yiy ung-itvf x^^^ Chi'>^ese brocade, Pee- 
tan H)^. Silk-gauze, Keep 7j. Silk-worm Noo-ay -npo^]. 
^ silk shop, iunn-jun ^ «^ . -^ silk merchant, Sunn-jun see- 

Silly, TO be Or-ree-sock-tah ^3}>^^; Mee-r) un-hah-tah 
^] ^ ^ t|. ^ Oo-mju-hah-tah J^ «[ -^ c|- , 



"^ftg ill ■ ■ ■ _ ^ .1 ^ , 1 , , ,, fc^^ 

Silver Gon ^. A fine quality^ Tchpn-opn. {^^^ Anii^ 
yerior quality, Chung-oon 7^^. A silversmith, Qoiyjang-:*!^ 
j^ ^ 0| . A silversmith* 5 shop, Eun-pang J^ ^ . Silvernumey ^ 
tun-junn -^>3. Change the notes into silver money, E chee- 
jun oon-junn-euro pat-gwah-o ^)5^>rt-^^^S5t"^-t- 

Simmer Let the meat simmer for five hours, Coig-ghee tassat~ 
shee tong-an-man moong-goon-hee sal-merah JL 7) ^^ >U ^ 

Simple, To bs Easily understood, Chee-ee-hah-tah X| ^1 "Ij^ ^ 
This is a simple matter, E gussie chee-ee-han gussio ^) 3} ^) ^ 

Sin, A Chwae ^;Haw.moole^ ^ {a slight offence) \ Chwae- 
ack ^ cj. ; Chwae-gwah ^ i»f . To sin» Chwae chee-tah ^ X| 
t:|.; Chwae-ay koU-lee-tah 31^]^^^; Chwae cheet-tah 
^ 5j cj-; Haw-mool hah-lah i\%'^'^. I have sinned, Chwae 
man hah-wee-tah ^ ^ "^"^ ^. (Used as a confession of aa 
offence to a superior)). 

Since E hoo-raw ol i^,. / have lived here since the 
bes^innin^ of the year, Chong-wull e-hoo raw yaw-ghee is-susso 
^S^)^S.^^$1^^- ^'^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^ invalid since hts 
/^//, Nack-sang-han-hoD-raw kaw-jill-ee tweeyusso ^y^-J^ 

Sincere, To be Chin-sill-hah-tah ;$l^^^; T'chack-siU 

hah-tah ^^'^ "S"^. 



SIN. 28g 

■ * 

Qincw, A Him-chool -^1 •§•. You have broken a sinew , Him- 
chool goon- naw-jusso "fj §• ^ ^ ^ 4i . 

-Sing, To Naw-ray-hah-tah i^fl'^^. Sing me a song^ 

See-jaw han mah-tai hah-o >^| J5. "5 o|- 'cl "Ijr ^ . There are 

fifteen forms of song in different metres used by Coreans ; each 
has its tunes ; they are generally used by singing girls and on 
festive occasions). 

Sink, To Cham-ghee-tah :§ 7] cj. cr Kah-rah-antah 7L m^ 

Sister Noo-we-^iij. /i7</^r 5w/fr, Mai-'see ii|l ;j)t| . Younger 
sister f Mai-jey xij^ 7^^ Have you any sister} Noo-we in-nan-yah 
"T"-^ 51 V + {^^'^) ; Noo-nim kee-sio np ^ ^'M JL ipoiite). 

Sit, To An-tah ^ cj. . Sit down, Anjerah <^ /^ 2(- (iow) ; 
An-jee-sio ^J x] >q JL U^olife). 

Site, A Taw 5|. Char-ree %|.2); Kwee-jee 3) ?^ . I hav& 
^iotyet selected a site for the house, Ad-jick chip- taw-rool chap 
jee mote-hesso o]- ^^ :^ q | ^ ?;1 ^ -gr ^ 4i. 

Six Yossat t)\^ or Yook ^, Sixteen, YoU-yossat <3 ft! ^ 
^^Sim-yook J^ ^. Sixty, Yea-soon 6^|^ or Yook-sip -5'>^. 
•^^ hundred, Yook-paik -§• ^ . 

Size Kkoo-ghee ^ 7] . It is the size of a basin, Kkoo-ghee- 

^ah sah-bal man-hah-o 3^y\i[ /\^^ ^TJL- ^^^^ « ^^ 

^^^e of it} Kkoo-ghee-gah ulmah hah-tnon-yah .3.71 7^ ^ ^ * 

^ ijs {low), Kkoo-ghee-gah ul-mah-nah hap-tec-kah 3^7\i^ 

^"K^5|7F. 



ago SKA. 

Skate, A SoU-mah >g of . To skate, SoU-mah *tah-tah >g nf- 

^ cL . (This word is generally used of a sled, but there is a. 

-wooden shoe used in the north of Corea somewhat resembling, 
our skates). 

Skeleton, A Paik-kawl ^ ^. 

Skewer, A Ciawt-t'chee ^ ^ . 

Skin, A Kah-jook 7^^; Ppee <i] ^r Kop-jill^ ;g. Toskin^ 
Kah-jook pait-kee-tah 7|. ^ ^ 7] cj. . To peel {of fruit), Kur- 
ppee-hah-tah 7jii]-crcL. Cow- hide, Oo-ppee -^iZ). Sheep 
skin, Yang-ppee A ji| , Tiger-skin, Hoy-ppee ^ ii| . Where 
€an I buy a tiger skin} Odday kah-myen hoy-ppee sah-gesso? 

Skirt, A Tchee-mah ^| oj. 
Skull, A Too-kawl J^ ^ . 

Sky, The Hah-nal-^^; Kong-joong.g.-g.; T'chung-t*churfc 
'^ ^^or Pyuck-kong ^ -g-. 
Skylark Chong-tar-ree <^ ^ 0| . 

Slacken, To Noot-t'choo-tah ^ ^ i:J. . Slack the rope, Chool 
chom noot-t'chaw no arrah -f-^-fe-xl io]- Hf. . Haul in the^ 
slack of the rope, Chool chom chwee-arah $- S" ^ ^V ^ . 

Slander, To Olk-tah |j cj. . 

Slant, To Kee-oo-raw-jee-tah ;r) JjL ^ x] t:)-; Pit-too-raw- 
jee-tah ^ ^ «| x] c|- . It is on the slant put tt straight, E got 
peet-too-raw-juss-sin-ee pahro sey-orah ^) 7^ J) -r- «l ^IX M. 



SLA. 291 . 

Slave, A Chong ^; Naw-bawk Jc-^. Female slave ^^e.^- 
jah II) "^ . Slaves, Noy-bee Jc U| . A yatnen female slave, 
Hah-nim ^ ^ . 

Note : — Slavery still exists i n Corea, slaves being found in most 
lich men's houses. Men are sometimes driven into slavery by 
poverty, or become slaves on marriage with a female slave. The 
practice of selling children, however, is confined almost exclusive- > 
ly to female offspring. The sale into slavery is concluded by 
written document and release can be bought upon payment of 
tiie original price, it being against all precedent to refuse a 
manumission. The male offspring of slaves become servants to 
the master but the females are counted as legal slaves. There 
b no reason to suppose that slaves are ill treated by their 
masters, indeed cases are on record where the highest proofs of 
affection have passed between masters and their dependants. 
Perhaps the strongest argument against slavery in Corea is to be 
lead in the national characteristics of the people, the natural and 
inevitable effects of — amongst other things — slavery. 

Slay, To Choo-ghee-tah -^ 6) c). ; Sar-rin-hah-tah >g 61 -§• 
cL . To slay a beast, Chap-tah ^ ti. , 
Sledge Soll-mah >g a|. . 

Sleep, To Chah-tah ^t:|-; Choo-moo-see-tah 2S^^./\xl. 

Have you sUpt well ? Chal chan-nan-yah .? :g- ^ V «+ ^icw) . 

I^yung-an-nee choo-moo-susso ? 5g oj 6) ^ J^ ^ >5s . He is 

4i5/f<^,Chah-o^jj_; Choo-moo-sai-o ^^>^| ^ {honorific) 

Put the baby to sleep, Or-rin-ah-hey chom chair-erah 6| e| (!) 

^#^ ^ ^ . I^ofCtgo to sleep, Chah-jee-mah-rah7.[. 7^ u\ 2f 
ijaw). 



292 SUE, 

Sleet Ssah-raig-ce ^*<| 7]. 
Sleeve Saw-mai A ^. 

Slender, To be Kah-nool-tah 7f.-^t:(.. Of a person, Kan- 
yalppee-tah ^ty\^^. 

Slice, To Sseul-tah A6. ^ . Slice up the meat and ve^efabUr^ 
Coig-ghee haggaw nah-mool-haggaw chom ssor-raw-rah jj. ^ 

"^JL4-l-?'i#^?| ^- /ii/if^, Chaw-gack 2,7f. 

Slip, To Mit-koo-raw-jee-tah 9ljau^X|c|.. Sil-jock hah* 
tah ^ -3f--cr cj. . 72? ^^ slippery, Mit-goo-rop-so Jj JX ^ >^. 

Slope, To (See To Slant). A slope, Pit-'tal JJ ^ . Make^ 
the bank slope more, On-tock pit-'tal-jee-ghay gack-ker ralfe 
^ ^ 5i ^ ^1 ^1 ^^ H ^ . ^*^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^P^ ^^"* On-tQck 
paw-tum hah-gay gack-ker- rah ^^ ^H"^^'?^^!^^^* 

Slow, To be Taw-twee-tah t^ c| t:j. Slowly, T'chun-t'chun- 
hee ^ ^ zr] . Go slowly, T'chun-t chun-hee kaggerah ij ij ^ 
tJ- 7J E|. , The clock is slow, Shiggay chom taw-twee-kah-o 
^I 74) ^ cj ^ 7f. j^ . The train fnoves slowly, Yoon-gaw-gah 
chom doo-ghcy-kah-o ^ t] 7} 4^- ^^y^\ 7^ S.. 

Sly, To be Kahn-hwal-hah-tah 7^^^"^^. 

Small, To be Cheuk-tah ;«} t:).; Chark-tah lS(t\ar Chor^ 

gaw-mat-'tah ^ JL o|. ej. , A small thing, Cho-kom-an got ^ 

Small-pox Yuck-jill 6^;g ^rMah-mah nj-of.. 



^:- JSiP«rti.To be ;^ Haw-^hihah- tab. ^ >* "^ cf- . ' ' 

Smell, To Mat-tab ^XS^', Smeii this, £ got chom mattah 
Iiawsio 6| 5j^5lef ^X| JLi To have a good smeL\ Hyang- 
nay nab- tab -^v)| v|.c|.. To have a bad smell, Nai-am-say 
nab-tab u| ^;tj vj. cj.. 

Smile, To Ping-goo-ray oot-tah ^ JX 5^| -$- 1:)- ; Pong-goot- 
pbng^goot bab-tab ig 3^ ig ^ -gr tij. (of an infant) or Mee-saw- 
bab-tah nl ^t"?^^- 

* Smoke, To Tl^^tf^rr^?, Tarti-bay muck-tab ^BjE^cj.. Don't 
"^smokey Tanl-bay muck-jee-mab-rab ^ ^) *j X) nj- Z\ . Let us 
smoke together, Tam>-ba/y ban-tai-sick mug-gup-sittah ^ \J) ^ 
j|J ^ oj -§->U ^. Pi^^^ smoke t Taipa-bay poot-t'ctiee-sio >^ ^| 

» Smoke Yunn-gbee ^ :j| . 

Smooth, To be Pan-tur-rop-tab ft _^, ^ ^; Ppvung-ppyung- 
feb-tah 5g Sg -§• cj. V Pan-toot-bab-tab ft ^ -^ cj. . Make the 
flower bed smooth, Hwab-gbee pan toot bah-ghee hayorah ^ Hj 
^ c ^ ^1 ^ Cd ?|. . Trim, this stick smooth, Nah-moo pan -toot 
hah-ghee gack-korrab v|. ^ ft ^^ ^\^A^\' 

Smpulder, To Ssoo-mee-tab AjXJfjcJ.. The wood is 
^niouidering, Nab-moo soo-myawii*-tab-o vj, ^/.>u od ej. 9 . 

Sfnugglc^ To Cbam-sang-jiU-bab-tab ^ ^^ ^ "^f* cj. . 
-'Snail^ A: Tal-ppang-ee ^ ^ 6] . A water snail Oo-raing-ee 



^K)4 SNA. 

Snare, A For pheasants, etc:, Tchai^-ee 3g-'6<j. F&t rais^ 

€tc,t Tot ^ . For tigers, Ham-jong 1^ ^ . 

Sneeze, To Chai-t'chaik ee-hah-tah '^ ^ 6| "Igr cf.. 

Snore, To Kkaw-kaw-tah jgL JL^. 
Snout, A Choo-toong-ee ^-^ 6| . 

Snow Noon ^. Snouf^flake, Noon-song-ce -^^^» 
Snow-drift, Noon-'tum-ee -^ ^ ^) . ^ heavy fall of snom^ 
Tay-soU c|| >g . Sweep up the snow, Noon-chom ssoo-raw-rah 
■^<§-Mg| ef. CUar the sfiow from the compaund^ "iA'abrtzxii^ 
ay noon t chaw nai-orah v )- ^ 6)1 -^ ^ vA 6| 8(. . 

Soak, To Tang-goo-tah ^ ji. cj. or Oo-ree-tah J^ ^ c|» 

(used of salt fish, etc., from which anything, as salt, is to be ex-> 
tracted). Soak the clothes in water, £-awt moo-ray tai^>gorah 
^1 :l^ 1* ^] ^ H ^F • ^'^^ ^^ ^ tt^a/^/^r three hours, £ gpt 
surk chum tong-an-man moo-ray oo-ree-erah 6| ^ >fcl ^ -^ ^ 

Soap Pee-noo u) ^, 

Sock, A Paw-son ^^ . 

Sod, A Deh a^|. To %od. Bey eep-hee-tah )«I||J t| ^. 

Soft, To be Moo-rah-tah «. ^ t].. Of cloth, etc., Paw-todI 
paw-tool-hah-tah^.g.^.g.-§-cj.. These clothes one made of 
"very soft stuff, E awe-see mai-oo paw-tool paw-tool hah-o tA SL, 



SOX. tgs 



Soil, To To be soiled, Jee- tool-tab M%^, Thes4 fans eure 
soiled I will not buy them, E poot-t'chai jee-too-raw-sinnikkak 
ah-nee sah-gesso o]^^^S^A^ ^^43j4l. 

Soil Dang A^. Good sdl, Awk-*taw 4{-S.. Beul soiK 
Tack-*taw ^ j» . This is good soil, Yaw-ghee-gah *taw-awk- 
~hah-o ^ ^TfS.-^'^i. ^^ ^5 bad soil, Yaw-ghee-gah 
*ta>v-pack-hah-o cd 0\ ^fS ^*fr .^-, 

Solder, To Nap-daim-hah-tah ^ /jc. ^ cj. . 6^^/ /to soldered 
IE got day-or-onerah 6| ^ A^ ^ JL uf ^|- . Sjlder, Daim-nap 

Soldier, A Pyung-jong "i^T^ or Koon-sah -J >^ . A horte 
-soldier, Mah-pyong irj-^ or Kee-pyong d\ iQ. 

' Sole, of the foot Pal-pah-tang «h tif- ^ . 

Solid, To be Pai tab ^] c].. 5tf//i/, >vw, Kyun-sil-hab-tali 

Solitary, To be Way-rup tab 5l^t:|-; Kaw-jock-bab-tah 

Solstice Sumtner, Hah-jee tj-X]. Winter, Tong-jee ^?^. 

Seme Chom ^, One or two, Han-too-ot "Jjs-^. Seven, 
^r ei^ht, Ill-yaw-tal ^ C^ |^ . Some one, Ut-tun sahram jj ^ 
^ f . Somehow, Ut-taw-'tun-jee ^ ^ e| ^ . Sometimes^ 
Hawk-gan j^jj^ or Kahn-hawk ^^^. Somewhere Od-dajr 
^ej c] Something, Moo ot -^ ^ ^ Uttun-got 61^:^1. 



3^6 SGH. 

' 'Soi%> Ahrdkl. c\^ ; Chah-jey jj; |5|| Xkon), Haw many sons 
kari yeU't Ah-dal • myet-t'chee-nah too-usso?. c\^ ^ t:] vj-.^^ 

' Son|^»A Naw-ray _^ efl . 

Soon Aw-ray jannah ^ 2l) >^ ^- . Cham-kan :g ^ j Mee-^ 
goo- ay nj ^ d^ or Shwee ^ ^ He will soon come, Aw-ray- 
Jannah o-gesso ^ 2fl ^ ^ JL 5l^. ^^ have scon come^ 
Cham-kan tan-nyaw wasbO ^ ^ ^ ^ 5|. ^^ 

Soot Kom yang ^4^. Clear the soot from^ the chimney, 
Kool-tock saw-gay kom-yang chom ssoo-raw nai-orah -^ ,5.;^ 

Sorcery Yavv-sool ^ ^- . Sorcerer, Sool-gack ^ vj ^ 

Note: — ^These sorcerers are supposed to haye the power ta 
disappear at will, a useful art since tlcy are addicted to gam- 
bling and in case of the arrival of police in a gambling house are 
able to avoid capture. They are also believed to have. the p)ower 
to turn inanimate things into animals, birds, etc, and, by the 
magical use of sticks, to provide themselves with articles of feod^ 
clothing, or whatever they may desire. Another form of sorcery 
(Kwee-sool ^ ^) deals with evil spirits and its practicers are 

known as Ppan-soo or Saw-gyUvg ^ ^ or Chang-nim, ;* ^ 

^ {wales) ; a soceress being known as Moo-tang ^ x^ ^ Moon-yait^ 

Jf. vd or Man-sin oj. >AJ But the methods adopted are different, 

•If a male sorcerer is called, say to free a house or person fronrk 

-possiession by an evil spiril, first he throws lots to discover a 

propitious date to cpmnience operations ^nd other, matters. 



SOR. «»7 

On visiting the house, scrolls inscribed with the names of the 
deity and of governing spirits ; re placed on the wall. For 
several days a drum is beaten and incantations rehearsed until 
the evil spirit is supposed to be wearied into submission. A 
branch from the peach tree is given to some one and the guardian 
spirits are invoked. The arrival of one is shewn by a violent 
agitation of the branch. The branch is wrapped in paper and by 
its means the evil spirit is driven into a vessel, which, tightly 
corked is, taken out and buried in a place indicated by the 
guardian spirit. The female sorceress has only power to pro- 
pitiate the evil spirit. On being summoned, say to a sick house, 
she discovers a prop'tious day by means of lots. A day chosen 
she arrives with her husband {Hwah-ravg-ee SI 3* ^|) carrying 
the instruments of the trade which consist of six musical in- 
struments (K7^.t-^^r^^'7j-). On arrival at the house, the man 

plays while the sorceress dances ; food is laid out on tables and 

presented until the desired object is supposed to have been 

attained. The business of the Chcegwan ^ j'L or Ckee-sak 

c| >^ is not strictly connected with sorcery but may be mentioned 

here. He is the authority upon propitious sites for graves and 
houses. By means of charts he is supposed to discover favour— 
<ible localities which ensure to a man or his descendants wealth 
long life, or official rank. There is aUo the person who casts the 
lots (Chom-jang-ee ^ ^ o] ) who by use of his art {pawk-wol 

«^^) discovers whether or no a man will enjoy the material 

blessings of life, as well as whether business matters will turn out 
^dl for the intending investor, or when an invalid may hope for 
-recover)'. 



2g8 SOR. 

Sorry, To be Sop-sop-hah-tah ^^i^^- (ic /<? regr^l the- 
Uss of someone or something) ; Min-mang-hah-tah ( «[ ^ "^^ ^ 
i.c. io be distressed about something) ; Sil-sim-hah-tah ^ Aj -^ 
x3L (i.e. to be sad on account of some wrong action ^ etc). 

Soul, The Yong-hawn ^ jg. . 

Sound, X Sor-ray ^ ^] . What sound is that ? Moo-sam sor- 
ray-o .^ J^ >§ 4r ^1 J^. 

Soup Kook -Sf*. Soup used in sacrifices t Tang^. 

Sour, To be Shee dah /s| cL. It is so sour I cannot eat it,. 
E got shee-or mote mog-gettah 6) 7^ ^ 6j ^ «!j Jjj cj. . 

Source, A Koon-won J^^; Koon-bawn -^^. Where does^ 
this river rise} E kang koon-won-ee odday-o? ^]^-&^^{ 
t^ ^I^. What is the source of your infofmationl Koo mat 
odday-saw too-russo ?jxw^6| ^|/d^5>Si. 

South, The Nam ^ . A southern direction or locality ^ Nam- 
ppyun Y^jQ ^zrNam-jawk ^'S; Nam-pang ^ ij-. 

Sovereign, A Emferor, Hwang-jey $}■ ©) . A tributary 
prince^ Wang ig.. A king, Eem-goon U ^. 

Sow, To Sim-oo-tah >y 6,cJ.. (The word Kal-tuh :g; c|^ 

is used of barley, etc, in this connexion as Nawt-tah ^ rf» 

of melons, etc Before transplanting, such things as rice, tobacco^, 
etc are raised in a nursery bed Poot-tah ^ cL | transplanting, 

Maw-nairiah JZ.v||c|.). To scatter seed, Ppah-jong-hah-tahi 



SPA. 299 

Space, A Sigh-ee>^ 6\ ; Tong-an ^ ^ ; Toom ^. Durifig 
wmy stay at home what happened here} C\i\^'2iyVzxi sigh- ee ay yaw- 
ghee moo-sam eel iss-susso ? ^^]:^>^6]^^^-T''^e$l 
M >5* , He was here for the space of an hour, Han see long- an 
iss-usso "JXj'^^$i^^. U y^^ have time, come, 'Toom 
it-guttun han-bon o-sio -^6)7}^^^J|[.>^|Ji[.. {polite). 

Spade, A Kah-rey ^ 2|) . Handle of a three-man spade, 
Chang- boo ;}J^. Ropes to a Corean spade, Kah-rey-chool 
^2||^. Handle man to a Corean spade, Chang- boo-goon 
jj J^ ^ . ^ small spade, Chong kah-rey ^ ^J. ^i) ^ A Foreign 
shovel. Sap fiX, 

Span, A Byum pA 

Spark, A Poul-dong -^^. Be careful about the sparks 
flying, Poul-dong dwee-nah cho-sim hayerah -^ -^ ^ ^ £ ^ 

Sparkle, To Pan-jack-pan-jack-hah-tah «t'^tt^'?"^ 
{pfa small thing) ; Pon-jock-pon-jock-hah-tah ijj ^ ^ ;5j «• cL 
ipf a great thing). 

Sparrow, A T'cham-say j§yrt. A sfarrow hawk, Sai-mai 

Spawn Or-ran 61 ^ . 
Speak, To See To Say. 

Spear, A Tchang ig.. A three-headed spear, %zx^-]^^.\!c\2.uz 
-^ ^] ^ . ^ lamboo spear, Jook-t'chang ^ 7^ . 



300 SP^ 

' ■' -* 

Species Chong-new ^M'. 

Special Pyull tf ^ . Is there no special word in Corean to 
-express this idea ? E toot mal-hah-ryaw-hay-myen cho-sen mal- 
law pyul-mal-upso ? Oj^^"^ 6^ E^-?- iflj^.^ g^Jc^ S ^ 
A . (The same word is used as an expression of surprise). This t£ 
surprising news, Koo-pyul mah-dee-o JX ^ ^ oj jt,. 

Spend, To Tone sseu tah :g.^t:|.. How much have you 
spe7it ? Tone men-yang suss-so ? ^ ^ ^ ^ 4^ . Have you 
spent all the money ? Tone tah-suss-so ? ^ ^ ^ >L- 

Spice Yang-yom 6J: ^ . Put more spice into this dish. E 
oom-sick man-dah-nan tey yang-yom chal-hayerah O] •^'^ ^ 
^fe>^|^^^'?"^4. ^*^^ ^^ lessspice, Yang-yom cha- 
kum t'chorrah 6fc ^ -S-^X^ ^ . 

Spider Kom-eui 7\ Si\ . Spiders web, Kom-eui-chool 7^ ^ 
^ . A large species of spider, Wang-kom-eui -^ ^ -^ . 
A house spider which spins a close web, Nak-kom-eui if ^ -^j. 
A water spider, Mool kom-eui -g- ;^ ^ . Sweep away the 
^^^-7e//':^y, Kom-eui-chool tah ssoo-raw nai-orah ;^ ^| -^ c|. >y^ 

Spill, To Op-jirrah-tah ^ ;;]^tl. To run out or over 
Saw-tah-jee-tah ^oj-xlcj.. Dont spill the water, Mool op- 
jirrah-jee mah-rah "l* ^ X] -^ X] »!• ef . 

Spin, To Chill-sam-hah-tah %%'^^* 

Spine, The Sah-toong-ee. >a:-g.6j . 



SPI. 3ftx 



Spirit, A K wee-sin -fl 41 • 

Spit, To Tchim-pat-tah ^T hJ. cj.. A spittoon^ Tah-goo 
-^ J^. 72? spit blood, Taw-hyull-hah-tah S. ^ "^^l-. 

Split, To Ppai-tah ^ cj. {used of fire-wood) ; Jick-tahj^ ^ 
cr Jawk-wee-tah ^ ^| c|. , Split up some fire-wood^ Chaag-jack 
•chom ppai-orah ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^f . 

Spoil, To Ppah-sang-hah-tah ij|./y--$'t:|-. 

Spoke, of a wheel Soo-rey pak-hwee-sal ^ ^ ^ ^ 4 . 

Sponge, A Hai-yoong f ] ^ • 

SpoOD, A Soo-jaw ^y^ or 5-oo-karrack ^^J.^. Bring 
-4S 5/^^&«, Soo-jaw hannah kad-jaw onerah ^^ -^ %|> y^ xf ^, 

. Spot, A On the skin or clothes, Or-rock 6j ^. Ttf be spotted. 
'OU-look oll-look-hah-tah ^ -^ ^ -^ *?" 4- 

Spout, A Kwee-'tay r^ f^ . 

Sprain, To Chop-jill-lee-tah '^ ^ v^ ^. 

Spread, To/Gal tah /nj-cj. d7r Ppyaw-tah ^ tij.. Spread « 
-jyr^z/, Khee-jick hannah gah-rorah 7) -^ "5" 4- '^f ^ ^ . Spread 
the table cloth. Sang- paw ppyaw-rah -^^it^ 2f. 

Spring, To Dwee-tah ^ cL. To spring over, jy^wcoror num- 
tah 4^ 6| ^ CL. spring {the season of) Pawm A. S/ring {of 
v/ater), Sai-am /»] ^ . Spring {mechanical appliance) Kaw-dong^ 
. JL -^ . Spring-tide, Sah-ree a}"^. 



SPR. 



1 



Sprinkle, To Boo-ree-tah ^e| t|.; Gyee on-tah >9}^cf.. 
Sprinhle the compound with water, Mah-tang-ay mool chqm* 
boo-ree-orah «|- ^ oq ^^^ ^ ^ ^ • 

Sqiiaie» To be Nee-maw pan-toot hah-tah M| 3L ^ 4^ "^ tL . 
Fetch a square box. Nee-maw pan-toot-han kwey kad-jaw- 
oocrahM|JLtt*«fl|^^AH «F. 

Squint A Tchong-saw ^ A}. Squirrel skin, Tchong^ 
saw-ppce 3^ Al iE| . Squirrel fur , for making pens, Tchong-saw- 
inaw^A}JL. 

Stab^ To Jir-rah-tah >^ 3 cj- . The thief stabbed him in the 
arm, Tod-jock-nom-ee koo ppah-rool jill-Iusso i ^ -^^1 -^S" 

Stable, A For horses, Mah-goo-kan ^^'^^ P^^r oxeti^ 
Whcy-yang-kan^ ^ ^ . Put the horse in the stable, Mai mah- 
goo-kan-ay kattah mai-orah ^ 4 -:^ ;^ 6^ ^ ^ ^ J 6j «(. . 

Stack, A Toim-ee 5j 6j . 

Staff; A Chip-haing-ee >9 "Q 6| . Only old people use a 
vjalkinff stick in Corea, Cho-sun pawp-oon naw-in man chip- 
haing-ee chipso ^>g M^ -fei ^ ^ ^ ^ ^) ^ 4l. 

Stagger, To Pee-'tool-pee- tool-hah-tah B) -§• B) ^ "§" ^ . 
Stain, To Moot-tah ^c|.. 

Stairs Sab-tarry >^t. cj. e^ . Stone stairs, T'choong-tai ^ '^J; 
Stake, A Mal-chang ^'^ or Mal-took v^ ^,, 



STA. 303r 

Stale, To be Mat-pyun-hah-tah 5t 1^ '^ ^ <^ Shwee-tah 

Stalk, A Chool-ghee ^7]. Gather the flowers with long- 
staiks, Gawt chool-ghee keel-ghey chal-lorah ^^ 7) ^ >'| ^ 

Stallion, A Sang-mah >^ of* . 

Stamp, A Postage stamp, Oo-ppyaw J^ j^. Stamp the ieiterr 
Oo-ppyaw ban chang put-t'chorah -f>JL'$^:3t^ ^ {low)r 
Ck>-ppyaw ban cbang put-t'chee-sio -^JE.'^^iJt^'^I-fi. 
{polite). A seal. Taw-saw jf A|; Taw-jang i^J. Official 
stamp, ^. 

. Stanch, To Cbce-byuU-hab-tah 3^ ^ "$• cj. . 

■ Sund, To Saw-tah Z^^* ^^*^^ here^ Yaw-gbee sorrah 
«^ 9^ A| 3|. . Stand up, £-raw-sorrab 6] 9| A] ef . 

Star, A Pyull ^. 

Starboard Mit-twee ^j ^ . Port-side, Mee-ap n) ^ . 

Starch, Ppool ^. Don*t starch these things, 'E^-ossaiy i^i^ool 

moig-ee-jee mah-rah 6] ^ ^] -^ ^ ^] ^1 ''F ^ . ^^^ ^^^^ starch 

into these things, Ee-ossay ppool cbook-kay moig-yerab 

^^^"§"^^1 ^ *1 ^- ^*** ^'"^^ starch into these things^ 

£e-ossay ppool sey-gbey moig-yerab ^l^^l-f-X^^ojOfsf-. 

Stare, To Yca-gyaw-paw-tab U(<if^c|. or You-sim-ee 
paw.tah^^6)Jt<1.. 



:?^4 



STA. 



Start, To Daw-nah-tah Ai^i|.t:|.. When do you start "i 

Un-jay daw-nah-o? ^ Xf| Ad ^ i^. IVhen does he start} Kqo 
sahram-ee un-jay daw-nah-o ?.3L>;f.g6)<^ig)Ad^jJ,. When 
shall we start! Oo-ree-gah un-jay-nah daw-nah-yah hah-gesso? 
J^^7f.^7H)4-Ai^v|. 6|: "5" 5l 4l. ^ ^^^^^ ^^^^ about one 
o'clock, Nai-gah han-see choom daw-nah-gesso H)7f^/]§> 
Ad ^ 5I ^. Don't start before me, Nah paw-tom mon-jaw daw> 

pah-jee mah-o tj. ^ ^ -&;^ '^ *+ ^ ''F JL. ^^ ^^ ^^^ 
together, Oo-ree too-ree kat-'chee daw-nap-sittah ^ '^ *t" ^ ^ 
t:] Ai^ ^^ >^l cj. . He has not started yet, Ad-jick ah-nee daw- 
nasso o|- ^ o|- v| Ad ^ ^ . He has already started, Pol-saw 
daw-nasso ^ Aj Ai^ v^^. 

Starve, To Koom-tah -g" ^ . To cause to starve, Koom-ghee 
-tah ^ 7| t^ ; Choll-hwah hah-tah ^ i). ^ «:{• or Choo-ree-tah 
^ a] cj. , The people are all starving, Paik-song-too-ree tah 
choo-ree-o ^ >^ ^ ^) ^ ^ ^I jL- 

State, To Ahl-wee-tah ^ ^ t:|- . To make a statement to 
an official, Kaw-gwan-hah-tah JL -^ "? ^ . Go and make a 
statement, to the governor, Kol-ray kassaw kaw-gwan-hah-o 

Station, A Chong-gaw-chang ^TJ^J. Railway station^ 
Yoon-gaw chong-gaw-chang ^ tI ^ 7^^. Electric tram 
station, Cheun-gaw chong-gaw-chang;^ H ^ H 'J* Take these 
things to the station, Ee-gussul chong-gavv-chang-euro kad jee- 
kaw kaggerah 6) 5J -§ X| 7] ^J 6. ^ 7|. X] jL 7|- t] «|- .. (^Py 



STE. 30s 

4hete things ioUk'fni to the station^ E got chon^-gaw-chahg- 
euro kad-jee-gaw kah-jah o| 'Tij^y'^ H^AS.^^-2.7|-pt{s» 

Whet e is the /^attwajf station ?Chongga,yf-ch2Lng-oo\oddaiy\r<£w^ 
kah-p? ^ H ^"^^ '^IS^fJL- ^^^^ f^^ ^^ ^^^ Railway 
Station, Chong-gaw chang-ay nah-gaw chom kah-jah ^ 7^ ^ . 
^ + jjL ^ TJ- ?^t . Military station {residence of a general) ; 
Yonjg <^ . 

Steal, To Tod-jock-jill hah-tah _£ igj ;g -g: cj. . Who stole 
the money ? Ut tun nom-ee tone tod-jock-jill-hesso <A Vl -^ ^1 •& 
j^ ;^ ^ "§■ ^ ^ . Did you steal the money ? Naw-gah tone 
chib-awe kat-nan-yah ? ^l^f-^^^^V^^. •SZ^a/ nothings 
Ah-mo gussie-rah-taw chib awe kah-jee mahra c|-JZ.:jJ>^ ^ 

.Steam Keem ^ . 

Steamer, A Hwah-ryoon son Jl^>54. When doei the 
steamer start for Hay-jev} Hay-jew kah-nan hwah-roon-son 
un-jay daw-nah-o ? f] :^ 7}- fe i). 5:>9 ^ ^^] 4iL. ^'*^'* 
will the steamer front fxpan arrive} Ill-bon-saw daw-nan yoon- 
son-ee un-jay-nah too-raw-o-gesso? ^_g./^Ad fe^^^^j^^ 
M* J£ ^ _2L 5l 4i. • ^ steamer office, Oon-soo-hwey-sah ^ ^ 5| 
X» . A steam engine, Hwah-ryoon-khee-ghey $1 :^ ^ ^1 . 

Steel Kang-t'chull 7^^^, 

Steep, To be Koong-nak-chee-tah "^^X]t:f. Oack-kah- 
j^e-roo tab ^Sj- 7|- X] H cj, . 

• Stem, A Of a pipe Tam-bay-tay ^ ^j «^| . Of a Hovfen 
-Chool-ghee ^ 7] orTzX c[ . 



306 8TB^ 



Stepb A Pace, Kaw-room j)\ § . Stepping-stones ^ Chin-goia 
-tarry ^ ^ ^ ^ . ^ stone step, {outside a Corean room) Som— 
tawl^^. 

Step-father Wee-boo S^Jf ; Step-father, Key-maw, ?^JZ.; 
Step-son Wee-jah ^ ;5;; Step-daughter, Ween-yaw ^| wj j Step^ 
brother Wee-tong-sang ^ -^ ^ ; Step-sister, Wee-mai ^ ^| . 

Sterile, To be Moo-jah-hah-tah Jf.;5;-g:t^ {of women)";. 
Tool -g- {of animal), A sterile hen. Tool am-talk -g-^^^ 
A stefile country, Par-rin dang ll ^ ^. 

Stem, To be Om-hah-tah ^ *$• cj-. Stem of a ship, Kaw- 
mool j>, ^ ^ 

Stew, To Stew the meat for three hours, Coig-ghee say-see 
tong-an-man moong-goo-nee sal-morah JL 7) Afl X) ^ ^ ^ J3* 

Stewaid, A T'chong-jiggy jg ;^ 6) . 

StifiF, To be Bot-bot-hah-tah jttf) jttf) -f- cf {inflexible); Bock^ 

bock-hah-tah {as a hinge or sliding screen), or the human 
limbs). 

StUl,To be Chong.yong hah-tah ^-g-'^'Cj.. Kaw-yaw~ 

hah tab JL^^^ 4 . A Still for manufacture of wine, Kaw-ree 

Sting, To Ssaw-tah ^cj.. To be stung, Swee-ee-tah 
A^cj-. J have been stung, ^^A'^zki Peurl-we-ghee shwee-esso 
Ml i\^ 1 ^>l| A£| 5{ 4.. 72? sting {of a blow from a stick, a 
spark, etc). Dah-gop-tah Al 7^ cL , 




STE. 307 

Stir up, To Tchoong-tong-hah-tah ^<^^^; Kyock- 
tong-hah-tah :^^i^t|.. 72? stir about, Churt-tah 5}^* 
SHr welltn the cooking of it, £ oom-sick hal-*tai-ay chal-churrah 

^Stirrap, A Toong-jah ^JR. 

Stitch, A Dahm /JS. Make the stitches even, Dahm soo- 
gjih kaw-roo-ghey-hah-o /JC. j^ 'tj- JIL jg >l| '$' 9. . 

Stoat, A Chock-jay-bee 4|^;^ il] . 

Stocks Tchack-gaw ^ JL . 

Stomach, The Pai ^) . Stomach-^che, Pai appah ^) ^ ^ 
0r Pock-'tong-ee nah-o ^£6) v|. j|_. 

Stone, A Tawl ^, To throw a stone, 'Pal-mai ssaw-tah 
^^f^^. DofCt throw stones, Tal-mai-ssaw-jee-mah-rah 
^ ^ Aj: ^ 'I" ^ . ^ ^^^^ fiS^* Pyun-ssah-heum igVUf-jg.. 

Stool» A Teung-sang ^ >* . 

Stoop, To Koop-hee-tah ^i^^ or Sook-ee-tah ^ 6) CL . 

Stop, To Goot-t'chee-tah42^i:|., Stop in the house whilst 
lam away, Nai-gah up-sool day-ay chip pwee-jee-mah 0^171. 
^ ^^^ ^ -?! ^ "F A ^^op «^ if^at house. Chaw chip-oo- 
raw kah-jah I^ ^ A S Tf- ?^ . Stop work at twelve o'clock, 
YoU-tOG-see gad-jee eel hayerah ^ ^A ^'A^^'^ ^^, 

Storm, A Ppoong-ppah ^ijL, 



368 ^TfO^ 

Story T'choong -g.. Outside tfte^capiM there '^fe n^ three 
storied houses, Saw-ool pat-ghee- lian sjam-t'chobng < chip iijjiibi * 

Stove, A Hwak-tock ^ i^ . Light the stove jire, Hwati tojck- 
ay pool ppee-orah ^ ^ ^] -^ il| ^^ . Clean the stove, Hwah- 
dock chal tack- korah Sj.^ § ^ 7}- ^f . 

Straight, To be Pah-roo-tah ^ 3, c|. . A straight road^ 
Pah-roon kill ^A 3. ^J 

Strange, To be E-sang-hah-tah6| >*'^ cL; Quay-ee-hah-tah 
jZJ 6) "C" cL . This seems strange to me, Nai mah-am-ee e-sang- 
h^h-tah >U X3 o oj ^{ ^'§'^. ^ ^^ ^ stranger to this place^ 
Nai-gah E gaut-chee 'cheum-ee-o vff -yj- 6} j^ 6] jc-} -§» ^| % . 

Strangle, To Chah-roo-gay-jill-hah-tah ^ S."^ :g -§* t^ 
€7r T'chur gyaw-hah-tah jo] j5I^ ^ cj-. 

Strap, A A belt, Hyock-tai ^ ^\, A fastening, Kah-rjock- 
goon 7f'3j.^. 

Straw Chip ^ . This word denotes rice straw, any other 
straw has the name of its species attached to it, as Paw-ree chip 
i^ ^ (barley straw); 

Strawberry Dahl-ghee >g :s^ . 

Stray, To Naw-hyaw-tah-rah-nah-tah Ji^-el ^ Hf 4. cL^ 
Stream, A Nai-mool \^ ^ or Sey-nai-mool /^ u| &^ 
Street. A Haw-jong-kill ^ ;^ ^ . 



STR. 309 

Strength Him *j ; Kwee-ryock :^% or Won-yuck ^^. 
Stretch, To Noo-roo-tah ii^.^. Stretch ike Hme. Chool 
aioo-raw-rah ^ ii ^ 2|- . 

Strew, To Boo-ree-tah ^^\^. 

fl 

Strike, To Tchee-tah ^d 4. 
String Nawk-goon Jc.-^. 
Strip, To Poik-kee tah «i 7J cj-. 

Strong, To be Koon-jang-hah-tah ^^J ^ "^^ ^. He is d 
Mrongfnan, Koon-jang han sahram-ee-o >^^:^^§0) ^; 
K> un-gaw-hah-tah ;^ JL "§" ^ 

Struggle, To Chur-tang-hah-tah (5) ^ •§- tij.. 

7 Stubborn, To be Kyong-jip-hah-tah ^ ^"?'^; Kaw-jip- 
hah-tah JL ^ "S" cj- ^r Ock-sey-tah gj >t^ cj.. 

Study, To ^Kong-poo-hah-tah ^-^-g-cl-. Let us study 

to-day for an hour, O-nal han see tong-an-man kong-pcM> hap-see- 

'^ -fi. S ^ >M f- *i °i -g- ^ ^ '^l '=1- 

Stuff Material for building, Chai-ryaw /5| ]^ . Material fi/r 
making clothes, Kah-oom 7f--g.. 

Stumble, To Kock-koo-raw-jee-tah T^^^x!!^. If the 
pony stumbles lead him, Mal-kock-koo-raw-jee-myun kawt-pee 
<:hab-borah 1 :^ -f- «f :^1 *[ :R: «l ^ <H ^l- . 
Stump, A Nah-moo koo-rong 4* T""^*' ^ • 
Stupid, To be Oo-choon-hah-tah JjL ^ -§■ c|.. 



3XO 



STU; 



Stottoi^ Tb Aw-nool-hah-tah 6| -^ :^ t^ . 
Sty. A Tpy-adjee oo-ree j^ 6|: X] -f* s] . 

Subdue, To Hwang-bawk pattah ^ ^ $ ^ or Soong-jun- 
liah-tah ^ >^ ^ c|. 

Sublet, To A hcuse. Chip sey-joo-tah ^X^^ti|.. Land^ 
Taw-chec-raw choo-tah jg^xjS^^I" ^ sublet, the rent 
being paid in kind, We-ree choo-tah ^ e| ^ c|. . 

Submit, To Pa wk choo-tah ^ ^ cj. €?r Kangpawk-hah-tah 

Subscribe, To Soo-yum-hah-tah ^ \| -^ cj. . 
Subside, To T'chim-sick-hah-tah ^ ^ "§• ^ . 

Succeed, To Chal-hah-tah ^'5"t:J-. Vou have succeeded 
well in this business, Koon-gan hesso 'S'^ "S* ^ ^ . 

Such £-rawn6|^. I have not seen such a thing before,. 
E-rawn-gaw mon-jaw mote po-asso 6) ^ 7^ -j^ ;gj ^ \j^ ^f >{^ . 

Suck, To Bal-tah /g X^ . 

Suddenly Pyur-ran-gan ^^^, Moon-took-ee jg!| 'Ol 
cr Hawl-jee S ^ . 

Suit, A A suit of clothes, Han-pol '^'%^ or Eel-soop § '^. 
I have only one suit of clothes, Awt han-pol poon isso ^ "§ ^ 

Suet Saw kir rum £^y\^ or Oo-jee J^ cj , Chop the suet 
upfine^ Saw kir-rum kan-ool-ghey seu-raw-rah 4^ ^I S >i -^ 



SUG. 3XZ: 

Sugar Sah-*tang xL ^ . 

Suicide, To commit Chah-kyull-hah-tah >5^"g^^. 
Sulphur Song-new-hwang ^-^Sj^, 
Summer Yor-rom 6|^. 
Summon, To Poo-rah-tah J^^xl^ or Chaw-ray-hah-tah 

Jiun, The Hai $| Sun-rise, Hai tawt-tah f J ^ c^. Sunset^ 
Haichee-tah f)xl4. 

Sunday Kong-eel ^^ or Choc-eel ^ g . 

Sundial Eel-yong-ppyaw § ^ J^. 

Sun-flower Hai-kew-ree f|7]J^0|. 

Supper Chun-yuck ;5| 1^ ^?r Chun-yuck pap ;^ \^ 9j- ^y 
supper at half past seven, Chun-yuck pap ill-gop~see-pahn-ay 

chah-rce-aw onerah ;e| \4 l*g -g-Zj ?t ^1^1 ^lA^ «^. 
Superintend, To Kam-tong-hah-tah >^^^^, 
Superior Sang-ppoom ^^. 
Supplyi To Paw-tai-chew-tah^ f| ^c|.. or Paw-jaw-hah-tah 

Support, To Poo-t*chick-hah-tah J^2|-^t:|.. To support 
parenU, Pong-yang-hah-tah ^ ^ "$" ^ . 

Supreme, To be Chee-john-hah-tah ^ ^ "§" ^ . 



3ia : SUR. 

Surface, A Myun i^. 

Surround, To Too-roo-tah -f- H. cj-. the home is surround- 
ed by trees, Nah-moo-gah chip-ool tool-lusso 4*-^ ^ ^ '^"^^ 

41. 

Survive, To Sah-rah-nah-tah >vf> 4 4* ^* 
Suspect, To Wee-hawk-hah-tah ^l^-^tl.. Do you suspect 
anyone} Wee-hawk-hah-gay yea-ghee-nan sahram isso? 

Swallow, To Sam-kk'ee-tah -^ ^] <^. 
Swamp, A Soo-rong.^ aj . 

Swan, A Kawn-nee :g.o] . 

Swear, To Maing-sey-hah-tah ^^^"^^ 

Sweat Dam }^ 

Sweep, To Sool-tah ^ t:]. . Sweep out the room, Pang-chal 
soo-rorah ^/-^^^f 2|.. Sweep the court-yard, Mah-tang soo- 
rorah v\ %\^^Z\ . 

Sweet, To be Taltah^cJ.. Is it sweet} E got tahn-yah? 
6) 5J cj. ij: {low) ; E got tah-o ? 6) :^ c|._J^. {polite), Mixke it 
sweet Tal-ghey hah-yaw-rah i^ Hi "^ Ol 3j. . 

Swell, To Poot-tah ^ 4. . He has a swollen foot, Pah-ree 
poo-usso ^ 6) j^ ^ >^_ . 

Swift See Quick. 



SWI. 3x3 

Swim, To Hey-yom-hah-tah iijo^tj'.^. Can you swim? 

Hey-yorrl-hal-chool ah-sio ? i8<l «^ 'I'-^of a| i^. Hey-yom 

t'chee-tah ^^| ^ 7:| cj.. Rivei^ side people swim weii, Kang kah- 

-ay sah-nan sah-ram-un tah hey-yom chal-t'chce-o ^Tf*^]'^ 

Swing, A Keu-nee jx^. To swing, Keu-nec dee-tah 
.jL v^ ^ t^; Tchoo-t'chun-hah-tah ^i) "f*^. 

6word H wan-taw ^5. • To draw a sword^ Hwan-taw bai- 

Symptom, A Choong-sey -^-Afl. What are the symptoms 
'^f thai disease ? Koo pyung-ee moo-sam choong-sey-o .^l ^ 0| 

Syringe, A Mool-t'chong ^^. 

Syphilis Tang-t'chang ^7^ or Tahm ^ . 

T 

Table. A Sang >^. A food table. Pap-sang \^f^ urSaw- 
^"^ 4l tt . -^ ia^ge^ oblong food table used at feasts^ etc,, Kyaw. 

^ jah-sang ji ;;; ^ A smaller variety, 01-gyaw-jah ^Jfl:;?;. 
^ large round table, TdA-h?^ ^^, A superior food tabU^ 
Tchaik-feang-pan ^/g-^. A writing tabie. T'chaik-sang 
:*|>5j-. ^ 2e//«^ /a^/^, Sool-sang ^/^, Lay the table. Sang 
-fchee-ornh ^7\Ci\z\. A table cloth. Sang- paw >}J.^. Lay 
4he table cloth, S2Lng-^2iyf ppyaw-rah ^^ Jl^ «f.. Take the 

stable cloth off , Sang-paw pate-kurrah ^g-i^J^Bf-. C^t the 



3*4 



iabie chik irasked^ Sang-paw bah^rah p-nerah /j^^f?^ .^^ ^ 
B|.. Ziijf a WSttM^/^M^Chong-han sang-paw ppyur-rah. ^^ 

Tablet, A A^ a^^^^siral fadlef, Sin jew y^Sf, of Mawk-jew 
4|-2^. -^ wriimg tablet, used in ,, schools qs a "black boards 
Poon-ppan <|^^. ^ tabUi over a gate, Moon-ppai *^^. 
A tablet over off official residence, H) un-ppan ^ ^ * ^ diretion- 
iablet containing name; age, residence, etc, carried in the pockety 
Haw-ppai 3^^. '^ wooden tablet setup to mark possession^, 
cfptcperty or to notify the place of a death, Mawk-ppai -^ ^ . 
A stone tatlete^cUd in memory of a governor, VecrSfKk Vi\ M^ 
A small woodeff tablet i^sed for the same purpose, Mawk-pee: 

Tadpole, A Ol-t chang-ee. -^3fr o] . 

Tail, A Gaw-ree 4ft ^; Kong- jee :^y^ or Kong-tang-ee 

Taflor,A Chai-bong-kong-jang-ee;(|^.^;^ 6) . A tailoress: 
engaged to make official dresses, T'chiin-maw ilji. Take- 
these clothes to the Chinese tailor and have them mended, £. 
ossul chong-gook chai-bong-saw-ay kattah too-gaw kawt-t*chee- 
rah-gawhaycrah <iJ^^^;^^^^6fl5J.i:|.^jL**|a|. 

Take, To Kah-jee-tah 7^ 7\xS^,lo take away, Kad-jaw-kah-^ 
tab 7|.;q| 7|. C|.. Take away, Kad-jaw kaggerah ^Z\i^7\^ 
{Jaw). Kadjaw-kah-sio 7f> ;e| 7f- >(| JL polite). 



-\ 



^TAL, 



3rS 



Tale, A Y^-ghiefc C^ 6^ 7) . Tell nu a story. Yea-ghee han 
«nah tai-hah-sid i) 6^ >| S ^ ^1 "^ >4 JL* ^^^ '^ ^ ^^^ ^ 
#A^ /nvr^f » Kaw-tam hahniah hah-sio JL ^ "^ 4" *9^^ J^ • 

Tall, Tobe Kkoo-tah 3^^ or Nawp-tah ^c|-. He is a 
iallman, Koo sahram kkee-koo-o AX^%^\3lS., ^ ^igh 
wmtntnlam, Nawp-oon san ^J^>(^. (This last is always used of 
inanimate objects). 

TaUy, A Ppai 3^, Give the men a tally each, Sahram tool 
kack-kack ppai hannah-sick choo-o Xl>|g ^^^^'$'4'^ 
jp.^. ^ /flf//K-»ww»;1*pai-jang 3||;J. 

Tame. To Kil-tiddy-tah ^J JS. «I 4. 

Tain, To Tah-rah-tah c|. 8|. t|. . (Process unknown in Corea,. 

A hide is "Exposed in the road- way and when sufficiently trodden 
■upon is considered fit for use). 

Tangle, To be in a Olk-hee tah §{ "Sj ^ . Ongkkee-tah tA ^ 
^. The thread is tangled, please undo it. Sill ong-kkyaw-soo- 
nee ppob-raw chew-nsrah 4l^^AH?^^^^ (^^)- 

Tank, A 'Koon-'tong ^.^. 

Tape Sil or-rsug-ee ^J JL ^^ o] . 

■'Tar Song-jin^;^. 

Taste, To Matpaw-tah 5lJit:|-. I^ease taste some of this. 
£ got mat chom paw-sio o] ^Jl-^^JL-^ JL. Jl is a sweet 
taste, Mah-see tah-o ^ X) ^^. ^l ^^ « sour taste, Mah-see 
S50O-O jl>^4LJL. W^///t7/f///iwi5f/fcfe? Mah-see ut-tusso? 



3i6 TAU. 



■si<. 



•>■. 



qL /I ^ Y^ ^' "^^ ^* ^ ''^^^ ^s/g, Mah-soe chaw-so ~ 5V >U jg^ 
/^, It has an unpleasant ta^^e, Mah-^see cho-chansb 5J^JBL 
ij. ^, To be tasteless, Mat-uptah 51^ ^ ^« ' ' 

Taunt, To Noong-yawk-hah-tah ^^*^c|. i^Infericr to a 
superior); Chaw-rong-hah-tah ^^"^t|- {among equals) 1 .^ 
Koo-pack-hah-tah j:^ jj. -^ cj. (superior to an inferior), i. 

Tax Sey-rap /^IH*, Poo-sey ^A^, Poll-tax, Haw-ppavr ' 
;^ J£ . House tax, Taw-sey ej >cl| . Land tax, Kyull-pawk 
■^ ^. Revenue ft om taxes, Chap-sey ^ X^l . 

Tea Tchah %} . Tea-pot, Tchah-gwan ^ A . l^a-cup^ 
T'chah-chong f\ ^. Malu some tea, Tchah chom man-turraw^ 
rah ^1 ^ of 3^ 9| ej. , Bring in the tea, Tchah kad-jaw onerah i 
AA^S^A ^ • ^^^^ ^^ ^^^ strong, Tchah chin hah-ghey 
man-turraw-rah %| ;^ ^ H| oj S. «| 2f * Make the tea weak^ 
T'chah mod -gey man-turraw-rah %]" -J ^| ^ S ^ ^ • 

Teach, To Kah-rah-'chee-tah Tf^Tcjc^. A teacher^ 
'{foreign) Kyaw-sah j^ >^ . Native, Sun-saing ^ ^ . Teach 
me how to pronounce this word, E mal koo oom-ool ut-tpck-kay 
hal-lun-jee kah-rah-chaw-chew-sio 0| ^-7--§-'§4>^9)|'S^^ 
X| 7f- 2 5^1 ^ >*] i . Teach me how to write this character^ E 
kool-jah-ral ut-tock-kay soo-nan-jee' kah-raw-t'chaw-chew-sia 

Tear, To Jit-tah .^J c|/. 72v-/i ^A7/>^j, Jee-jaw-jin awt J9\/^ \ 
y^^. Clothes worn into holes, Hurn-awt 'N^^. 



TEA. 317^ 

Tears Noon-mool •^•{|'. 

Telegraph, To Churn- baw naw-tah Ol^^^^. ^ receive 
a telegram, Churn-baw pat-tah 1^ ^ Jt ^"' ^ telegram^ Churn- 
baw 1^^. A telegraph wire^ Churn-baw-chool jA lj.-S^. 
A telegraph pole, Chiim-gan mawk ^"^^ or Churn-ghwee- 
sun-tai Gl :x| ^ ^j . A telegraph office, Churn-baw-gook cj Jj^ 
'S-. h there a telegraph office here ? Churn-baw gook yaw-ghee- 

Telephone Churn-hwah u^ Jj., 

Telescope, A T'chull-lee-kyong ^ ef ^ . 

Tell, To Erah-tah g O t:].. Mal-hah-tah 3"^t:|-. 7 ell 

'Aim to come here, E-dee o-rah-gaw hay-erah 0I el ^ el ^-gr 

^ 2j. . Tell him what I have just said, Akka han-mai koo sah- 

nim- eui-ghey e-roo-sio ^ 7f ^ g" A a}, f ^j Hj g ^ >^| 2^^ 

•ipolite). 

Temper Bad temper, Sim-sool /^ -^. He is a bad tempered 
tuan, Chaw sahram-ee sim-sool mahn-so I^ yAf ^ 6) ^^T ^ of A 
Temperate, To be Chawn-choll-hah-tah ^ ^ "fir cL, 
Tempest See Storm. 

Temple The temple of Heaven^ Wern gaw-tan ^ jj. c|. ^ 

The temple of the spirits of the earth, Sah-jick j^ T^k^ TempU 

-of Confucius [in Seoul), Song-gyoon-gwan >^^rt. Temples 

of the god of war, Pook-myaw J§^3u\ Tong-myaw -^ i; 

^Nam-myaw ^5.. 



tt%M9^T^ Gvay-ce-tah JS^t^t\'; See-hom-hab-tah jq t^ 
^^^ ^TkK firsi of these means toentke or allure; the seccmd 
)^^l^^ll«*sellfieaC testily or proving); You-in hah-tah O ^^ 
^ {Jl^ 4iAhM); Haw-ree-tah ^ ^ c|- (^ uduce\ 

T^ Ycfl «J €»r Sip >g . Tem kmuired.T^xm -^ 

T^oant. A Chaig-in :^ ^ . 

Tender, T6 be Yun-bah-tah 64 "^^^ Buy tender wuat^ 
Yutt-ban co^-ghce-raw sah-onerah o| ^ JL ^S-^ JSL^ ^ - 
Tendon, A Him-chco! -tf-^. 

Tent, A Chat^-mack 5j ^ Pilch the ieni, Chai^-mact 
t*chorrah ^^ 7^^ . S.*rike the tent, Chang-mack kaw-torrah 

Tepid, To be Doot>doot-hah-tah ^^-^cf.. Bring a basin 
iff tepid water, Doot-doot-han-mool han sah-bal k^id-jaw-onerah 

Terrace, A Tock ^. Lxy the incline out in terraces, On- 
tock gack-ool-'tai-ay 'lock chee-kay gack-orah ^^^-^^ 

Testament, A Awn->-ack ^ o^ . The Old Tcstautenl^ Koo- 
yack ^ €j^ . Aew Testawteni, 3in-yack J^ of ^ 

Tether, T6 Tether the horses for the night, Mai kawt-pec 
keel-ghee mai-orah ^4t^i!>1'?M4- ^^>^ ^^ ^^^» 
Sa^-pah ked ghee mai-orah ^ tff "^ 7i| ^ ^ ^ . 




TEX. 3«» 

Text, A Yaw-jee_a,X|. 

Than {adv), Paw-tom JJ^ ^ . This is greater than that, E. 
S^ussie chaw got paw-tom kkoo-o 0|^6) tS|:^JiQ^jL. 

Thank, To Kam-sah-hah-tah ^ Xf "^ ^ ^^ Sah-ray hah- 
tah xL 2|| -^ cf. Kam-t*chook-hah-tah ^J- 'S-^ ^ . Kawm-aptah 
JtoJ-^. T'chee-sah-hah-tah Tc]^^^. lo an Emperor 
Sah-oon-hah-lah X|>^*^4. ^ow to thank you I do not 
incTv, Oottock-kay kam-sah-han-jee mo-lay-o ^ ^ 9)| ^ >^ 
-J X| -S- *f JL. Thank you, Kawm ap-so jj. nj^i Kawm ap_ 
^n-nay-tah JL '^J'^S V| ^. you must thank him, Koo yang- 
ban-eui-ghey t'chee-sah-hah-sio OL i^ ^ ^ H| tc) >*|s "^ >^) ^ 
ipo/te). Express my thanks to htm, Koo yang-ban-eui-ghey 
nai-gah t'chee-sah-hah-taw-rah-gaw hah-sio jl vJ ?t -^ ^I ^ 

^7c|^'^cJe|.JL'f"><|^. ^^ ^oys ^ tha*fks you, Koo sah- 
ram-ee tang-sin-eui-ghey t'chee-sah hap-tee-tah jaL>A[- g 6) ^ 

That Koo ,3t {used of that which is distant). Chaw qf 
{used of a near object). 

Thatch, To Chip-oong nee-tah ^ -§- ^ ^; Kay-t'chaw hah- 

^^ 7||:i"C'4 Thatch, E-yong c]<^, A thafched house, 

Tchaw-gah chip ^ tJ. ^ Ridge thatch, Yong-gaw-say ^jl 

Jff^, A roll of thatch, E-yong han mah-room 6|^^o|--^. 

How lon^ is it since the house was thatched} E-chip neen-jee 
ul-mah-nah twee-usso ? 0|^v^x)^ii|-v|.:^^>^. What 

will it cost to re-thatch the house! E-chip e-r)aw-iiiyen tone ul- 
mah-nah tool gesso? 6] ^ 6) 2^ ^-S^ "H'-S' 5l4l- ^^^ 



3*0 THA. 

the house thatched, Chip-nee-ghey hah-sio ^ v^ H| *yA{ ^ , > 
Thatch this house, E chip nee orah ^) ^ v| 6| e|> . 

Thaw, To Nawk-tah -it cj.; Hai-ping-hah-tah ^^'^^- 
(the last is only used in reference to ice) ; Is the frost out of th^ 
ground} Dang nauk-at-nan-yah ? >^4f> ^.^ ^ H^ . Thaw the 
dread, Do'ig'ee or-uss-soo-nee poo- ray noig-yaw-rah ^ 6) ^ ^ 

The The definite article in Corean is supplied by a decli^ . 
nable postposition. 

Then At that time, Koo-*tay jxtf|. /« that case, Koo-ruia- 
yen jL«|aJ. 
' There Chaw-ghee (^ a|. 

Thermometer, A Han-saw ppyaw ^ Aj J^. 

They Chaw-too-ree I^ ^0| . 

Thick, To be Toot-gop-tah ^ 7J cj. {of solids) ; Kurl-tak 
y^t^ or 'Tack-hah-tah ^'^^ (of liquids). Make the booh ■ 
of thick paper, 'Tchaik toot-gaw-oon chong- wee-raw mai-o 

Thief, A Tod-jock-nom ^S.^-^^. ^ brigand, Kang-taw 
^i. A picker ox pilfereri'bil2ih'2im. kom-mon nom ^ 4 ^^ ' 

Thigh, The Nop-jock tarry \^ ;^ t^ 2| . 
Thimble, A Kole-mo -g-JZ.. 



THI. 3«« 

Thin, To be Yalp tah g^ cj. {usei of solids) ; Moolotah ^ tj- 

•{used of fluids)' (The former word is also used to express one 
whose character is not above su"=;picion). 72? Ife tkin^ emaciated, 
Ppah-ree-hah-tah jlL C] -^ cj. . 

Thing Got 7j ^^r Mool-gun -g-^jj. 

Think, To Saing-gack-hah-tah ^ Zf" "§" ^; Yoig-ee-tah 
1^ 6) c|,; Chim-jack-hah-tah ;g^'C cj., Hey-ah-dee-tah -gj 
«|. 2] tl . Think what we need to buy, Sah-awl mool-gun nwo- 
ut moor-sin-jee sang-gack hah-yaw poarah >^}- -^^ ^ ^3 T" ^ -5^ 
^ ^ A ^A '^ ^ ^^\ ^^ ' // « <?j / thought, Nai hey-ah- 
rim ay paw-saw nah-jcc ahn ni-o M] 'Clj O^ ^ 6)] tf{ A{ ^ ;;) C^ 
vl j^ He thought of the people with pity and fed iheMt, Koo 
yang-ban-ee paik-song too-rool pool-sang-hee yea-gyusso chin- 
hew-rool choo-us ;o Z3.%^0] ^ ^^l--^-^^*!^ ^^^ 

Third Seit-chay ^ X|| . 

Thirsty, To be Mong-mah-roo tah ^ uj- S t^; Koo-gal-lah- 
tah -^ ^ 4- ^. ^o quench the thirst, Hai-kal hah-tah fj :^ 

This Ee 6] . 

Thisle, A Chaw-bang- ee ^ ^\ 6] . 
Thither Chaw- ghee (^ 3| . 
'Thorn Kah-see 7J. >^| . 



3aa 'TMO- 

TfaOTOQi^ To be Tong-tal-hah-tah -^^ '§*^. ^<f ^ « 
thorough scholar^ Koo sahram ee koo-rool 'tong-tal hah-yutso- 

Thoa Naw ti ; Chah-ney;^l:i|; Naw-hyong ^f^; Tang-sin* 
^>Q; Or-oo-sin-nay 6)^>(lV|. (These are all expressions- 
used in addressing a second person. The first is a low expression 
the otheis following in an ascending scale of respect. The last. 
is only used in speaking to old men). 

Thou§^ Pee-rawk uj -^; Koo-ree-hah-yaw-daw ,at 2) -gr" 

Thousand Tchun i| . 

Thiash, To Tah-jack-hah-tah €j. :rV •5- c|. or Tehee- tab. 

Thread, A Sil >g. 72? thiead, G.vee-tah -SI) cj.. Please- 
thread this net die, Pah-nal-ay sil gv\ eh- aw chew sio tlf $ ^1 >^ 
f^<^^'J\^{J>oli1e), 

Threaten, To lo recommend to a course of action. Tang- poo- 
hah-lah ^^-^C}.. lo threaten, with penatties, Oo-roo-tah 
•%»J^c|-, To intimidate, Ook-daig-ee tah -^a|4-0)c|.. To- 
threaten with a weapon, Kyon-00-tah ;g ji. cL . 

Three Seit ^ or Sam >§ . Thirteen, Yoll-seit ^^<^ Sijy- 
sam -^ ^. Three hundted, Sam-paik ^ gj . 

Thrifty, To be » Chul-yong-hah-tah ^ -§."§" c|. . 

Thxoat,The Mawk ^. The gull, Mawk koo-mong -^-^ 'g; 



THR. 325 

Throne Yong-saDg J^ ^ ; Aw-jwah 6\^cr Aw-t'ap 6) SV 

Throogli Expressed by the termination, Euro j&S.. -^ 
€afn€ Ihtough a hole m the ceihttg, T'chun jang koo-mong-euro 
narry-or-wasso ^5j-^«gc^vj.«|^^. 

Throw, To Ton-jce-tah ^X|c|. or Ppal-mai-jill hahtah 
^ ^1 S ^ ^« ^ throw away, Nai-or parr}'-tah vd 6j 1} 9J 
^. Throw away the dish water, Kai-soo-mool ssaw-tah nai-or 
parry-orah '^l^-S'^^Mj^ ^ ^1 ^ 2|.. Throw the rubbish 
4nvay, Soo-raigee t*chaw nai-or parry-orah ^^ O) 71^ v{| 6| ^ 

Thrust, To To push, Meel-tah ^t|.. 71? thrust at with a 
^veapon, Kyon-oo-tah ;^ Jft. c|.. 

(According to the Corean enumeration a man has four thumbs 
Son om-jee karrack J^^ tl Tf- ^', hand thumbs, and Pal om- 

jee-karrack §" ^ 3^ tI- ^^ , ^eet thumbs). 

Thunder The sound of thunder, Nwee-song ^ Jt^ ot Oo-rwee 
J^ j| . To thunder^ Nwee-song-hah-tah Hi ^^^ or T 'chun- 
dong-bah-tah ^ ^-^cl-. A clap of thunder, Pyur-rack Hj ^. 

Thus £-rock-kayd] 0| Hi . Do it /*»j, E-rock-kay hayerah 

Tide Chaw-soo £^. An ebl-Hde, Mool ssaw-tah -g-;^ tl. 
A rising tide, Mool meel-tah -f- ^ «(• . ^igh tide, Tcham pfc: 
Low tide, Kahm :H' . What time does the tide ebb ? Myet-see-ay 
mool ssoh-o? ^ >() ^ ^mI JL- ^^^^ ^^^ ^oes the tide Ho^ot 
Myet sce-ay mool-mce-o ? g{x| ^-j- "I A' 



3«4 TID. 



■• ^ 



Tidy, To be Chung-jay-hah-tah ^S^f*^^. To 6e tidy im 
dress, Wee-gwhan-ool chung-jey-hah-tah ^ {i -^ ^ ^ ^ *t» 

Tie, To May tah or Mai tah ?) cj-. Tie the strings of your 
clothes, Awt kaw-ram may-orah ^ JL § ^| ^ ^ Tie Mr 
string tightly, Nawk-goon tan-tan-ay mai-orah 4f i& ^> ^ ^ ^ 
6j ef . lo tie a knot, Mai-top cheet-tah ^|^ ^ cL, To urnUe' 
a hnot, Maii'iop ppool-tah ^|^^c|.. Untie the knot^ Mairtofk 
ppoo-raw-nih ^j ■§• -^ ^ 2|. . 

Tier, A T'clieiing jg.. 

Tiger, A l>a\vm ^ ; Haw-rang-ee ^ § 6| . (San-^oon Jj^ 

-g- is used out of re5i)ectto the tigers in places where they lauw 

U}) to the present time the Corcan tiger has eluded the search of 
foreii;n sp<)rtsnien. Skins offered for sale, pads and excretion. 
the witne^^ of individuals who have seen carcases taken by- 
native hunters. ])rove that they exist, but where and how tigers 
are to be found remains an unsoh'cd mystery). 

Tile, A Kee-wah 7|S).. An tipper tile ^ Soo kee-wah 

oj. ^ lUder tile, Am kee-wah ^ 7] 5}. . (-4 blue tile^ formerl; 

made in China, the art of manufacturing which died with tifc* 
inventor, is known as Tchung kee-wah 5g y\ S|.). 

Till {Conj) Gad-jee A? ;?| . Until now, QXixck-Min gad-jo^ 
X] -g- A? 7^ . ^^^^'l^ l^^^* Koo-'tai gad-jee OL A|| Af X| . He fln«r 
Mere till yesterday, Od-jock-ay ga4-jee yaw-ghee issrsusso 0| -A 

Till, To Nong-sah- hahtah ^ >^ '§• ^ * 



TIL. 325 

TUler, A Kkee tah-ree ^I cj- ^ . 

Timber Nah-moo vj. J^; Nam-orhee ^7) (This last word 
is an abbreviation of i|.JZ. 7}-, subjective or nominative form oi 
"the word vj.:^). Long- timbers for fiillars, etc., Chang-mawk 
y^^. Timbers for building purposes, Chay- mawk ^ -^ . 

Time Dai /ifi. A season, See-chuU >^j :g. Times cuui seasons^ 

'■ Sey-wull /(H ^ . The times pass quickly, Sey-wull-ee shweep-gay 

Icah-o /4|^0] ^><|7{-i ^^^' ^^ ^''^' Noot-gay oh-jee 

mah-o «j^H| j>.^ ''FJL- ^^om time to time, It-tah-gam 5[cJ. 

Tin Paik-t*chull ^ ij (distinguish this from the sheet iron 
often spoken of as "tin"). 

Tinder Poo-see-kit J^^] jj. A flint, Poo-see-tawl Jf ^-g., 
Jl steel. Poo-see ^^ , Pouch, Poo-see-sam-jee ^^ ^ X) . 

Tired, To be Kawn-hah-tah :g."^c|.; Ppce-kawn-hah-tah 
^Jg.'^'t^^ Kaw-tan-hah-tah JL^"^^. Are you tiredl 
-Kawn-han-yah ? Jg."^ ij: (low), Kawn-hah-sio '^'8">J O 
ipolite). 

Title, A Of a book, Chey-mawk @I^. Of an office, rank, 
^Chick-ham ^ ig- . I do not know his title, Koo yang-ban-eui 
-chick-ham mo-lay-o jr^^^l^S! ^ ^ U. & ^ 

Title-deed Moon-saw -g /^ . On purchasing a house or land 

property in the country, the seller gives two deeds. Koo-moon-- 

,£hee -f-^o] and Sin-moon-ghee ^fl-gi*), written by himself 

and signed. In the Capital or treaty ports the purchase should 



386 TOA. 

be transacted through the official {Cham-saw-ghwan 4^Al{L 

in the capital) or Sur-ree Aj 2' (in a town of lesser importance)^ 

to be found at the yainen. The deeds to be procured and 
banded to him are the house deed Kwan-nip-jee ^ ^ cl and 

site deed Chee-key moon-saw "^ ^] "S ^ • ^^^ official examines 
the deeds, measures the land purchased, enquires into price paid 
for p>roperty, etc., and re-issues the deeds bearing the official 
stamfK These deeds can subsequently be registered at the 
consulates. 

To {firrp) Expressed usually by a postposition. He has gone- 
into f hat room. Chaw pan^-ay kasso D| ^ ^^^. In men- 
tioning the name of a plfiro the postposition is usually omitted. 
{i.e. He has gone to Vang-l\:/iun, Yang t'chun kasso ^ ^ ^^^). 
speak to Mr. Kim, Kim saw-bang eui-ghey mal hah-sio >! /J 
^J" -^Hl 3"§">^l-fi-- ^r- ^i'fi spok-' to me about the business 
yesterday^ Kim saw-bang-ee od-jay nal-taw-raw koo eel yea- 
ghee hap tee-tah >l A} y- 6| 6| ;^ U- c: Z\:3l(^ i^ 6^;?|«^5| 
t:j-. Gh^ethe news to him, Koo sahram han-'tai kwee-pyul-hah- 
sio jx^ f ^ c^I ;i) u^ -5- A) J^ {polite). 

Toad, A Took-^roib-ee J^ 7J o) . (Valued by Coreans for 
its medicinal properties. They say that if a serpent swallows, a 
toad it dies, decomposes, and each joint of it becomes a toad. 
If, however, anyone is fortunate enough to capture a snake that 
has just swallowed a toad, he slays it, puts it into a vessel with 
wine and buries it. In course of time it becomes a valuable 
remedy for scrofula !). 



TOA. 3«7 

ToMt, To Jway-4ah Jf^ cj. (i.e. fo watm 5iightly)\ cr Koop- 
tah ^4. loati same bread, Dock chom goo-aw o-nerah M ^ 
^dljt^tl V|.. Make some toast, Myun-baw chom man-too- 
rah-rah ^ Jl^^t S •! ^F • 

Tobacco Tahm-bay ^ \J| ^rNam-fchaw^^ Cut tobacco. 
Soon tam-bay M. ^ ^| or Kee-sam-mee y\ >^ 6\ cr T'choll- 
t^chaw ^ ^. Leaf tobacco, Eep- tam-bay y «J ^| cr Yop-t'chaw 
^ Jfe.. /^>f^ rw/ tobacco, Sey-t'chaw/^ ^ <?r Sang- 1 chaw /g- ^ , 
€j>ar5e cut tobacco, Mack-t'chaw oj- j^. Some varieties of Corean 
tobacco are Saw- f chaw A}^, grown in Pyung-an province^ 
line cut and of good flavour; Won- f chaw ^^, grown in 

Kang-won province, fine cut and of good flavour ; Puli-gomi-ce 
«^:M 6| tobacco with a reddish leaf; Hai-fchaw fj ^ grown 
in Hai-jew, a leaf tobacco, very mild ; Kawk-san-fchaw JL /\ 
lir a leaf tobacco grown in Kock-san in the Whang Hai provir.ce; 
Song' fchun-f chaw >^ Sj ^ a very fine quality named after the 
place where it is grown ; San-fchaw >{^ ^ tobacco grown on 
mountain land; Koom-kang-f chaw -g-^;^ a cigar-shaped 
tobacco smoked in the pipe, named after the village where it is 
grown. Buy a roll of leaf tobacco, Yop-t'chaw han-choo! sah- 
onerah ^gj^^-f-^^ulsF. ^^y^pound of gcod cut tobacco, 
Sang-t*chaw ban goon sah-onerah >Jf ^ T -^ >^I. o u| ei 
(a small parcel of tobacco offered for sale at stalls is called Mat 

To-day O-nal JJ_ ^ . 

Too Pal-koo-rack ^j^^^ 



338 TOG. 

Together Soh-ro J^S,', *Kee-dee ^ 9| {fomveyiHg an idem 

cf class distinction) \ Ham-ghee ^id| {^mosi freqtunify used 

when a large number is in question) ; Han-kah-jee ^ 7^^; 

Kat-'chee "X i^ or Taw-poo-raw t^ ^ ^ (ikis last is seldinm 

used and only in lout' speech)^ They met iogeiker on ike road^ 
Keel kah-tah-gah saw- raw man-nasso ^7l'47l'Ai£^^ >^, 

Boys play together, Ah-hee tool giddy naw-rah*o O}- 3) •§> >9l} 2{ 
-^ ^V -$- • ^^ ^'^ ^^ together, Oo-ree hamp-kee fcap-sitah jQl 2| 
-g- >5fl ;^ Xl cL . Come together with thai boy^ Chaw ah-hee taw- 
poo-raw onerah I^C}>j[)t^JL ^-SL^ ^• 

Toilet, To make the Saw-sey-hah-tah ^ X^ ^ c|.. 

Tomb See Grave. 

Tomorrow Nai-il i7r Nale ^] g. My«Bg-eclig ^. Hecomtt 
io-day or tomorrow, O-nal-ee-nah nale-ee-nah o-getso ^ ^ 

Tone Oom-song J^ >^ . 

Tongs Hwah-chaw karrack ^;e|7|>^. Po^^^ thepoke¥\ 

shovel, and tongs, Hwah-dock poo-jip-kang-ce haggaw poa» 
sap-haggaw hwah-chaw-karrack haggaw tah chal tak-kerali 

Tongue, The Hyaw ^ . Put out your tongue. Hyaw nai- 

aw mee-o -^ vfl 6| n| ff . 

To-night 0-aial pahm JL S «f '^ Kcum-yah •^fil^. 




TOO. 3>9 

Too Also, Taw-han ft$. Excessive, Nom-maw \\3L\ 
Kwah-hec S\ tj ; Tai-tanny «cl ^ v) . This is ioo Httle, E got 

•nom-mow chark-so6| ^ i^ i 5{ ^. 

Tool Yun-jang^^. 

Tooth Ee O) The molars, Aw-gum-nee 6j -^ t| . incisors^ 

Song-gon-ee -^^^ . The top front teeth, Oon-nce -J- v^ . 

The top back teeth, Oct aw-gum-nee -r* ^ -S" H • "^^ lower 

.front, teeth, Ahm-nee ^ v] . The loner back ieeik^ Ah-ray 

- aw-gum-nee c}- 51) ^ "§• ^ . ^ second row tooth. Ton-nee i^ v| ^ 

Toot/iache, T'chee t'ong y^ ^. Tooth-pick, E-ssu-soo-gay o| -^ 

X| 7l| . 71? cut the teeth, Y.^ nah-iah 6)^. c(. . Hoi the babe cut 

its teeth ? Aggy ee-nasso ? o\- 7] v| ^ ^. To puUUeth, Ec gal- 

tah c) :^cj. (^« bov) ; Ee bop-tah c| ^c|. (of a mam), T9 

grind the leeth, Ee gal-tah 6| :g; tij.. 

Top Took-kong ^ 7^ , Put the top on the tin, 'TonTr took- 
■kong top-herah ^^ ^ ^ i\ 2|. . Peak of a hUl, Pong-or-ree 
-8" JL ^! . Top of a peak of a hill, Kawk-taig-ee ^l^ol. 
A whipping top, spun by boys on the ice, Ppaing-ee -^ 0| , 

Torch, A Hway 5I] . 

Torment, To To worry, as an importunate chill, Chv.v roo- 
tah ;J^cj.. To torment, e.g. an animal, Koon-tur-ree-tah 

J^cj sj cj- To torment, e.g, a hum in being, Chig-goon chig- 

goon hah tah ;x;] .^^ ?;| ^ -^ cj. . 



330 TOR. 

Tortoise, A Large species of tortoise whose shell is used for 
various omamental purposes Ktrr-hook 7\^ A small edible^ 

tortoise, Ckah-rah 7^9\ , K small species of water tortoise,. 

Natn'Saiftg-^e ^ ^ ^I . 

Torture, To Ack-kyong-hah-tah §)- ^ "5" ^•. 

Total Taw-hap 5:'^. Whatis the total} Taw-hap-ee ul— 
mah-nah tv^ee-o ?i*|-Oiyii}-vJ.5| ^. 

Touch, To Man-jee-tah o} x] t:}-; Taht-tah 5^ ^ ^v Tai-tab^ 
c| cj- . DoiCt touch this, K got man-jee jee mah-rah 0I :^ oJ> 
X] X] of- a|. . Ijty them down touching one another, E got tool 
tah tai-yaw no-arrah d) :^ ^ cj. c] a| jc c}- 8|. . Don't touch ir 
with your fingers, Son-tai-jee mah-rah w^ ^f ;q) vf- <|- . Place 
them so that they do not touch one another, E got tool tah tai- 
A aw-nawt-jee mah-rah ^| ^J f- 4 *?! <^ ^ 7:| a}- ef. . 

Tough. To be Chil-gheetah ^d\^^ This meat is very 
tough, E coig-ghee mayo chil-ghce-o ^) JL H ?[ j^-S-^d O . 

Tow, To Gurl-tah ^^ c|. Tow the boat, Pai chom gur-raw- 
rah \f)^a«|ef. 

Towel Soo-gun J^y^ A hand towel. Son soo-gun ^^.^ ;tf ^ 
A bath towel, Sey-soo soo-gun Aj) ^ -4*. ;g . Brin^ a clean towel,^ 
Chong-han soo-gun kad-jaw o-nerah ^^-4»-?j7f-;e|iuf 4. 
Take the towels to the wash, Soo gun barrah o-nerah jfik 7I xmL 
«|- iL U| ^ , Put a clean towel in the guest room, Chong harv 



X 



TbW. 33k 

scx>-gun hannah aoiiHiiiii pang-ay kattah no-arrah ^ ^ -4^ ^{{^ 

Tower, A Mang-tay ^ "^1 . or Kaw-tay JL '^j . 

Town,A Oop^;<>rOom-nay ^V|^ 

Toy, A Chang-nan-kam >^ ^ ^. 

Track, A Chah-jook ^ ^^, 

Trade, To Chang-sah-hah-tah >*} >^ "^ ^ . ^ ^f^y whole^ 

sale, Moo-yock-hah-tali JJL ^ "^ c|. . To deal wholesale, Mai- 

vnay-hah-tah ^| i4l ^ 4 . ^^ deal retail, Hoong-chong-hah-tah 

-3^ ^ "f ^ • ^^^^^ ^ *^^ ^^^^f *^^^ of this place ? Ee kawl an- 

ay-nan moo-aw-see koo-choong kkoon chang-sah-yaw ? tA^ 

Tram, A Hwah-ryoon-gaw Sj-^T^; Khee-t'chah CJJi*. 
What time does the first train start} Myet see-ay t'chawt-chay 
bwahryoon-gaw-gah kah-o? 5J >q ^:^^S|.^ 7^7f-^i. 
When does the last tnuH start} Mack t*chah-gah un-jay daw- 
nah-o ^ ?^} Tf* ^ Xl| ^ *f-2.- ^^ott train did you come by ? 
Myet chay t*chah-ay wasso ? ^ ^ ic[ 6f| ^ >^ . / lost the first 

irain and came on by the second, T'chawt t'chah-nan nawt- 

t*chee-gaw tcx>l chay t'chah-ay wasso :^ ^J- ^ 7c) JL-g- Xfj x]- <i1] 

^^. Don^t miss the train, Ee bun hwah-ryoon-gaw nawt- 

I'chee-jec mah-o 0^^S|.7t^^7^XluJ-JL. ^ shall go by the 
twelve d clock train, Yoll-too chom t*chah-raw kah-gesso ^ 



332 TRA; 

Traitor, A Kahn-sin :^^ or Saw-in ^ ^ . 

Translate. To Pon-yock-hah-tah ^«j^^. PJease irant^ 
•late this into Chinese script, E got han-nioon-caro pon-yock- 
hah-sio ^)5J^^^S.^^-?>^|A. 

Transparent, To be Nay-tah pwee-tah m ^ 9) ^• 
Trap, A Tot J^. Set a trap to catch a rat, Chwee tot no- 
arrah^l^ilcV^f. 

Travel, To Haing-yock-hah-tah "^ ^ -^^l". ^ travel for 
pleasure, You-ram-hah-tah ^ ^ *§■ ^. 

Tray, A Chaing-ban 5g ^ , A wooden tray^ Mawk-ppait 

Tread, To Pal-tah A Cj. . Tread softly, Kah-man kab-man- 
€e tan-gyaw-rah 7f"^7f^^)S7s|^. To be trodden on^ 

Pal-ppee-tah ^ il| c|.. 

Treason, To commit Maw-ban-hah-tah i ^ "^T t|-. 

Treasure Money, Oon-chun ^^. Anytkinf^ of valme^ 
Paw-bai ^ d) or Paw-hwah ^ ^ . An exquisite or curious 
article, Ppai-mool 3|j ^^ 

Treasury, The Tack-jee cj- X| . 

Tree, A Nah-moo ^ ^. What kind cf tree is this} E got 
moo-sam nam-gheeyaw ^| 5j -t" 'w Vj* 7| A« 



TRB. 333 

Tremble, To Deurl-tah j^ cj.. Afy hand trembles so I cannot 
write. Son-nee dol-lyussaw mote ssoo-gesso ^ 6} jg e^ A| ^ ><i^ 

5141. 

Trick, A Gway >5lj . A nefarious trick, Hyoong-kay ^ ^ . 
Slight of hand, Soo-chay ^ 7^ • 

Troop, A Tay cJ . Yun-tai ^ 'cf . 

Troublesome, To be Kwey-rop-tah iE| ^ tf. To be bother- 
:some, Kwey-t'chan-'tah -Tf ;^ ^ ; Sung-gah-see-tah >^ tI* >4 tL^ 

Trousers Pah-jee u|. X| (winter)\ Kaw-wee JL ^| {summer). 

Trowel, A Heulk-sonn ^^. 

True, To be Used of a word, or work, Tchong-yong- 
liah-tah ^ i|"5"c|.; Chuck-sil-hah-tah ^ -^-§"€1.; Chin-juck 

hah-tah ;g^ ^ -^ cJ. . Used of a person. Chin-sill- hah-tah ;^ ^ 
-;^t^ ;;T'chack-sill-hah-tah ^-g'?'^; Koon-sill-hah-tah ^ 
aJ ^^. That is true, Chuck-^ill-han mal-ing-gT.h ^ '^ "J i" 
^ yL {low) ; Koo mah-ree chuck-sill-hah-o.3L ^ ^1 ^ "S ^ A* 
Trumpet A Nah-bal Bj. ^ . (Formerly us^d of a long in- 
strument blown in processions, etc., now used of the bugles used 
by the soldiery). 

Trunk Chool-ghee -g- 7] .Not used generally for the bole of 
a tree, for \\hich there seems to be no word). 
^* Trust, To Mit-tah ^\<\, I trusted htm to l(ob after the 
house, Koo sahram mit-gaw chip pwee-yasso jL/i ^ 9l JL ^ 



334' Tfe^' 

I I - I ■■ - ■ ■ 

Try,*t^o ^e«-Wm-ha^-uli>^*^**5^. Try to do ii, Ste-Yiuxh 
hail'^yaWpduiyii /|*"§ TJr'^^Ji.o} ej. {/ow); See-lium-hah-yaw 
paw-sio ^ ^ -^ OJ JL>^ _£,. 

Tube, A There seems to be no word but the above i.e. "Pong 
^ Coreans use hollow ban\lW>' (!:ane's in place of mdtal' or 

other tubes ; these are known as Tai-fong tf| ^\ 

Tumfcte, To Daw-raw-jee-tah If^^l^ tif (fH>M a k^kf)r 
Nom-aw-jee-tahtd nj x) c|* {^f any thtng already on the ground)^ 

Tvmnlt, A Yah-dan 6fe^; Min-yaw ^^; Kooh-nya^n^ 
^ ^{ofsoi€Uers)\ To make a tumuli^ Yah-dan t'chee-tah 6fe 
^*ftf; Sa^-Kiong-hlah-tih ^:^-§-i^. To be tumultuous, 
Yaw-rain-hah tah ^^if^. 

TuxiSe, A Kock-jaw ^ j^ . 

Turf Ddi/^. 

Turn; To Tawl-lee-tah -f-Vf 4. To turn d kandle\ Chah- 

row too-roo-tah J^; ^ J^ ^ cj. . To turn over. Op-haw nawt-tah 

^ ^^^. Tc turn an article round, Tawl-lyaw-nawt-'tah 

-^ v^ ^ ^ . To turn the body round. Taw-ree keltah J£ a| i(f 

Tumip Moo J^. 

Twelve Yoll-^ool ^^ or Sip-ee >y c] . 

Twenty Sim-mool ^:^ or E-sip 6) >M . 



T^Wl' 



335' 



Twk6 Too^bdit'jf^. 

Twinkle^ To Goom-jo(^>g;oain*jock*lia£<^tah 

Twist, f 6 Ca^-tah ^t^ (iu j/r6r^). Twee-'tool-tah ^^ 

Two Tool ^ «r £e 6) ; T7t;o hundredl Eci^peck c] li} . 
Type Chew-jah ^JS, {printing type). 

TJ 

Udder, An Jot-'tong ^^. 

Xfifi^, 1ft* te Wfote-ssung-ghiBC-tai ^ '^ 7] «f or t^choo- 
liali&-fa&' ^ ^ ^ • Tiaiis an ugfy dog, Koo kaa mote- saing-gesso 
^^^^^'^/L\ PSackH^aSk gjf^} (most frequently used in 
reference to wcMnen). 

Ukerr An Tdhasg ^ <v^Tam-jofig '^^. 

Umbrella, An Oo>-san J^>^. A white umBretla, Pack- 
<±wee oo>-san !^^^>^. A paper umbrella, Chec oo-san ;ri 
J^ >{J . -<4 royal umtreUa, formerly carried in processions, Hong- 
yang-san -^^^^J^. An umbrella used by governors on their 
^tfetj/ ie d indgatracy, £^-san g J^ . 

Unatde, To be Expressed by the termination Soo-uptah J^ <A 
X^ with the future of a verb. IMable to do, Hal-soo-uptah "g* J^ 
^ t|.. Unable to ^o, Kal-soo-uptah :^^ ^ cj. (/£?««/ forms). 



336 UNA. 

Unanimous, To be Il-am ssoq tah ^ ^ M.^« 

Unarmed Do not go unarmed^ Moosam yun-jai^-cbin-ee- 
gaw kah-sio 'S^-^^^:^ 0| jl7|./| J^. is he unarmed^ 

Koo sahram yun-jang kah-jusso ^^L/f§^^7|>^ Sl* 

Unawares Oui-way-ay ^ ^ 0^] • Oo-yunny -^ <^ ^ t 

Unbend, To Ppyaw-tah i^t:|•. Unbend ike «WTf, TcboU- 
sah-ppyaw-o ^ >^ S^ i. 

Unbind See Undo. 
Unburden See Unload. 
Uncle, An Sam-t*chon -^ ^ . 

Unclean, To be Tur rop-tah t^ ^ €(.; Tchoo-hah-tah ^ -^ 
t^; Gack-koot-t'chan-tah Ajj^^^c].. This di%h is unclean 
Ee currut gack-koot-t*cban-tah ol ^ ^ ^ ^ it)- cL . 

Uncomfortable See Uneasy. ' 

Uncommon, To be Heun-t*char -tah :^ :ft ^; Pee-sang-hah- 
tah «)>J'Crt:|.. Hwee-han-hah-tah Jj"^"? <=f. 

Uncover, To Pot-kee-tah ^7|^; Uncorver this disk, Ee 
took-kong pot-kyaw-rah 6\ J§»^ 3J ^ ^ • 

Under Mit ^| ; Ah-ray c|- el| . P*^t it under ike table. Sang 
mit-hay no-arrah >8" 5^ il] i ^V ^F • ^^*^^ ** '^^ under ike 
tree ? Chaw nah-moo ah-ray in-nan gussie moo-aw-sio 0| «f> JL 



UND. 337 

Underdone, To be Surl-tah -^ tL . / cannot eat this under- 
-done meat, Coig-ghee sor-rossaw mawn-moggettah JL 7| A] ^ 

Underclothes Sawk-awt ^^. 

Uiidergo, To Man-nah-tah^J C[. cj,; Tang-hah-tah ^ -^ c|-. 
To undergo adversity, Kaw-saing man-nah tah JL -^ 5^ 4« ^. 

Underground Tang-sawk >^^\ Chee-hah ^€t-. -^ '^ 
underground, i.e. dead, Chee hah-ay kasso *^^^^^. 
An underground drain, Oon-goo -^-^. 

Undermine, To Mit-t'chool ppab-tah ^l-^-i^*^- ^^^'^" 
fnine the rock and blow it 7//), Pah- we mit-t'chool ppah-gaw 
hwah-yack moot-gaw pool-jill-law-rah ^V ^ 9l"S'^-2-^^'^ 

Understand, To Ah-rah-toot-tah o} 3}. ^ cL . I do not under- 
stand what you say^ Naa mal mote arrah toot-gettah Ml ^ -SL 
Cf- ^^ ^ c|. (low) ; Tang-sin mal sam mote arrah toot-gessa 

^ ^ t ^ ^ ^V^\ :^ 5l 4l {pohtey Gai-tat-tah ^ c^ 4 . 
Jf you read this book you will understand my words, Ee-t'chaik 
poim-yen nai mah-rool gai-tah-ioo-rec-lah 6) ^ ^ irt ifl ^ ^ 

Undertake, To Tam-tang-hah-tah "Jj" ^ "S" cL; Mat-tah 

^cj.. Will you please undertake this lusiness"^ Tang-sin-ee 

■ee ee-rool mathay-myen cho-kesso ^-/Jj o) 6| 2 -^ 5t ^ ^ 5. 

5j>j%, I will undertake that offair, ^BX-gei\i koo-eel tam-tang- 

tah gesso v|| tj. jx g ^ ^ f 2] 4l. 



33» ^ND. 

Undo^To Ppool-tah -§>c|'. Undo the siftng, Nawk-gooik 
ppoo-raw-rah ^ig>^ ^ s|> . 
Undress, To Awt-pot-tah ^ ^ c|. . 

Uneasy, To be 'Pyun-l'chan tab iJi ;^ €|. . Mee-an hah-tah: 
«)ft|-^c|.. PouU-an hah-tah ^^'^^. To be ill fitting, 
Kur-bcok-hah-tah ^J^'^'t^. 

Uneven, To be Kan-jee-ron t'chantah :{( X) ^ ;^ ^ (i.e. of 
unigual lengths) ; Ppyun-ppun t'chantah ^Ji^ JjJ: €j. . 

Unfasten, To PpouU- tah^ c|. ; (loo roo tah al S. tj.. 

Unfold. To Ppyaw-tah ^ cj. . 

Unfrequented, To be Koong-p> uck-hah- tah -g- ^ -^r cj. . 

Unharness, To Gool-law nawt-'tah % uj ^ c). . Unyoke 
the oxen. Saw gool-law no-arrah 4i ^ id 2ll C|- a|- . 

Uniform, To be Han-kah-jee il-tah ^ 7J. X[ g €|. . 

Unit Han ^ ; Hannah •§■ t}. . 

Unite, To Saw-raw-hah tah /j^-^-cJ.; Hyop-tong hah- 
^^ ^ "^ ^ ^ • ^^^y ^^^^ ttniteU their business, Koo sahram 
too-rec hyop tong hah-yussjiw chang-sah-hah-o .=L>a. § #. Ol 

Universal, To he Tong-yong-hahtah ^^-|- ^. That is 
a universal custom, Koo-goi 'tong-yong-hah-nan poi->bee-o -», 




Unless Expressed by the termination ^ or j^j^ with a 
lacgatlve. 

Unload, To Poo-rce-tah J|^3|t|.. Unload the bull over 
there, Chaw-ghce-tah saw-chim poo-ree-orah (S|^^^^ 

Unlock, To Cham-ool-shwcE yurl-tah ^ -§• 4^1 ^ ^. Unlock 
the door. Moon yonrow-rah -^^ ^ ^ . 

Unloose, To Ppool-tah ^ c|. . Unloose ike horse, Mai kawt- 
pee poo-raw no-arrah ^ 4^: Jjt| ^ 6| V c^- ej- . 

Unmoor, To Dce-tah 45|c|.. Unmoor the boat, Pai dee-orah 
^] ^ 6{ ef . To lift the anchor. Tat kain-tah $t >{• cj- . To loose 

the painter, Twee-chool ppoo-raw naw-tah rl ^"M" ^ ^ ^ . 
Unnecessary, To be Seul-tay-uptah ^ 9| ^ c|- , 

Unnumbered, To be Moo-soo-hah-tah -?- A 'C' tL ot Hal- 
yang-uptah ^ § ^ ^. 

Unoccupied, TO be Pwee-tah jtf| cj. . The house U unoccupied, 
Koo chip pwee-yusso,3L ^ Hi ^ A. 

Unpaid, To work Kong-euro-hah-tah-g.j6 ^-g- 1± He works 
unpaid, Ktjo sahram-ee kong-euro eel hah-o jx>^l. s ^i ni ^^ 

Unpleasant Cho-t'chan-tah £. ic^ cL . 

Unpopular, To be Sil-lin-sim-hah-tah ^ ^ >y ^ cL . 



340 UNR. 

Unravel See Undo. 

Unripe, To be Surl-tah^t:).. Eek-chee-aft4ah ^.X|^t|-. 
Do not eat unripe fruity Surn sil-gwah muck-jee-mah-o ^ '^ ^f- 

Unruly, To be Wan-ppay-hah-tah ^ ^ "5* t:|-. 

Unsaddle, To An-jang pot-kee-tah ^ ^ jj 7| ^. UnsaddU 
the horse, An-jang poik-gur-rah oj ^ ^ 7s) ^ . Loosen the girths: 
but don't unsaddle until the horse is dry^ Mai pait-tay-goon 
noot-t'chaw nawk-gaw, dam too-ree-ghee chunnay an-jang 
paik-ee-jee-mah-rah g-\J)'?|iB::^7^45-JL^JS.«I;^|>a^^ 

Unship, To Hah-ryook-hah-tah -Sj-^-^Cj.. 

Untie, To 'Poul-tah^ cj. . UntU the string. Nawk-goon 'poo- 

raw-rah i. ^ ^ «( af 

Until Gad-jeeAjx]. U^tll now, Chick-um gad-jee Xj -g^ 
fq x] . Until then, Koo-tay gad-jee jx /c A^ x^ . Until tomorrow^ 
Nale gad-jee ^J g /;^ x] . Until to-day, O-nal gad-jee Jt. ^ A? 
A. 



Unwilling. To be Wem-t'chee an-tah ^ 7^ ^ 4; Shil-'tah 
€J. . lam unwilling, Sliil-tah ^ c|. <?r Nai wern-t'chee-an-nan- 
tahm^i7;|0Vfe4. 

Untrue, To be Haw-moo-hah-tah ^ J^ -^ cj. That is not true^ 
Haw-moo-han mah-ree o ^ -t" ^ ^ ^1 -£•• 



UNW. 34c 

Unwrap 'Poul-tah -^cj.. Unwrap the parcel^ Paw-chim 
>oo-raw-rah V^^Q ^ «) ^ . 

Up ipfep), 0\\-\2i\i J^y^- {use din composition). 
Upbraid, To T'chaik-mang-hah-tah *| ^ "^ t:|-. 
Uphold, To Pat-tool-tah J^ g" ^. 

Upon Oo-hwee J>. ^ . Put it on the ground, Dang-ay no- 
:arrah /d- o^l Jn oV 2|- . Put it on the floor, Mah-roo-ay no-arrah 
ol-^6fl Je^oV 2|-, Put it on the table. Sang 00-h wee-ay naw- 
awe ^^SJici. 

Upright, To be Gawt-gawt-hah-tah ^^-^cj.; Pah-rah-tah 
^|. a cj. {of inanimate things) ; Tan-jong-hah-tah ^ ^ "^ ^ ; 
Chung-jick-hah-tah ^ ^ '?' ^ (^/ character). He is an 
upright man, Chung-jick-han sahram-ee-o ^ ^^>4- § ^) JL 
or possibly Gawt-ga.vt-han sahram-ee-o ^^^>J.6j 9* . 

Uproar, To be in an Tool-lay-tah ^ i^j c|. (^sed of what is 
happening at a distance) ; Chit-kaw-ree-tah ^ >{ <2l 4 used of 
a disturbance in the vicinity)', Chee-jaw-kwee-tah TU^ -^4 4. 
'{used of a commotion amongst birds). 

Upset, To Op-tah ^ tij.. Op-jee-roo-tah <y ;;|e.t:|- The 
boy has upset the water, Koo ah-hee-gah mool op-jilHusso ,3u 
"^VSlTf-l-^y^^^i ^on't upset the dish, Kurrut op-jee- 
mah-rah n. ^ <y X] o|. sf . 

Upsidedown Kock-goo-raw ijjj^^. Don't put the books 
^n upside down, T'chaik kock-koo-raw nawt-jee-mah-rali ^ yX 



34a 



URG. 



Urge. To Chai-t*chook-hah-tah j|^^^rt:|.. 

Urine Aw-jum ^jg^. To urinate ^ Aw-jum noo-tah 
^^ ^ Saw-ppee-hah-tah ^Sl\'^^, 

Us Oo-ree JDl 8] ^r Oo-ree too-ree -f- ^ -||- o] . 

Use Ssoo-tah ^^. What is this used for ? E got moo-aw- 
say seo-nan gussio ? 6| :5J ^ 6) y6] ^^fe ^ o] i <''' ^ g^^ moo- 
aw-say ssoo-o? 6] 7^ ^ 6| >(^^ jL* ^^^^ ^^ ^^^^ word used} 
E mahrool ut-tock-kay ssoo-o ? 6\ ^-^ ^ ^ >*f ^JL- -^^ ^^ 
all used itp,T2ih susso C|.^J^. // is almost all used up, 
Cudjin-tah ssusso 7];^cj.;yJ^. 

Usage Ppoong-sock ;^j^. According to our usage we have- 
no such custom, Oo-ree poong-sock-ay koo-run-pop-upso JL Ej 

Useful. To be Seul-tai-ittah ^cl6jt:|,; You-ick-hah-tah 
-if- ^ "gr 1^; E hah-tah a] -^r cj. ; You-jaw-hah-tah ,^2. "$■ ^ ; 
Kin-hah-tah jlj'^cl.. To be useful to one's countrytFsiVf'pill- 
hah-tah J[igiS-t^. 

Useless, To be Seul-tay-up-tah ^ ^| ^ ^; Moo-ick hah-tah 
-T"^"?"^. (Useless money, Voo ryong-junn ^J^^, A use- 
less object, Moo-yong-kon -r*-©- ^ . It is a useless thing, Moo- 
yong kon-ee-o -?--§• :{1 6) jL • 

Usual, To be Hoon-hah-tah :£ "S" c|. . 

Usurp, To Tchan-wee hah-tah ;fe^^-^c|. {the throne). 
Bai-attah ^5^^. To usurp authority, Kwon-sey chap-tah. 



USE. 34J 

Usury Choong-pyim ^^ . TopracUct usury, Choong-pyun. 

Utensil Kurrut jx ^ ; Kwee-myong ^ ^ . 
Utilize, To See Use. 

Uterine Tong-bawk •^-^. Uttrimt brethren, Tong-bawk 
liyong-jcy -^ -^ ^ I3| . ^P brothers^ E-bawk-hyong-jey c| ^ 

Utmost Kook-jin>hee -^>^'S]. 

1 Utter, To Malhah-tah ^tT^ €?rE-i:ah-tah g O t:|.. 
Vacant, To be Pwee-tah jjtj tj. . ^ vacant house, Kong-gah 
^7|.. ^va^ttJt/r«0f9f, Kong-pang ^ig>. Vacant time, Kyur- 
tal 7:j g . 7o be vacan/ (of an office), Kwol-lah-tah '^'f ^. 
The house is vacant, Peen-chip-ee-o ^^ 6) J;, or Chip pee- 
yusso ^ ^1 5J it- -^ there a vacant room ? {at an inn) ? Sah- 
t*chaw pang isso?^ jij| ig- 6^ ^. 

Vaccinate, To Oo-too sick-hee-tah S^^ -^ "^ ^ • ^^^ *^^^ 
hoy been vaccinated^ £ ah-hee oo-too hesso ? 6] C^ j^ J^J^ "^ 
^ ^. You must have the boy vaccinated. Chaw ah-hee oo-too- 
shick-hcc-o ^ d^^ Jf.-f. ^ ^ A. 

Vagrant, To be You-ree-hah-tah ^ 9| ^ c|. . 
Vague, To be Or-rum or-rum-hah-tah ^ f ^ f •§'«^-. 
^w-baw-bah-tab i i. "^ ^ ; Hwee-mee-hah-tah J^ n| "^ t:)- . 



344 VAI. . 

He spoke vaguely ^ Kcxi sahram-ee mah-ropi or-toom or-room- 
hah-ghee-hesso ^a.^ f cj g^ 6j f 6| f ^ H| ^^^ ^. ^ 

have a vague idea of what tin, Nai chong-sin-cc maw-haw-hah- 
yah koo gussie moo-aw-sin-jce saing-gak hal-soo-upso H| ^ ^ 

Vain, To be Haw-tan-hah-tah 9] ^ "^^ c|. {s€MS€iess) ; Kong- 
yun hah-tah -g'^'§'c|. {useless) \ Chah-goong-hah-tah ;5;-g* 

-^xS^ {puffed up). 

Valiant, To bs Tahm-tay-hah-tah ^ «|| ^ c|- . 

Valley, A San-kawl >(^-^; Kawl-jack-ee -^^C^, (More 

accurately these words represent hollows in the hills where 
Corean villages are usually built ; and from which fact some 
believe the word for a village to be derived;. 

Valour Tahm ghee ^ oj ^Tam-yack ^^ «f . 

Value Kap 7^ Original value, Pawn-kap -^^ <«^ Pawn- 
koom ^-g*- ^^ v%lue, Koom-t'chee-tah -^tcI ^. 
Vanguard, The Son-jin >g ;^ . 

Vanish, To Kahn tai uptah :4 "tI <y CJ-. 

Vanquish, To E-ghee-tah o] ^ c|. . 
Vapour Kee-oon ix)-^. 

Varnish, To T'chill-hah-tah ^ "^T cj.. (Coreansusethc product 

of the varnish tree (Awt nah-moo ^i|.J^) for ^ this purpose. 

The tree is cut down and the trunk laid in a flanting position; 
fire is kindled underneath it and the liquor caug||t in vessels as it 



VAR, 345 

flows from either end. By different processes its consistency and 
colour is changed, varying from black to a light red. It is used 
lor various purposes such as varnishing hats, boxes, coffins^ 
tables, etc). 

Vary, To P>un-hah-tah ^ •$• t^. 

Variegated, To be Ah-rong-jee-tah 6|- ^ X| t:f . 
Vassal state, A Sock-gook ^^^ ^tt Sock- pang ^|g-. 

Vast, To be Haw-tai-hah-tah ^«||^^ or Mang-mang- 
hah-tah ^ oj. -^ t^. 

Vaunt, To Chah-rang-hah-tah ^ ^ IjT t:|. . 
Veal Song-ab-^ coig-ghee <^o|> X| JL ;7| . 

Vegetable The 'vegetable kingdom, Tchaw-mawk ^ ^ 
0r Sing-roool ^-^. Vegetables , various kinds, Tchai-saw j^ 
>fi ; Nah-mool ^'^; Ppoo-song-ghwee ^"^-T^I. Cooked" 
u/fgeiables, Nah-niooli|. J|-. 

Vehement, To be Chaw-goop-hah-tah ^ '^'^ ^ . He was^ 
0ver vehement in Jkis speech, Koo-sahram-ee mah-rool nom-maw 
chaw-goop-heehesso JaL>^[. go] ^ m i 5.-3-*| '?' ^ 4l. 

Vehicle, A Soo-rey^ ^ . or Tchah i[|> . 

Veil (Coreans have nothing corresponding to the veil worn by 
European ladies : they would probably use some word as Mang 
^ ^ a wcri made from the sound of a Chinese character denot- 
ing a net There is a word ^Tyt^n''maw ^JZ. used of a veil' 



346 VBL. 

with which the faces of the dead are covered but. which evident- 
ly does not meet the necessities of the case. There is a manu- 
factured word Tchah-myun-gon Tc} ^ sg meamng a cloth for 

covering the face which would serve upon e3q>lanation). To veii^ • 
Kah-ree-tah 7j.ejl^. 
Vein, A Ppee-day Si\^, The pulse^Ma^k. 5J i^Hyull>maik 

Velvet Oo-tanJjLi^. . 

Venerate, To Om-hah-tah ^1 «^ c|.. All venerate an upright 
man, Choong-jick-han sahram-un ah-mo-rah-taw om-hee- 
yea-ghee-o :?g ^ ^J 4 f -fcCfiZ. 4 5L 3 «| ^ ^ A. 

Vengeance, To take Paw-soo-hah-tah Jt^'^*^-. Hi Aar 
avenged the death af his father, Koo sah-ram-ee chaw-wee 
poo-t*chin daw-soo-hesso .^Xf> § ^) I^ -^ ■?" ^ A*^ "§" 4 ^ 

Venison Chang-yook ;* ^ ^r Nor-roo coig-ghee V gt :g^ 

Venemous, To be Tawk-hah-tah ^-^cl.. A venemout 
snake, Tawk-sah -^ ><% . Is this a venemous smahe} E got- tock- 
sah-yaw? 6):5J^>^^. 

Venture To Kahm-hee-hah-tah >t "Jl-^tL; Moo-roop-soo- 
tah -^^^c|.. / cannot venture to address kiut, Koo-eui-ghee. 

mah-rool kahm-hee mote-hah-o jx^>fl S'-^i'8|'56''$'JL* 

(This word connotes an idea of reverence or fear). Lost to all 
sense of shame he ventured to speak qf the matter^ Poot-koo-raw 
mool moo-roop-soo-gaw mahl-hesso JUjl g| ^^ ?'■§' ^ ^ 
^ -^ ^ ^ . He ventured out in spite of the rjdm^ Pee-rool moo^ 
ro9p-soo-gaw kasso ^) g ^t>S^4. i 3t Al» 



VER^ 347 



Verbal To deliver verbaUy, Koo-jun-hah-tah -^^^^^ 
JDelivernty message verlally, Koo-jun-curo inal-halw> -:^^ Oj. 



Verdict, To give a Chai-pyan-hah-tah >^|^1^^. 751^' 
verdict ha^ not yet been given, Chai-ppan twee-jce ahn-hessa 

Verge Cudjin 7\y^, On the verge of being di>ne^ Cudjin tah 
twee-usso 7f>^^^^4i. To be on the verge of goit^^ Awe- 
ray-cliee ahn-hee hah-yuttah JL^^oVM'?*^^* 
Verily Chin-sill-law ;^>^2e.; Kwah-yun ji^ ^ , 
Vermicelli Kook-soo ^-^^ A house where vermicelli is 
. sold and eaten, Naing-myun-chip ^ ^ >9 . 

Verse, A Kwee -^ ^rKwee-chuU -fl ^. 

Very Mai-o ^v May-o ^|-d-; Seem-hee -^^J; Kcx>lc-hiee 
-^t|; Chay-il isfj g ; Kah-jang 7^; Tai-tanny ^| ijj^ "ci ; 
Mawp see 3r/\ ; Ah-jew <^^or (KX>m-jick-hee ^SX 73^ ^ . 

Vessel, A Ship Pai ^] . A crock, Kur-rut -A ^ . 

Vest, A A winter vest, Chog-awe-ree ^ i ^ . A summer 
-vest, Chuck-sam ^^ . A sleeveless vest, Pai-jah ^| J^;. 

Veterinary Surgeon For cows, Oo-wee -flL S\ . Fur horses, 
Mah-wee oj- J). 

Vex, To Song-gah-see-tah >^ 7l>>d c|.' ] am vexed to deitk, 
^ong-gah-sior chock-gesso "^ tI* A| ^ -S^ jQ >^. 



34S V1B. 

'Vibrate, To Hoon-too-lce-tah ^-^^^^ 

Vicious, To be Ppai-ak-hah-tah ^1 §}• "^ ^- ^ Hyoong-ack 
bah-tah -]( ^ "^ ^ . ^ vicious rac^, Ppai-ryou s^^ or Cham. 
)ou, ^4|^- ^ vicious horse t Han-mah -^ oj.. 

Vicinage E-oot t| -$-; Koon-t'chaw ^ j^ ; Pee-rin uj ^ 
i^r Chee-t*chok X|i^. 

Victim, A Hwee-saing JJ ^ . 

Victoiy,Togaina E-ghee-tah o] :>]i:). (7r Took-soong-hah- 
tah^^^i^.. 

View, A Kyong-fchee ^ ^ . 

Vigilant, To be Soo-jick-hah-tah ^:^-^cL. Be vigilant^ 
Soo-jick chal hay-erah ^ ^ %^ '$' ^ ^I* . 

Vigorous, To be Kang-gun-hah-tah '7^'^'^'^ ^ Koot- 
sey-tah^/^cj.. 

Vile, To be T'chun-hah-tah ^ -^ cj. or Mee-t'chun-hah-tah: 

Village, A Tong-nai or Tong-nay ^Vj. Mahool, nf*-^^ 
Villages, as distinguished from a town, Tchawn^, 

Vindictive, To be Ham-hyom-hah-tah ^ ^ "^^ c|. , Ang-sim— 
muck-tah ^ ^ »{ ^. 

Vine, A Ppaw-taw nah-moo 3. i vj. Jf.. 
Vinegar Tchaw ^. 



VIO. 34» 

Viol, A A small viol with two horse hair strings, Hai-goom 
^] ^ • A viol with several wire strings, struck with a plectrum 

y^ang-goom f <3-; A viol of twenty-five silk strings, struck with, 
a plectrum, Pee-ppah ||) ^, 

Violent, To be T chee-r>'ock-hah-tah'Ji;| ^-^rS^^or Tchack- 
sil-hah-tah ^^^-^cf. 

Violet, The Aw-ran>kkay gawt ^ S ^^. 

* 
Virgin, A Tchum-yaw ^ v^ ; Tong-jong-yaw <^ ^ ^ ; Sai- 

ack-ssee >4) ^ /I ; Kyou-soo -i^^. 

Virtue Yang-sim ^ ^ or Soon-sim >Q -^ . To be virtuous^ 
You-tuck-hah-lah ^%'^'^\or Sun-tock hah-tah >fl ^ "f" ^ . 

Visit, To Sim-pang-hah-tah -^ fl-'^TCJ.. Let us go to visit 
Mr. Songt Song saw-bang sim-pang-hah-rah kap-sitah ^M^ 

"^ ?}" "?" ^ ^ -^1 ^« ^^^'^^' Son j^ or Son-nim ^ y . 
Voice Mawk saw-ree -^ ^ 'I] ; Song-oom J>^^ or Un-song 

Void, To be Pwee-tah jf] c|.; Kong-haw-hah-tah -g* ^ "S" c|.. 
Void land, Kong-haw-chee-jee -J""^ X| ^ . 
Volcano, A Hwah-san Sj. >{^ . 

Volume, A Gwun "j^. 

Vomit, To Taw-hah-tah ^-f-t:}.; Koo-t'aw hah-tah ^^ 

-if^^ or Koo-yock-hah-tah jy- ^ ^ ^. 

Vote, To Too-ppyaw-hah-tah -p. ^ "S" tL 
, « * rf I i ll * > I 

Vulgar Tong-yong-hah-tah ^^-^C|.; T'chun hah-lah ^ 
-^r^L or Sang-ssoo-roptah >^ ^ ^ ^ (mean). 



350 WAD. 

Wadding Sawm ^^. Wadded clothes^ Hat-awt 5^^ ^ 

Sawm kawt ^ ^ . 

Wag, To To wag a tail, Gaw-ree t*chit-Uh Ag. e| ^ t^ . 

Wages Hire of coolies, etc.,^2s^i tone ^^g.. Dculy wages. 
Ppoom-sack ^ ^ . Mechanic's wages, Kawk-gah ^ ^ ^r Kong- 
jun ^;^. Monthly wa^^j, Wull-goop ^^. What are your 
wages ? WuU-goop ul-mah patso ^ -3*^ ■I' !l^ ^. ^ ^^ £^'^^ 
your six dollars per month, Wull-goop yoolc wan chew-getsa 

Waggon Soo-ray ^^. 

Wail, To Of a mour9ur, wailing far the loss of a parent 
Ai-gock hah-tah o| ^ -^ cj-. Wailing before the graves of ances- 
tors, Tong-gock hah-tah ^^ <^ cf.; Weeping at the death of 
an Emperor, or for loss of absent parents^ Mang-gock-hah-tab 

Waist Hur-ree i\ 8j . Waist-band, Hurry-dee ^ s| ^ . 
>Vaistcoat Choik-key ^ 7] . 

Wait, To Kit-tarry-tah ^J c a| t^. WMi for my coming, 
Nah o-ghee-rool kit-tarry-orah *fj^7|2 tI?^^ (iiw) ; 
Nah o-ghee-ruol kit-tah-ree-sio ^J^^IS^?^^^- ^ 
wait with inconvenience, Kaw-tai-hah-tah JL ^ ^ <1- . ^ 'stfoU 
upon, Pawk-jong-hah-tah <^ ^ ^ c|.* Soo-jong-tool-tah ^^ 



WAK. 35t 

^Vake, To Gay-tah >A2| c|. . To arouse one from sleef, C^y-oo- 
tah >(|| J^ cL . Wake me at five o clock, Nah-rool tassat see-ay 
gay-worrah H-f^:$X|^Aj|4t) a|-. I woke at six dclock^ 
Tossat see-ay gay-usso ^ :^ >A| ^^ 9) ^- 

Walk, To Korraw-kah-tah 7^9|7l.c|.; Taw-baw-lvili-tali 
5^ JJ^-^c|. or Haing-baw-hah-tah -M lj.'Cc|>. T& go for a 

^valk, Saw-*poong-hah-tah >^^'^^; Oon-tong-hah-tah ^ 
^•^X3i^ or Haing-ghee-hah-tah -M ^*^c|.. He has malked 
A^r^, Yaw-ghee korraw o-susso ^^7{i*|^^^. 1 wiil 

-walk there t Chaw-ghee taw-bay-hah-raw kah-getso E| 3| £. tf 
-g- ^ tJ" 5? 4l. t^6 kas gone for a walk, Saw-ppooog-hah-raw 
Icas-susso >^^"§' ^ Tf-^ 4l. ^^^ going for a Toaik, Haing> 
ghee-hah-raw-kah-o "Q ;»] §" ^ 7f- JL* 

Wall, A Pyuck ^ ; Pah-ram pyuck tlY- ^ ^ ; Tarn ^ or 
Tam-pyock ^^. Mud wall ^ Taw-tam i£^. Brick wall^ 
Tawl-tam-g. ^ . Stonewall, Kang-tam Zj*^. Lower part of a 
wall, Hwah-tam S|. ^ . A city wall. Song /A (In building a 
•Corean house wall the corner posts yX^ are erected AiJ^c^.; 
these are connected by cross beam^ "§"ih, strengthened by 
posts •§• ^ . A lattice work of withes S\ is woven ^ cL and 
covered with mud inside ^ ^ and out ^ ^ , the whole is 
plastered with sand and lime xfl ^ -$- cL* and can be faced with 
lime S), white earth ^ ^^ and sand j£. \Jj "^^ cj-. To build a 
house wall, T'chee-tah tcI cL. To build a compound wall» 
Sah-tah ^t^. 



35a . WAU- 

_*_ : \ ■- 

'Walnut Haw-taw ^i. 

VTand, A Hweh-fchoo-ree j] ^ e| ; Toong-t'chay Jg. ^ . 
"Wander, To For sake of sight-seeing, You-ram-hah-tah ^ 
^ "^ tlr. To wander as a fugitive, or outcast, You-ree-hah-tah 

Want. To Tah-lah-tah ^ tj. cj. ; Koo-hah-tah -^"f-t^ 
<7r Koo-t'chong-hah-tah j^jg -^t:|.. To be in want, Pin-han- 
hah-tah ^ ^ "^ c|. . To be wanting, Maw-jah-rah-tah JL X(. B|. 
rj- or Poo-jock-hah-tah J^ ^ -^ tl . Whit do you want ? Moo- 

ut tah-lah-nan-yah ? -t" 5l S" 4" ^ M^ • ^^^^^ ^^^ f^^^ ^<?«/5 
wanting in the change. Tone han-} ang maw-jah-rattah ^ ^ ^ 

War To be at war, Chun jang-hah-tah >35g "^TCl.. To 
break out (of loar), Pyung-hwah-nah-tah ^J 41 4" ^ • 
Wardrobe, A We-jang ^ 7^ . 

Warehouse, A Kaw-kan jS^T^ or Kwang ^J.. Put these 
things in the warehouse, E mool-gun tab kaw-gan-ay too-orah 

Warm, To Jwee-tah^ tj. . Tey-hee tab tjj] t] ^ . Warm your 
hands at the brazier, Hwah-roo-ay son chom j wee- sic jj g: oft 
^^^^j2,^ Bring a basin of warm water, Taw-oon mool 
han sah-bal kad-jaw-onerab ^-^'1-^>a}-^7|';^JZLV( H. 
Bring a can of warm water, Taw-oon mool ban 'tong kad-jaw 

©nerah t^•^•l•'§^7}•X^jL^ ^. ^^^P ^^^ f^^^ warm, Oom 
-sick hwah-dock saw-gay noo erab -^^^ll^^^ul ^ ^ 



WAR. 353 

Wain. To Mee-ree-'tah E-rah-tah a| ^j ^ ^ ^ c|- «r Teng- 
ghee-hah-tah ^ ^ "^^ ^ 

Wart, A Moo-sah mah-kwee J^>q. of. ^. 

Wash, To 'Sit-tah ^^. To wash oneseif, Sacw-^ey-hali- 
tab >^ A4j -^ c|. (morning toilet) ; 7c wash ont^sface and kmnds^ 
-Sey-soo-hah-tah y^ijk-^cl.; To wash one's face^ Nat-^sissaw 
v^^^; To wash the hands, Sonn-sissaw ^'^ij^; 75p ^ttihe 
ana wash the whole body, Maw-yock-hah-tah JK.^-^t^* 
Wash your face, ^2X s\ssexdih ^'5!}^*^. IVask jmirJkmnds* 
Sonn-sisserah ^ '^ /^ ^ {low). To wash dishes, eic^ ^Sittah 
.M xL , Wash Ihe plates and dishes well. Chop-see chml sbserah 
:^ >a :g- -^ A| 3f or Chop-see tah chong-hah-gay sissaw-too- 
erah '^ /j 4?^ Hj ^J A^^6| Ej.. To wash cbtkes^ Bal-tah 
/g ^.; Mah-junhah tah v)- ^ "^ ^ or Sey-tap-bah-tah ^ ^ 
-^ c|.. Wash these clothes, Ee awt barrah-tah-gah too-erah ol 
,^Aii|.e|. cj-Tj-Jf-^ te|.. Get these clothes washed, Ee awt 
barrah onerah 6) ^ A«f ^f Jj. ^ ^ . 

Washbasin, A Tai-yah «j| 6^. 

Waste, To To waste one* s Irving, Nam-yong-fcah-tah ^^ 
^ c|. . Hoy-bee-hah-tah ^ b| "§" ^ . Don*t waste yoyr money. 
Tone naing-bee hah-jee mah-o ^ ^ tf I '^ Xl at- ^ . Don*i 
tfaste the coal. Sock-tan chul-yong-hayerah ^ ^ '51 -S- "^ 

"Wasp, A Mai -perl «^ W^, 



38« WAT. 

Wktcbtf A .^}lIom shig-gay ^/\7^]; See-ppyaw xj jf^. -^az/^ 
jrou a 'watek ? Shig-gay kab-jutso ? x) 7^] ^ ^^' ' 

VTatch^Tb Paw^tafb Jt^; Chick-hee-tah :5j -g) tij-; Soo-jick 
bab-tah^:3f^l^. 

AA^ater Mool -^ , Coitl water, Naing-soo ^ ^ {drinking ; 
Z^/ watrr, Taw-oon mool, ^ ^ -^ »5't?'// water, Jan mool jjrt. ^ • 
Fresh luater, Moon-mool -^ S- . Tis? water flowers, etc, Mool 
ehoo-tah -^^t^.. Bring me a i^lass of vrnter, Naing-soo ban 
cban kad-jaw-onerah ^'^^^7f'X^A^ ^. ^^^g some 
mfater to vimsh tny hands, Sey-soo-mool chom kad-jaw-onerah 
/fl^-g-^^;^^uJ H}-. Bring the bath water, Maw-yong 
mool kad-jaw-onerah -^ -^ ^ 7f- X=j ^ ^ ^F Water the flowers 
Gawt-ay mool cbom chew-erah ^ <^] ^ ^^ ^ ^|- . 

Wave, A Mool-kyull -^ "3 ' 

Wax Meel ^. Virgin wax, Paik-meel ^ ^. A yellow 

%i^ax, vsed to make candles, specially used at times of sacriflce, 
Hwang meel f^ ^ . 

Way Keel ^ . Do you know the way to the city ? Oo-bay 
kab-nan keel al-gesso ?-§-^7|-t:^^5l4l. /^ Ihere any one 
'who kncws the way to Seoul} Saw-ool kab-nan kill ah-nan 
sahramisso? Aj^TJ- fe ^Of fe 4 f $1 4l. 

# 

Wear, To Eep tab yc|.. Wear it, Eep-perab ^^'^ 

{iow\ i ' . • . ■ »■ 



WE A. 355 

V^emryy To be Kom-hah-tah ^ft."^^. Kaw-tan-hah-tah 
JL ^- "^^ ^. Kam-bce-bah-tah :&. i)| "^ cf.; Moo-ghee-hah-tah . 
J^^*^tL; Ppee-kon-bah-tah si\ •^'C'^ '^ Naw-gawn-hah- 

Weather Hl-gbee ^ ^. li is five weather, Cho-heum ill. 
^hee-yaw £. ^ fl ^ A . ^^^ ^^^ weather^ Sah-nah-awn ill- 
ghee-yaw >^f*^^^ ^ ^-S-' m^^^i*^y weather, Kwayrsang- 
ban ill-ghee-yaw il)>^$ ^ ^^- ^t is hot weather, Hock-yuU- 
han ill ghee-yaw 4{^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^. ^ool wiather, Hawk-han 
ill-ghee 4|^ ^ U ^ . 

^Veave, To Dress material, jah-tah ^ cj. ; Chill-sam-hah- 
tah ;g>^-5-t:|.; Pang-jock-hah-tah |f-:5)^4. . To bind to- 
gether, Ock-tah ^^ or Ol-gaw mai-tah g^ 6j ?| cL . 

Wedge Swoe-aig-ee ^ o}- ;^| . Drive in a weoge, Swoe-aig- 
ee'chorrah ^ c]- ^ ?^ 4 • 

Weed Ppoul ^; Ack-t'chaw 6T.^;Keem y. Weed the 
path, Kirr-ay ppoul mai-orah ^ ^1 ^ ^I ^ s]- . 

VS. eek Eer-hai ^ ^ . I go to Seoul next week, 0-nan kong- 
eel hoo-ay saw-ool kah-getso jLfe"8-S^<^l>M^7f-5l4l. 

Weep, To Ooltah^cJ.. 



Weigh, To Tal-tah ^^\ Tah-rah-paw-tah i:J.a|.^c|., 
Weigh this, E got tah-rah paw- gay ^1 ^ ^ «[• Ji >*| . How 
much does this weigh ? E got my at goon twee o ? ^] :^ ^ -^ 5| 
<» . To weigh anchor.^ Tat kam-tah 5^ ^ cj. . 



356 WEL 

Weight Moo gay ^^ or Choong-soo ^^. IVkat istht 

weight of this ? E got ul-mah inoo-gay-o? o| ?|S*F'T'^-S.* 

Welcome, To Yung-chop-hah-tah ^iN*^C|.. (The native 

fashion of welcoming a guest is to meet him outside the com^ 
pound or house as the case may be, salute him and lead him int3 

the reception room). 

Well, To be Ppyun-an-hah-tah ig^-^*^. 
Well-water Ool-mool SL^, Draw same wUer from the 
well, Oo-mool mool han paggah-jee kee-raw-onerah -^ ^ -S* *$ 

West, The Saw-yock /J ^ > Saw-j^yun /|i^; Saw-bang 
A| ^ . The west gate , Saw-moon /«)■£. •^ viitage lying to the 
westt Saw-t'chawn Z^^* Western quarter of the heavens, Saw- 
*chun /^ ^ . West wind. Saw ppoong M^. Western teaching 
Saw-hack /d "tj* . (Frequently used of Christianity). Western 
nations, Saw-gook /d-a^. Westward, in the capital. Saw-poo 
/^ j^. Western calender, Saw-ryock /^ ^ . The west side. Saw- 
jock f^^. To face west, Saw-hyang hah-tah A|-^*^c|», 

Western customs. Saw-pop /^ ^ . >4 Foreigner from the west^ 
Saw yang-gook sahram ^^'^/^ § . 

Wet, To be Chuttah 7^^\ T'chook-t'chook-hah-tah ^ 
^•5- c|.; Soop-ghee-ittah ^ i»| $i ^; Noo-soOp-hah-tah ^^ 

-g-c^.. The wet season, ChsLng-mah ^n}-. When does the toei 
season set in, Chang-mah un-jee-nah chee-gesso ? ^ ■I' ^ ^ 

M" ^1 34 -^ ^i^M wilt the wet season end} Chang^mah oonr 
jee-nah kawt-gesso ? ^ v)- ^ Xf] vf ^ ^ ^. 



WHA. IS7 



^Whale Kaw-ray JL^H. 

Wharf, A Swn-t'chaog >Q^ /v Chin-too ^^. 

What. Moo-ut J^ ^ . Whatis this} Moo-aw^siiMiyah -^O} 
^ 1^ (Aw) ; E got moo-aw-sio ? 6| ^ J^ ^ >|lSL (A»*^ 
li^^i/ //fi/>^£?« fiiy ? Moo-sam mal hah-yrawriian-yah? J^^ w^i^ 
^ V H* (/<?«/); Moo-sam mai hah-yusso ? -2f-^ tt' ^ 4 ^• 

'Wheat. Mill ^. Wheat flour^ Mill-karrov ^^2. 

Wheel. Pack-hwee ^4j. 

When. Un-jay^T^q; On-nah day 0) if /4| When dii 

you come ? Un-jay wan-nan-yah ? ^ ^ j( V 4^ (^w"0» Un-jay 

^ahn-nee ? ^ ^ i^ M] ^low) ; Un-jay wahn-nah ^ ^ Xf ^ 4- 

4Je5S low)\ Un-jay wasso ? ^ ^ ^ jSi ipolitey^ Un^ay o-susso 

"^ ^ A-M ^ ^ (il/c^r^ polUe) ; Un-jay o-sus-sun-nik-kah ^' *| 

Whence. Odday-saw 6| ^| /^. 

.Where. Odday 6| ^\, Where is that boy\ Chaw ah-hee 
Todday isso ? (^ cj-^ ^ ^I $1 4l. W*^^ ha:oe yom been f 
Odday kattah wan-nan-yah ? ^ ^I ^ ^^ V ^^ ^ Odday-.raw 
•taw- rah tan-nee nan-yah ? ^^|££.^44V^ V<^«'); 
Odday kattah wasso? ^^|^c|.^4;.. Whet^ are you 
^oing f Odday-raw kah- nan-yah -^ ^ ^| ^^f V ^ ^^ Odday- 
iraw kah-o? 6| «c|S.7^Ji.; Odday-raw kah-sjo/ ^^|^ 

Which. Ut-tun ^^. or Un-nah 0|V. *«w* is 



35a WHE. 



best of these two plans f £ too-kah-jee choong-ay ut-tun gussie- 

cho-kcisD? «|^7f-x]-g-<^^^5lx|jgL5(|4i. 

WbetsUn^, A. Soot-tawl -^-g-. 

WhilBt- Day f^ ; Jawk ^ ; Say-ce y^] dj or Tong-an :^ ^ 

The lifeaikerjvas wet whilst I was in Seoul, Saw-ool iss-sool- 

tong-an-ay yor-raw nal koo-jutso /^ J^ 51'^'^^ ^1^ ^^ 

-^^^. Tell him to wait whilst I wnte an answer. Tap- 

jang seul-say-ee-ay chom kit tarry- rah-kaw hog-gay ^ ^ -^ /f ■ 

Whip. Tchai-jick ilj ;^ . To whip, T'chai-jick-jill-hah-tah. 

Whirlf <»1, A Hwah-pang-soo Jj. ^ ^ ^ 
'Whirlwiad, A. Hwee-ree pah-ram 5^ 2| iJJ- ^ . 
Whisper, To. Kwee-sawk-hah-tah ^A-grtl. 
Whistle, To. Hwey- pah-ram pool-tah 5] ^f- f -^4. 
Whiter To be. Hwee-tah ^ cj. ^r Hah-yattah ^^ cL. 
{a stronger word). White colour, Hween-pit i^ J[ or Paik 

^ . frequently used in composition as Paik-jee gj fl (white 
paper). 

Whcx Nog or Noo-goo ^^ Who is that man ? Keu sah- 
iram-ee noo-goo-yaw ? JX^foI-^-:^^. Whose house is 
that f Koo gussie nwee chip-ee-o jx ijj 6] J^l ;g 6| ^. To 
whom shaU Igiveii? E gut noo-goo chool gussio ? 6):^Av 



WHO. 3S» 

Whole, To.boL Awn-junn-hah-tah ^ 5J| -f cj. . 7^4? whole. 
Tab t:|.; Moto i^ ^Wecn-'tong ^^. 

Whotesocne, Tdbe. £-hah-tah ^l-^t:)-. This is very 
-mfhoUsonu^ £ gussie tai-tanny ee-han gussio 6) :^ 6| v|| t^ 6) 

^ "tt ?I *! -t • *^ ^^^ fi^^ ^^^ ^^'^ wholesome, E gussul 
mog-oo-myen goom-jiggy mom-ay ee-haho o\ ^J -^ *J ^ ^ -§• 

''Why. Whey ? 4i||. Ut-jay ? 5| ^. (According to Corean 

easterns of politeness the single word whey 4q| , asking for a 

leason, must not be used before superiors. It may be used how- 
ever if the question is more fully expressed in requesting an 
explanation). 

Wick, A. Sim-jee -^ X| . Buy a wick to fit this lamp, 
£e teung-ay man-nan sim-jee han-nah sah-onerah 6| JS- 6^ oV 
fe'^^'?'*f^-f1 «[.. TJie wick is too short, the lamp has 
gene out, Sim-jee-gah jall-lassaw poo-ree gaw-jee-o -^ X] ?!• 

'Wicked, To be- K wey-ack-hah-tah il| §J- "?" cf . A wicked 
fellow, Kwey-ack-han-nom il) §{• ^ ■^. 

Wicker. Any article made of wicker work. Paw- tool- koorai 

>Vide» To be. Null-tah ^ cf . Widely, Nop-gey \A >|[ . 
4fr Null bee pi 6| . To wuUn, Nop-hee-tah pj t) 4 . Widen 
i^e path here ^ Kill yaw-ghee chom nol-pyaw-rah ^ ^ ^§pj 



!iii6o 



wn>. 



Widow, A Kwsdi-^boo Jf' ^ itt Kwab-soo Jf ^4^. 7o iioe a% 
41 widow, Kwah-gaw-hah-tah J^ >| ^^^. '^'^^^C0m£ a^widow^ 
Sang-boo-hah-tah ^^^^ "9** ^' • 

Widower, A Haw-rye-bee ^6}- ^ . To live as a widower^ 
Hwan-gaw-hah-tah f^ >) "^^ 4. To becomu a widower^* Sang- 
t*chaw-hah-tah >} A| "^ ^ . 

VV ife, A An-hay f^ ^ ^.Tchaw>J| . My mfe^ Nai*jah^v| 
-^^ Your wife. Sil-lay ,4[,Vl ^ Nai-sang -M^;^. » **V^ ««^ 
sons, Tchaw-jah ilj ;K. 

Wild ^//// a/{/;»^A, San bhim-saing i^^^. 

Wilderness Sah-japg ./I. t9^ . 

Wilful, To be Am-sang-nai-tah ^ >^ i^ c|-. 

Willing, To be Kam-sim-hah-tah:^ -jgt^4C|-. 

Willow, The Paw-tool nah-moo il| -g*^"^. 

Wind, A Pah-ram ii|. ^ . FavourabU lomd^ Soon ppooi^ 
-j^^. Contrary wind, Yock ppoong ^ ^. ^o biaw {pf wind} 
' Pool-tah ^ c|. . To rise {pf the wind), E-raw-nah-tah 6| «! 4. 
x3^. To sink {of the wind) Chah-tah 3^^. A gusty mindi 
Kwang-ppoong Jj-5^. t-4 nof^tA wmd» Voek-^ppooog^^L^if^^ 
•or Han-wee :^ 1^ . ^^' jm^^ «mf ^, Nam^fipoof^ ^X^ ^ Mkh- 
|)ah-ram n}- lif -'f . A laifstwiM,' Sa w p|j wwg '^S^* Am easi 
wind, Tong-ppon< 



^ 



Wind, To Kamp-tah >^x^or Tool-lah ^ 4 . IVimi up the 
'Clock every day, Shee-ghey nal inattah *too-raw-rah Xl 7^ ^ of 
-Cj-e^ttf 4 (low)\ Shee-ghey nal-mattah 'too-sio >U tA ^ of* 
*\ Su {polite). 



"Winding, To be Gawble gawble-bah-tah /a-g-^^"^^. 
The n^'er winti$, Kang-ee e-ree gawble chaw-rec gawble-hah-o 

"Window Moon -g. (This word is used for any door or 
-window regarded as an orifice. Tchatie^ 9^ is used of any 
nwindow which is broadly cross- barred). Cross-bars of a T'chang, 
T'chatig-sal, r^ %. Sliding M^indows, Mee-tah-jee a|c|.x|. 
rHoUow recepticles into which they slide, Tcok-kop-chip ^^ 7^ 
33, Window sill, Moon-^hew-ftattfr -^^4}'. Slides on which 
"windows run, ^Tool ^. An outside window heavily latticed 
-Kon-ntoon i\^. Window hinge, Tawl-chaw-ghwee :!^j^^. 
Ring for fastening a window, Kau'^*ee JL ^I . Button on which 
•the ring fastens, /\K-/«azf'^ ^1 -^ A fmall window which is 
lifted on its hinges, Tool-fchang ■§■ ^ . A heavily latticed two- 
leaved window, usually placed high up on the wall, Twee-fchafff^ 
5j ^ Double sliding windows, Sang-t'chang*^ xfe. A window 

iformed of fixed bars, papered over, Sa -tchanjrj^ i^ A win>/ow 
Tuith a twisted patterned lattice, Ah-jah-t*chang C^-7l^. 
Another variety of the same, Wan-jah-t'chang^r^ ^Jj- these are 
usually seen in the centre of room partitions {fhang-jee ^ ^ ) . 



36a WIN. 

Windward Pang-ppoong-tchaw ^ ^ ^ 

>Vine Sool ^. A clear, yellow, fermented spirit, moderately^ 
strong . and of a sweetish taste, made from glutinous rice,. 
Xchung-jew f^ -^ or Yackjew^^^ A thick, while, unstrain- 
ed spirit, made from rice, T uk-jew cj- ^ or Mack-kull~Ue xsV 
:^ vl A strained sediment from manufactured spirit, Maw-jetsr 
SL-^. A white spirit, of sweet taste, made irom glutinous rice, 
used as a summer drink, Hup- jew ^^. A very strong, white,. 
sweetish, distilled spirit made from rice and millet Saw-jew ^ 
-^. Another variety of the same, mixed with sugar, preserved 
oranges, etc, having a sweet taste and smell, Kum-hoftg-naiu 
>J. Tfc 2e. Another variety of the same, mixed with native candy^ 
of a yellow colour and ^vit^titdiSiQ, hwah-hwu/i jew Ji^ ^-^^ 
Chrysanthemum wine, A't^^i-^zf/u^ ;^z^ ^^j^^^ Spirit, mixed 
with pine huds, Song-scon-jew ^^^. 

Wingr Nal-gay g 7fl ^rKit ^| . 

^Vink, To Noon goom-jay ghee-tah -^^^O] Cj- . 

VS/^innow, To (lah-bool-tah >5;[.-.^cj,. 

Winter. C^yaw-ool tA-^. 

Wipe, To. Hoom tchee-tah -^7;| cj-j Haing-jew-jill hah- 
tah "^ "^ ^ "S" ^- l^tp^ this piaie, £ chop-see haing-jew-jill. 
hayerati 0|'^Xl^7^'g'§"<t(e|-. 

■ * 

^Vi^c TchuU-sah ^i ^ {iron) ; Koo-ree-siii,-:^^ e| M {copper)^. 
Wisdcm Chee-hay xjtl) ^'' i^ool-ghee -^.jj; 






Wish. To Weni-hah-tah jg-f-cf.. Awish.Siiw-v/on^f^, 

Witch Moo-tang iJL ^ . IVtfcA craft, Kwet-sool ^ ^ ^ 

"With {Insimmental) Raw ^ cr Oo-raw ^S,. , Ow[ 1/ 

ivith a knife, Kkall-law gackerah ^SlSf Pf^f-.. TJpg^^^^^^ 
^tnlh, Kat-t cbce J^ i\ ; Han-kah-jee ;J ?|- X] , Han-kah-jee-. . 
raw "S^f-XllS.; Ham-*key "J;4i| aiiiiHah-gaw ^ j^. 

Withdraw, To Koor-joll^hah-tah 7^ ^J "^ 4* ^^ Nah-kati- 
tah t.|. 7|. c|. (these words signify to turn the back uponvandto 
retire from, respectively). Choll-kyaw-bah-tah ;g yfT -gr 1C^ 
ijo 'withdraiv from friendship wtih). Mool-law-kahtah ^\A 
^ti^ {to go away from). 

Wither, To E-ool-tah 6)^cj.. Mah-roo-tah 1? e.cj. 
or Sit-ool-tah X| -^ t|.. 

Within Sawk ^ or An 61. (When used in reference tO; 

locality these two words are nearly identical ; used in connectiorL 
with time ixnthin is expressed "by the second word). 



Without Pat ^ or Whec 5j. (The first of these words 

is used to express locality ; the second is most frequently used in 
composition as Wheewee 5| ^ "beyond thought ; Whee-boo 

5j -^ "the foreign office" ; Whee-inS^f^ '.'ia foreigner", etc). 

Withstand, To Kyur-roo-tah ^J^c|.; Tai-jock-hah-tah 
^1 ;Ej "ST c|. 7i7 wilhstand the will of a superior, Hang-gaw-hah- 
tah '^H'?'^. ^ withstand a tempter, Kaw-joll-hah-tah 



364 WIT. , 

Witness, To Choong-gaw-hah-tah ^H^^ (^^ ^^ 
evidence)', Choong-t*cham-liah-tah ^^"Src^ {To stand 

witness to). 

Wizard Hwah-rang-ee £1 ^ 6) ^t Moo-boo ^ J|^ [husband 
and bottle washer to a witch) ; Pack-soo \^^{a mate wizard)^ 
A magician, Sool-gaik -^ T| ^^ Yaw sool-gaik JL"^ ^ • 

Wolf Irr-hwee Q ^ i?r Sir-rang /I ^. 

Woman, A Key-chip ^^; Yaw- in ^^; Ycp-pcn-nay 
v^ ig vd ; Poo-in ^ ^ <7r An-ang-ney .^ ^ y^ . 

Womb Tai €| . 

Wonder, To E-sang-soo-rup-tah ^^>^^^ (^l ant 
5urprised\ speaking to oneself or an inferior). E sang-soo-rup- 
so c] >J >^ <y ^ ("-^ ^^ surprisdt speaking to a friend) ; E 
sang-soo-rup-tiddah ^)>^A^^^* ("^ «•« surpriud^* 

speaking of a past event). 

Wonderful, To be E-sang-hah-tah c| ^ ^ ^ or Myaw- 
hah-tah S.'S'^ To be exceedingly ntxrutions^ Kwee-myaur 
hah-tah cxj^^ cj.. 

Wood Nah-moo vL :f.» Nam-ghee ^ ^| (a corruption of the 
nominative case ^ ^ 7I.) . Fire logs, Chang-jack ^ -^ . Wood 
materials, J or building, Qiai-mawk 7^ 4f-. Un-hewn iogs^. 
Chang-mawk 5*-^, A thicket or wood^ Soo-ppeol ^^. 
A park, Wol-lim ^X rf . 



woo. 3«5 

Wool Yang *tull A ^ , Ot^/on wool, Sawm ^. Cotton 
VKX)! may be bought either by the sheet or square. Ckang 7^ ^ 
-or by the pound. Goon ^) . 

Word, A Mahl ^ {spoken) ; Kul-chah -g ;{; {^riiten 

character representing a word). 

Work Eel g (manual) \ *Kong-poo -^-^ (tnieUectual or 
skilled labour). A workman, Poom-goon ^ g- {field labourer) ; 
Eel-goon ^ ^ {labourer) or Maw-goon goon JZ. ^^TJ ^^^S" 
jang-ee -g- t^ 6| {artizan). 

Workshop Pang ^ . Kat-pang :5^ '^^ (« kat makers work- 
shops), Corean workers in leather work under-ground in a cellar, 
their work room being designated as Sin~oom >3'S*- 

World, The Sey-sang /^ >*; Sey-ghee /^ >l| . The uni- 
-z/^j^, T'chun-hah ^^. The present state of existence, Koom- 
sey ^A|l. 

Worm, A Chee-raing-ee x:]^6] {earth)', Hwee ^; 
Hwee-t'choong j] :^or Kaw-wee A ^. To have worms, Kaw- 
we pai-al-'tah 7\^^]^^. 

Worn, To be Hurl-tal\^ cj.; Daw-raw-jee-tah ^ 21^)^^ 
Haii-or-jee-tah f ] 6l x] 4 {used only of clothes or cloth made 
articles) ; Taltah ^ cL {of wood or m£tal articles). 

Worship, To T'chee-song tiddy-tah 7c]>^33lcL* Chong- 
song tiddy-tah ^ >^ S. H ^• 

Worth Kap ;^j Kah 7I.. To be worthless, Seul-tai-up-tah 
^ 1^1 ^ cj.. A worthless object, Moo-yong-jee mool -r'-fr ^ ^- 



3615 WOO. 

Wound, To Tat-t'chee-tah i^^^c).; Sang-hah-tah >^'^c|.^ 
A wound, Sang-t'chaw '^ jo) . 

Wrap»To Ssah-tah )fi^x2^. 

Wrath Now 2c. (feeling of anger after cause given). Pocn JjL. 

(anger immediately arising from cause given); Sun^ jA the 

expression of angry feeling ; Naw-yom ^n *i displeasure ;. 

Wee-nenv £\ 2c J"^^ anger only used of the deity. Jo be Tvraik-- 

/i^/, ChoH-t'chee-hah-tah ^^'^^. 

V^reathfA Hwah-gwan 51^ A word generally used of a 

¥^reath-like head-dress worm by maidens at marriages, made of 
black silk, embroidered with flowers ; a more common word is 
Chock'taw-ree 3-^ e} . 

"Wreck, To become a Ppah-sun-hah-tah iJ|- >H "?" ^ . 

Wrench, To Chabbah bay-tah ^0}->^»»I-tf ; Pee tool-tah u^ 

Wrestle See-room hah-tah ^|^"§-cL, 

Wring^pTo Jah-tah^t^-- Wash and wring out these cloths^, 
Soo-gun bal-gaw chal jarrah J^ *>! ^^gj^ jj^ t^ ^t el 

"Wrinkles Choo-room ^ S.. Wrinkles on the brow, E-- 
mah-sal vlnii^. 

Wrist Sonn-mawk w^-S^. 



WRL 36r 

l/9tibtrTo Kcul-seesoo-tah *|^/|^t;).. To write a Utter ^ 
Pyun-jee soo-tah j^ X|^^- ^^ wriiefrom a copy, Paik-hee 
tah ^^cL. To write from dictation^ Mai pattah ssoo-tah «^ 
fg^Of^t).. An official writer, Sur-ree /^sj. Writing, Kull- 

VTrong, To be K€X>-nx)-tah ,3lS.^. -^ wrong action, Koa- 
Tan-eel ,3L 5 § . Vou are in the wrong, Naw-nan koo-roo-tah 
^ ^ jL^C^ {fow)\ Tang-sin-ee koo-roo-o t^/^tA-^ ^^ ^ 
ffl strong word). 

Yard, A Mah-tang of. ^ . 

Yawn, To Hap-faeum-hah-tah "S* 5^ '^^ ^ . 

Year, A Hai f|. Yun ^. This year, Ee-hai c] fj £V Or- 
«ay -^f) i^Keum-yun ^1^. Last year. Chin-nan hai x) fe 
^ Sang-yun ^^; Chang-yun ^^ ^ Kurn-yun 7^1^, 
JNextyear, N^n-yun^ ^ £?r Myung-yun ig 1^. Year bejore 
iast, Keu-rock-gay ^x;^^. Chai-jang-yim ;5|:;^i^. Year 
mfter next, Hoon-yun :^^. New year, Sai-hay j^ fj j Sin-yun 
/^X^or^vor^x^ ^^, Leap year, Yoon-tal too-nan hai A|f. 
^ fe tl . ^^^^fy* Hay-mattah f| ^ t^ £7r Yun-yun-ee ^ 1^ 6) . 

Yeast Noo-rook ^4^ or Kock-jah ^ ^ 

Yell, To Ack-soo-tah 6}>^t|. or Kaw-ham-hah-tah jj, ^ 



Yaiow Noo-roo-tah ^Tp^tl.. Yellow colmtr, Noo-ran pit 
>TrS5j. Hwang jj. (/« compositum /w Hwang-jee jft^l 
t Yellorw paper). 



3^ YESi,. 



Yes Aw ^or Eung -g. (low); Yea; ^ {fiaHie); Aft^tab 
^c}. (iow) ; Aw-rah^o|. {moAeraUiy law). 

Yesterday Od-jock-kay 6| ;^ >9| ; Od-jay ^ 3d| or ChaJg-ill 

Yet Ah-jick <\^, Jfe has not yet cotne, Ah-jick ali-nee 
wasso c}- :5l c]- iJ| ^ ^. He has not yetgone^ Ah-jick ah- nee 
kasso C|- ^ c]- v^ 5j ^. 

Yield, To Hang-bawk-hah-tah ^^-^cj-; Kyung-bawk- 
hah-tah y^jA,-^tl^ (Jo be submissive). 

Yoke, A Mong-ay ig 6|{| . 

Yolk Noo-ran-jah Tf'^J^, To beat up the yoiks of eggs^ 
Noo-ran-jah kai-tah -tt 5 ;5;'^ t|-. Beat up the yolks of three 
eggs, Noo-ran-jah seit man kai-orah -^ g ^M1 *t ^1 ^^^ 

Yonder Chaw-ghee t^ o\ . (Distance is expressed by ^raw* 

ing out the first syllable of the word indefinitely). 

You Naw y^ {low)\ ^r Chah-ney ;5;M|. (See Thou). 

Young Cheulnvtahgcj- ^rOr-ree-tah 6| 2| cL. A youngs 
child, Or-rin ah-hee 6| ^ c]- ^ . A young boy, Tong-jah^ ;5^ 
^Tong-mong ^-g.. A young girl, Kee-cbip ah-hee ^]^0|^ 
3| . A young man, Choi-man sahram ^-^^ S ^^ Sawn-yum 
^ 1^ , ^ young woman, Choi-man yep-pennay ^ J^ >4 i^ 1^ 
A young man or woman, Chol-moon-ee 2| ^ Ol (poHUj. TAe 
young of animals, ^zXr\iK^ Jjrj\\ 



ZBA. 3^ 

Z 

Zealous, To be Nal-ssai tah ^ /fl cj- ; Nal-lay-tah ^ vf| tj. . 
Yul-ssai-tahflJ Al d.. 

Zenith Choong-t'chun -^ & . 

Zero Ing-soo ^^; Yong-soo ^4t ^ Nam-jaw-jee ^;i^ 

^. 

Zest Chay-mee ;5; wj . What zest have you in /r/lf? Yossay 
chay-mce-gah ut-taw-sio ? ^X^) ^ v^l t)* 4 ^ /I SS^ common 
form of salutation especially to a merchant). 

Zig-zag Ah- sook ah-sook c]- ^ O)- ^^ . 

Ziiik Ham-sock ^ Jj^ . 
^one Dee 1^ . 








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